9780521274593

History of the Balkans

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780521274593

  • ISBN10:

    0521274591

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1983-07-29
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Summary

This volume concentrates on the Balkan wars and World War II, which both had their origins in the desire of nationalist circles to complete the territorial unification of their states. A substantial part of this book deals with the wartime experience, the establishment of the postwar regimes and their internal development to 1980 and the divergent paths followed by the five states (Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, Romania and Serbia) since 1945.

Table of Contents

List of maps
viii
Preface ix
Introduction 1(12)
PART I. WAR AND NATIONAL CONSOLIDATION, 1887--1941
The Balkan national monarchies
13(38)
Economic developments
15(8)
Romania
23(5)
Serbia
28(6)
Montenegro
34(3)
Bulgaria
37(3)
Greece
40(5)
The ``Europeanization'' of Balkan life
45(6)
The Dual Monarchy: Austria-Hungary from 1867 to 1914
51(28)
The national problem in Austria
53(6)
Bosnia-Hercegovina
59(4)
The Kingdom of Hungary
63(14)
Conclusion: Austria-Hungary under the Ausgleich
77(2)
The end of Ottoman rule in Europe: the Albanian and Macedonian questions
79(27)
The Ottoman Empire
79(5)
The Albanian national movement
84(5)
Macedonia
89(6)
The Balkan Wars, 1912, 1913
95(5)
Albanian independence
100(4)
The Ottoman legacy
104(2)
World War I
106(28)
Sarajevo
106(8)
The war
114(7)
The peace settlements
121(5)
The fall of the Ottoman Empire: the Turkish Republic
126(7)
Conclusion
133(1)
The first postwar decade
134(58)
Immediate postwar problems
134(9)
Problems of national organization and internal development
143(41)
The Great Depression
184(1)
Traditional peasant life
185(6)
Conclusion
191(1)
Balkan authoritarian regimes: the outbreak of World War II
192(55)
The rise of Soviet and German influence
192(7)
The establishment of the Balkan authoritarian regimes
199(13)
Inter-Balkan relations
212(1)
The Axis advance: the conquest of Albania
213(8)
The outbreak of the war: the period of Balkan neutrality
221(17)
Conclusion
238(9)
PART II. WORLD WAR II AND THE POSTWAR DEVELOPMENTS
The Balkan states in World War II
247(54)
The military background
247(3)
Balkan participation in the war
250(34)
The inter-Allied negotiations on the Balkans
284(3)
The establishment of the Communist regimes
287(11)
Partisan warfare
298(3)
The immediate postwar readjustments: the Greek civil war and the Yugoslav--Soviet conflict
301(35)
The Allied coalition breaks
301(5)
The Greek civil war, 1946--1949
306(8)
The Yugoslav developments
314(15)
The repercussions in the Soviet bloc
329(2)
Albania changes direction
331(2)
The Cold War
333(3)
The Communist governments, 1950--1980
336(70)
Internal developments
336(16)
Foreign policy
352(12)
Contrasting Communist regimes: Bulgaria, Romania, Albania
364(20)
The Yugoslav variant
384(20)
Conclusion
404(2)
The Greek alternative
406(33)
Economic problems: American intervention
406(2)
Papagos and Karamanlis: Greek governments to 1963
408(5)
The Cyprus dispute
413(3)
Social and economic changes
416(2)
The Papandreou era
418(8)
The military dictatorship
426(7)
Karamanlis restored
433(3)
Andreas Papandreou: the elections of October 1981
436(1)
Conclusion
437(2)
Conclusion 439(8)
Bibliography 447(14)
Index 461

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