9780802828897

A History of Christianity in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, 1450-1990

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780802828897

  • ISBN10:

    0802828892

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 9/30/2007
  • Publisher: Eerdmans Pub Co
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Summary

in cooperation with Roland Spliesgart The map of world Christianity has changed dramatically in just the last century. Today the majority of Christians live in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, making Christianity a world religion as never before in history. Given that global reality, Klaus Koschorke, Frieder Ludwig, and Mariano Delgado have created the first comparative documentary history of Christianity for these regions covering the period 1450?1990. Taking the changing ecumenical conditions into account, this volume enlarges the horizon of classical church historiography. In contrast to the prevailing Western perspectives on the history of Christianity in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, voice is given here to the multitude of local initiatives, specific experiences, and varieties of Christianity in very diverse cultural contexts ? addressing such questions as the colonial conquest, slavery, and the demand for ecclesiastical independence.

Table of Contents

Asia 1450-1600p. 3
Christians in Asia before the Arrival of the Portuguesep. 3
Early Portuguese Contactsp. 7
The Organization of Colonial Churchesp. 13
Francis Xavier in Asia (1542-1552)p. 17
Intercultural Contactsp. 21
Forms of Local Christianityp. 24
St. Thomas Christians and the Portuguese before 1599p. 27
Asia 1600-1800p. 30
Forms of Catholic Presencep. 30
Accommodation Strategies and the Rites Controversyp. 33
Colonial Forms of Protestantismp. 41
Indigenous Forms of Christianityp. 45
Tranquebar 1706 and Its Consequencesp. 49
Asia 1800-1890p. 55
The General Situation in the Early Nineteenth Centuryp. 55
Southern Asia: A New Beginning in Serampore (1800)p. 58
Mission as a Means of Modernizationp. 62
Public Response, Non-Christian Voicesp. 65
Northeast Asia: A Forced Openingp. 69
Indigenous Versions of Christianityp. 78
Asia 1890-1945p. 85
Religious Revival and Political Nationalismp. 85
Attempts at Indigenization in the Protestant Churchesp. 89
Local Ecumenical Initiatives and Edinburgh 1910p. 93
Developments in Catholic Asiap. 97
Independent Church Movementsp. 100
Developments in the 1920s and 1930sp. 106
The Asian Churches during World War IIp. 112
Asia 1945-1990p. 114
The Churches and Nation Building in the 1950sp. 114
Under Communist Rulep. 119
Developments in the 1960sp. 123
Trends at the End of the 1980sp. 132
Africa 1450-1600p. 139
Ancient African Christianityp. 139
European Expansion and New Discoveriesp. 143
Encountersp. 147
African Catholicism in the Congop. 150
Ethiopia and Portugalp. 154
Africa 1600-1800p. 160
Slave Tradep. 160
Catholic Rulersp. 165
Catholic Experiments and Failuresp. 168
Protests against the Slave Tradep. 179
Africa 1800-1890p. 184
Abolition of the Slave Trade and Missionp. 184
New Missionary Societiesp. 189
Livingstone and Other "Explorers"p. 194
Mission Initiatives and African Rulersp. 198
African Christian Elitep. 204
Africa 1890-1945p. 208
"Scramble for Africa"p. 208
Concepts of Ecclesiastical Independencep. 216
Developments within the Roman Catholic Churchp. 228
Themes of the 1920s and 1930sp. 232
National Movements and Christianityp. 238
Africa 1945-1990p. 244
"Wind of Change"p. 244
African Churches and Nation Buildingp. 249
African Theologyp. 255
Church and Apartheid in South Africap. 261
Conflicts and New Beginningsp. 267
Latin America 1450-1600p. 277
The First Encounters and the Perspectives of Victor and Victimp. 277
Legitimation and Criticism of the Conquestp. 282
Establishment of Colonial Church Structuresp. 293
Mission and Missionariesp. 295
Religious Dialogue and Ethnographic Worksp. 303
Failed Approaches to Indian Christianityp. 308
Latin America 1600-1800p. 313
Church and Mission in Colonial Societyp. 313
Indian and Mestizo Voicesp. 321
The Reductions (Settlements) of the Jesuits and Their Purposep. 329
Slaveryp. 335
Colonial Protestantismp. 338
Heralds of Independencep. 340
Latin America 1800-1890p. 346
On the Path to Independencep. 346
Rome and the New Countriesp. 352
Popular Religion and the State of the Church and the Missionsp. 357
Protestantismp. 361
Latin America 1890-1945p. 367
Catholicism Becomes More Roman and Europeanp. 367
Confessional Pluralizationp. 371
Faces of Latin American Catholicismp. 376
The Emergence of the Social Questionp. 383
Latin America 1945-1990p. 386
The Path to a New Latin American Christianityp. 386
The Second Vatican Council and Its Receptionp. 390
The Conflict on the Theology of Liberationp. 403
Developments of Protestantismp. 408
Awakening and Multiplicityp. 412
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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