9780415055321

A History of European Women's Work: 1700 To the Present

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780415055321

  • ISBN10:

    0415055326

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 1998-09-21
  • Publisher: Routledge
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Summary

A History of European Women's Workdraws together recent research, lively personal accounts and statistical evidence to take an overview of trends in women's work from the pre-industrial period to the present. Deborah Simonton discusses the definition of work within and without patriarchal families, the status of work and the skills involved. She examines local as well as Europe-wide developments, contrasting countries such as Britain, Germany and France. She considers women's own perceptions of work and its place in their lives as well as age and class, to present a rounded account of the shifting patterns of employment and the continuities which are evident in the women's own experience.

Table of Contents

List of illustrations
x
Acknowledgements xi
Introduction
1(10)
PART I The eighteenth century, c. 1700--90 11(74)
Women, household and farm
13(24)
The idea of woman in society and economy
13(5)
Domestic responsibilities
18(5)
Household, life cycle and female upbringing
23(4)
Women as farm workers
27(3)
Gender and the tasks of the field
30(7)
Making, selling, serving
37(33)
The Verlagsystem and proto-industry
37(2)
Women and rural industry
39(8)
Women in towns: the guild model
47(3)
Apprenticeship
50(4)
Urban women and family working
54(3)
Masterless women: life cycle and independence
57(11)
Woman as worker
68(2)
Location, skill and status
70(15)
Domesticity, time and place
70(6)
Gender and skill
76(9)
PART II The nineteenth century, c. 1790--1880 85(94)
Domesticity, the invention of housework, and domestic service
87(25)
Domesticity
87(4)
Housework
91(5)
Context and chronology of domestic service
96(3)
Who were the domestic servants?
99(3)
The experience of domestic service
102(8)
Living-out servants
110(2)
Rural women -- farmhouse and agriculture
112(21)
Periods and trends
112(3)
Field work and its organization
115(7)
Dairying
122(3)
Fishing
125(2)
Women's skills and gender differences
127(6)
Industry, commerce and public service
133(29)
Women and industrial change
133(8)
Technology, skill and gender
141(7)
Handicrafts, homeworking and sweating
148(7)
Businesswomen and public service
155(7)
Continuity and change: gender, skill and status
162(17)
Woman as worker
162(3)
Domestic roles, family issues and women's work
165(5)
The family wage
170(6)
Gender, skill and craft traditions
176(3)
PART III The twentieth century, c. 1880--1980 179(92)
Home and work
181(26)
The shape of work
181(3)
The meaning of the wars
184(3)
Domesticity and beyond: redefining women, wives and mothers
187(4)
Life cycle: `birds of passage'
191(4)
Housework
195(5)
Domestic service
200(7)
Continuities in country and town
207(26)
Agriculture and rural women
207(7)
Homework and sweated trades
214(8)
Manufacturing and `new industries'
222(11)
New work: white blouses in the tertiary sector
233(28)
The tertiary sector and `white blouse' work
233(3)
Change in the tertiary sector
236(10)
Women as workers
246(5)
The work experience
251(3)
Skill, status and segregation
254(7)
Conclusion: gender, skill and status
261(10)
Gendering the workplace; gendering the worker
261(3)
Gendering skill
264(3)
Gendering technology
267(1)
Gendering control
268(1)
The woman worker; the working woman
269(2)
Notes 271(23)
Bibliography 294(32)
Index 326

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