9780521633291

A History of Everyday Things: The Birth of Consumption in France, 1600–1800

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780521633291

  • ISBN10:

    052163329X

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2000-03-28
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Summary

Things which we regard as the everyday objects of consumption (and hence re-purchase), and essential to any decent, civilised lifestyle, have not always been so: in former times, everyday objects would have passed from one generation to another, without anyone dreaming of acquiring new ones. How, therefore, have people in the modern world become 'prisoners of objects', as Rousseau put it? The celebrated French cultural historian Daniel Roche answers this fundamental question using insights from economics, politics, demography and geography, as well as his own extensive historical knowledge. Professor Roche places familiar objects and commodities - houses, clothes, water - in their wider historical and anthropological contexts, and explores the origins of some of the daily furnishings of modern life. A History of Everyday Things is a pioneering essay that sheds light on the origins of the consumer society and its social and political repercussions, and thereby the birth of the modern world.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements ix
Introduction: culture and material civilisation i
Part I Production and consumption
The natural framework and the human framework
11(20)
Goods in history
11(8)
Stability and change
19(12)
Towns, trade and inventions
31(23)
The weight of the town
33(6)
The towns and consumption
39(4)
Business and industry, trade and services
43(3)
The experience of urban life
46(8)
Ordinary consumption and luxury consumption
54(27)
Budgets a la Marshal Vauban
55(7)
Eighteenth-century budget investigations
62(10)
From scarcity to luxury
72(9)
Part II Ordinary life
Rural and urban houses
81(25)
Habitat and everyday life
82(7)
The traditional rural house, between custom and innovation
89(17)
Lighting and heating
106(29)
Cold and heat, light and darkness
106(4)
Night and day
110(5)
The pedagogy of lighting
115(4)
The conquests of light, urban lighting
119(4)
Heat and cold
123(7)
Wood, coal, supplies and technical reflections
130(5)
Water and its uses
135(31)
The pressure on water
136(2)
The utility and sacredness of water
138(3)
The production of water
141(12)
Natural and social constraints
153(4)
Clean and dirty, wholesome and unwholesome
157(9)
Furniture and objects
166(27)
The demands of usage
167(3)
The space of a material art
170(7)
Production and consumption of furniture
177(4)
Return to function, utility and change
181(4)
Storing, classifying, receiving
185(8)
Clothing and appearances
193(28)
Words and things in the history of clothing
193(3)
Hierarchy, fashion, totality
196(5)
Codes and principles, manners and sumptuary laws
201(4)
Towns and prosperity, a first change
205(8)
From Paris to the provinces, the change in the eighteenth century
213(8)
Bread, wine, taste
221(29)
Need, labour, symbol
222(3)
Consumption, food products and expenditure on them
225(10)
Bread and wine, from Holy Communion to good manners
235(7)
New knowledge, new consumer goods
242(8)
Conclusion 250(6)
Notes 256(30)
Bibliography 286(19)
Index 305

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