9781402000263

History of Insects

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781402000263

  • ISBN10:

    140200026X

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2002-05-01
  • Publisher: KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBLISHERS

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Summary

This is the first time that a single book has attempted to cover the whole of the fossil history of insects so comprehensively. The volume embraces the history of insect palaeontology, methods for studying fossils, the taphonomic processes leading to their formation, the diagnostic features of all insect orders, both extant and extinct, the major fossils of each order, and the implications that can be drawn from the palaeoentomological record about past ecology and climates. Many new insights are presented. It is the product principally of the largest palaeoentomological group in the world, in Moscow, and makes full use of the remarkable collection that these workers have developed. It includes a very large number of illustrations showing both real fossils and reconstructions of extinct taxa. The systematic part is treated in a phylogenetic framework, with information on fossil groups being used to help interpret relationships. An appendix provides information on virtually all sites where fossil insects have been found. This book is essential to all students of palaeoentomology and contains a wealth of information that will be of interest to students of insect evolutionary relationships and of palaeontology in general.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Acknowledgements xi
Contributors xii
Introduction to Plaeoentomology
1(64)
Scope and approach
1(7)
A.P. Rasnitsyn
Coverage
1(1)
Phylogenetic approach
1(6)
Nomenclature
7(1)
Special features of the study of fossil insects
8(4)
A.P. Rasnitsyn
Concise history of palaeoentomology
12(5)
A.P. Rasnitsyn
Pattern of insect burial and conservation
17(48)
†V.V. Zherikhin
General
17(1)
Insect taphonomy
18(1)
Direct burial in sedimentary deposits
18(1)
Autotaphonomical factors
19(5)
Ecological factors
24(1)
Ecological factors affecting organisms in their life-time
25(2)
Mortality factors
27(2)
Post-mortem ecological factors
29(2)
Taphotopical factors
31(5)
Postburial factors
36(3)
Technical factors
39(1)
Indirect burial in fossil containers
40(1)
Fossil resins
40(1)
Autotaphonomical factors
41(2)
Ecological factors
43(1)
Taphotopical factors
43(5)
Postburial factors
48(2)
Technical factors
50(1)
Other primary fossil conntainers
50(2)
Secondary fossil containers
52(1)
Products of the taphonomical process: insect fossils and ichnofossils in different palaeoenvironments and modes of their preservation
53(1)
Marine deposits
53(1)
Non-marine subaquatic palaeoenvironments
54(1)
Lacustrine deposits
54(2)
Swamp, marsh and other wetland deposits
56(1)
Fluvial deposits
56(1)
Spring deposits
57(1)
Subaerial palaeoenvironments
57(3)
Selectivity of the rock record
60(1)
Insect microfossils and chemofossils
60(1)
Insects as contaminants in fossil assemblages
61(1)
Insect activities as a taphonomic factor
62(3)
Class Insecta Linne, 1758. The Insects
65(260)
A.P. Rasnitsyn
Subclass Lepismatona Latreille, 1804. The wingless insects
69(6)
Order Machilida Grassi, 1888. The bristletails
70(3)
Order Lepismatida Latreille, 1804. The silverfish
73(2)
Subclass Scarabaeona Laicharting, 1781. The winged insects
75(228)
Order Paoliida Handlirsch, 1906
83(1)
Infraclass Scarabaeones Laicharting, 1781
84(1)
Cohors Libelluliformes Laicharting, 1781
85(1)
Superorder Ephemeridea Latreille, 1810. The mayflies
86(1)
Order Triplosobida Handlirsch, 1906
87(1)
Order Syntonopterida Handlirsch, 1911
88(1)
Order Ephemerida Latreille, 1810. The true mayflies
89(8)
N. Yu. Kluge
N.D. Sinitshenkova
Superorder Libellulidea Laicharting, 1781. Order Odonata Fabricius, 1792. The dragonflies
97(7)
A.P. Rasnitsyn
L.N. Pritykina
Cohors Cimiciformes Laicharting, 1781
104(1)
A.P. Rasnitsyn
Superorder Caloneuridea Handlirsch, 1906
105(1)
Order Blattinopseida Bolton, 1925
106(1)
Order Caloneurida Handlirsch, 1906
106(3)
Order Zorotypida Silvestri, 1913
109(2)
Superorder Hypoperlidea Martynov, 1928. Order Hypoperlida Martynov, 1928
111(4)
Superorder Dictyoneuridea Handlirsch, 1906
115(1)
N.D. Sinitshenkova
Order Dictyoneurida Handlirsch, 1906
116(4)
Order Mischopterida Handlirsch, 1906
120(3)
Order Diaphanopterida Handlirsch, 1906
123(2)
Superorder Psocidea Leach 1815
125(3)
A.P. Rasnitsyn
Order Psocidea Leach, 1815. The booklice
128(3)
Order Pediculida Leach, 1815. The lice
131(2)
Order Thripida Fallen, 1914
133(10)
†V.V. Zherikhin
Superorder Cimicidea Laicharting, 1781 Order Hemiptera Linne, 1758. The bugs, cicadas, plantlice, scale insects, etc.
143(14)
D.E. Scherbakov
Yu.A. Popov
Cohors Scarabaeiformes Laicharting, 1781 The holometabolans
157(2)
A.P. Rasnitsyn
Order Stylopida Stephens, 1829
159(2)
Superiorder Palaeomanteidea Handlirsch, 1906. Order Palaeomanteida Handlirsch, 1906
161(3)
Superorder Scarabaeidea Laicharting, 1781. Order Coleoptera Linne, 1758. The beetles
164(12)
A.G. Ponomarenko
Superorder Myrmeleontidea Latreille, 1802
176(1)
A.G. Ponomarenko
Order Raphidiida Latreille, 1810
177(3)
Order Corydalida Leach, 1815
180(3)
Order Neuroptera Linne, 1758
183(6)
Order Jurinida M. Zalessky, 1928
189(3)
A.P. Rasnitsyn
Superorder Papilionidea Laicharting, 1781
192(2)
A.P. Rasnitsyn
Order Panorpida Latreille, 1802. The scorpionflies
194(5)
V.G. Novokshonov
Order Trichoptera Kirby, 1813. The caddisflies
199(21)
V.D. Ivanov
I.D. Sukatsheva
Order Lepidoptera Linne, 1758. The butterflies and moths
220(7)
M.V. Kozlov
V.D. Ivanov
A.P. Rasnitsyn
Order Diptera Linne, 1758. The true flies
227(13)
V.A. Blagoderov
E.D. Lukashevich
M.B. Mostovski
Order Pulicida Billbergh, 1820. The fleas
240(2)
A.P. Rasnitsyn
Superorder Vespidea Laicharting, 1781. Order Hymenoptera Linne, 1758
242(12)
A.P. Rasnitsyn
Infraclass Gryllones Laicharting, 1781. The grylloneans
254(2)
A.P. Rasnitsyn
Order Eoblattida Handlirsch, 1906
256(4)
Superorder Blattidea Latreille, 1810
260(3)
Order Blattida Latreille, 1810. The cockroaches
263(7)
Peter Vrsansky
V.N. Vishniakova
A.P. Rasnitsyn
Order Termitida Latreille, 1802. The termites
270(3)
N.V. Belayeva
Order Mantida Latreille, 1802. The mantises
273(3)
†V.V. Zherikhin
Superorder Perlidea Latreille, 1802
276(2)
A.P. Rasnitsyn
Order Grylloblattida Walker, 1914
278(3)
S.Yu. Storozhenko
Order Perlida Latreille, 1810. The stoneflies
281(7)
N.D. Sinitshenkova
Order Forficulida Latreille, 1810. The earwigs and protelytropterans
288(3)
D.E. Scherbakov
Order Embiida Burmeisiter, 1835. The webspinners
291(2)
A.P. Rasnitsyn
Superorder Gryllidea Laicharting, 1781
293(1)
A.V. Gorochov
A.P. Rasnitsyn
Order Orthoptera Olivier, 1789. The orthopterans
294(7)
Order Phasmatida Leach, 1915. The stick insects
301(1)
Order Mesotitanida Tillyard, 1925
302(1)
Insect trace fossils
303(22)
†V.V. Zherikhin
Introductory remarks
303(4)
Locomotion and resting traces
307(1)
Shelters and burrows
308(8)
Oviposition traces
316(2)
Feeding traces
318(6)
Coprolites
324(1)
General Features of Insect History
325(112)
Dynamics of insect taxonomic diversity
325(6)
V.Yu. Dmitriev
A.G. Ponomarenko
Ecological history of terrestrial insects
331(57)
†V.V. Zherikhin
Introduction
331(1)
Palaeozoic
332(1)
Environments of insect origin and early evolution
332(3)
Middle carboniferous to permian
335(1)
General features of palaeozoic insects
335(3)
Herbivores
338(5)
Detritivores and fungivores
343(2)
Predators
345(2)
Some ecosystem-level phenomena
347(1)
The palaeozoic/mesozoic transition
348(3)
Mesozoic
351(1)
Triassic - early cretaceous
351(1)
General features of mesozoic insects (before amid-cretaceous)
351(1)
Herbivores
352(1)
Anthophily and the evolution of entomophily
353(5)
Other forms of herbivory
358(5)
Detriti- and fungivores
363(2)
Predators and parasites
365(2)
Origin of sociality
367(1)
Some ecosystem-level phenomena
367(1)
The late cretaceous and the mesozoic/cainozoic transition
367(1)
General features of late cretaceous insects
367(2)
Herbivores
369(2)
Detriti- and fungivores
371(1)
Predators and parasites
372(1)
Pattern and models of the mid-cretaceous events
373(1)
Cainozoic
374(1)
General features of cainozoic insects
374(2)
Herbivores
376(6)
Detriti- and fungivores
382(2)
Predators and parasites
384(1)
Insect sociality and some ecosystem level phenomena
385(1)
Origin of principal types of modern terrestrial ecosystems
386(2)
Ecological history of the aquatic insects
388(39)
N.D. Sinitshenkova
Introductory notes
388(1)
Carboniferous
389(1)
Permian
390(1)
Triassic
391(1)
Overview of taxa of aquatic insects
391(2)
Aquatic insect assemblages and their typology
393(1)
Jurassic
394(1)
Overview of taxa of aquatic insects
394(4)
Aquatic insect assemblages and their typology
398(2)
Cretaceous
400(1)
Overview of taxa of aquatic insects
401(3)
Aquatic insect assemblages and their typology
404(13)
Cainozoic
417(1)
†V.V. Zherikhin
N.D. Sinitshenkova
Overview of taxa of aquatic insects
417(1)
Aquatic insect assemblages and their typology
418(7)
Models of cretaceous and cainozoic evolution of aquatic insect assemblages
425(2)
Geographical history of insects
427(10)
K.Yu. Eskov
Introductory remarks
427(1)
Devonian stage of insect evolution
427(1)
Carboniferous stage of insect evolution
428(1)
Permian stage of insect evolution
429(1)
Triassic stage of insect evolution
430(1)
Jurassic stage of insect evolution
431(1)
Cretaceous stage of insect evolution
431(2)
Cainozoic stage of insect evolution
433(1)
Problem of the so-called ``Gondwanan'' Ranges of the recent taxa
433(1)
Some general phylogenetic patterns
434(3)
Appendix: Selected Insect Fossil Sites
437(10)
Impression fossils
437(7)
A.P. Rasnitsyn
†V.V. Zherikhin
Fossil resins
444(3)
K.Yu. Eskov
References
447(48)
INDEXES
General index
495(3)
Index to taxon names
498(13)
Index to straton names
511(2)
Index to geographic names
513

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