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A History of Islamic Societies,9780521779333

A History of Islamic Societies

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780521779333

ISBN10:
0521779332
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/26/2002
Publisher(s):
Cambridge University Press
List Price: $62.00

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Summary

In the second edition of this classic work, Ira Lapidus explores the origins and evolution of Muslim societies. The book, now revised and updated, is divided into three parts. The first covers the formative era of Islamic civilization. The second traces the diffusion of worldwide Islamic societies, while the third explores their reaction to European imperialism, and emergence as independent states. The concluding chapters consider Islam's recent history, the formation of Islamic revival movements and global Islamic identities. The book is essential reading for students and for those seeking to understand the Muslim peoples.

Author Biography

Ira M. Lapidus is Professor Emeritus of History, University of California at Berkeley

Table of Contents

List of illustrations
xiii
List of maps
xv
Lists of tables and figures
xvii
Preface and acknowledgments to the first edition xviii
Preface and acknowledgments to the second edition xxvii
Publisher's preface xxx
PART I THE ORIGINS OF ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION: THE MIDDLE EAST FROM c. 600 TO c. 1200
Introduction: Middle Eastern societies before the advent of Islam
3(1)
Ancient empires
4(2)
Religion and society before Islam
6(4)
THE PREACHING OF ISLAM
Arabia
10(8)
Clans and kingdoms
12(3)
Poetry and the gods
15(3)
The life of the Prophet
18(13)
Muhammad in Mecca
20(3)
The Medina years
23(4)
Triumph and the return to Mecca
27(1)
The old world and the new religion
28(3)
THE ARAB-MUSLIM IMPERIUM (632--945)
The Arab conquests and the socio-economic bases of empire
31(14)
The Arab conquests
31(3)
The administration of the new empire
34(4)
Economic change and the new urban societies
38(2)
Clients, converts, and communities
40(5)
The Caliphate
45(22)
From nomadic kingdom to syrian monarchy
45(11)
The `Abbasid empire: social revolution and political reaction
56(11)
Cosmopolitan Islam: the Islam of the imperial elite
67(14)
Art, architecture, and the concept of the Caliphate
68(6)
The Arabic humanities
74(2)
Persian literature
76(1)
Hellenism
77(4)
Urban Islam: The Islam of the religious elites
81(18)
Sunni scripturalism
82(5)
Theology
87(3)
Mystics and Sufism
90(4)
Shi'i Islam
94(5)
Islamic culture and the separation of state and religion
99(4)
The fall of the `Abbasid empire
103(9)
The decline of the central government
103(3)
Provincial autonomy and disintegration
106(6)
FROM ISLAMIC CULTURE TO ISLAMIC SOCIETY: IRAN AND IRAQ, 945--c. 1200
The post-`Abbasid Middle Eastern state system
112(21)
Iraq, Iran, and the eastern provinces
112(5)
The Saljuq empire
117(3)
The slave states and administration
120(2)
The iqta' system and Middle Eastern feudalism
122(3)
Local courts and regional cultures: Islam in Persian garb
125(8)
Muslim communities and Middle Eastern societies
133(14)
The Shi'i communities
133(1)
The schools of law and Sunni sectarianism
134(3)
Sufi brotherhoods
137(4)
Muslim religious movements and the state
141(1)
Islamic institutions and a mass Islamic society
142(5)
The collective ideal
147(9)
The juristic theory
147(2)
Mirrors for princes
149(3)
The philosopher-king
152(4)
The Personal Ethic
156(70)
Normative Islam: scripture, Sufism, and theology
156(2)
Sufism in the post-`Abbasid era
158(2)
Al-Ghazzali: his life
160(2)
Al-Ghazzali: his vision
162(4)
Rationality and theology
166(3)
Alternative Islam: philosophy, gnostic and popular Sufism
169(8)
The dialogues within Islam
177(7)
Conclusion: The Middle Eastern Islamic Paradigm
183(1)
The formation of imperial Islamic society
184(3)
States and communities in a fragmented Middle East
187(2)
Coping with the limits of worldly life
189(3)
State and religion in the Islamic paradigm
192(5)
PART II THE WORLDWIDE DIFFUSION OF ISLAMIC SOCIETIES FROM THE TENTH TO THE NINETEENTH CENTURIES
Introduction: the Islamic world and the rise of Europe
197(1)
Conversion to Islam
197(9)
Muslim elites and Islamic communities
206(5)
The social structure of Islam
211(4)
Muslim states
215(3)
Confrontation with Europe
218(8)
THE MIDDLE EASTERN ISLAMIC SOCIETIES
Iran: the Mongol, Timurid, and Safavid empires
226(22)
The Mongols
226(3)
The Timurids
229(2)
Iranian society and Sufi movements
231(3)
Safavid Iran
234(7)
The conversion of Iran to Shi'ism
241(3)
The dissolution of the Safavid empire
244(4)
The Turkish migrations and the Ottoman empire
248(35)
The migrations and Turkish-Islamic states in Anatolia (1071--1243)
248(2)
The rise of the Ottomans (c. 1280--1453)
250(3)
The Ottoman world empire
253(5)
The Ottoman state
258(5)
Rulers and subjects
263(5)
The Ottoman economy
268(5)
Provincial administration
273(2)
The Ottoman empire in disarray
275(8)
The Arab Middle East
283(16)
Egypt and Syria in the ``Caliphal'' age
283(7)
The Saljuq model: state and religion
290(4)
The Ottoman era
294(5)
Islamic North Africa and Spain to the nineteenth century
299(38)
State formation in the ``Caliphal'' phase
299(10)
Spanish-Islamic civilization
309(10)
The tripartite regime: Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco from the thirteenth to the nineteenth centuries
319(14)
States and Islam: North African variations
333(4)
ISLAM IN CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ASIA
Inner Asia from the Mongol conquests to the nineteenth century
337(19)
The western and northern steppes
338(7)
Turkestan (Transoxania, Khwarizm, and Farghana)
345(6)
Eastern Turkestan and China
351(5)
The Indian subcontinent: the Delhi Sultanates and the Mughal empire
356(26)
The Muslim conquests and the Delhi Sultanates
356(5)
Conversion and the Muslim communities
361(3)
The varieties of Indian Islam
364(3)
Muslim holy men and political authority
367(1)
The Mughal empire
368(10)
The decline of the Mughal empire
378(4)
The formation of Islamic societies in Southeast Asia
382(18)
The diffusion of Islam
382(2)
The Portuguese, the Dutch, and the Muslim states
384(3)
Islamic societies in Southeast Asia
387(10)
The new imperialism
397(3)
ISLAM IN AFRICA
Islam in Sudanic, Savannah, and forest West Africa
400(29)
The kingdoms of western and central Sudan
400(9)
Merchants and missionaries in the desert, forest, and coastal regions
409(7)
The West African jihads
416(13)
Islam in East Africa and the rise of European colonial empires
429(40)
Sudan
429(3)
The coastal cities and the Swahili Islam
432(3)
Ethiopia and Somalia
435(3)
Colonialism and the defeat of Muslim expansion
438(19)
Conclusion: the varieties of Islamic society
443(10)
PART III THE MODERN TRANSFORMATION: MUSLIM PEOPLES IN THE NINETEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURIES
Introduction: modernity and the transformation of Muslim societies
453(4)
Islamic modernism
457(4)
Islamic reformism
461(8)
NATIONALISM AND ISLAM IN THE MIDDLE EAST
Iran: state and religion in the modern era
469(20)
Qajar Iran: the long nineteenth century
469(4)
The constitutional crisis
473(3)
Twentieth-century Iran: the Pahlavi era
476(6)
The `ulama' and the revolution
482(3)
The Islamic Republic
485(4)
The dissolution of the Ottoman empire and the modernization of Turkey
489(23)
The partition of the Ottoman empire
489(4)
Ottoman reform
493(8)
Republican Turkey
501(11)
Egypt: secularism and Islamic modernity
512(23)
The nineteenth-century reforming state
512(3)
British colonial rule
515(1)
The Egyptian awakening: from Islamic modernism to nationalism
516(3)
The liberal republic
519(4)
The Nasser era
523(3)
Sadat and Mubarak
526(9)
The Arab Middle East: Arabism, military states, and Islam
535(51)
Notables and the rise of Arab nationalism
535(5)
Arabism in the colonial period
540(6)
The struggle for Arab unity and the contemporary fertile crescent states
546(11)
The Palestinian movement and the struggle for Palestine
557(9)
The Arabian peninsula
566(14)
Arab states, nationalism, and Islam
580(6)
North Africa in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries
586(34)
Algeria
586(15)
Tunisia
601(5)
Morocco
606(6)
Libya
612(3)
Islam in state ideologies and opposition movements
615(5)
SECULARISM AND ISLAM IN CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ASIA
The Indian subcontinent: India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh
620(32)
Muslim militancy from Plassey to 1857
622(1)
From the Mutiny to World War I
623(6)
From cultural to political action
629(3)
From elite to mass politics
632(3)
The Pakistan movement
635(5)
The Muslims of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh
640(10)
Conclusion
650(2)
Islam in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines
652(32)
Dutch rule and the capitalist system in the Indies
652(6)
Indonesian traditionalism, nationalism, and Islamic reform
658(8)
Compromise and competition: 1900--1955
666(4)
Indonesia from 1955 to the present
670(5)
British Malaya and independent Malaysia
675(6)
The Philippines
681(2)
Conclusion
683(1)
Inner Asia under Russian and Chinese rule; the Caucasus and Afghanistan
684(48)
Tsarist rule and Jadid
684(9)
The revolutionary era
693(7)
Soviet modernization
700(9)
Newly independent states in formerly Soviet Inner Asia
709(5)
The Caucasus
714(4)
Afghanistan
718(7)
The Muslims of China
725(6)
Conclusion
731(1)
ISLAM IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY AFRICA
Islam in West Africa
732(29)
Colonialism and independence: African states and Islam
732(6)
Mauritania
738(3)
Senegal
741(4)
Nigeria
745(9)
The Wahhabis and reformist movements
754(7)
Islam in East Africa
761(24)
Sudan
761(7)
Somalia
768(2)
Ethiopia and Eritrea
770(2)
Swahili East Africa
772(8)
Universal Islam and African diversity
780(5)
ISLAM IN THE WEST
Muslims in Europe and America
785(88)
Eastern Europe
785(4)
Western Europe
789(14)
Immigrant identities in Europe: a broad spectrum of responses
803(2)
Muslims in America
805(10)
Conclusion: secularized Islam and Islamic revival
814(1)
The institutional and cultural features of pre-modern Islamic societies
815(2)
The nineteenth- and twentieth-century transformation of Muslim societies
817(5)
The Islamic revival
822(13)
Contemporary patterns in the relations between states and Islamic societies
835(9)
The neo-Islamic states
844(6)
Muslims as political minorities
850(1)
The role of women in Muslim societies
851(16)
Concluding remarks
867(6)
Glossary 873(11)
Bibliography 884(57)
Index 941


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