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A History of Latin America, Volume 1: Ancient America to 1910,9780618783205
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A History of Latin America, Volume 1: Ancient America to 1910

by
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780618783205

ISBN10:
0618783202
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/28/2008
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $118.66

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This is the 8th edition with a publication date of 7/28/2008.
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Summary

This best-selling text for introductory Latin American history courses, A History of Latin America, encompasses political and diplomatic theory, class structure and economic organization, culture and religion, and the environment. The integrating framework is the dependency theory, the most popular interpretation of Latin American history, which stresses the economic relationship of Latin American nations to wealthier nations, particularly the United States.Spanning pre-historic times to the present, A History of Latin America uses both a chronological and a nation-by-nation approach, and includes the most recent historical analysis and the most up-to-date research. This is the most streamlined and cohesive edition yet, with substantial additions to pedagogy and chapter content. Expanded coverage of social and cultural history includes women, indigenous cultures, and Afro-Latino peoples.

Table of Contents

Mapsp. vi
Prefacep. vii
Introduction: The Geographic Background of Latin American Historyp. xiii
The Colonial Heritage of Latin Americap. 2
Ancient Americap. 7
Environment and Culture in Ancient Americap. 7
Populations in 1492p. 11
Nuclear Americap. 12
Early American Civilizationsp. 14
The Maya of Central Americap. 17
Maya Economy and Societyp. 18
Maya Religion and Learningp. 19
Maya Decline and Transformation of Mesoamericap. 22
The Aztecs of Mexicop. 23
Aztec Imperial Expansionp. 23
Aztec Culture and Societyp. 26
The Inca of Perup. 29
Origins of Inca Culturep. 29
Inca Economy and Societyp. 30
Inca Religion and Learningp. 35
The Hispanic Backgroundp. 36
The Medieval Heritage of Iberia's Christian Kingdomsp. 37
Castilep. 38
Aragónp. 39
Ferdinand and Isabella: The Catholic Sovereignsp. 41
Restoration of Orderp. 41
Religious and Economic Reformsp. 42
Foreign Policyp. 43
Reappraisal of Ferdinand and Isabella's Policiesp. 43
The Hapsburg Era: Triumph and Tragedyp. 47
The Reign of Charlesp. 47
The Reign of Philip II and the Remaining Hapsburgsp. 48
The Waning Economy and Societyp. 49
Literary and Artistic Developmentsp. 50
The Conquest of Americap. 52
The Great Voyagesp. 52
Exploration Under Prince Henryp. 52
The Sea Route to the Eastp. 53
The Advance into the Atlanticp. 54
The Voyages of Columbusp. 55
The Discovery of America in Historical Perspectivep. 56
Balboa and Magellanp. 61
The Conquest of Mexicop. 61
Early Contact with Moctezumap. 61
Cortés-Quetzalcóatlp. 62
The March to Tenochtitlánp. 64
The Aftermath of Conquestp. 65
The Conquest of Perup. 66
Pizarro and Atahualpap. 66
Post-Conquest Troublesp. 67
How a Handful of Spaniards Won Two Empiresp. 68
The Quest for El Doradop. 69
Failures in North Americap. 69
Frustrations in South Americap. 71
The Conquistadorsp. 71
Lope de Aguirre-An Underdog of the Conquestp. 74
The Economic Foundations of Colonial Lifep. 76
Tribute and Labor in the Spanish Coloniesp. 77
The Encomienda and Slaveryp. 77
The New Laws of the Indies and the Encomiendap. 79
The Repartimiento, Yanaconaje, and Free Laborp. 81
Black Slaveryp. 82
The Colonial Economyp. 83
Cortés as a Businessmanp. 85
The Growth of the Haciendasp. 85
Spanish Agriculture in the New Worldp. 86
Colonial Mining and Industryp. 88
Commerce, Smuggling, and Piracyp. 91
The Colonial Commercial Systemp. 91
Sir Francis Drake, Piracy, and Foreign Plunderp. 92
The Framework of the Colonial Economyp. 93
State, Church, and Societyp. 95
Political Institutions of the Spanish Empirep. 95
Formation of Colonial Administrationp. 95
The Royal Agentsp. 96
Provincial Administrationp. 98
Ineffectiveness of Much Spanish Colonial Lawp. 100
The Church in the Indiesp. 100
The Spiritual Conquest of Americap. 101
The Moral Decline of the Clergy and the Missionary Impulsep. 104
The Inquisition in the New Worldp. 106
The Church and Educationp. 106
Science, Literature, and the Artsp. 108
The Structure of Class and Castep. 110
The Ruling Classp. 110
The Mestizo: An Ambiguous Statusp. 111
Indigenous Peoples: A Separate Nationp. 112
Blacks, Mulattos, Zambos: The Lowest Classp. 115
Life in the City and on the Haciendap. 116
Marriage, Sexuality, and the Status of Womenp. 118
Colonial Brazilp. 122
The Beginning of Colonial Brazilp. 122
The Captaincy Systemp. 122
Portugal's Indigenous Policyp. 124
The French and Dutch Challengesp. 126
The Mineral Cycle, the Cattle Industry, and the Commercial Systemp. 126
Government and Churchp. 128
The Administrators and Their Deficienciesp. 129
The Church and the Statep. 130
Masters and Slavesp. 131
Color, Class, and Slaveryp. 131
Large Estates and Colonial Townsp. 133
The Bourbon Reforms and Spanish Americap. 135
Reform and Recoveryp. 135
The Bourbon Reformsp. 135
Revival of Colonial Commerce and Breakdown of Trading Monopolyp. 137
Increased Economic Activityp. 138
Labor Systems in the Eighteenth Centuryp. 141
Early Labor Strugglesp. 142
Political Reformsp. 143
Strengthening the Defensesp. 146
Colonial Culture and the Enlightenmentp. 147
Creole Nationalismp. 148
Colonial Society in Transition, 1750-1810: An Overviewp. 150
The Revolt of the Massesp. 152
The Revolt in Perup. 153
The Insurrection in New Granada (1781)p. 156
The Independence of Latin Americap. 158
Background of the Wars of Independencep. 158
Creoles and Peninsular Spaniardsp. 158
The Causes of Revolutionp. 161
The Liberation of South Americap. 162
Simón Bolívar, the Liberatorp. 163
The Southern Liberation Movement and San Martínp. 166
The Achievement of Brazilian Independencep. 169
Mexico's Road to Independencep. 170
Latin American Independence: A Reckoningp. 176
Latin America in the Nineteenth Centuryp. 178
Decolonization and the Search for National Identities, 1821-1870p. 193
The Fruits of Independencep. 193
Economic Stagnationp. 194
Politics: The Conservative and Liberal Programsp. 195
Mexicop. 196
The Mexican Economyp. 197
Politics: Liberals versus Conservativesp. 199
La Reforma, Civil War, and the French Interventionp. 201
Postwar Transformation of Law Reformap. 204
Argentinap. 205
The Liberation of Paraguay, Uruguay, and Upper Perup. 205
The Struggle for Progress and National Unityp. 205
The Paraguayan Warp. 209
Progress and Development Under Sarmientop. 211
Chilep. 211
Portales and Economic Growthp. 212
Economic Expansion Under Bulnesp. 212
Montt's Moderate Reformsp. 214
Liberal Controlp. 215
United Provinces of Central Americap. 216
Independence and the Failure of Union, 1810-1865p. 216
Race, Nation, and the Meaning of Freedom, 1821-1888p. 219
Brazilp. 220
Dom Pedro, Emperorp. 221
Regency, Revolt, and a Boy Emperorp. 222
The Game of Politics and the Crisis of Slaveryp. 224
The Antislavery Movementp. 225
Perup. 228
Peruvian Politics and Economyp. 229
Pardo and the Civilianist Partyp. 230
Cubap. 231
Economic and Social Change: The Bitter Harvest of King Sugarp. 231
The Ten Years' Warp. 234
Gran Colombiap. 235
Páez, the Conservative-Liberal Split, and the Federal War in Venezuela, 1830-1863p. 237
Santander and the Birth of a Two-Party System in Colombia, 1830-1850p. 239
The Triumph of Neocolonialism and the Liberal State, 1870-1900p. 243
The New Colonialismp. 244
Expansion of the Hacienda Systemp. 245
Foreign Control of Resourcesp. 246
The Politics of Acquisitionp. 246
Mexican Politics and Economyp. 247
Dictatorship Under D&iaacute;azp. 247
Concentration of Landownershipp. 249
The Economic Advancep. 250
Labor, Agrarian, and Middle-Class Unrestp. 250
Argentine Politics and Economyp. 252
Consolidation of the Statep. 252
Economic Boom and Inflationp. 252
The Formation of the Radical Partyp. 254
Electoral Reform and the Growth of the Labor Movementp. 255
Chilean Politics and Economyp. 255
Nitrates and Warp. 255
Aftermath of the War of the Pacificp. 256
Balmaceda's Nationalistic Policiesp. 258
The Parliamentary Republic, Foreign Economic Domination, and the Growth of the Working Classp. 260
Brazilian Politics and Economyp. 260
The Fall of the Monarchyp. 260
The New Republicp. 262
The Economic Revolutionp. 263
Central American Politics and Economyp. 265
Guatemala, 1865-1898p. 265
Nicaragua, 1870-1909p. 266
El Salvador, 1876-1911p. 267
Venezuelan Politics and Economyp. 268
Colombian Politics and Economyp. 270
Rafael Núñez, the ""Regeneration,"" and the War of a Thousand Days, 1880-1903p. 271
Indexp. 1
Maps
Geographic Features of Middle Americap. xiv
Geographic Features of South Americap. xv
Principal Sites of Pre-Conquest Culture in Mesoamericap. 16
Valley of Mexicop. 25
Growth of the Inca Empire, 1460-1532p. 32
Spain in the Time of Christopher Columbusp. 44
Early Spanish Voyages in the Caribbeanp. 59
Colonial Conquest, Trade, and Enslavement in the Making of Latin Americap. 84
Viceroyalties and Audiencias in Sixteenth-Century Spanish Americap. 97
Colonial Brazilp. 123
Viceroyalties in Latin America in 1780p. 144
Latin America in 1830p. 198
War and National Development in Paraguay and Bolivia, 1864-1938p. 210
War of the Pacificp. 257
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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