9780824740740

A History of Medicine, Second Edition

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780824740740

  • ISBN10:

    0824740742

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2005-06-23
  • Publisher: CRC Press

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Summary

Stressing major themes in the history of medicine, this Second Edition explores the events, methodologies, and theories that shaped medical practices in decades past and in modern clinical practice. It highlights practices of civilizations around the world and research of pioneering scientists and physicians who contributed to our current understanding of health and disease. New sections cover preventive and alternative medicine, medical education for women, miasma and contagion theories, the threat of epidemic disease, changing patterns of morbidity and mortality, public health and sanitary reforms, the high cost of medical care, diseases of affluence and aging, and the emergence of new diseases.

Table of Contents

Preface v
Paleopathology and Paleomedicine
1(24)
Introduction
1(3)
Paleopathology: Methods and Problems
4(6)
Mummies and Signs of Disease
10(2)
Iceman
12(1)
Paleomedicine and Surgery
12(3)
Healing Rituals, Traditions, and Magic
15(7)
Suggested Readings
22(3)
Medicine in Ancient Civilizations: Mesopotamia and Egypt
25(28)
Introduction
25(1)
Mesopotamia
26(3)
Hammurabi's Code of Laws
29(3)
Egypt
32(12)
The Medical Papyri
44(6)
Suggested Readings
50(3)
The Medical Traditions of India and China
53(36)
India
53(4)
Ayurvedic Medicine, the Science of Life
57(5)
Surgery, Anatomy, and Dissection
62(4)
Chinese Medicine: Classical, Traditional, and Modern
66(2)
The Three Celestial Emperors: Fu Hsi, Shen Nung, and Huang Ti
68(2)
Classical Chinese Concepts of Anatomy
70(3)
Sages, Physicians, Healers, and Quacks
73(3)
Acupuncture and Moxibustion
76(2)
Drug Lore and Dietetics
78(3)
Surgery
81(1)
The Chinese Cultural Sphere
82(2)
Medical Practice in Modern China
84(1)
Suggested Readings
85(4)
Greco-Roman Medicine
89(46)
Philosophy and Medicine
91(2)
Hippocrates and the Hippocratic Tradition
93(5)
The Nature of Disease and the Doctrine of the Four Humors
98(5)
The Cult of Asclepius, God of Medicine
103(3)
Alexandrian Science and Medicine
106(8)
Medicine in the Roman World
114(7)
On Galen and Galenism
121(2)
Galen on Anatomical Procedures
123(2)
Galen on Physiology: Blood, Breath, Pneuma, and Spirits
125(2)
Galen on Therapeutics and the Causes of Disease
127(5)
Suggested Readings
132(3)
The Middle Ages
135(62)
Monasteries and Universities
141(2)
Medical Education and Practice
143(4)
Surgery in the Middle Ages
147(2)
Women and Medicine
149(7)
Epidemic Diseases of the Middle Ages
156(1)
Bubonic Plague
156(14)
From Leprosy to Hansen's Disease
170(8)
Islamic Medicine
178(1)
Prophetic Medicine
179(3)
Hospitals and Clinical Medicine
182(2)
The Great Sages of Islamic Medicine
184(6)
The Strange Case of Ibn an-Nafis
190(2)
The Survival of Greco-Islamic Medicine
192(2)
Suggested Readings
194(3)
The Renaissance and the Scientific Revolution
197(74)
Inventions That Changed the World
198(2)
The Medical Humanists
200(3)
Autopsies, Art, and Anatomy
203(3)
Andreas Vesalius on the Fabric of the Human Body
206(7)
Medicine and Surgery
213(2)
Ambroise Pare and the Art of Surgery
215(4)
The Occult Sciences: Astrology and Alchemy
219(7)
Syphilis, the Scourge of the Renaissance
226(12)
Syphilis and Human Experimentation
238(2)
The Discovery of the Circulation of the Blood
240(7)
William Harvey and the Circulation of the Blood
247(7)
Harvey's Paradoxical Influence: Therapy by Leech and Lancet
254(4)
Blood Transfusion
258(4)
New Hearts for Old
262(1)
Santorio Santorio and the Quantitative Method
263(3)
Suggested Readings
266(5)
Native Civilizations and Cultures of the Americas
271(28)
Native Civilizations of Latin America
277(1)
Aztec Civilization
278(8)
Mayan Civilization
286(3)
Incan Civilization
289(4)
Diseases in the Americas
293(3)
Suggested Readings
296(3)
The Americanization of Old World Medicine
299(36)
The Revolutionary War and New Republic
304(9)
The Medical Profession
313(5)
Regional Distinctiveness
318(2)
The Civil War
320(11)
Suggested Readings
331(4)
Clinical and Preventive Medicine
335(48)
Thomas Sydenham, the ``English Hippocrates''
337(3)
On the Miseries of Gout and the Virtues of Colchicine
340(2)
Quinine and Malaria
342(3)
The Eighteenth-Century Foundations of Modern Medicine
345(3)
Enlightenment Philosophy and Medical Reform
348(3)
Nutrition, Malnutrition, Health, and Disease
351(11)
Smallpox: Inoculation, Vaccination, and Eradication
362(8)
Edward Jenner, Cowpox, and Vaccination
370(5)
The Global Eradication of Smallpox
375(5)
Suggested Readings
380(3)
The Medical Counterculture: Unorthodox and Alternative Medicine
383(36)
The Medical Marketplace
383(1)
Health Reform Movements
384(13)
Domestic Medicine
397(1)
Medical Sects
398(8)
Osteopaths and Chiropractors
406(6)
Alternative, Complementary, and Integrative Medicine
412(3)
Suggested Readings
415(4)
Women and Medicine
419(42)
Puerperal or Childbed Fever
419(2)
Oliver Wendell Holmes
421(2)
Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis
423(9)
Midwives and Medical Men
432(14)
The Evolution of the Nurse
446(2)
``Woman's Nature'' and Women Doctors
448(9)
Suggested Readings
457(4)
The Art and Science of Surgery
461(34)
Anesthesia
462(4)
Laughing Gas, Ether, and Surgical Anesthesia
466(14)
Postsurgical Infections
480(4)
Joseph Lister and the Antiseptic System
484(3)
Antisepsis and Asepsis
487(3)
From Hospitalism to Nosocomial Infections
490(1)
Suggested Readings
491(4)
Medical Microbiology and Public Health
495(46)
Louis Pasteur
498(9)
Robert Koch
507(22)
Invisible Microbes and Virology
529(9)
Suggested Readings
538(3)
Diagnostics and Therapeutics
541(50)
The Art and Science of Diagnosis
543(7)
Serum Therapy
550(4)
Antibiotics and Immunology
554(13)
Natural Defenses: Humoral or Cellular?
567(11)
Genetics, Genomics, and Medicine
578(2)
Paradoxical Progress
580(9)
Suggested Readings
589(2)
Index 591

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