A History of Music in Western Culture 2/e is based on the premise that the best way to convey the history of Western music is to focus squarely on the music. Organized around a carefully selected repertory of works, this text integrates the requisite names, dates, and concepts around specific compositions. Once familiar with a representative body of music, students can better grasp the evolution of musical style and music's changing uses within the Western tradition. Even more importantly, they will have a sound basis from which to explore other musical works and repertories. This text builds its narrative around the core repertory represented in the Anthology of Scores and the corresponding sets of compact discs. Mark Evan Bonds wrote A History of Music in Western Culture to help students to gain a broad understanding of the nature of music, its role in society, and the ways in which these have changed over time. This text seeks to challenge students to think critically about its subject. The history of music is too often presented (and learned) as one long series of indisputable facts. The author integrated into this text enough primary source documents: excerpts from composers' letters, contemporary reviews, theoretical treatises, and the like to demonstrate the ways in which the raw materials of history can be open to conflicting interpretations. Indeed, the most interesting historical issues tend to be precisely those about which experts disagree.
Table of Contents
PROLOGUE: ANTIQUITY. Music in the Biblical World. Ancient Greece. Music in the Roman Empire. The Musical Legacies of Antiquity. I. THE MEDIEVAL ERA. Prelude to Part I. 1. Plainchant and Secular Monophony. The Emergence of Plainchant. The Elements of Plainchant. The Expansion of Plainchant. Secular Monophony. 2. Polyphony to 1300. Organum. Clausula. Motet. Conductus. Mensural Notation. 3. Music in the 14th Century. France: The Ars Nova. Italy: The Trecento. England. Instrumental Music. II. MUSIC OF THE RENAISSANCE. Prelude to Part II. Renaissance Humanism. The Protestant Reformation. Renaissance Painting and Sculpture. Music in Renaissance Society. 4. The Emergence of Renaissance Style. Consonance and Dissonance: Trusting the Ear. Sonority: The Contenance Angloise. Texture: Pervading Imitation. Josquin's Ave Maria...virgo serena and the Style of the Renaissance. 5. The Genres of Renaissance Music, 1420-1520. Sacred Vocal Music. Secular Vocal Music. Instrumental Music. 6. Music in the 16th Century. Secular Vocal Music. Sacred Vocal Music. Instrumental Music in the 16th Century. Mannerism. III. THE BAROQUE ERA. Prelude to Part III. War, Revolution, and Colonial Expansion. The Scientific Revolution. The Musical Baroque. 7. The New Practice. Searching for the Secrets of Ancient Greek Music. The Florentine Camerata. The Seconda Prattica. Music in the Baroque Era: A Stylistic Overview. 8. Vocal Music, 1600-1650. Secular Song. Opera. Sacred Music. 9. Vocal Music, 1600-1750. Opera. Sacred Music. Conceptions of the Compositional Process. 10. Instrumental Music, 1650-1750. Instruments of the Baroque Era. Instrumental Genres of the Baroque Era. IV. THE CLASSICAL ERA. Prelude to Part IV. The Age of Enlightenment. War and Revolution. The Industrial Revolution. Music in Enlightenment Society. 11. The Art of the Natural. Music and the Idea of Nature. Music in the Classical Era: A Stylistic Overview. Style and Form in the Mid-18th Century. 12. Instrumental Music in the Classical Era. The Language of Instrumental Music. Sonata. String Quartet. Cyclical Coherence. The Symphony. Concerto. 13. Vocal Music in the Classical Era. The Rise of Opera Buffa. Opera Wars. Gluck and the Reform of Opera. Mozart and the Synthesis of Operatic Styles. Sacred Music. Song. V. THE 19TH CENTURY. Prelude to Part V. Progres