9780534586980

A History of Russia, the Soviet Union, and Beyond (with InfoTrac)

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780534586980

  • ISBN10:

    0534586988

  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2001-09-11
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Summary

In this revision of their best-selling text, MacKenzie and Curran present a clear and objective account of the history of Russians and other eastern Slavs from its beginnings in ancient Rus to the demise of the Soviet Union and, most recently, the Putin presidency. Acclaimed in the field for its clarity, comprehensiveness, and accuracy, the text balances social/cultural history with political history. The authors' approach weaves the external geographic determinism of the Eurasian school and the organic, inner-oriented approach of Russian historians.

Table of Contents

List of Maps
xi
Preface xiii
PART ONE EARLY RUSSIA TO 1689
Introduction
3(8)
Geography
3(3)
The Peoples
6(2)
Russian Responses to Challenges
8(1)
Suggested Additional Reading
9(2)
Ancient Rus
11(13)
Early Occupants of the Great Eurasian Plain
11(3)
The Huns, Avars, and Khazars
14(9)
The Formation of Kievan Rus
17(6)
Suggested Additional Reading
23(1)
The Princes of Kievan Rus
24(12)
Political History
24(5)
Ruling Rus
29(3)
External Relations
32(2)
Decline and Fall
34(1)
Suggested Additional Reading
35(1)
Kievan Rus: Ecoonomic Life, Society, Culture, and Religion
36(15)
Economic Life
36(2)
Social Structure
38(2)
Urban Life
40(4)
Religion and Culture
44(5)
Suggested Additional Reading
49(2)
The Ascendance of the Southwest and the Northeast
51(9)
The Southwest
51(2)
The Northeast
53(5)
Suggested Additional Reading
58(2)
The Mongols and Russia
60(14)
Chingis-Khan
61(1)
The Mongol Invasion of Rus
62(1)
The Golden Horde's Suzerainty over Rus
63(9)
The Mongol Impact
68(4)
Suggested Additional Reading
72(2)
Novgorod and Lithuania
74(11)
Novgorod
74(7)
Lithuania
81(2)
Suggested Additional Reading
83(2)
The Rise of Moscow
85(11)
Founding and Early Development
86(1)
Moscow versus Tver
87(1)
Ivan I and His Successors
88(1)
Dmitri Ivanovich and the Battle of Kulikovo
89(4)
Russian Historians on Moscow's Rise
93(1)
Suggested Additional Reading
94(2)
Society Culture, and Religion in Appanage Rus
96(10)
The Issue of Russian ``Feudalism''
96(3)
Role of the Orthodox Church
99(5)
Suggested Additional Reading
104(2)
The Unification of Great Russia
106(12)
Expansion and the Growth of Grand Princely Power
106(2)
Ivan III, The Great (1462-1501)
108(3)
Internal Changes and Conflicts
111(4)
Vasili III (1505-1533)
115(1)
Suggested Additional Reading
116(2)
Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584)
118(16)
Minority and Rule with the Chosen Council
118(4)
External Affairs
122(2)
The Oprichnina and After
124(3)
Ivan's Reign Assessed
127(6)
The Oprichnina
128(5)
Suggested Additional Reading
133(1)
The Time of Troubles
134(11)
Background and Causes
134(2)
Dynastic Struggle: Fedor I and Boris Godunov (1584-1605)
136(2)
Social Revolt and Foreign Invasion (1605-1610)
138(2)
National Revival and the Romanovs' Election (1610-1613)
140(3)
Suggested Additional Reading
143(2)
The Early Romanovs: Politcs and Foreign Affairs
145(12)
The Rulers and the Zemskii Sobor
145(1)
Administration
146(2)
Law
148(1)
The Army
149(1)
Eastward Expansion
150(2)
Annexation of Eastern Ukraine
152(3)
Suggested Additional Reading
155(2)
The Early Romanovs: Society Culture, and Religion
157(14)
Foreign Influences
157(1)
Religious Controversies and Heresies
158(1)
Patriarch Nikon's Church Reforms
159(5)
The Development of Serfdom
164(3)
Suggested Additional Reading
167(4)
PART TWO EARLY IMPERIAL RUSSIA, 1689-1855
Peter the Great: Politcs, War, and Diplomacy
171(18)
Peter's Youth and His Trip to the West
171(4)
War and Diplomacy
175(5)
Administration
180(8)
Historians and the Petrine Reforms
183(5)
Suggested Additional Reading
188(1)
Peter the Great: Social, Economic, and Religious Policies
189(10)
State Service by the Nobility
189(2)
Increased Burdens of the Peasantry
191(2)
Economic Policies
193(2)
Church Reform
195(3)
Suggested Additional Reading
198(1)
The Era of Palace Revolutions, 1725-1762
199(12)
Politics
199(4)
Society and Economy
203(2)
Culture and Westernization
205(1)
Foreign Relations
206(2)
Conclusion
208(1)
Suggested Additional Reading
209(2)
Catherine II Rules and Expands Russia, 1762-1796
211(14)
Peter III and the Coup of June 1762
211(2)
Catherine II-Woman and Ruler
213(2)
The Legislative Commission
215(1)
Administrative Changes
215(2)
External Affairs
217(6)
Suggested Additional Reading
223(2)
Catherine II: Economic, Social, and Cultural Policies
225(18)
The Economy
225(2)
The Society
227(4)
The Pugachev Revolt, 1773-1774
231(2)
Education and Culture
233(2)
The Russian Enlightenment
235(7)
Was Catherine II an Enlightened Despot?
238(4)
Suggested Additional Reading
242(1)
Bureaucratic Monarchy: Paul and Alexander I, 1796-1825
243(15)
Paul I
243(4)
Political Policies of Alexander I
247(2)
Speranskii's Reform Program
249(3)
The Arakcheevshchina
252(1)
The Decembrist Revolt
253(4)
Suggested Additional Reading
257(1)
War and Diplomacy 1796-1825
258(11)
Paul I
258(1)
Alexander I: Orientation and Initial Polices, 1801-1804
259(1)
Coalition Wars, 1805-1807
260(1)
Tilsit and the Franco-Russian Alliance, 1807-1812
261(1)
Napoleon Invades Russia, 1812
262(3)
Liberation of Europe and the Vienna Settlement, 1823-1815
265(1)
The Concert of Europe
266(1)
Suggested Additional Reading
267(2)
Social, Economic, and Cultural Development, 1796-1855
269(12)
The Nobility
269(1)
Urban Centers
270(1)
Industrial Development
271(2)
Literature
273(4)
Music
277(1)
Painting and Architecture
278(1)
Suggested Additional Reading
279(2)
The ``Iron Tsar''
281(18)
The Ruler and His Ideology
281(2)
Administration
283(1)
The Army
284(1)
The Intelligentsia
285(2)
Foreign Affairs
287(2)
The Crimean War 1853-1856
289(6)
Whither Russia? Slavophiles versus Westernizers
291(4)
Suggested Additional Reading
295(4)
PART THREE MODERN RUSSIA, 1855 TO THE PRESENT
Political Reform and Minorities, 1855-1904
299(17)
Alexander II and the Emancipation
299(3)
Other Social and Political Reforms
302(1)
Censorship and Education
302(1)
Local Self-Government
303(1)
Judicial Reform
304(2)
Military Reform
306(1)
Significance of the Great Reforms
306(1)
Treatment of Minorities before 1905
307(7)
Why Did Alexander II Free the Serfs?
309(5)
Suggested Additional Reading
314(2)
Social and Economic Development, 1855-1904
316(16)
The Peasant World
317(1)
Agriculture
318(3)
Industry and Finance until 1891
321(3)
Finance and Industry: The Spurt of the 1890s
324(1)
Social Change
325(3)
Religion
328(1)
Suggested Additional Reading
329(3)
Diplomacy and Empire, 1855-1905
332(15)
Relations with Europe until 1875
333(1)
Pan-Slavism and the Eastern Question until 1878
333(2)
The Caucasus and Central Asia
335(2)
Europe and the Balkans, 1881-1905
337(1)
Russia in the Far East until 1914
338(8)
Why Did Russia Expand in Central Asia?
341(5)
Suggested Additional Reading
346(1)
Opposition to Tsarism, 1855-1905
347(17)
Liberalism and Radicalism, 1855-1870
348(3)
Revolutionary Populism
351(2)
The Development of Marxism
353(5)
From Populism to the Socialist Revolutionaries (SRs)
358(1)
Liberalism Organizes
359(1)
Reactionary Tsarism, 1881-1904
360(2)
Suggested Additional Reading
362(2)
War, Revolution, and Reform, 1904-1914
364(18)
The Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905
364(1)
The 1905 Revolution
365(4)
Creation of the Duma Monarchy, 1905-1906
369(3)
Political Development, 1907-1914
372(3)
Economic and Social Development
375(2)
Foreign Affairs, 1906-1914
377(3)
Suggested Additional Reading
380(2)
Cultural Developments, 1855-1917
382(17)
Literature
382(7)
Music
389(3)
Painting
392(1)
Architecture
393(1)
Popular Culture
394(3)
InfoTrac, College Edition Search Terms
397(1)
Suggested Additional Reading
397(2)
War and Revolution, 1914-1917
399(18)
Russia Enters World War I
399(1)
War Aims and Wartime Diplomacy
400(1)
The Army and the Fronts
401(2)
The Home Front
403(5)
The March Revolution
408(7)
Did World War I Cause the Collapse of Tsarism?
410(5)
Suggested Additional Reading
415(2)
From March to November 1917
417(18)
The ``Dual Power''
417(2)
The Bolsheviks Gain Leaders and a Program
419(2)
The Revolution Moves Left (May-July)
421(1)
Kornilov and the Rightward Shift (July-September)
422(1)
The Rising Tide (September-November)
423(3)
The November Revolution
426(7)
Why Did the Bolsheviks Win?
329(104)
Suggested Additional Reading
433(2)
Civil War and War Communism, 1917-1921
435(12)
First Steps, 1917-1918
435(3)
Civil War 1918-1920
438(1)
Civil War and Allied Intervention, 1918-1920
439(4)
``War Communism'': An Economic Disaster
443(1)
The Kronstadt Revolt of 1921
444(1)
Suggested Additional Reading
445(2)
The New Economic Policy and Power Struggle, 1921-1927
447(15)
Economic and Political Controls of NEP
447(4)
The Struggle over Succession
451(10)
From Lenin to Stalin--Continuity or Betrayal?
455(6)
Suggested Additional Reading
461(1)
The Politics of Stalinism, 1928-1941
462(18)
Intraparty Struggles and Crises, 1929-1934
463(1)
The Great Purge
464(3)
Government and Party Organization
467(3)
Stalinism
470(8)
The Great Terror: Old and New Approaches
473(5)
Suggested Additional Reading
478(2)
The Great Transformation
480(18)
The Great Industrialization Debate, 1924-1928
480(2)
Forced Collectivization
482(3)
Industry: The Five Year Plans
485(4)
Shifts in Social Policies
489(7)
Forced Collectivization: Why and How?
492(4)
Suggested Additional Reading
496(2)
Soviet Culture Under Lenin and Stalin, 1917-1953
498(22)
Initial Policies
498(1)
Lunacharskii: The Politics of Culture
499(1)
Soviet Culture in the Making: Proletkult and Other Vanguard Groups
500(2)
Literature
502(3)
The Cinema
505(1)
Education
506(1)
Science
507(1)
Stalinist Culture, 1929-1953
508(1)
Partiinost in Literature
509(5)
Anticosmopolitanism and the Arts
514(1)
Music
514(2)
Popular Culture
516(1)
Suggested Additional Reading
517(3)
Soviet Foreign Relations to 1941
520(20)
First Revolutionary Era, 1917-1921
522(2)
Accommodation, 1921-1927
524(4)
Neoisolationism, 1928-1933
528(1)
Collective Security, 1934-1937
529(2)
The Nazi-Soviet Pact, 1939-1941
531(7)
The Nazi-Soviet Pact: Then and Now
534(4)
Suggested Additional Reading
538(2)
War and Reconstruction, 1941-1953
540(22)
Invasion
540(3)
The 1942 Campaign: The Turning Point
543(1)
Soviet Offensives and Allied Victory 1943-1945
544(3)
The USSR and the Far Eastern War
547(1)
Postwar Stalinism
548(11)
Did Stalin Plan to Attack Nazi Germany in July 1941?
554(5)
Suggested Additional Reading
559(3)
The Khrushchev Era, 1953-1964
562(21)
Politics Repudiating Stalinism
562(5)
Economy: A Focus on Agriculture
567(2)
Foreign Affairs: Crises in the Communist Bloc Countries
569(4)
Khrushchev's Fall
573(8)
De-Stalinization: Stalin's Role in the Purges and in World War II
574(7)
Suggested Additional Reading
581(2)
The Brezhnev Era, 1964-1982
583(28)
Politics: Brezhnev's Rise
583(4)
Nationalism and Dissent
587(2)
Economy and Society
589(6)
Popular Culture
595(1)
Foreign Affairs and Armed Forces
595(14)
Soviet Intervention in Czechoslovakia, 1968, and Its Repudiation, 1989
602(7)
Suggested Additional Reading
609(2)
The Soviet Gerontocracy, 1982-1985
611(16)
Domestic Politics
611(7)
Economy and Society
618(3)
Foreign Policy
621(4)
Suggested Additional Reading
625(2)
The Gorbachev Revolution, 1985-1991
627(28)
The Leader and the Succession
627(3)
Glasnost and Political Reform
630(7)
Nationalities and Nationalism
637(4)
Perestroika's Impact on the Economy and Society
641(5)
National Security and Foreign Affairs
646(6)
Suggested Additional Reading
652(3)
Soviet Culture Since Stalin, 1953-1991
655(24)
The Thaw, 1953-1956
655(1)
Dr. Zhivago and the Refreeze
656(1)
Culture under Khrushchev
657(4)
Culture under Breznev
661(9)
Culture under Gorbachev 1985-1991
670(6)
Suggested Additional Reading
676(3)
The Collapse of the Soviet Union, 1990-1992
679(16)
Gorbachev Declines, Yeltsin Rises, 1990-1991
679(2)
The August Coup
681(4)
The Demise of the Soviet Union, 1991-1992
685(2)
The Commonwealth of Independent States
687(6)
Why Did the Soviet Union Collapse?
689(4)
Suggested Additional Reading
693(2)
The Yeltsin Years, 1991-1999
695(30)
The Legacy of Soviet Communism
695(2)
Environmental Problems: A Devastated Land
697(6)
Troubled Transitions, the Yeltsin Era
703(13)
Post-Soviet Culture
716(3)
Yeltsin's Disputed Legacy
719(2)
Suggested Additional Reading
721(4)
The Putin Presidency
725(14)
Early Life and Career
725(2)
The Road to the Presidency
727(4)
Putin as President
731(3)
Tentative Assessment
734(1)
Culture under Yeltsin and Putin
735(4)
Appendix A: Russian and Soviet Leaders, 1801-2000 739(3)
Appendix B: Area and Population of Union Republics (January 1989) 742(1)
Appendix C: Population of the Largest Cities of the USSR, 1989 743(1)
Glossary of Foreign Words 744(3)
Bibliography 747(6)
Index 753

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