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History and Theory of Rhetoric, The: An Introduction,9780205314553
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History and Theory of Rhetoric, The: An Introduction

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780205314553

ISBN10:
0205314554
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2001
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon

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Summary

The History and Theory of Rhetoric offers an accessible discussion of the history of rhetorical studies in the Western tradition, from ancient Greece to contemporary American and European theorists. By tracing the historical progression of rhetoric from the Greek Sophists of the fifth century B.C. to contemporary studies such as the rhetoric of science and feminist rhetoric this texts helps students better understand what rhetoric is and what unites differing rhetorical theories throughout history. Concise and student-friendly, The History and Theory of Rhetoric uses contemporary examples throughout and emphasizes the relevance of rhetoric to today's students.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
An Overview of Rhetoric
1(30)
Rhetoric and Persuasion
3(2)
Defining Rhetoric
5(2)
Rhetorical Discourse
7(8)
Rhetoric Is Planned
8(1)
Rhetoric Is Adapted to an Audience
8(2)
Rhetoric Reveals Human Motives
10(1)
Rhetoric Is Responsive
11(1)
Rhetoric Seeks Persuasion
12(3)
Social Functions of the Art of Rhetoric
15(8)
Rhetoric Tests Ideas
16(1)
Rhetoric Assists Advocacy
17(1)
Rhetoric Distributes Power
18(2)
Rhetoric Discovers Facts
20(1)
Rhetoric Shapes Knowledge
21(1)
Rhetoric Builds Community
22(1)
Conclusion
23(2)
Questions for Review
25(1)
Questions for Discussion
26(2)
Terms
28(3)
The Origins and Early History of Rhetoric
31(22)
The Rise of Rhetoric in Ancient Greece
32(2)
The Sophists
34(5)
What the Sophists Taught
34(2)
Why the Sophists Were Controversial
36(3)
Three Influential Sophists
39(6)
Gorgias
39(3)
Protagoras
42(1)
Isocrates
43(2)
Aspasia's Role in Athenian Rhetoric
45(2)
Conclusion
47(1)
Questions for Review
48(1)
Questions for Discussion
48(1)
Terms
49(4)
Plato versus the Sophists: Rhetoric on Trial
53(19)
Plato's Gorgias: Rhetoric on Trial
54(9)
The Debate with Gorgias: Rhetoric's Nature and Uses
54(2)
Socrates versus Polus: Rhetoric as Power
56(4)
Socrates versus Callicles: Bad Actor, Bad Act
60(1)
The Outcome of the Gorgias
61(1)
Is Plato Fair to Rhetoric and the Sophists?
62(1)
Rhetoric in Plato's Phaedrus: A True Art?
63(5)
Components of a Techne of Rhetoric
65(3)
Conclusion
68(1)
Questions for Review
69(1)
Questions for Discussion
69(1)
Terms
69(3)
Aristotle on Rhetoric
72(20)
Aristotle's Definitions of Rhetoric
73(5)
Rhetoric and Dialectic
74(1)
Rhetoric as Techne
75(3)
Three Rhetorical Settings
78(3)
Deliberative Oratory
79(1)
Epideictic Oratory
80(1)
Forensic Oratory
81(1)
The Artistic Proofs
81(3)
Logos: The Logic of Sound Arguments
82(1)
Pathos: The Psychology of Emotion
82(1)
Ethos: The Sociology of Good Character
83(1)
The Topoi, or Lines of Argument
84(2)
Special Topics
85(1)
Common Topics
85(1)
Some Common Fallacies
86(1)
Aristotle on Style
86(1)
Conclusion
87(1)
Questions for Review
88(1)
Questions for Discussion
88(1)
Terms
89(3)
Rhetoric at Rome
92(29)
Roman Society and the Place of Rhetoric
93(2)
Rhetoric and Political Power
93(1)
Rhetoric and Roman Education
94(1)
The Rhetorical Theory of Cicero
95(11)
De Inventione
96(1)
The Canons of Rhetoric
97(1)
Stasis and Topical Systems
98(2)
Hermagoras and the Development of Topoi
100(1)
De Oratore
101(4)
The End of Cicero's Life
105(1)
Quintilian
106(3)
Rhetoric and the Good Citizen
107(1)
Educating the Citizen-Orator
107(2)
Longinus: On the Sublime
109(3)
The Emotive Power of Language
110(2)
Rhetoric in the Later Roman Empire
112(2)
The Second Sophistic
112(2)
Conclusion
114(1)
Questions for Review
114(1)
Questions for Discussion
115(1)
Terms
115(6)
Rhetoric in Christian Europe
121(24)
Rhetoric, Tension, and Fragmentation
121(2)
Rhetoric and the Medieval Curriculum
123(1)
Rhetoric in the Early Middle Ages: Augustine, Capella, and Boethius
124(1)
St. Augustine
124(5)
Augustine's Rhetorical Theory
125(2)
De Doctrina Christiana
127(1)
Augustine on Signs
128(1)
Augustine's Contribution to Rhetoric
128(1)
Martianus Capella
129(1)
Boethius
130(1)
Differentiis Topicis
130(1)
Three Rhetorical Arts in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries
131(1)
The Art of Preaching
131(2)
Themes, Sermons, and Moral Persuasion
132(1)
Ornaments
133(1)
The Art of Letter Writing
133(4)
The Parts of a Letter
135(2)
The Art of Poetry
137(3)
Geoffrey of Vinsauf
137(2)
Marie de France
139(1)
Conclusion
140(1)
Questions for Review
140(1)
Questions for Discussion
141(1)
Terms
141(4)
Rhetoric in the Renaissance
145(25)
Features of Renaissance Rhetoric
146(3)
Classical and Medieval Sources
146(1)
Rhetoric and Renaissance Education
147(2)
Lorenzo Valla: Retrieving the Rhetorical Tradition
149(1)
Women and Renaissance Rhetoric
150(2)
Italian Humanism: A Catalyst for Rhetoric's Expansion
152(1)
Rhetoric as Personal and Political Influence
153(1)
Rhetoric and the Emotions
154(1)
Humanism, Rhetoric, and the Study of Classical Texts
154(2)
Petrarch and the Origins of Italian Humanism
156(2)
The Greatness That Was Rome
157(1)
Pico della Mirandola and the Magic of Language
158(2)
Bringing Order through Language
159(1)
Juan Luis Vives
160(1)
Rhetoric and the Vita Activa
160(1)
The Turn toward Dialectic: Rhetoric and Its Critics
161(3)
Agricola
161(1)
Peter Ramus
162(2)
Renaissance Rhetorics in Britain
164(1)
Conclusion
164(1)
Questions for Review
165(1)
Questions for Discussion
165(1)
Terms
166(4)
Enlightenment Rhetorics
170(25)
Vico on Rhetoric and Human Thought
171(4)
The Rhetoric of the Imagination
172(1)
Rhetoric and the Evolution of Human Thought
173(2)
British Rhetorics in the Eighteenth Century
175(1)
Rhetoric in British Education
175(1)
The Elocutionary Movement
176(2)
Thomas Sheridan
177(1)
The Belletristic Movement
178(4)
Lord Kames
179(1)
Hugh Blair
180(2)
George Campbell and Scientific Rhetoric
182(4)
A Scientific Rhetoric
182(1)
Rhetoric and Psychology
183(1)
Two Types of Reasoning: Scientific and Moral
184(1)
A Theory of Persuasion
184(1)
Education in Eloquence
185(1)
Richard Whately's Classical Rhetoric
186(3)
An Ecclesiastic Rhetoric
186(1)
Whately on Argument
187(1)
Presumption and Burden of Proof
188(1)
Conclusion
189(1)
Questions for Review
190(1)
Questions for Discussion
190(1)
Terms
191(4)
Contemporary Rhetoric I: Argument, Audience, and Science
195(29)
Argumentation and Rational Discourse
196(1)
Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca: A New Rhetoric
196(6)
The Centrality of Audience
197(2)
The Universal Audience
199(1)
The Audience of One
200(1)
The Self as Audience
200(1)
Presence
201(1)
Stephen Toulmin and the Uses of Argument
202(3)
Argument Fields
202(1)
Field-Dependent and Field-Invariant Standards
203(1)
Modal Qualifiers
203(1)
Toulmin's Famous Model
204(1)
Jurgen Habermas and the Conditions of Rational Discourse
205(3)
Communicative Action and the Rational Society
205(1)
The Universality of the Rhetorical
206(1)
Universal Pragmatics and the Communicative Competence
207(1)
Critical Theory and the Critique of Ideology
207(1)
Argumentation and Scientific Inquiry
208(3)
Advocacy in the Sciences
210(1)
Deirdre McCloskey and the Rhetoric of Economics
211(1)
Clifford Geertz and Rhetoric in Anthropology
212(1)
Michael Billig and the Rhetoric of Social Psychology
213(1)
Plays and Games without Arguments?
214(1)
John Campbell on the Rhetoric of Charles Darwin
214(3)
Natural Selection and the Religious Audience
215(2)
Conclusion
217(1)
Questions for Review
218(1)
Questions for Discussion
218(1)
Terms
219(5)
Contemporary Rhetoric II: The Rhetoric of Situation, Drama, and Narration
224(23)
Rhetoric in Its Social Context: The Dramatic and Situational Views
225(1)
Kenneth Burke and Rhetoric as Symbolic Action
225(7)
Rhetoric as ``Symbolic Inducement''
225(1)
Terministic Screens and Being Human
226(1)
Burke's Pentad
227(3)
Form
230(2)
Lloyd Bitzer and Rhetoric as Situational
232(2)
The Exigence
232(1)
The Audience
232(1)
Constraints
233(1)
The Fitting Response
233(1)
Rhetoric as Narration
234(1)
Mikhail Bakhtin and the Polyphonic Novel
234(2)
Discourse as Ideological and Social
235(1)
Polyphonic Discourse: Hearing Many Voices
235(1)
Wayne Booth and the Rhetoric of Fiction
236(1)
Ernest Bormann and the Rhetoric of Fantasy
237(2)
Symbolic Convergence
238(1)
Walter Fisher and Rhetoric as Narration
239(2)
The Narrative Paradigm
240(1)
Practical Wisdom
241(1)
Conclusion
241(1)
Questions for Review
242(1)
Questions for Discussion
242(1)
Terms
243(4)
Contemporary Rhetoric III: Discourse, Power, and Social Criticism
247(49)
Michel Foucault: Discourse, Knowledge, and Power
248(6)
Power and Discourse
248(2)
Escape
250(1)
Archaeology of Knowledge: In Search of the Episteme
250(2)
Excluded Discourse
252(1)
Power and Institutions
253(1)
Jacques Derrida: Texts, Meanings, and Deconstruction
254(4)
Authors Out of Control
255(1)
Deconstructing Texts
255(3)
Richard Weaver: Rhetoric and the Preservation of Culture
258(2)
Critique of Modernism
258(1)
Critique of Scientism
259(1)
Weaver on Education
259(1)
A True Rhetoric
260(1)
Feminism and Rhetoric: Critique and Reform in Rhetoric
260(5)
The Need for a Woman's Voice
261(1)
Reconceptualizing Rhetoric: Voice, Gender, Invitation
262(1)
Constructing Gender Rhetorically
263(1)
From Conquest to Invitation
263(2)
George Kennedy and Comparative Rhetoric
265(3)
Conclusion
268(1)
Questions for Review
268(1)
Questions for Discussion
269(1)
Terms
269(27)
Index 296


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