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The lively and accessible narrative and the hallmark focus on social and cultural history that has made A History of Western Society one of the most successful textbooks for the Western civilization course is now available at a greatly reduced cost. The new Value Edition of A History of Western Society includes the full narrative, the popular "Individuals in Society" feature, and select primary sources, images, and maps. Available with all of the integrated media and supplements of the full text--including access to LearningCurve, Bedford's new online adaptive learning resource, and new online document assignments—the Value Edition offers a wealth of resources for students and more flexibility for instructors, all at an extremely affordable price.
To see an example of the new Online Document Assignment from Chapter 14, click here.
John P. McKay (Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley) is professor emeritus at the University of Illinois. He has written or edited numerous works, including the Herbert Baxter Adams Prize-winning book Pioneers for Profit: Foreign Entrepreneurship and Russian Industrialization, 1885-1913 and Tramways and Trolleys: The Rise of Urban Mass Transport in Europe. He also contributed to Imagining the Twentieth Century. Bennett D. Hill (Ph.D., Princeton), late of the University of Illinois, was the history department chair from 1978 to 1981. He published Church and State in the Middle Ages, English Cistercian Monasteries and Their Patrons in the Twelfth Century, and numerous articles and reviews, and was one of the contributing editors to The Encyclopedia of World History. A Benedictine monk of St. Anselm's Abbey in Washington, D.C., he was also a visiting professor at Georgetown University. John Buckler (Ph.D., Harvard University) taught history at the University of Illinois. Published books include Aegean Greece in the Fourth Century B.C., Philip II and the Sacred War, and Theban Hegemony, 371-362 B.C. With Hans Beck, he most recently published Central Greece and the Politics of Power in the Fourth Century. Clare Haru Crowston (Ph.D., Cornell University) teaches at the University of Illinois, where she is currently associate professor of history. She is the author of Fabricating Women: The Seamstresses of Old Regime France, 1675-1791, which won the Berkshire and Hagley Prizes. She edited two special issues of the Journal of Women's History, has published numerous journal articles and reviews, and is a past president of the Society for French Historical Studies and a former chair of the Pinkney Prize Committee. Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks (Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison) taught first at Augustana College in Illinois, and since 1985 at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, where she is currently UWM Distinguished Professor in the department of history. She is the coeditor of the Sixteenth Century Journal and the author or editor of more than twenty books, most recently The Marvelous Hairy Girls: The Gonzales Sisters and Their Worlds and Gender in History. She currently serves as the Chief Reader for Advanced Placement World History. Joe Perry (Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) is Associate Professor of modern German and European history at Georgia State University. He has published numerous articles and is author of the recently published book Christmas in Germany: A Cultural History. His current research interests include issues of consumption, gender, and television in East and West Germany after World War II.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Origins to 1200 b.c.e. Understanding Western History Describing the West What Is Civilization? The Earliest Human Societies From the First Hominids to the Paleolithic Era Planting Crops Implications of Agriculture Trade and Cross-Cultural Connections Civilization in Mesopotamia Environment and Mesopotamian Development The Invention of Writing and the First Schools Religion in Mesopotamia Sumerian Politics and Society Empires in Mesopotamia The Akkadians and the Babylonians Life Under Hammurabi Cultural Exchange in the Fertile Crescent The Egyptians The Nile and the God-King Egyptian Religion Egyptian Society and Work Egyptian Family Life The Hyksos and New Kingdom Revival Conflict and Cooperation with the Hittites Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Hatshepsut and Nefertiti Primary Source: Paleolithic Venus Figures Primary Source: Morality in the Egyptian Book of the DeadChapter 2: Small Kingdoms and Mighty Empires in the Near East 1200–510 b.c.e. Iron and the Emergence of New States Iron Technology The Decline of Egypt and the Emergence of Kush The Rise of Phoenicia The Hebrews The Hebrew State The Jewish Religion Hebrew Family and Society Assyria, the Military Monarchy Assyria’s Long Road to Power Assyrian Rule and Culture The Neo-Babylonian EmpireThe Empire of the Persian Kings Consolidation of the Persian Empire Persian Religion Persian Art and Culture Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Cyrus the Great Primary Source: The Report of Wenamun Primary Source: A Jewish Family Contract Chapter 3: The Development of Greek Society and Culture, ca. 3000–338 b.c.e. Greece in the Bronze Age Geography and Settlement The Minoans The Mycenaeans Homer, Hesiod, and the Epic The Development of the Polis in the Archaic Age Organization of the Polis Governing Structures Overseas Expansion The Growth of Sparta The Evolution of Athens War and Turmoil in the Classical Period The Persian Wars Growth of the Athenian Empire The Peloponnesian War The Struggle for Dominance Philip II and Macedonian Supremacy Classical Greek Life and Culture Athenian Arts in the Age of Pericles Households and Work Gender and Sexuality Public and Personal Religion The Flowering of Philosophy Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Aspasia Primary Source: Hesiod, Works and Days Primary Source: Sophocles, Antigone Chapter 4: Lifein the Hellenistic World 336–30 b.c.e.Alexander’s Conquests and Their Political Legacy Military Campaigns The Political Legacy Building a Hellenized Society Urban Life Greeks in Hellenistic Cities Greeks and Non-Greeks The Economy of the Hellenistic World Agriculture and Industry Commerce Religion and Philosophy in the Hellenistic World Religion and Magic Hellenism and the Jews Philosophy and the People Hellenistic Science and Medicine Science Medicine Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Alexander the Great Primary Source: Arrian on Alexander the Great Individuals in Society: Archimedes, Scientist and Inventor Chapter 5: The Rise of Rome ca. 1000–27 b.c.e. Rome’s Rise to Power The Geography of Italy The Etruscans The Founding of Rome The Roman Conquest of Italy The Roman Republic The Roman State Social Conflict in Rome Roman Expansion The Punic Wars Rome Turns East Roman Society Roman Families Greek Influence on Roman Culture Opposing Views: Cato the Elder and Scipio Aemilianus The Late Republic Reforms for Poor and Landless Citizens Political Violence Civil War Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Queen Cleopatra Primary Source: A Woman’s Actions in the Turia Inscription Primary Source: Plutarch on the Reforms of Gaius Gracchus Chapter 6: The Roman Empire, 27 b.c.e.–284 c.e. Augustus’s Reign The Principate Roman Expansion The Flowering of Latin Literature Marriage and Morality Augustus’s Successors The Julio-Claudians and the Flavians The Age of the "Five Good Emperors" Rome and the Provinces Life in Imperial Rome Approaches to Urban Problems Popular Entertainment Prosperity in the Roman Provinces Trade and Commerce The Coming of Christianity Factors Behind the Rise of Christianity The Life and Teachings of Jesus The Spread of Christianity The Growing Acceptance and Evolution of Christianity The Empire in Disarray Civil Wars and Military Commanders Turmoil in Economic Life Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Bithus, a Soldier in the Roman Army Primary Source: Ovid, The Art of Love Chapter 7: Late Antiquity, 250–600 Reconstruction Under Diocletian and Constantine Political Measures Economic Issues The Acceptance of Christianity The Growth of the Christian Church The Church and Its Leaders The Development of Christian Monasticism Monastery Life Christianity and Classical Culture Christian Notions of Gender and Sexuality Saint Augustine on Human Nature, Will, and Sin Barbarian Society Village and Family Life Tribes and Hierarchies Customary and Written Law Celtic and Germanic Religion Migration, Assimilation, and Conflict Celtic and Germanic People in Gaul and Britain Visigoths and Huns Germanic Kingdoms and the End of the Roman Empire Christian Missionaries and Conversion Missionaries’ Actions The Process of Conversion The Byzantine Empire Sources of Byzantine Strength The Law Code of Justinian Byzantine Intellectual Life The Orthodox Church Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Theodora of Constantinople Primary Source: Recruiting and Training Soldiers in the Roman Army Primary Source: Tacitus on Germanic Society Chapter 8: Europe in the Early Middle Ages, 600–1000 The Spread of Islam The Arabs The Prophet Muhammad The Teachings and Expansion of Islam Sunni and Shi’a Divisions Life in Muslim Spain Muslim-Christian Relations Cross-Cultural Influences in Science and Medicine Frankish Rulers and Their Territories The Merovingians The Rise of the Carolingians The Warrior-Ruler Charlemagne Carolingian Government and Society The Imperial Coronation of Charlemagne Early Medieval Culture The Carolingian Renaissance Northumbrian Learning and Writing Invasions and Migrations Vikings in Western Europe Slavs and Vikings in Eastern Europe Magyars and Muslims Political and Economic Decentralization Decentralization and the Origins of "Feudalism" Manorialism, Serfdom, and the Slave Trade Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: The Venerable Bede Primary Source: The Muslim Conquest of Spain Primary Source: The Death of Beowulf Chapter 9: State and Church in the High Middle Ages, 1000–1300 Political Revival and the Origins of the Modern State England France Central Europe Italy The Iberian Peninsula Law and Justice Local Laws and Royal Courts The Magna Carta Law in Everyday Life Nobles Origins and Status of the Nobility Training, Marriage, and Inheritance Power and Responsibility The Papacy The Gregorian Reforms Emperor Versus Pope Criticism and Heresy The Popes and Church Law Monks, Nuns, and Friars Monastic Revival Life in Convents and Monasteries The Friars The Crusades and the Expansion of Christianity Background and Motives of the Crusades The Course of the Crusades Consequences of the Crusades The Expansion of Christianity Christendom Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Hildegard of Bingen Primary Source: Marriage and Wardship in the Norman Exchequer Primary Source: Pope Boniface VIII, Unam Sanctam Chapter 10: Lifein Villages and Cities of the High Middle Ages, 1000–1300 Village Life Slavery, Serfdom, and Upward Mobility The Manor Work Home Life Childbirth and Child Abandonment Popular Religion Christian Life in Medieval Villages Saints and Sacraments Muslims and Jews Rituals of Marriage and Birth Death and the Afterlife Towns and Economic Revival The Rise of Towns Merchant and Craft Guilds The Revival of Long‑Distance Trade Business Procedures The Commercial Revolution Urban Life City Life Servants and the Poor Popular Entertainment Medieval Universities Origins Legal and Medical Training Theology and Philosophy University Students Literature and Architecture Vernacular Literature and Drama Churches and Cathedrals Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Life in Medieval Towns Primary Source: The Pilgrim’s Guide to Santiago de Compostela Individuals in Society: Francesco Datini Primary Source: Thomas Aquinas on Reason and FaithChapter 11: The Later Middle Ages, 1300–1450 Prelude to Disaster Climate Change and Famine Social Consequences The Black Death Pathology Spread of the Disease Care of the Sick Economic, Religious, and Cultural Effects The Hundred Years’ War Causes English Successes Joan of Arc and France’s Victory Aftermath Challenges to the Church The Babylonian Captivity and Great Schism Critiques, Divisions, and Councils Lay Piety and Mysticism Social Unrest in a Changing Society Peasant Revolts Urban Conflicts Sex in the City Fur-Collar Crime Ethnic Tensions and Restrictions Literacy and Vernacular Literature Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Meister Eckhart Primary Source: The Trial of Joan of Arc Primary Source: The Statute of Laborers Chapter 12: European Society in the Age of the Renaissance, 1350–1550 Wealth and Power in Renaissance Italy Trade and Prosperity Communes and Republics of Northern Italy City-States and the Balance of Power Intellectual Change Humanism Education Political Thought Christian Humanism The Printed Word Art and the Artist Patronage and Power Changing Artistic Styles The Renaissance Artist Social Hierarchies Race and Slavery Wealth and the Nobility Gender Roles Politics and the State in Western Europe France England Spain Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Leonardo da Vinci Primary Source: A Sermon of Savonarola Primary Source: Cassandra Fedele on Humanist Learning Chapter 13: Reformations and Religious Wars, 1500–1600 The Early Reformation The Christian Church in the Early Sixteenth Century Martin Luther Protestant Thought The Appeal of Protestant Ideas The Radical Reformation and the German Peasants’ War Marriage, Sexuality, and the Role of Women The Reformation and German Politics The Rise of the Habsburg Dynasty Religious Wars in Switzerland and Germany The Spread of Protestant Ideas Scandinavia Henry VIII and the Reformation in England Upholding Protestantism in England Calvinism The Reformation in Eastern Europe The Catholic Reformation Papal Reform and the Council of Trent New and Reformed Religious Orders Religious Violence French Religious Wars The Netherlands Under Charles V The Great European Witch-Hunt Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Anna Jansz of Rotterdam Primary Source: Elizabethan Injunctions About Religion Primary Source: 1547 Ordinances in Calvin’s Geneva Chapter 14: European Exploration and Conquest, 1450–1650World Contacts Before Columbus The Trade World of the Indian Ocean The Trading States of Africa The Ottoman and Persian Empires Genoese and Venetian Middlemen The European Voyages of Discovery Causes of European Expansion Technology and the Rise of Exploration The Portuguese Overseas Empire The Problem of Christopher Columbus Later Explorers Spanish Conquest in the New World Early French and English Settlement in the New World The Impact of Conquest Colonial Administration Impact of European Settlement on Indigenous Peoples Life in the Colonies The Columbian Exchange Europe and the World After Columbus Sugar and Slavery Spanish Silver and Its Economic Effects The Birth of the Global Economy Changing Attitudes and Beliefs New Ideas About Race Michel de Montaigne and Cultural Curiosity William Shakespeare and His Influence Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Juan de Pareja Primary Source: A Portuguese Traveler Describes Swahili City-States of East Africa Primary Source: Tenochtitlán Leaders Respond to Spanish Missionaries Chapter 15: Absolutism and Constitutionalism, ca. 1589–1725 Seventeenth-Century Crisis and Rebuilding The Social Order and Peasant Life Famine and Economic Crisis The Thirty Years’ War Achievements in State-Building Warfare and the Growth of Army Size Popular Political Action Absolutism in France and Spain The Foundations of Absolutism Louis XIV and Absolutism Life at Versailles French Financial Management Under Colbert Louis XIV’s Wars The Decline of Absolutist Spain in the Seventeenth Century Absolutism in Austria and Prussia The Return of Serfdom in the East The Austrian Habsburgs Prussia in the Seventeenth Century The Consolidation of Prussian Absolutism The Development of Russia and the Ottoman Empire The Mongol Yoke and the Rise of Moscow The Tsar and His People The Reforms of Peter the Great The Growth of the Ottoman Empire Alternatives to Absolutism in England and the Dutch Republic Absolutist Claims in England Religious Divides and the English Civil War Cromwell and Puritanical Absolutism in England The Restoration of the English Monarchy Constitutional Monarchy and Cabinet Government The Dutch Republic in the Seventeenth Century Baroque Art and Music Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Hürrem Primary Source: Letter from Versailles Primary Source: John Locke, Two Treatises of Government Chapter 16: Toward a New Worldview, 1540–1789 Major Breakthroughs of the Scientific Revolution Scientific Thought in 1500 Origins of the Scientific Revolution The Copernican Hypothesis Brahe, Kepler, and Galileo: Proving Copernicus Right Newton’s Synthesis Important Changes in Scientific Thinking Bacon, Descartes, and the Scientific Method Medicine, the Body, and Chemistry Empire and Natural History Science and Society The Enlightenment The Emergence of the Enlightenment The Influence of the Philosophes Jean-Jacques Rousseau The International Enlightenment Urban Culture and Life in the Public Sphere Race and the Enlightenment Enlightened Absolutism Frederick the Great of Prussia Catherine the Great of Russia The Austrian Habsburgs Jewish Life and the Limits of Enlightened Absolutism Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Moses Mendelssohn and the Jewish Enlightenment Primary Source: Galileo Galilei, The Sidereal Messenger Primary Source: Du Châtelet, Foundations of Physics Chapter 17: The Expansion of Europe, 1650–1800 Working the Land The Legacy of the Open-Field System New Methods of Agriculture The Leadership of the Low Countries and England The Beginning of the Population Explosion Long-Standing Obstacles to Population Growth The New Pattern of the Eighteenth Century The Growth of Rural Industry The Putting-Out System The Lives of Rural Textile Workers The Industrious Revolution The Debate over Urban Guilds Urban Guilds Adam Smith and Economic Liberalism The Atlantic World and Global Trade Mercantilism and Colonial Competition The Atlantic Economy The Atlantic Slave Trade Identities and Communities of the Atlantic World The Colonial Enlightenment Trade and Empire in Asia and the Pacific Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Rebecca Protten Primary Source: Adam Smith on the Division of Labor Primary Source: Olaudah Equiano’s Economic Arguments for Ending Slavery Chapter 18: Lifein the Era of Expansion, 1650–1800 Marriage and the Family Late Marriage and Nuclear Families Work Away from Home Premarital Sex and Community Controls New Patterns of Marriage and Illegitimacy Sex on the Margins of Society Children and Education Child Care and Nursing Foundlings and Infanticide Attitudes Toward Children The Spread of Elementary Schools Popular Culture and Consumerism Popular Literature Leisure and Recreation New Foods and Appetites Toward a Consumer Society Religious Authority and Beliefs Church Hierarchy Protestant Revival Catholic Piety Marginal Beliefs and Practices Medical Practice Faith Healing and General Practice Improvements in Surgery Midwifery The Conquest of Smallpox Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT The Inner Life of the Individual Primary Source: Parisian Boyhood Individuals in Society: Rose Bertin, "Minister of Fashion" Primary Source: Advice to Methodists Chapter 19: Revolutions in Politics, 1775–1815 Background to Revolution Social Change Growing Demands for Liberty and Equality The Seven Years’ War The American Revolutionary Era, 1775–1789 The Origins of the Revolution Independence from Britain Framing the Constitution Limitations of Liberty and Equality Revolution in France, 1789–1791 Breakdown of the Old Order The Formation of the National Assembly Popular Uprising and the Rights of Man A Constitutional Monarchy and Its Challenges World War and Republican France, 1791–1799 The International Response The Second Revolution and the New Republic Total War and the Terror The Thermidorian Reaction and the Directory The Napoleonic Era, 1799–1815 Napoleon’s Rule of France Napoleon’s Expansion in Europe The Grand Empire and Its End The Haitian Revolution, 1791–1804 Revolutionary Aspirations in Saint-Domingue The Outbreak of Revolt The War of Haitian Independence Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Toussaint L’Ouverture Primary Source: Abigail Adams, "Remember the Ladies" Primary Source: Napoleon’s Proclamation to the French People Chapter 20: The Revolution in Energy and Industry, ca. 1780–1850 The Industrial Revolution in Britain Origins of the British Industrial Revolution Technological Innovations and Early Factories The Steam Engine Breakthrough The Coming of the Railroads Industry and Population Industrialization Beyond Britain National and International Variations Industrialization in Continental Europe Agents of Industrialization Government Support and Corporate Banking The Situation Outside of Europe New Patterns of Working and Living Work in Early Factories Working Families and Children The New Sexual Division of Labor Relations Between Capital and Labor The New Class of Factory Owners Debates over Industrialization The Early British Labor Movement The Impact of Slavery Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Josiah Wedgwood Primary Source: Living Conditions of the Working Classes Primary Source: Advice for Middle-Class Women Chapter 21: Ideologies and Upheavals, 1815–1850The Aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars The European Balance of Power Metternich and Conservatism Repressing the Revolutionary Spirit Limits to Conservative Power and Revolution in South America The Spread of Radical Ideas Liberalism and the Middle Class The Growing Appeal of Nationalism The Foundations of Modern Socialism The Birth of Marxist Socialism The Romantic Movement The Tenets of Romanticism Literature Art and Music Reforms and Revolutions Before 1848 National Liberation in Greece Liberal Reform in Great Britain Ireland and the Great Famine The Revolution of 1830 in France The Revolutions of 1848 A Democratic Republic in France Revolution and Reaction in the Austrian Empire Prussia, the German Confederation, and the Frankfurt National Parliament Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Germaine de Staël Primary Source: Metternich: Conservative Reaction in the German Confederation Primary Source: The Republican Spirit in Paris, 1848 Chapter 22: Lifein the Emerging Urban Society, 1840–1914 Taming the City Industry and the Growth of Cities The Advent of the Public Health Movement The Bacterial Revolution Improvements in Urban Planning Public Transportation Rich and Poor and Those in Between The Distribution of Income The People and Occupations of the Middle Classes Middle-Class Culture and Values The People and Occupations of the Working Classes Working-Class Leisure and Religion Changing Family Lifestyles Middle-Class Marriage and Courtship Rituals Middle- and Working-Class Sexuality Prostitution Separate Spheres and the Importance of Homemaking Child Rearing The Feminist Movement Science and Thought The Triumph of Science in Industry Darwin and Natural Selection The Modern University and the Social Sciences Realism in Art and Literature Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Life in the Modern City on Film Primary Source: First Impressions of the World’s Biggest City Individuals in Society: Franziska Tiburtius Primary Source: Max Weber Critiques Industrial Capitalism Chapter 23: The Age of Nationalism, 1850–1914 Napoleon III in France France’s Second Republic Napoleon III’s Second Empire Nation Building in Italy, Germany, and the United States Italy to 1850 Cavour and Garibaldi in Italy Growing Austro-Prussian Rivalry Bismarck and the Austro-Prussian War Taming the German Parliament The Franco-Prussian War Slavery and Nation Building in the United States The Modernization of Russia and the Ottoman Empire The "Great Reforms" in Russia The Russian Revolution of 1905 Reform and Readjustment in the Ottoman Empire The Responsive National State, 1871–1914 The German Empire Republican France Great Britain and Ireland The Austro-Hungarian Empire The Nation and the People Making National Citizens Nationalism and Racism Jewish Emancipation and Modern Anti-Semitism Marxism and the Socialist Movement The Socialist International Unions and Revisionism Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Theodor Herzl Primary Source: The Struggle for the Italian Nation Primary Source: Eyewitness Accounts of Bloody Sunday Chapter 24: The West and the World, 1815–1914 Industrialization and the World Economy The Rise of Global Inequality The World Market The Opening of China Japan and the United States Western Penetration of Egypt Global Migration Around 1900 The Pressure of Population European Emigration Asian Emigration Western Imperialism, 1880–1914 The European Presence in Africa Before 1880 The Scramble for Africa After 1880 Imperialism in Asia Causes of the New Imperialism A "Civilizing Mission" Orientalism Critics of Imperialism Responding to Western Imperialism The Pattern of Response Empire in India The Example of Japan Toward Revolution in China Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Cecil Rhodes Primary Source: Nativism in the United States Chapter 25: War and Revolution, 1914–1919 The Road to War Growing International Conflict The Mood of 1914 The Outbreak of War Waging Total War Stalemate and Slaughter on the Western Front The Widening War The Home Front Mobilizing for Total War The Social Impact Growing Political Tensions The Russian Revolution The Fall of Imperial Russia The Provisional Government Lenin and the Bolshevik Revolution Trotsky and the Seizure of Power Dictatorship and Civil War The Peace Settlement The End of the War Revolution in Austria-Hungary and Germany The Treaty of Versailles The Peace Settlement in the Middle East The Human Costs of the War Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Vera Brittain Primary Source: German Diplomacy and the Road to War Primary Source: Peace, Land, and Bread for the Russian People Chapter 26: The Age of Anxiety, 1880–1940 Uncertainty in Modern Thought Modern Philosophy The Revival of Christianity The New Physics Freudian Psychology Modernism in Architecture, Art, Literature, and Music Architecture and Design New Artistic Movements Twentieth-Century Literature Modern Music An Emerging Consumer Society Mass Culture The Appeal of Cinema The Arrival of Radio The Search for Peace and Political Stability Germany and the Western Powers Hope in Foreign Affairs Hope in Democratic Government The Great Depression, 1929–1939 The Economic Crisis Mass Unemployment The New Deal in the United States The Scandinavian Response to the Depression Recovery and Reform in Britain and France Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Gustav Stresemann Primary Source: Friedrich Nietzsche Pronounces the Death of God Primary Source: Keynes on German Reparations After World War I Chapter 27: Dictatorships and the Second World War, 1919–1945 Authoritarian States Conservative Authoritarianism and Radical Totalitarian Dictatorships Communism and Fascism Stalin’s Soviet Union From Lenin to Stalin The Five-Year Plans Life and Culture in Soviet Society Stalinist Terror and the Great Purges Mussolini and Fascism in Italy The Seizure of Power The Regime in Action Hitler and Nazism in Germany The Roots of National Socialism Hitler’s Road to Power State and Society in Nazi Germany Popular Support for National Socialism Aggression and Appeasement The Second World War German Victories in Europe Europe Under Nazi Occupation The Holocaust Japanese Empire and the War in the Pacific The "Hinge of Fate" Allied Victory Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Primo Levi Primary Source: The "Reich Citizenship Law" and the Nazi Volk Primary Source: Everyday Life in the London Blitz Chapter 28: Cold War Conflict and Consensus, 1945–1965 Postwar Europe and the Origins of the Cold War The Legacies of the Second World War The Peace Settlement and Cold War Origins West Versus East Big Science in the Nuclear Age The Western Renaissance/Recovery in Western Europe The Search for Political and Social Consensus Toward European Unity The Consumer Revolution Developments in the Soviet Union and the East Bloc Postwar Life in the East Bloc Reform and De-Stalinization Foreign Policy and Domestic Rebellion The Limits of Reform The End of Empires Decolonization and the Global Cold War The Struggle for Power in Asia Independence and Conflict in the Middle East Decolonization in Africa Postwar Social Transformations Changing Class Structures Patterns of Postwar Migration New Roles for Women Youth Culture and the Generation Gap Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Armando Rodrigues Primary Source: Western European Recovery and the Promise of Prosperity Primary Source: The Hungarian Communist Party Calls for Reforms Chapter 29: Challenging the Postwar Order, 1960–1991 Reform and Protest in the 1960s Cold War Tensions Thaw The Affluent Society The Counterculture Movement The United States and Vietnam Student Revolts and 1968 The 1960s in the East Bloc Crisis and Change in Western Europe Economic Crisis and Hardship The New Conservatism Challenges and Victories for Women The Rise of the Environmental Movement Separatism and Right-Wing Extremism The Decline of "Developed Socialism" State and Society in the East Bloc Dissent in Czechoslovakia and Poland From Détente Back to Cold War Gorbachev’s Reforms in the Soviet Union The Revolutions of 1989 The Collapse of Communism in the East Bloc German Unification and the End of the Cold War The Disintegration of the Soviet Union Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Margaret Thatcher Primary Source: Human Rights Under the Helsinki Accords Primary Source: Counterculture Graffiti from Paris, 1968 Chapter 30: Lifein an Age of Globalization 1990 to the Present Reshaping Russia and the Former East Bloc Economic Shock Therapy in Russia Russian Revival Under Vladimir Putin Coping with Change in the Former East Bloc Tragedy in Yugoslavia The New Global System The Global Economy The New European Union Supranational Organizations The Human Side of Globalization Life in the Digital Age Toward a Multicultural Continent The Prospect of Population Decline Changing Immigration Flows Ethnic Diversity in Contemporary Europe Europe and Its Muslim Citizens Confronting Twenty-First-Century Challenges Growing Strains in U.S.-European Relations Turmoil in the Muslim World The Global Recession and the Viability of the Eurozone Dependence on Fossil Fuels Climate Change and Environmental Degradation Promoting Human Rights Chapter Review – LearningCurveONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Contesting Globalization Primary Source: The Slow Food Manifesto Individuals in Society: Tariq Ramadan Primary Source: Osama bin Laden Calls for Global Jihad