How Does Earth Work : Physical Geology and the Process of Science

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/1/2006
  • Publisher: Benjamin Cummings
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For introductory courses in physical geology.It's about how we know what we know. How Does Earth Work? covers the traditional breadth of topics of the introductory geology course, but takes the non-traditional and highly-effective approach of emphasizing conceptual learning of process rather than rote memorization of facts.

Table of Contents

Why Geology?
What is geology?
Why study geology?
How do we knowhellip;how to study Earth?
What does the principle of uniformitarianism mean?
What is the theory of plate tectonics?
How does the concept of work apply to Earth?
Earth Materials: Classification, Origin, Uses
Minerals: Building Blocks of the Planet
What are the properties of minerals?
What are minerals composed of?
How do we knowhellip;the atomic structure of minerals?
How do elements combine to make minerals?
What is a mineral?
What determines the physical properties of minerals?
What are the most important minerals?
Basics of an Atom
Silicate Mineral Structures
Rocks and Rock-Forming Processes
How and where do rocks form?
Can rocks be classified according to the processes that form them?
How do we knowhellip;how to determine rock origins?
How are the rock classes related to one another?
Formation of Magma and Igneous Rocks
What are igneous processes?
How are igneous rocks classified?
Where do igneous rocks appear in a landscape?
How and why do rocks melt?
How do we knowhellip;how magma is made?
How does magma generation connect to plate tectonics?
What makes igneous rock compositions so diverse?
Why are there different types of volcanoes and volcanic eruptions?
How are volcanoes hazardous?
Why donrsquo;t all magmas erupt?
Bowen's Reaction Series
Mitigating and Forecasting Volcanic Hazards
Formation of Sediment and Sedimentary Rocks
How and why do rocks disintegrate to form sediment?
What is the link between weathering and sediment?
Why are fossils found in sedimentary rocks?
How does loose sediment become sedimentary rock?
How are sedimentary rocks classified?
How do sedimentary rocks reveal ancient environments?
How do we knowhellip;how to interpret unseen turbidity currents?
How do plate tectonics and sedimentary rocks connect?
Chemical Reactions and Chemical Equations
Why is Seawater Salty?
Geochemistry of Calcite
Formation of Metamorphic Rocks
What is metamorphism?
What is the role of temperature in metamorphism?
What is the role of pressure in metamorphism?
What is the role of fluid in metamorphism?
Why do metamorphic rocks exist at the surface?
How do we knowhellip;how to determine the stability of minerals?
What were the conditions of metamorphism?
How are metamorphic rocks classified?
What was the rock before it was metamorphosed?
Where does metamorphism occur?
Metamorphic Isograds, Zones, and Facies
Earth Materials as Time Keepers
How do you determine the order of events?
How are geologic events placed in relative order?
How do geologists determine the relative ages in widely separated places?
How was the geologic time scale constructed?
How do you recognize gaps in the rock record?
How have scientists determined the age of Earth?
How is the absolute age of a rock determined?
How do we knowhellip;how to determine half-lives and decay rates?
How do you reconstruct geologic history with rocks?
Radioactivity and Radioactive Decay
The Mathematics of Radioactive-Isotope Decay
Using Geologic Clocks
Earthrsquo;s Internal Processes
Journey to the Center of Earth
How do geologists know about rocks in Earthrsquo;s interior?
How do earthquakes help make images of Earthrsquo;s interior?
How do we knowhellip;how to determine velocities of seismic waves in rocks?
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