9780521809016

How Migrant Labor Is Changing Rural China

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780521809016

  • ISBN10:

    0521809010

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2002-10-07
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Summary

One of the most dramatic and noticeable changes in China since the introduction of economic and social reforms in the early 1980s has been the mass migration of peasants from the countryside to urban areas across the country. Murphy's in-depth fieldwork in rural China offers a rich basis for her findings about the impact of migration on many aspects of rural life: inequality; the organization of agricultural production; land transfers; livelihood diversification; spending patterns; house-building; marriage; education; the position of women; social stability; and state-society relations. Her analysis focuses on the human experiences and strategies that precipitate shifts in national and local policies for economic development, and the responses of migrants, non-migrants, and officials to changing circumstances, obstacles and opportunities. This pioneering study is rich in original source materials and anecdotes, as well as useful, comparative examples from other developing countries.

Table of Contents

List of Exhibits
x
Acknowledgments xii
Glossary xv
Poem: ``I Work in the City'' xvii
Map: People's Republic of China
xviii
Map: Jiangxi Province
xx
Introduction 1(2)
The Fieldwork
3(3)
Theoretical Approach
6(1)
Outline of the Study
7(3)
Values, Goals, and Resources
10(18)
Modernization and Structuralist Evaluations
11(6)
Moving beyond Dichotomies: Values, Goals, and Resources
17(6)
Petty Commodity Producers and Livelihood Diversification
23(2)
Temporary and Permanent Return
25(2)
Conclusion
27(1)
China, Jiangxi, and the Fieldwork Counties
28(24)
Historical Background
29(3)
Restructuring the Countryside in Communist China
32(4)
Migration from Wanzai, Xinfeng, and Yudu
36(6)
Why Do Internal Migrants in China Retain Links with Their Villages?
42(2)
Improving Population Quality: Returnees as Emissaries of Modernity
44(3)
Rural Livelihood Diversification
47(3)
Conclusion
50(2)
Resource Redistribution and Inequality
52(36)
Researching the Impact of Migration on Rural Inequality
53(4)
Migration, Household Composition, and Inequality
57(10)
The Role of Migration in Increasing Opportunities for Off-Farm Employment
67(5)
Migration, Land, and Inequality
72(13)
Conclusion
85(3)
Migration, Remittances, and Goals
88(36)
Education
92(11)
The Life-Cycle Goals of House Building and Marriage
103(11)
Migration and Consumer Goods
114(3)
Conclusion
117(1)
Education Appendix
118(6)
Recruiting Returnees to Build Enterprises and Towns
124(20)
Return and Entrepreneurship at the National Level
124(3)
Returnees to Xinfeng and Yudu
127(9)
Coaxing the Phoenix to Lay Eggs in the Nest
136(7)
Conclusion
143(1)
The Enterprises and the Entrepreneurs
144(33)
The Enterprises: Scale, Type, and Ownership
144(10)
What Kind of Phoenix Lays an Egg?
154(7)
Reasons for Return
161(8)
Women Returnee Entrepreneurs
169(6)
Conclusion
175(2)
Entrepreneurs, Socioeconomic Change, and Interactions with the State
177(19)
Investment
177(3)
Improving the Political Environment for Business
180(4)
Absorbing Surplus Labor
184(4)
``Modern'' Managers
188(2)
Integrating Natal Communities into a National Market Economy
190(1)
Building Towns in the Countryside
191(3)
Conclusion
194(2)
Returning Home with Heavy Hearts and Empty Pockets
196(20)
Unemployed Returnees
196(4)
Illness and Injury
200(2)
Pregnancy and Child Care
202(1)
Marriage and Family
203(8)
Problems of Readjustment
211(3)
Conclusion
214(2)
Conclusion
216(9)
Resource Distribution
217(2)
Goals and Remittance Usage
219(1)
Return Migrant Entrepreneurship
220(4)
Closing Thoughts
224(1)
Notes 225(26)
Bibliography 251(26)
Index 277

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