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An exploration of how societies have changed over the past five thousand years. The discussion focuses on the idea that industrial societies, despite their great success, have created a new set of recurring and unsolved problems which will serve as a major impetus for further social change.
Table of Contents
|Evolution and Early Human Societies||p. 1|
|Physical and Cultural Evolution: Differences and Similarities||p. 1|
|Causes of Change in Early Societies||p. 10|
|From Collecting, Hunting, and Fishing to Agriculture||p. 12|
|Reference Notes||p. 16|
|Agrarian Societies||p. 17|
|The Invention of the State||p. 18|
|Class, Status, and Force: Increasing Inequality and Making It Hereditary||p. 22|
|Nomads, Migrants, and Other Raiders||p. 25|
|Great Cultures: The Moral Basis of Agrarian Civilizations||p. 29|
|The Problem of Administration and the Cycle of Political Decay and Reconstruction||p. 33|
|The Conservatism of Village Life||p. 40|
|The Demographic Cycle in Agrarian Societies||p. 42|
|The Potential for Rapid Innovation: The Importance of Peripheries||p. 46|
|The Limits of Analogy: Societies Are Not Species, and Cultural Evolution Is Not Biological||p. 52|
|Reference Notes||p. 55|
|The Rise of the West||p. 59|
|Europe's Ecological Advantages||p. 62|
|Religious Discordance and Political Stalemate: The Basis for Western Rationalization||p. 65|
|Science, Knowledge, and Exploration in China and Western Europe||p. 67|
|The Growth of European Empires and the Transformation of the Economy||p. 71|
|Overcoming the Agrarian Population Cycle||p. 72|
|The Invention of Nationalism and Its Consequences||p. 75|
|The Legitimation of Commerce: The Ideological Basis of the Industrial Revolution||p. 77|
|Reference Notes||p. 80|
|The Modern Era||p. 85|
|Industrial Cycles||p. 88|
|Internal and International Social Consequences of Modernization and Industrial Cycles||p. 97|
|Economic Class and Political Power in Modern Societies||p. 102|
|Political Ideologies and Protests: Two Centuries of Revolutions||p. 110|
|The Unending Effort to Adapt to Modernity||p. 119|
|Ecological Pressures Persist||p. 121|
|Reference Notes||p. 123|
|Toward a Theory of Social Change||p. 129|
|Why Change Occurs||p. 133|
|The New or the Old? The Paradox of Institutional Resistance to Change||p. 139|
|Freedom or Control? The Dilemma of the Modern Era||p. 141|
|Reference Notes||p. 144|
|About the Author||p. 165|
|Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.|