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Samuel J. Kerstein develops a new, broadly Kantian account of the ethical issues that arise when a person treats another merely as a means, that is, 'just uses' the other and thereby acts wrongly. He takes his inspiration from Immanuel Kant's 'Formula of Humanity', which commands that we treat persons never merely as means but always as ends in themselves. Kerstein questions the plausibility of an orthodox Kantian account of the dignity of persons before going onto develop a new, detailed account of his own, and then shows how the Kantian principles he develops shed light on pressing issues in bioethics. He investigates how, morally speaking, scarce resources such as flu vaccine ought to be distributed, explores the morality of regulated markets in organs,and contends that in many contexts, buying organs from live 'donors' fails to honour their dignity. How to Treat Persons champions the view that even if an agent gets another's voluntary, informed consent to use parts of his body for transplantation or medical research, she might nevertheless be treating him merely as a means or failing to respect his dignity.
Samuel Kerstein is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Maryland, College Park. The author of Kant's Search for the Supreme Principle of Morality, he has written many articles on Kant's ethics, Kantian moral principles, and topics in bioethics including the morality of markets in human organs and the fair distribution of scarce, life-saving resources. Kerstein has been a Fellow at the National Humanities Center and at the Harvard University Program in Ethics and Health.
Table of Contents
Part I: Principles
2. Death, Dignity, And Respect
3. The Mere Means Principle
4. Treating Consenting Adults Merely as Means
5. Dignity and the Mere Means Principle
Part II: Practice
6. Allocation of Scarce, Life-Saving Resources
7. Markets in Kidneys
8. Medical Research