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Human Anatomy and Physiology,9780805351170
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Human Anatomy and Physiology

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780805351170

ISBN10:
0805351175
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
10/1/1999
Publisher(s):
Pearson
List Price: $86.00

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Table of Contents

UNIT I ORGANIZATION OF THE BODY
The Human Body: An Orientation
1(23)
An Overview of Anatomy and Physiology
1(1)
Levels of Structural Organization
2(4)
Maintaining Life
6(2)
Homeostasis
8(4)
The Language of Anatomy
12(12)
A Closer Look Medical Imaging: Illuminating the Body
18(6)
Chemistry Comes Alive
24(1)
PART 1 BASIC CHEMISTRY 25(14)
Definition of Concepts: Matter and Energy
25(1)
Composition of Matter: Atoms and Elements
26(4)
How Matter Is Combined: Molecules and Mixtures
30(2)
Chemical Bonds
32(4)
Chemical Reactions
36(3)
PART 2 BIOCHEMISTRY 39(150)
Inorganic Compounds
39(4)
Organic Compounds
43(19)
Cells: The Living Units
62(46)
Overview of the Cellular Basis of Life
63(1)
The Plasma Membrane: Structure
64(4)
The Plasma Membrane: Functions
68(10)
The Cytoplasm
78(11)
The Nucleus
89(2)
Cell Growth and Reproduction
91(12)
Extracellular Materials
103(1)
Developmental Aspects of Cells
103(5)
A Closer Look Cancer---The Intimate Enemy
94(14)
Tissue: The Living Fabric
108(34)
Epithelial Tissue
109(10)
Connective Tissue
119(11)
Epithelial Membranes
130(2)
Nervous Tissue
132(2)
Muscle Tissue
134(1)
Tissue Repair
134(4)
Developmental Aspects of Tissues
138(4)
A Closer Look Cartilage---Strong Water
133(9)
UNIT II COVERING, SUPPORT, AND MOVEMENT OF THE BODY
The Integumentary System
142(22)
The Skin
143(5)
Appendages of the Skin
148(5)
Functions of the Integumentary System
153(2)
Homeostatic Imbalances of Skin
155(2)
Developmental Aspects of the Integumentary System
157(7)
A Closer Look Vampires: Where(wolf) Art Thou?
148(10)
Making Connections
158(6)
Bones and Skeletal Tissues
164(24)
Skeletal Cartilages
165(1)
Functions of Bones
165(2)
Classification of Bones
167(1)
Bone Structure
168(4)
Bone Development (Osteogenesis)
172(4)
Bone Homeostasis: Remodeling and Repair
176(5)
Homeostatic Imbalances of Bone
181(3)
Developmental Aspects of Bones: Timing of Events
184(4)
A Closer Look Them Bones, Them Bones Goin' to Walk Around---Clinical Advances in Bone Repair
179(3)
Making Connections
182(6)
The Skeleton
188(1)
PART 1 THE AXIAL SKELETON 189(25)
The Skull
189(15)
The Vertebral Column
204(7)
The Bony Thorax
211(3)
PART 2 THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON 214(925)
The Pectoral (Shoulder) Girdle
214(3)
The Upper Limb
217(3)
The Pelvic (Hip) Girdle
220(2)
The Lower Limb
222(5)
Developmental Aspects of the Skeleton
227(7)
Joints
234(26)
Classification of Joints
235(1)
Fibrous Joints
235(1)
Cartilaginous Joints
236(1)
Synovial Joints
237(16)
Homeostatic Imbalances of Joints
253(4)
Developmental Aspects of Joints
257(3)
A Closer Look Joints: From Knights in Shining Armor to Bionic Man
256(4)
Muscles and Muscle Tissue
260(42)
Overview of Muscle Tissues
261(1)
Skeletal Muscle
262(27)
Smooth Muscle
289(5)
Developmental Aspects of Muscles
294(8)
Making Connections
296(6)
The Muscular System
302(60)
Muscle Mechanics: Importance of Leverage and Fascicle Arrangement
303(3)
Interactions of Skeletal Muscles in the Body
306(1)
Naming Skeletal Muscles
307(1)
Major Skeletal Muscles of the Body
307(55)
Muscles of the Head, Part I: Facial Expression
312(2)
Muscles of the Head, Part II: Mastication and Tongue Movement
314(2)
Muscles of the Anterior Neck and Throat: Swallowing
316(2)
Muscles of the Neck and Vertebral Column: Head and Trunk Movements
318(4)
Muscles of the Thorax: Breathing
322(2)
Muscles of the Abdominal Wall: Trunk Movements and Compression of Abdominal Viscera
324(2)
Muscles of the Pelvic Floor and Perineum: Support of Abdominopelvic Organs
326(2)
Superficial Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Thorax: Movements of the Scapula
328(2)
Muscles Crossing the Shoulder Joint: Movements of the Arm
330(3)
Muscles Crossing the Elbow Joint: Flexion and Extension of the Forearm
333(1)
Muscles of the Forearm: Movements of the Wrist, Hand, and Fingers
334(4)
Summary of Actions of Muscles Acting on the Arm, Forearm, and Hand
338(2)
Intrinsic Muscles of the Hand: Fine Movements of the Fingers
340(2)
Muscles Crossing the Hip and Knee Joints: Movements of the Thigh and Leg
342(6)
Muscles of the Leg: Movements of the Ankle and Toes
348(6)
Summary of Actions of Muscles Acting on the Thigh, Leg, and Foot
354(2)
Intrinsic Muscles of the Foot: Toe Movement and Arch Support
356(6)
UNIT III REGULATION AND INTEGRATION OF THE BODY
Fundamentals of the Nervous System and Nervous Tissue
362(42)
Organization of the Nervous System
363(1)
Histology of Nervous Tissue
364(9)
Neurophysiology
373(22)
Basic Concepts of Neural Integration
395(4)
Developmental Aspects of Neurons
399(5)
A Closer Look Pleasure Me, Pleasure Me!
396(8)
The Central Nervous System
404(52)
The Brain
405(33)
The Spinal Cord
438(11)
Diagnostic Procedures for Assessing CNS Dysfunction
449(1)
Developmental Aspects of the Central Nervous System
449(7)
A Closer Look ``He-Brain'' Versus ``She-Brain''
437(19)
The Peripheral Nervous System and Reflex Activity
456(38)
Overview of the Peripheral Nervous System
457(9)
Cranial Nerves
466(8)
Spinal Nerves
474(10)
Reflex Activity
484(6)
Developmental Aspects of the Peripheral Nervous System
490(4)
A Closer Look Pain: Sound the Alarm, But Pain Me Not!
464(30)
The Autonomic Nervous System
494(24)
Overview of the Autonomic Nervous System
495(2)
Anatomy of the Autonomic Nervous System
497(8)
Physiology of the Autonomic Nervous System
505(9)
Homeostatic Imbalances of the Autonomic Nervous System
514(1)
Developmental Aspects of the Autonomic Nervous System
514(4)
A Closer Look Learned Fear: How Scary Things Get That Way
511(1)
Making Connections
512(6)
Neural Integration
518(18)
Sensory Integration: From Reception to Perception
519(3)
Motor Integration: From Intention to Effect
522(3)
Higher Mental Functions
525(11)
The Special Senses
536(50)
The Chemical Senses: Taste and Smell
537(5)
The Eye and Vision
542(21)
The Ear: Hearing and Balance
563(15)
Developmental Aspects of the Special Senses
578(8)
The Endocrine System
586(40)
The Endocrine System: An Overview
587(1)
Hormones
588(5)
Major Endocrine Organs
593(25)
Other Hormone-Producing Structures
618(1)
Developmental Aspects of the Endocrine System
619(7)
A Closer Look Athletes Looking Good and Doing Better with Anabolic Steroids?
600(20)
Making Connections
620(6)
UNIT IV MAINTENANCE OF THE BODY
Blood
626(30)
Overview: Composition and Functions of Blood
627(1)
Blood Plasma
628(1)
Formed Elements
629(13)
Hemostasis
642(6)
Transfusion and Blood Replacement
648(4)
Diagnostic Blood Tests
652(1)
Developmental Aspects of Blood
652(4)
A Closer Look Concocting Blood: Artificial Blood Substitutes
650(6)
The Cardiovascular System: The Heart
656(34)
Heart Anatomy
657(9)
Blood Supply to the Heart: Coronary Circulation
666(1)
Properties of Cardiac Muscle Fibers
667(3)
Heart Physiology
670(14)
Developmental Aspects of the Heart
684(6)
A Closer Look Oh, What a Beautiful Morning---Then, Heart Boosters, Retreads, and Replacements
680(10)
The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels
690(54)
Overview of Blood Vessel Structure and Function
691(7)
Physiology of Circulation
698(1)
Introduction to Blood Flow, Blood Pressure, and Resistance
698(2)
Systemic Blood Pressure
700(2)
Maintaining Blood Pressure
702(8)
Blood Flow Through Body Tissues
710(6)
Circulatory Pathways: Blood Vessels of the Body
716(1)
Pulmonary and Systemic Circulations
720(2)
The Aorta and Major Arteries of the Systemic Circulation
722(2)
Arteries of the Head and Neck
724(2)
Arteries of the Upper Limbs and Thorax
726(2)
Arteries of the Abdomen
728(2)
Arteries of the Pelvis and Lower Limbs
730(1)
The Venae Cavae and the Major Veins of the Systemic Circulation
731(3)
Veins of the Head and Neck
734(2)
Veins of the Upper Limbs and Thorax
736(2)
Veins of the Abdomen
738(2)
Veins of the Pelvis and Lower Limbs
740
Developmental Aspects of the Blood Vessels
717(27)
A Closer Look Arteriosclerosis? Get Out the Cardiovascular Drano
694(24)
Making Connections
718(26)
The Lymphatic System
744(14)
Lymphatic Vessels
745(2)
Lymphoid Cells, Tissues, and Organs: An Overview
747(2)
Lymph Nodes
749(1)
Other Lymphoid Organs
750(3)
Developmental Aspects of the Lymphatic System
753(5)
Making Connections
754(4)
Nonspecific Body Defenses and Immunity
758(40)
Nonspecific Body Defenses
759(1)
Surface Barriers: Skin and Mucosae
759(1)
Nonspecific Cellular and Chemical Defenses
760(7)
Specific Body Defenses: Immunity
767(3)
Antigens
770(1)
Cells of the Immune System: An Overview
771(4)
Humoral Immune Response
775(6)
Cell-Mediated Immune Response
781(8)
Homeostatic Imbalances of Immunity
789(5)
Developmental Aspects of the Immune System
794(4)
A Closer Look Mind over Malady?
768(30)
The Respiratory System
798(50)
Functional Anatomy of the Respiratory System
799(14)
Mechanics of Breathing
813(7)
Gas Exchanges in the Body
820(5)
Transport of Respiratory Gases by Blood
825(6)
Control of Respiration
831(5)
Respiratory Adjustments During Exercise and at High Altitudes
836(1)
Homeostatic Imbalances of the Respiratory System
837(4)
Developmental Aspects of the Respiratory System
841(7)
A Closer Look Dangerous Raptures of the Deep
830(8)
Making Connections
838(10)
The Digestive System
848(60)
Overview of the Digestive System
849(6)
Functional Anatomy of the Digestive System
855(1)
The Mouth, Pharynx, and Esophagus
855(11)
The Stomach
866(9)
The Small Intestine and Associated Structures
875(11)
The Large Intestine
886(6)
Physiology of Chemical Digestion and Absorption
892(1)
Chemical Digestion
892(4)
Absorption
896(3)
Developmental Aspects of the Digestive System
899(9)
Making Connections
900(8)
Nutrition, Metabolism, and Body Temperature Regulation
908(56)
Nutrition
909(14)
Metabolism
923(27)
Body Energy Balance
950(7)
Developmental Aspects of Nutrition and Metabolism
957(7)
A Closer Look Obesity: Magical Solution Wanted
948(16)
The Urinary System
964(36)
Kidney Anatomy
965(7)
Kidney Physiology: Mechanisms of Urine Formation
972(17)
Ureters
989(1)
Urinary Bladder
990(1)
Urethra
991(1)
Micturition
991(1)
Developmental Aspects of the Urinary System
992(8)
A Closer Look Renal Failure and the Artificial Kidney
994(6)
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
1000(30)
Body Fluids
1001(4)
Water Balance
1005(2)
Electrolyte Balance
1007(8)
Acid-Base Balance
1015(8)
Developmental Aspects of Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
1023(7)
A Closer Look Sleuthing: Using Blood Values to Determine the Cause of Acidosis or Alkalosis
1022(2)
Making Connections
1024(6)
UNIT V CONTINUITY
The Reproductive System
1030(48)
Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System
1031(5)
Physiology of the Male Reproductive System
1036(10)
Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System
1046(8)
Physiology of the Female Reproductive System
1054(8)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
1062(2)
Developmental Aspects of the Reproductive System: Chronology of Sexual Development
1064(14)
A Closer Look Contraception: To Be or Not To Be
1068(2)
Making Connections
1070(8)
Pregnancy and Human Development
1078(30)
From Egg to Embryo
1080(7)
Events of Embryonic Development
1087(9)
Events of Fetal Development
1096(1)
Effects of Pregnancy on the Mother
1096(3)
Parturition (Birth)
1099(3)
Adjustments of the Infant to Extrauterine Life
1102(1)
Lactation
1103(5)
A Closer Look Baby Making: Popsicles, GIFTs, and Surrogate Moms
1086(22)
Heredity
1108(31)
The Vocabulary of Genetics
1109(1)
Sexual Sources of Genetic Variation
1110(2)
Types of Inheritance
1112(4)
The Influence of Environmental Factors on Gene Expression
1116(1)
Nontraditional Inheritance
1116(1)
Genetic Screening, Counseling, and Therapy
1117(6)
APPENDICES
A The Metric System
1123(2)
B The Amino Acids
1125(1)
C Functional Groups in Organic Molecules
1126(1)
D Three Important Metabolic Pathways
1127(3)
E Periodic Table of the Elements
1130(1)
F Reference Values for Selected Blood and Urine Studies
1131(5)
G Answers to Making Connections, Multiple Choice, and Matching Questions
1136(3)
Credits 1139(2)
Glossary 1141(20)
Index 1161


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