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Study Guide for Human Anatomy & Physiology,9780805343694

Study Guide for Human Anatomy & Physiology

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780805343694

ISBN10:
0805343695
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/1998
Publisher(s):
Pearson
List Price: $31.20
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Table of Contents

1 The Human Body: An Orientation
1(23)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
2(15)
An Overview of Anatomy and Physiology
2(1)
The Hierarchy of Structural Organization Maintaining Life
8(1)
Homeostasis
9(2)
The Language of Anatomy
11(6)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
17(3)
At the Clinic
17(1)
Stop and Think
18(2)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
20(4)
Multiple Choice
20(3)
Word Dissection
23(1)
2 Chemistry Comes Alive
24(28)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
25(19)
Part I: Basic Chemistry
25(1)
Definition of Concepts: Matter and Energy
25(1)
Composition of Matter: Atoms and Elements
26(1)
How Matter Is Combined: Molecules and Mixtures
27(2)
Chemical Bonds
29(3)
Chemical Reactions
32(1)
Part II: Biochemistry: The Composition and Reactions of Living Matter
33(1)
Inorganic Compounds
33(2)
Organic Compounds
35(7)
The Incredible Journey: A Visualization Exercise for Biochemistry
42(2)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
44(4)
At the Clinic
44(1)
Stop and Think
45(3)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
48(4)
Multiple Choice
48(3)
Word Dissection
51(1)
3 Cells: The Living Units
52(28)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
53(19)
Overview of the Cellular Basis of Life
53(1)
The Plasma Membrane: Structure and Functions
54(6)
The Cytoplasm
60(4)
The Nucleus
64(1)
Cell Growth and Reproduction
65(5)
Extracellular Materials
70(1)
Developmental Aspects of Cells
70(1)
The Incredible Journey: A Visualization Exercise for the Cell
71(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
72(4)
At the Clinic
72(2)
Stop and Think
74(2)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
76(4)
Multiple Choice
76(2)
Word Dissection
78(2)
4 Tissue: The Living Fabric
80(21)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
81(14)
Overview of Body Tissues
81(3)
Epithelial Tissue
84(4)
Connective Tissue
88(3)
Epithelial Membranes
91(1)
Muscle Tissue
92(1)
Nervous Tissue
93(1)
Tissue Repair
93(1)
Developmental Aspects of Tissues
94(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
95(2)
At the Clinic
95(1)
Stop and Think
96(1)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
97(4)
Multiple Choice
97(3)
Word Dissection
100(1)
5 The Integumentary System
101(19)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
102(11)
The Skin
102(4)
Appendages of the Skin
106(3)
Functions of the Integumentary System
109(1)
Homeostatic Imbalances of Skin
110(1)
Developmental Aspects of the Integumentary System
111(1)
The Incredible Journey: A Visualization Exercise for the Skin
111(2)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
113(3)
At the Clinic
113(1)
Stop and Think
114(2)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
116(4)
Multiple Choice
116(2)
Word Dissection
118(2)
6 Bones and Skeletal Tissues
120(23)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
121(16)
Skeletal Cartilages
121(1)
Functions of the Bones
122(1)
Classification of Bones
122(1)
Bone Structure
123(3)
Bone Development (Osteogenesis)
126(3)
Bone Homeostasis: Remodeling and Repair
129(5)
Homeostatic Imbalances of Bone
134(1)
Developmental Aspects of Bones: Timing of Events
134(2)
The Incredible Journey: A Visualization Exercise for the Skeletal System
136(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
137(3)
At the Clinic
137(1)
Stop and Think
138(2)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
140(3)
Multiple Choice
140(2)
Word Dissection
142(1)
7 The Skeleton
143(29)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
144(20)
Part I: The Axial Skeleton
146(1)
The Skull
146(4)
The Vertebral Column
150(4)
The Bony Thorax
154(1)
Part II: The Appendicular Skeleton
155(1)
The Pectoral (Shoulder) Girdle and the Upper Limb
155(5)
The Pelvic (Hip) Girdle and the Lower Limb
160(3)
Developmental Aspects of the Skeleton
163(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
164(4)
At the Clinic
164(3)
Stop and Think
167(1)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
168(4)
Multiple Choice
168(2)
Word Dissection
170(2)
8 Joints
172(16)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
173(9)
Classification of Joints
173(1)
Fibrous, Cartilaginous, and Synovial Joints
174(6)
Homeostatic Imbalances of Joints
180(1)
Developmental Aspects of Joints
181(1)
The Incredible Journey: A Visualization Exercise for the Knee Joint
181(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
182(3)
At the Clinic
182(1)
Stop and Think
183(2)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
185(3)
Multiple Choice
185(2)
Word Dissection
187(1)
9 Muscles and Muscle Tissue
188(26)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
189(17)
Overview of Muscle Tissues
189(2)
Skeletal Muscle
191(11)
Smooth Muscle
202(2)
Developmental Aspects of Muscles
204(1)
The Incredible Journey: A Visualization Exercise for Skeletal Muscle Tissue
205(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
206(4)
At the Clinic
206(1)
Stop and Think
207(3)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
210(4)
Multiple Choice
210(3)
Word Dissection
213(1)
10 The Muscular System
214(33)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
215(26)
Muscle Mechanics: The Importance of Leverage and Fascicle Arrangement
215(3)
Interactions of Skeletal Muscles in the Body
218(1)
Naming Skeletal Muscles
218(1)
Major Skeletal Muscles of the Body
219(22)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
241(3)
At the Clinic
241(2)
Stop and Think
243(1)
Closer Connections: Checking the Systems--Covering, Support, and Movement
243(1)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
244(3)
Multiple Choice
244(2)
Word Dissection
246(1)
11 Fundamentals of the Nervous System and Nervous Tissue
247(26)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
248(18)
Organization of the Nervous System
248(2)
Histology of Nervous Tissue
250(6)
Neurophysiology
256(7)
Basic Concepts of Neural Integration
263(2)
Developmental Aspects of Neurons
265(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
266(3)
At the Clinic
266(1)
Stop and Think
267(2)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
269(4)
Multiple Choice
269(3)
Word Dissection
272(1)
12 The Central Nervous System
273(30)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
274(20)
The Brain
274(15)
The Spinal Cord
289(3)
Diagnostic Procedures for Assessing CNS Dysfunction
292(1)
Developmental Aspects of the Central Nervous System
292(1)
The Incredible Journey: A Visualization Exercise for the Nervous System
293(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
294(5)
At the Clinic
294(3)
Stop and Think
297(2)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
299(4)
Multiple Choice
299(3)
Word Dissection
302(1)
13 The Peripheral Nervous System and Reflex Activity
303(24)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
304(16)
Overview of the Peripheral Nervous System
304(5)
Cranial Nerves
309(3)
Spinal Nerves
312(4)
Reflex Activity
316(4)
Developmental Aspects of the Peripheral Nervous System
320(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
320(4)
At the Clinic
320(2)
Stop and Think
322(2)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
324(3)
Multiple Choice
324(2)
Word Dissection
326(1)
14 The Autonomic Nervous System
327(14)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
328(8)
Overview of the Autonomic Nervous System
328(2)
Anatomy of the Autonomic Nervous System
330(3)
Physiology of the Autonomic Nervous System
333(2)
Homeostatic Imbalances of the Autonomic Nervous System
335(1)
Developmental Aspects of the Autonomic Nervous System
335(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
336(3)
At the Clinic
336(2)
Stop and Think
338(1)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
339(2)
Multiple Choice
339(1)
Word Dissection
340(1)
15 Neural Integration
341(20)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
342(12)
Sensory Integration: From Reception to Perception
342(4)
Motor Integration: From Intention to Effect
346(5)
Higher Mental Functions
351(3)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
354(3)
At the Clinic
354(2)
Stop and Think
356(1)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
357(4)
Multiple Choice
357(2)
Word Dissection
359(2)
16 The Special Senses
361(30)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
362(20)
The Chemical Senses: Taste and Smell
362(3)
The Eye and Vision
365(9)
The Ear: Hearing and Balance
374(6)
Developmental Aspects of the Special Senses
380(1)
The Incredible Journey: A Visualization Exercise for the Special Senses
381(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
382(4)
At the Clinic
382(2)
Stop and Think
384(2)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
386(5)
Multiple Choice
386(3)
Word Dissection
389(2)
17 The Endocrine System
391(22)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
392(14)
The Endocrine System and Hormone Function: An Overview
392(2)
Hormones
394(2)
Major Endocrine Organs
396(8)
Other Hormone-Producing Structures
404(1)
Developmental Aspects of the Endocrine System
404(1)
The Incredible Journey: A Visualization Exercise for the Endocrine System
405(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
406(4)
At the Clinic
406(2)
Stop and Think
408(1)
Closer Connections: Checking the Systems--Regulation and Integration of the Body
409(1)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
410(3)
Multiple Choice
410(2)
Word Dissection
412(1)
18 Blood
413(23)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
414(14)
Overview: Composition and Functions of Blood
414(1)
Blood Plasma
415(1)
Formed Elements
416(6)
Hemostasis
422(2)
Transfusion and Blood Replacement
424(1)
Diagnostic Blood Tests
425(1)
Developmental Aspects of Blood
426(1)
The Incredible Journey: A Visualization Exercise for the Blood
426(2)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
428(4)
At the Clinic
428(3)
Stop and Think
431(1)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
432(4)
Multiple Choice
432(3)
Word Dissection
435(1)
19 The Cardiovascular System: The Heart
436(24)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
437(16)
Heart Anatomy
437(4)
Blood Supply to the Heart: Coronary Circulation
441(1)
Properties of Cardiac Muscle Fibers
442(2)
Heart Physiology
444(8)
Developmental Aspects of the Heart
452(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
453(3)
At the Clinic
453(2)
Stop and Think
455(1)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
456(4)
Multiple Choice
456(3)
Word Dissection
459(1)
20 The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels
460(37)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
461(27)
Overview of Blood Vessel Structure and Function
461(5)
Physiology of Circulation
466(7)
Circulatory Pathways: Blood Vessels of the Body
473(13)
Developmental Aspects of the Blood Vessels
486(1)
The Incredible Journey: A Visualization Exercise for the Circulatory System
487(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
488(5)
At the Clinic
488(3)
Stop and Think
491(2)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
493(4)
Multiple Choice
493(2)
Word Dissection
495(2)
21 The Lymphatic System
497(15)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
498(8)
Lymphatic Vessels
498(3)
Lymphoid Cells, Tissues, and Organs: An Overview
501(1)
Lymph Nodes
502(2)
Other Lymphoid Organs
504(2)
Developmental Aspects of the Lymphatic System
506(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
506(3)
At the Clinic
506(2)
Stop and Think
508(1)
Closer Connections: Checking the Systems--Circulation and Protection
508(1)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
509(3)
Multiple Choice
509(2)
Word Dissection
511(1)
22 Nonspecific Body Defenses and Immunity
512(26)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
513(19)
Part I: Nonspecific Body Defenses
513(1)
Surface Membrane Barriers
513(1)
Nonspecific Cellular and Chemical Defenses
514(5)
Part II: Specific Body Defenses: Immunity
519(1)
Antigens
519(1)
Cells of the Immune System: An Overview
519(3)
Humoral Immune Response
522(2)
Cell-Mediated Immune Response
524(4)
Homeostatic Imbalances of Immunity
528(2)
Developmental Aspects of the Immune System
530(1)
The Incredible Journey: A Visualization Exercise for the Immune System
531(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
532(3)
At the Clinic
532(2)
Stop and Think
534(1)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
535(3)
Multiple Choice
535(2)
Word Dissection
537(1)
23 The Respiratory System
538(32)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
539(23)
Functional Anatomy of the Respiratory System
539(10)
Mechanics of Breathing
549(4)
Gas Exchanges in the Body
553(2)
Transport of Respiratory Gases by Blood
555(2)
Control of Respiration
557(1)
Respiratory Adjustments During Exercise and at High Altitudes
558(1)
Homeostatic Imbalances of the Respiratory System
559(1)
Developmental Aspects of the Respiratory System
560(1)
The Incredible Journey: A Visualization Exercise for the Respiratory System
560(2)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
562(4)
At the Clinic
562(2)
Stop and Think
564(2)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
566(4)
Multiple Choice
566(2)
Word Dissection
568(2)
24 The Digestive System
570(32)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
571(22)
Overview of the Digestive System
571(6)
Functional Anatomy of the Digestive System
577(11)
Physiology of Chemical Digestion and Absorption
588(2)
Developmental Aspects of the Digestive System
590(1)
The Incredible Journey: A Visualization Exercise for the Digestive System
591(2)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
593(3)
At the Clinic
593(2)
Stop and Think
595(1)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
596(6)
Multiple Choice
596(4)
Word Dissection
600(2)
25 Nutrition, Metabolism, and Body Temperature Regulation
602(27)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
603(19)
Nutrition
603(4)
Metabolism
607(12)
Body Energy Balance
619(2)
Developmental Aspects of Nutrition and Metabolism
621(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
622(4)
At the Clinic
622(2)
Stop and Think
624(2)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
626(3)
Multiple Choice
626(2)
Word Dissection
628(1)
26 The Urinary System
629(25)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
630(17)
Kidney Anatomy
632(4)
Kidney Physiology: Mechanisms of Urine Formation
636(7)
Ureters, Urinary Bladder, and Urethra Micturition
643(1)
Developmental Aspects of the Urinary System
644(2)
The Incredible Journey: A Visualization Exercise for the Urinary System
646(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
647(3)
At the Clinic
647(2)
Stop and Think
649(1)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
650(4)
Multiple Choice
650(3)
Word Dissection
653(1)
27 Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
654(20)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
655(13)
Body Fluids
655(3)
Water Balance
658(2)
Electrolyte Balance
660(2)
Acid-Base Balance
662(5)
Developmental Aspects of Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
667(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
668(3)
At the Clinic
668(1)
Stop and Think
669(2)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
671(3)
Multiple Choice
671(2)
Word Dissection
673(1)
28 The Reproductive System
674(25)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
675(17)
Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System
675(3)
Physiology of the Male Reproductive System
678(4)
Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System
682(3)
Physiology of the Female Reproductive System
685(3)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
688(1)
Developmental Aspects of the Reproductive System: Chronology of Sexual Development
689(1)
The Incredible Journey: A Visualization Exercise for the Reproductive System
690(2)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
692(2)
At the Clinic
692(1)
Stop and Think
693(1)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
694(5)
Multiple Choice
694(3)
Word Dissection
697(2)
29 Pregnancy and Human Development
699(23)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
700(14)
From Egg to Embryo
700(5)
Events of Embryonic Development
705(3)
Events of Fetal Development
708(3)
Effects of Pregnancy on the Mother
711(1)
Parturition (Birth)
712(1)
Adjustments of the Infant to Extrauterine Life
713(1)
Lactation
713(1)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
714(4)
At the Clinic
714(2)
Stop and Think
716(2)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
718(4)
Multiple Choice
718(2)
Word Dissection
720(2)
30 Heredity
722(15)
BUILDING THE FRAMEWORK
723(8)
The Vocabulary of Genetics
723(1)
Sexual Sources of Genetic Variation
724(1)
Types of Inheritance
725(3)
The Influence of Environmental Factors on Gene Expression
728(1)
Nontraditional Inheritance
729(1)
Genetic Screening, Counseling, and Therapy
729(2)
CHALLENGING YOURSELF
731(3)
At the Clinic
731(2)
Stop and Think
733(1)
COVERING ALL YOUR BASES
734(3)
Multiple Choice
734(1)
Word Dissection
735(2)
Epilogue: A Day in the Life 737(10)
Appendix A Answers 747(130)
Appendix B How to Use A.D.A.M. with This Study Guide 877


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