CART

(0) items

The Human Body in Health & Disease,9780323031615

The Human Body in Health & Disease

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780323031615

ISBN10:
0323031617
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
4/1/2005
Publisher(s):
HARCOURT HEALTH SCIENCE
List Price: $53.95
More New and Used
from Private Sellers
Starting at $8.08
See Prices

Rent Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

Used Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

eTextbook

We're Sorry
Not Available

New Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

Related Products


  • Human Body in Health and Disease - Softcover
    Human Body in Health and Disease - Softcover
  • The Human Body in Health and Disease
    The Human Body in Health and Disease
  • The Human Body in Health and Disease
    The Human Body in Health and Disease




Summary

Offering a student-friendly writing style, this text presents a body systems approach with a strong emphasis on vocabulary and basic anatomy and physiology concepts, as well as the basic mechanisms of disease and pathologic conditions associated with each body system. This comprehensive text is dominated by two unifying themes: the complementarity of structure and function and homeostasis. The integrating principle of homeostasis is used to show how "normal" structure and function is achieved and maintained. Failures of homeostasis are shown as basic mechanisms of disease. The reader is drawn into the subject by superior illustrations, including cadaver dissections, and other student-friendly features.

Table of Contents

An Introduction to the Structure and Function of the Body
1(20)
Structural Levels of Organization
2(2)
Anatomical Position
4(1)
Anatomical Directions
4(2)
Planes or Body Sections
6(1)
Body Cavities
6(2)
Body Regions
8(2)
The Balance of Body Functions
10(10)
Chemistry of Life
20(20)
Levels of Chemical Organization
21(1)
Atoms
22(1)
Elements, Molecules, and Compounds
22(1)
Chemical Bonding
22(4)
Ionic Bonds
24(1)
Covalent Bonds
25(1)
Inorganic Chemistry
26(2)
Water
26(1)
Acids, Bases, and Salts
27(1)
Organic Chemistry
28(12)
Carbohydrates
30(1)
Lipids
30(1)
Proteins
31(2)
Nucleic Acids
33(7)
Cells and Tissues
40(44)
Cells
42(7)
Size and Shape
42(1)
Composition
42(1)
Parts of the Cell
42(7)
Relationship of Cell Structure and Function
49(1)
Movement of Substances Through Cell Membranes
49(6)
Passive Transport Processes
49(2)
Active Transport Processes
51(3)
Cell Transport and Disease
54(1)
Cell Reproduction and Heredity
55(7)
DNA Molecule and Genetic Information
55(2)
Cells, Genetics, and Disease
57(1)
Cell Division
58(2)
Changes in Cell Growth and Reproduction
60(2)
Tissues
62(22)
Epithelial Tissue
62(5)
Connective Tissue
67(4)
Muscle Tissue
71(1)
Nervous Tissue
72(1)
Tissue Repair
73(11)
Organ Systems of the Body
84(26)
Organ Systems of the Body
87(11)
Integumentary System
87(1)
Skeletal System
87(3)
Muscular System
90(1)
Nervous System
90(1)
Endocrine System
91(1)
Cardiovascular (Circulatory) System
91(2)
Lymphatic and Immune Systems
93(1)
Respiratory System
94(1)
Digestive System
94(1)
Urinary System
95(1)
Reproductive System
96(2)
Integration of Body Organ System Functions
98(1)
Organ Replacement
98(12)
Artificial Organs
98(3)
Organ Transplantation
101(9)
Mechanisms of Disease
110(36)
Studying Disease
111(2)
Disease Terminology
111(1)
Patterns of Disease
112(1)
Pathophysiology
113(3)
Mechanisms of Disease
113(2)
Risk Factors
115(1)
Pathogenic Organisms and Particles
116(9)
Types of Organisms and Particles
116(9)
Prevention and Control
125(1)
Tumors and Cancer
126(8)
Neoplasms
126(3)
Causes of Cancer
129(1)
Pathogenesis of Cancer
130(4)
Inflammation
134(12)
Inflammatory Response
134(3)
Inflammatory Disease
137(9)
The Integumentary System and Body Membranes
146(34)
Classification of Body Membranes
147(3)
Epithelial Membranes
148(2)
Connective Tissue Membranes
150(1)
The Skin
150(14)
Structure of the Skin
150(9)
Appendages of the Skin
159(4)
Functions of the Skin
163(1)
Disorders of the Skin
164(16)
Skin Lesions
164(1)
Burns
165(2)
Skin Infections
167(2)
Vascular and Inflammatory Skin Disorders
169(1)
Skin Cancer
170(10)
The Skeletal System
180(48)
Functions of the Skeletal System
182(1)
Support
182(1)
Protection
182(1)
Movement
182(1)
Storage
182(1)
Hematopoiesis
182(1)
Types of Bones
182(1)
Structure of Long Bones
182(1)
Microscopic Structure of Bone and Cartilage
183(2)
Bone Formation and Growth
185(2)
Divisions of Skeleton
187(17)
Axial Skeleton
187(10)
Appendicular Skeleton
197(7)
Differences Between a Man's and A Woman's Skeleton
204(1)
Joints (Articulations)
205(7)
Kinds of Joints
205(7)
Skeletal Disorders
212(16)
Tumors of Bone and Cartilage
212(1)
Metabolic Bone Diseases
213(1)
Bone Infection
214(1)
Bone Fractures
215(1)
Joint Disorders
215(13)
The Muscular System
228(32)
Muscle Tissue
230(1)
Structure of Skeletal Muscle
231(2)
Microscopic Structure
231(2)
Functions of Skeletal Muscle
233(1)
Movement
233(1)
Posture
234(1)
Heat Production
234(1)
Fatigue
234(1)
Role of Other Body Systems in Movement
234(1)
Motor Unit
235(1)
Muscle Stimulus
235(1)
Types of Skeletal Muscle Contraction
235(5)
Twitch and Tetanic Contractions
236(1)
Isotonic Contraction
236(1)
Isometric Contraction
236(4)
Effects of Exercise on Skeletal Muscles
240(1)
Skeletal Muscle Groups
240(9)
Muscles of the Head and Neck
242(1)
Muscles That Move the Upper Extremities
242(2)
Muscles of the Trunk
244(1)
Muscles That Move the Lower Extremities
245(1)
Movements Produced by Skeletal Muscle Contractions
245(4)
Major Muscular Disorders
249(11)
Muscle Injury
249(1)
Muscle Infections
250(1)
Muscular Dystrophy
251(1)
Myasthenia Gravis
251(9)
The Nervous System
260(50)
Organs and Divisions of the Nervous System
262(1)
Cells of the Nervous System
262(4)
Neurons
262(1)
Glia
263(2)
Disorders of Nervous Tissue
265(1)
Nerves
266(1)
Reflex Arcs
267(3)
Nerve Impulses
270(1)
The Synapse
270(4)
Central Nervous System
274(12)
Divisions of the Brain
274(4)
Brain Disorders
278(4)
Spinal Cord
282(3)
Coverings and Fluid Spaces of the Brain and Spinal Cord
285(1)
Peripheral Nervous System
286(6)
Cranial Nerves
289(1)
Spinal Nerves
290(2)
Peripheral Nerve Disorders
292(1)
Autonomic Nervous System
292(18)
Functional Anatomy
294(1)
Autonomic Conduction Paths
295(1)
Sympathetic Nervous System
295(1)
Parasympathetic Nervous System
296(1)
Autonomic Neurotransmitters
297(1)
Autonomic Nervous System as a Whole
298(1)
Disorders of the Autonomic Nervous System
299(11)
The Senses
310(32)
Classification of Sense Organs
311(3)
Converting a Stimulus Into a Sensation
314(1)
General Sense Organs
314(1)
Special Sense Organs
315(27)
The Eye
315(3)
Visual Disorders
318(8)
The Ear
326(5)
Hearing Disorders
331(1)
The Taste Receptors
332(1)
The Smell Receptors
332(10)
The Endocrine System
342(36)
Mechanisms of Hormone Action
344(4)
Nonsteroid Hormones
347(1)
Steroid Hormones
348(1)
Regulation of Hormone Secretion
348(3)
Mechanisms of Endocrine Disease
351(1)
Prostaglandins
351(1)
Pituitary Gland
352(3)
Anterior Pituitary Gland Hormones
352(2)
Posterior Pituitary Gland Hormones
354(1)
Hypothalamus
355(1)
Thyroid Gland
355(3)
Parathyroid Glands
358(1)
Adrenal Glands
358(5)
Adrenal Cortex
360(1)
Adrenal Medulla
360(2)
Adrenal Abnormalities
362(1)
Pancreatic Islets
363(3)
Female Sex Glands
366(1)
Male Sex Glands
366(1)
Thymus
366(1)
Placenta
367(1)
Pineal Gland
367(1)
Other Endocrine Structures
367(11)
Blood
378(32)
Blood Composition and Volume
379(2)
Blood Types
381(1)
ABO System
381(1)
Rh System
382(1)
Blood Plasma
382(2)
Formed Elements
384(1)
Mechanisms of Blood Disease
385(1)
Red Blood Cells (Erythrocytes)
385(2)
Red Blood Cell Disorders
387(4)
Polycythemia
387(1)
Anemia
388(3)
White Blood Cells (Leukocytes)
391(3)
WBC Count
393(1)
Leukocyte Types and Functions
393(1)
White Blood Cell Disorders
394(3)
Multiple Myeloma
394(1)
Leukemia
395(2)
Infectious Mononucleosis
397(1)
Platelets and Blood Clotting
397(13)
Clotting Disorders
399(11)
The Heart and Heart Disease
410(24)
Location, Size, and Position of the Heart
411(2)
Anatomy of the Heart
413(4)
Heart Chambers
413(1)
The Pericardium and Pericarditis
413(2)
Heart Action
415(1)
Heart Valves and Valve Disorders
415(2)
Heart Sounds
417(1)
Blood Flow Through the Heart
417(2)
Coronary Circulation and Coronary Heart Disease
419(1)
Cardiac Cycle
420(1)
Conduction System of the Heart
421(5)
Electrocardiography
421(1)
Cardiac Dysrhythmia
422(4)
Heart Failure
426(8)
The Circulation of the Blood
434(26)
Blood Vessels
435(6)
Types
435(1)
Structure
435(2)
Functions
437(4)
Disorders of Blood Vessels
441(3)
Disorders of Arteries
441(1)
Disorders of Veins
442(2)
Circulation of Blood
444(4)
Systemic and Pulmonary Circulation
444(1)
Hepatic Portal Circulation
444(1)
Fetal Circulation
445(3)
Blood Pressure
448(4)
Defining Blood Pressure
448(1)
Factors That Influence Blood Pressure
448(3)
Fluctuations in Blood Pressure
451(1)
Pulse
452(1)
Circulatory Shock
452(8)
The Lymphatic System and Immunity
460(28)
The Lymphatic System
462(6)
Lymph and Lymph Vessels
462(2)
Lymphedema
464(1)
Lymph Nodes
464(2)
Lymphoma
466(1)
Thymus
467(1)
Tonsils
467(1)
Spleen
468(1)
The Immune System
468(2)
Function of the Immune System
468(1)
Nonspecific Immunity
468(1)
Specific Immunity
469(1)
Immune System Molecules
470(2)
Antibodies
470(2)
Complement Proteins
472(1)
Immune System Cells
472(5)
Phagocytes
472(1)
Lymphocytes
473(4)
Hypersensitivity of the Immune System
477(2)
Allergy
477(1)
Autoimmunity
478(1)
Isoimmunity
478(1)
Immune System Deficiency
479(9)
Congenital Immune Deficiency
480(1)
Acquired Immune Deficiency
480(8)
The Respiratory System
488(38)
Structural Plan
490(1)
Respiratory Tracts
490(2)
Respiratory Mucosa
492(1)
Nose
493(2)
Pharynx
495(2)
Larynx
497(1)
Disorders of the Upper Respiratory Tract
498(2)
Upper Respiratory Infection
498(1)
Anatomical Disorders
498(2)
Trachea
500(1)
Bronchi, Bronchioles, and Alveoli
501(2)
Respiratory Distress
501(2)
Lungs and Pleura
503(3)
Respiration
506(4)
Mechanics of Breathing
506(1)
Exchange of Gases in Lungs
507(1)
Exchange of Gases in Tissues
508(2)
Volumes of Air Exchanged in Pulmonary Ventilation
510(1)
Regulation of Respiration
510(2)
Cerebral Cortex
512(1)
Receptors Influencing Respiration
512(1)
Types of Breathing
512(2)
Disorders of the Lower Respiratory Tract
514(12)
Lower Respiratory Infection
514(1)
Restrictive Pulmonary Disorders
515(1)
Obstructive Pulmonary Disorders
516(1)
Lung Cancer
516(10)
The Digestive System
526(40)
Mouth
529(1)
Teeth
530(1)
Types of Teeth
530(1)
Typical Tooth
530(1)
Disorders of the Mouth and Teeth
531(4)
Salivary Glands
535(1)
Pharynx
535(1)
Wall of the Digestive Tract
536(1)
Esophagus
536(2)
Stomach
538(4)
Disorders of the Stomach
541(1)
Small Intestine
542(3)
Disorders of the Small Intestine
542(3)
Liver and Gallbladder
545(2)
Disorders of the Liver and Gallbladder
545(2)
Pancreas
547(1)
Large Intestine
547(4)
Disorders of the Large Intestine
550(1)
Appendix and Appendicitis
551(2)
Peritoneum
553(1)
Extensions
553(1)
Peritonitis
553(1)
Ascites
553(1)
Digestion
554(2)
Carbohydrate Digestion
554(1)
Protein Digestion
554(1)
Fat Digestion
554(2)
Absorption
556(10)
Nutrition and Metabolism
566(22)
Role of the Liver
567(1)
Nutrient Metabolism
568(4)
Carbohydrate Metabolism
568(2)
Fat Metabolism
570(1)
Protein Metabolism
571(1)
Vitamins and Minerals
572(2)
Metabolic Rates
574(1)
Metabolic and Eating Disorders
574(4)
Body Temperature
578(10)
Abnormal Body Temperature
579(9)
The Urinary System
588(28)
Kidneys
589(7)
Location
589(2)
Internal Structure
591(1)
Microscopic Structure
592(2)
Function
594(2)
Formation of Urine
596(2)
Control of Urine Volume
597(1)
Ureters
598(1)
Urinalysis
598(1)
Urinary Bladder
599(1)
Urethra
599(1)
Micturition
600(1)
Renal and Urinary Disorders
601(15)
Obstructive Disorders
602(1)
Urinary Tract Infections
603(1)
Glomerular Disorders
604(1)
Kidney Failure
605(11)
Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
616(18)
Body Fluids
618(2)
Body Fluid Compartments
619(1)
Mechanisms That Maintain Fluid Balance
620(6)
Regulation of Fluid Intake
621(1)
Importance of Electrolytes in Body Fluids
621(4)
Capillary Blood Pressure and Blood Proteins
625(1)
Fluid Imbalance
626(1)
Electrolyte Imbalance
627(7)
Sodium Imbalance
627(1)
Potassium Imbalance
627(1)
Calcium Imbalance
627(7)
Acid-Base Balance
634(18)
pH of Body Fluids
635(1)
Mechanisms that Control pH of Body Fluids
636(6)
Buffers
637(2)
Respiratory Mechanism of pH Control
639(1)
Urinary Mechanism of pH Control
640(2)
pH Imbalances
642(10)
Metabolic and Respiratory Disturbances
645(7)
The Reproductive Systems
652(38)
Common Structural and Functional Characteristics Between the Sexes
654(1)
Male Reproductive System
654(8)
Structural Plan
654(1)
Testes
655(4)
Reproductive Ducts
659(1)
Accessory or Supportive Sex Glands
660(1)
External Genitals
661(1)
Disorders of the Male Reproductive System
662(2)
Disorders of the Testes
662(1)
Disorders of the Prostate
663(1)
Disorders of the Penis and Scrotum
663(1)
Female Reproductive System
664(11)
Structural Plan
664(1)
Ovaries
665(3)
Reproductive Ducts
668(2)
Accessory or Supportive Sex Glands
670(1)
External Genitals
670(2)
Menstrual Cycle
672(3)
Disorders of the Female Reproductive System
675(5)
Hormonal and Menstrual Disorders
675(1)
Infection and Inflammation
676(1)
Tumors and Related Conditions
677(2)
Infertility
679(1)
Summary of Male and Female Reproductive Systems
680(1)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
680(10)
Growth and Development
690(32)
Prenatal Period
692(9)
Fertilization to Implantation
692(5)
Periods of Development
697(1)
Formation of the Primary Germ Layers
697(2)
Histogenesis and Organogenesis
699(2)
Birth or Parturition
701(2)
Stages of Labor
701(1)
Multiple Births
701(2)
Disorders of Pregnancy
703(3)
Implantation Disorders
703(1)
Preeclampsia
704(1)
Fetal Death
704(1)
Birth Defects
705(1)
Postpartum Disorders
706(1)
Postnatal Period
706(4)
Infancy
707(1)
Childhood
708(1)
Adolescence
709(1)
Adulthood
709(1)
Older Adulthood
709(1)
Effects of Aging
710(12)
Skeletal System
710(1)
Integumentary System (Skin)
710(1)
Urinary System
710(2)
Respiratory System
712(1)
Circulatory (Cardiovascular) System
712(1)
Special Senses
713(1)
Reproductive Systems
714(8)
Genetics and Genetic Diseases
722
Genetics and Human Disease
723(1)
Chromosomes and Genes
724(2)
Mechanisms of Gene Function
724(1)
The Human Genome
724(2)
Distribution of Chromosomes to Offspring
726(1)
Gene Expression
726(6)
Hereditary Traits
726(2)
Sex-Linked Traits
728(2)
Genetic Mutations
730(2)
Genetic Diseases
732(4)
Mechanisms of Genetic Disease
732(1)
Single-Gene Diseases
732(3)
Chromosomal Diseases
735(1)
Prevention and Treatment of Genetic Diseases
736
Genetic Counseling
736(1)
Pedigree
736(3)
Treating Genetic Diseases
739
Appendix A Examples of Pathological Conditions
1(16)
Table 1 Leading Health Problems
1(1)
Table 2 Viral Conditions
1(1)
Table 3 Bacterial Conditions
2(4)
Table 4 Mycotic (Fungal) Conditions
6(1)
Table 5 Conditions Caused by Protozoa
7(1)
Table 6 Conditions Caused by Pathogenic Animals
8(1)
Table 7 Conditions Caused by Physical Agents
9(2)
Table 8 Endocrine Conditions
11(2)
Table 9 Autoimmune Diseases
13(1)
Table 10 Deficiency Diseases
14(1)
Table 11 Genetic Conditions
15(2)
Appendix B Medical Terminology
17(8)
Hints for Learning and Using Medical Terms
17(1)
Table 1 Word Parts Commonly Used as Prefixes
18(2)
Table 2 Word Parts Commonly Used as Suffixes
20(1)
Table 3 Word Parts Commonly Used as Roots
21(4)
Appendix C Clinical and Laboratory Values
25(5)
Table 1 Blood, Plasma, or Serum Values
25(2)
Table 2 Urine Components
27(3)
Appendix D Common Abbreviations and Symbols
30
Table 1 Diseases and Infectious Agents
30(1)
Table 2 Charting Terms
31(2)
Table 3 Symbols
33(1)
Table 4 Units of Measurement
33(1)
Table 5 General Scientific Abbreviations
33(1)
Table 6 Health Sciences Academic Degrees and Professional Credentials
34
Chapter Test and Case Studies Answers 1(1)
Glossary 1(1)
Illustration/Photo Credits 1
Pathology Mini Atlas


Please wait while the item is added to your cart...