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Human Communication Disorders : An Introduction,9780205337064
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Human Communication Disorders : An Introduction

by ;
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780205337064

ISBN10:
0205337066
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon

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Summary

Human Communication Disorders is the leading introductory text in Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology that contains contributions from leading authorities which bring life to the world of people with communication disorders and excite students about the challenges and rewards of helping them. The sixth edition of Human Communication Disorders continues this text's tradition of focusing on understanding the underlying nature of communication problems. While thoroughly explaining the current theory and research, it also presents the "nuts and bolts" of clinical therapy at the depth of detail students require. The text covers a broad range of topics in fifteen chapters that are arranged by major focus into four parts. Part One, "Introduction," provides an overview of the discipline its history, philosophy, ethics, professions, career opportunities, and legal and legislative foundations. Part Two, "Normal Aspects of Human Communication," provides information about theoretical and scientific principles that underlie the communication process. Part Three, "Disorders of Speech, Language, and Fluency," considers each of these major categories. Each chapter places the disorders in perspective, discusses basic theories of causation, introduces identifying characteristics, and presents an overview of procedures for evaluation and treatment. Part Four, "Medical Aspects of Human Communication," provides an introduction to communication disorders that are medically related. This section of the text includes hearing problems, voice disorders, cleft palate and associated craniofacial abnormalities, and communication disorders resulting from neurogenic impairments. A number of the chapters include discussions of cultural and linguistic diversity as well. The individual chapters are written by recognized experts in the fields of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology. The first-generation authors of chapters for the first editions of the text have selected the next generation of authors to continue the traditions of currency and expertise. All chapters in the prior edition were submitted for peer reviews and authors have updated their chapters in responses to input. The book has been recommended as appropriate preparation for the clinical certification examination in Speech Pathology given by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Human Communication Disorders: An Introduction
1(27)
Frederick T. Spahr
Russell K. Malone
Are Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology Professions?
4(2)
What Do Audiologists Do?
6(4)
What Do Speech-Language Pathologists Do?
10(3)
What Do Speech-Language-Hearing Scientists Do?
13(1)
Career and Job Opportunities
14(3)
Attributes and Requirements
17(1)
Credentialing
18(3)
Associations
21(3)
Future Considerations
24(2)
Rewards
26(1)
Selected Readings
27(1)
Development of Communication, Language, and Speech
28(42)
Robert E. Owens, Jr.
Communication
30(4)
Language
34(23)
Speech
57(11)
Summary
68(1)
Study Questions
69(1)
The Biology and Physics of Speech
70(36)
Raymond D. Kent
Houri K. Vorperian
The Anatomy and Physiology of Speech Production
73(25)
The Acoustics of Speech
98(6)
Summary
104(1)
Study Questions
105(1)
Multicultural Influences on Human Communication
106(35)
Kay T. Payne
Orlando L. Taylor
Basic Concepts Related to Culture and Language
110(8)
Dialects of American English
118(10)
Language Differences and Communication Disorders
128(11)
Summary
139(1)
Study Questions
140(1)
Selected Readings
140(1)
Phonological Disorders
141(45)
Richard G. Schwartz
The Nature of Phonological Disorders
146(3)
Determinants of Phonological Disorders
149(8)
Assessment
157(18)
Intervention
175(9)
Summary
184(1)
Study Questions
184(1)
Projects
184(1)
Selected Readings
185(1)
Communication Disorders in Infants, Toddlers, and Preschool Children
186(32)
Amy M. Wetherby
Nature of Language Disorders in Young Children
189(9)
Service Delivery Models for Infants, Toddlers, and Preschool Children
198(2)
Assessment Issues and Strategies
200(7)
Intervention Approaches and Strategies
207(9)
Final Comment
216(1)
Study Questions
216(1)
Project
217(1)
Selected Readings
217(1)
Language Disabilities in School-Age Children and Youth
218(40)
Barbara Culatta
Elisabeth H. Wiig
Nature of School Language
220(7)
Definition and Identification of Language Impairments
227(3)
Types of Language Impairments
230(13)
Assessment and Planning
243(2)
Language and Literary Intervention
245(10)
Summary
255(1)
Study Questions
256(1)
Projects
257(1)
Selected Readings
257(1)
Stuttering and Other Disorders of Fluency
258(45)
Peter R. Ramig
George H. Shames
Definition
266(5)
Theories of Causation
271(7)
Normal Disfluency
278(1)
The Development of Stuttering
279(1)
The Assessment Process
280(5)
Therapy for Stuttering
285(12)
Prevention
297(1)
Some Final Thoughts by a Prodigy of Stuttering
298(2)
Summary
300(1)
Study Questions
301(1)
Projects
301(1)
Selected Readings
302(1)
Hearing and Hearing Disorders
303(46)
Frederick N. Martin
Bart E. Noble
The Nature of Sound
308(3)
Disorders of Hearing
311(9)
The Measurement of Hearing
320(9)
Types of Hearing Loss
329(4)
Implications of Hearing Loss
333(2)
Remediation
335(12)
Summary
347(1)
Study Questions
348(1)
Selected Readings
348(1)
Voice Disorders
349(45)
Christine Sapienza
Douglas M. Hicks
Voice Problems among Communication Disorders
353(2)
Phonation and the Larynx
355(1)
Parallel Perceptual and Physical Factors
356(2)
Resonance
358(2)
Factors That Influence Vocal Fold Vibration and Voice
360(1)
Immobility
361(9)
Voice Disorders Related to Resonance Deviations
370(1)
Assessment and Diagnosis
371(4)
Therapy for Voice Disorders
375(17)
Summary
392(1)
Study Questions
392(1)
Selected Readings
393(1)
Cleft Palate and Associated Anomalies of the Craniofacial Complex
394(40)
Betty Jane McWilliams
Ellen R. Cohn
Cleft Lip and Palate Classification
398(2)
Causal Factors
400(1)
Prevalence
401(1)
Other Structural Anomalies
402(1)
Motor and Sensory Deficits
403(1)
Craniofacial Syndromes Associated with Clefting
403(3)
Neonatal Issues
406(2)
Psychosocial Issues Affecting Speech and Language
408(1)
Associated Communication Disorders
408(11)
Diagnostic Tools and Methods
419(8)
Treatment Approaches
427(4)
Summary
431(1)
Study Questions
432(1)
Selected Readings
433(1)
Neurogenic Disorders of Speech in Children
434(38)
James C. Hardy
Developmental Apraxia of Speech (DAS)
440(3)
Developmental Dysarthria
443(25)
The Era of Assistive Technology
468(1)
Summary
469(1)
Study Questions
470(1)
Projects
471(1)
Selected Readings
471(1)
Neurogenic Disorders of Speech in Adults
472(38)
Leonard L. LaPointe
Richard C. Katz
Classifications and Definitions
478(3)
Basic Concepts
481(3)
Components of the Motor Speech System
484(1)
Causes of Neurogenic Speech Disorders
485(2)
Characteristics and Types
487(6)
Assessment
493(7)
Treatment
500(2)
Specific Treatment Goals
502(4)
Counseling
506(1)
Summary
507(1)
Study Questions
508(1)
Projects
508(1)
Selected Readings
509(1)
Aphasia and Related Acquired Language Disorders
510(35)
Audrey L. Holland
Oscar M. Reinmuth
Aphasia and the Brain
514(6)
Syndromes of Aphasia
520(5)
Mechanisms of Aphasia
525(2)
The Person with Aphasia
527(2)
The Natural Recovery Process in Aphasia
529(1)
The Assisted Recovery Process in Aphasia
530(7)
Related Disorders
537(6)
Summary
543(1)
Study Questions
544(1)
Projects
544(1)
Selected Readings
544(1)
Augmentative and Alternative Communication
545(50)
Kathleen A. Kangas
Lyle L. Lloyd
Potential Users of AAC
549(1)
Functions of AAC
549(1)
Categories of AAC
550(1)
AAC Model
550(15)
Reasons for AAC Success
565(2)
Communicative Competence
567(1)
Types of Impairments
568(6)
Assessment
574(6)
Intervention
580(3)
Future Research
583(1)
Funding, Rights, and User Perspectives
584(3)
Professional and Support Organizations
587(1)
Review of Case Studies
588(4)
Study Questions
592(1)
Projects
593(1)
Selected Readings
593(2)
Glossary 595(10)
References 605(32)
Author Index 637(8)
Subject Index 645(8)
About the Authors 653


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