9781420055306

Human Factors of Visual and Cognitive Performance in Driving

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781420055306

  • ISBN10:

    1420055305

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2008-11-21
  • Publisher: CRC Press

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

Human error is involved in more than 90 percent of traffic accidents, and of those accidents, most are associated with visual distractions, or looking-but-failing-to-see errors. Human Factors of Visual and Cognitive Performance in Driving gathers knowledge from a human factors psychology standpoint and provides deeper insight into traffic -user behavior and the ways drivers acquire information from the road.Emphasizes Drivers as Visual Information ProcessorsBecause driving is an eyes-wide-open task, drivers are exposed to a multitude of visual stimuli along their journey. This information must be correctly processed in order to make the right decisions and perform precise safety maneuvers. With contributions from more than 20 leading experts, this detailed resource discusses road and markings design, new technologies, signage, distraction, safety, situation awareness, workload, driving experience, fatigue, and driving interventions with the goal ofimproving driving behavior and preventing accidents.Addresses These Key Areas:· Visual attention and in-vehicle technologies· Interventions to reduce road trauma· Avoiding collisions and the failures involved in that endeavorUsing jargon-free language that is easily understood, this book compresses research from the past few decades into one accessible resource. It clearly and cohesively provides ergonomics and human factor engineers, industrial designers, and highway and roadway engineers with an overarching understanding of the incessant visual demands drivers face.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
The Editorp. xv
List of Contributorsp. xvii
Contributorsp. xix
Visual Demands and Drivingp. 1
Visual Requirements of Vehicular Guidancep. 31
Estimations in Drivingp. 51
A Two-Dimensional Framework for Understanding the Role of Attentional Selection in Drivingp. 63
Driver Distractionsp. 75
Experience and Visual Attention in Drivingp. 89
The Environment: Roadway Design, Environmental Factors, and Conflictsp. 117
On Allocating the Eyes: Visual Attention and In-Vehicle Technologiesp. 151
Enhancing Safety by Augmenting Information Acquisition in the Driving Environmentp. 167
Crossmodal Information Processing in Drivingp. 187
Interventions to Reduce Road Traumap. 201
On Not Getting Hit: The Science of Avoiding Collisions and the Failures Involved in That Endeavorp. 223
Indexp. 253
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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