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The human body is a complicated and beautiful machine, governed by the laws of physics and chemistry. By understanding its physiology--how it performs its varied functions--it is possible to build strategies for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Human Physiology,Fourth Edition, provides clear explanations of the principles that govern the body's physiological processes and shows how these can be applied, making it an ideal resource for students interested in pursuing careers in human biology, biomedical science, and medicine. FEATURES * Written in student-friendly language * Rich pedagogy throughout--photos, diagrams, boxes, bulleted lists, and reading lists * Companion Website featuring multiple-choice questions for students (www.oup.com/uk/orc/bin/9780199574933) NEW TO THIS EDITION * Clinical material is now integrated into the main text * New checklists at the end of each chapter highlighting key learning points * More than 150 additional figures--including original photomicrographs * A new chapter on basic chemistry * Updated coverage of the molecular processes involved in cell signaling and cell transport
Table of Contents
Section 1. Basic Concepts in Physiology 1. What Is Physiology? 2. Key Concepts in Chemistry 3. The Chemical Constitution of the Body
Section 2. The Organization and Basic Functions of Cells 4. Introducing Cells and Tissues 5. The Transport Functions of the Plasma Membrane 6. Principles of Cell Signaling
Section 3. The Excitable Tissues--Nerve and Muscle 7. Nerve Cells and Their Connections 8. Muscle
Section 4. The Nervous System and Special Senses 9. Introduction to the Nervous System 10. The Physiology of Motor Systems 11. The Autonomic Nervous System 12. The Sensory Systems 13. Some Aspects of Higher Nervous Function
Section 5. The Endocrine System 14. Introduction to the Endocrine System 15. The Pituitary Gland and Hypothalamus 16. The Thyroid, Parathyroid, and Adrenal Glands 17. The Endocrine Pancreas and Regulation of Plasma Glucose
Section 6. Blood and the Immune System 18. The Properties of Blood 19. Defense against Infection: The Immune System
Section 7. The Cardiovascular System 20. Introduction to the Cardiovascular System 21. The Heart 22. The Electrocardiogram 23. The Circulation 24. The Microcirculation and Lymphatic System
Section 8. The Respiratory System 25. Introduction to the Respiratory System 26. Physiology of High Altitude and Diving
Section 9. The Urinary System and the Regulation of the Internal Environment 27. The Kidneys and the Regulation of the Internal Environment 28. Fluid and Electrolyte Balance 29. Acid-Base Balance
Section 10. The Gastrointestinal System 30. The Physiology of the Digestive System 31. The Liver and Gallbladder 32. The Nutritional Needs of the Body
Section 11. Reproduction and Growth 33. The Physiology of the Male and Female Reproductive Systems 34. Fertilization, Pregnancy, and Lactation 35. Fetal and Neonatal Physiology 36. The Physiology of Bone and the Control of Growth
Section 12. Applied Physiology 37. Energy Balance and the Control of Metabolic Rate 38. The Physiology of Exercise 39. The Regulation of Body Temperature