Human Physiology

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 3/14/2013
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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The human body is a complicated and beautiful machine, governed by the laws of physics and chemistry. By understanding its physiology--how it performs its varied functions--it is possible to build strategies for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Human Physiology,Fourth Edition, provides clear explanations of the principles that govern the body's physiological processes and shows how these can be applied, making it an ideal resource for students interested in pursuing careers in human biology, biomedical science, and medicine. FEATURES * Written in student-friendly language * Rich pedagogy throughout--photos, diagrams, boxes, bulleted lists, and reading lists * Companion Website featuring multiple-choice questions for students (www.oup.com/uk/orc/bin/9780199574933) NEW TO THIS EDITION * Clinical material is now integrated into the main text * New checklists at the end of each chapter highlighting key learning points * More than 150 additional figures--including original photomicrographs * A new chapter on basic chemistry * Updated coverage of the molecular processes involved in cell signaling and cell transport

Table of Contents

Section 1. Basic Concepts in Physiology
1. What Is Physiology?
2. Key Concepts in Chemistry
3. The Chemical Constitution of the Body

Section 2. The Organization and Basic Functions of Cells
4. Introducing Cells and Tissues
5. The Transport Functions of the Plasma Membrane
6. Principles of Cell Signaling

Section 3. The Excitable Tissues--Nerve and Muscle
7. Nerve Cells and Their Connections
8. Muscle

Section 4. The Nervous System and Special Senses
9. Introduction to the Nervous System
10. The Physiology of Motor Systems
11. The Autonomic Nervous System
12. The Sensory Systems
13. Some Aspects of Higher Nervous Function

Section 5. The Endocrine System
14. Introduction to the Endocrine System
15. The Pituitary Gland and Hypothalamus
16. The Thyroid, Parathyroid, and Adrenal Glands
17. The Endocrine Pancreas and Regulation of Plasma Glucose

Section 6. Blood and the Immune System
18. The Properties of Blood
19. Defense against Infection: The Immune System

Section 7. The Cardiovascular System
20. Introduction to the Cardiovascular System
21. The Heart
22. The Electrocardiogram
23. The Circulation
24. The Microcirculation and Lymphatic System

Section 8. The Respiratory System
25. Introduction to the Respiratory System
26. Physiology of High Altitude and Diving

Section 9. The Urinary System and the Regulation of the Internal Environment
27. The Kidneys and the Regulation of the Internal Environment
28. Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
29. Acid-Base Balance

Section 10. The Gastrointestinal System
30. The Physiology of the Digestive System
31. The Liver and Gallbladder
32. The Nutritional Needs of the Body

Section 11. Reproduction and Growth
33. The Physiology of the Male and Female Reproductive Systems
34. Fertilization, Pregnancy, and Lactation
35. Fetal and Neonatal Physiology
36. The Physiology of Bone and the Control of Growth

Section 12. Applied Physiology
37. Energy Balance and the Control of Metabolic Rate
38. The Physiology of Exercise
39. The Regulation of Body Temperature

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