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Human Record Vol. 1 : Sources of Global History to 1700,9780618042456

Human Record Vol. 1 : Sources of Global History to 1700

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Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780618042456

ISBN10:
0618042458
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/21/2000
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $112.66

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Summary

Unlike some other world history texts that center on the West, The Human Record provides balanced coverage of the global past. The book features both written and artifactual sources that are placed in their full historical contexts through introductory essays, footnotes, and focus questions. The text sheds light on the experiences of women and non-elite groups while maintaining overall balance and a focus on the major patterns of global historical developments through the ages.

Table of Contents

Geographic Contents xiii
Topical Contents xvii
Preface xxix
Prologue: Primary Sources and How We Read Them
1(1)
What Is History?
1(1)
Primary Sources: Their Value and Limitations
2(1)
Examining the Sources
3(2)
You and the Sources
5(9)
``With the Royal Standard Unfurled''
Christopher Columbus, A Letter Concerning Recently Discovered Islands
7(7)
Interpreting Columbus's Letter
14(4)
Unwritten Sources
18(2)
The Family Dinner
An Anonymous Woodcut of 1511
18(2)
Interpreting the Woodcut
20
Part One The Ancient World 1(176)
The First Civilizations
5(37)
Mesopotamia: The Land of Two Rivers
6(10)
The Search for Eternal Life in Mesopotamia
The Epic of Gilgamesh
7(5)
Bringing Order to an Uncertain World
The Judgments of Hammurabi
12(4)
Egypt: The River of Two Lands
16(9)
The Search for Eternal Life in Egypt
Three Funerary Texts
17(5)
Making a Living in Ancient Egypt
A Scribal Exercise Book
22(3)
China: The Land of the Yellow River
25(6)
The Mandate of Heaven
The Classic of History
26(2)
Zhou Viewed from Above and Below
The Classic of Odes
28(3)
Mute Testimony
31(11)
Bringing in the Sheaves
A Tassili Rock Painting
32(1)
Cultural Impressions
Indus, Mesopotamian, and Cretan Seals
33(3)
Sacred Kingship along the Nile
Two Temple Reliefs
36(2)
The Were-Jaguar
Four Olmec Statuettes
38(4)
Newcomers: From Nomads to Settlers
42(22)
The Indo-Europeans
43(10)
Life, Death, and the Gods in Aryan India
The Rig Veda
44(4)
A Journey to the Underworld
Homer, The Odyssey
48(5)
The Hebrews and Their Neighbors
53(11)
Establishing a Covenant with Humanity
The Book of Genesis
54(4)
Establishing a Covenant with the Chosen People
The Book of Deuteronomy
58(3)
Keeping and Breaking the Covenant
The Book of Judges
61(3)
Transcendental Reality: Developing the Spiritual Traditions of India and Southwest Asia: 800--200 B.C.E.
64(29)
The Emergence of Brahminical Hinduism
66(7)
The Hindu Search for Divine Reality
The Upanishads
67(3)
Dharma: The Imperative of Caste Law
The Bhagavad Gita
70(3)
Challengers of Caste: The Mahavira and the Buddha
73(12)
A Call to the Heroic Life
The Book of Good Conduct
74(3)
The Path to Enlightenment
The Buddha, Two Lessons
77(4)
Admitting Women to the Mendicant Life
The Discipline Basket
81(4)
Persians, Israelites, and Their Gods
85(8)
The Struggle between Good and Evil
Zarathustra, Gathas
85(4)
A New Covenant for All Peoples
The Book of Isaiah
89(4)
The Secular Made Sacred: Developing the Humanistic Traditions of China and Hellas: 600--200 B.C.E.
93(39)
China: Thought in Search of Harmony
94(15)
Daoism: The Way That Is and Is Not
Laozi, The Classic of the Way and Virtue
96(3)
Confucianism: The Way of the Superior Man
Confucius, The Analects
99(4)
Legalism in Theory and Practice: The Way of the State
Han Fei, The Writings of Master Han Fei and Sima Qian, The Records of the Grand Historian
103(3)
Yin and Yang and the Dao of Good Health
The Yellow Emperor's Classic of Medicine
106(3)
Hellenic Civilization: A Rational Inquiry into Life
109(23)
Hellenic Medicine
Hippocrates, On the Sacred Disease
110(3)
The Athenian as Citizen
Thucydides, The History of the Peloponnesian War
113(6)
An Alienated Woman
Euripides, Medea
119(4)
Socrates and the Laws of Athens
Plato, Crito
123(5)
Art and the Human Form
Three Hellenic Works of Art
128(4)
Regional Empires and Afro-Eurasian Interchange: 300 B.C.E.--500 C.E.
132(45)
The Greco-Roman World
134(12)
Images of the Hellenistic World
Four Hellenistic Sculptures
135(4)
Rome Viewed from the Underworld
Virgil, The Aeneid
139(3)
Three Women in the Age of the Pax Romana
Three Funerary Monuments
142(4)
Han China
146(9)
Establishing an Imperial Confucian Academy
Sima Qian, The Records of the Grand Historian
147(4)
A Woman's Place as Viewed by a Female Confucian
Ban Zhao, Lessons for Women
151(4)
India in the Age of Empires
155(13)
The Softening Effects of Dharma
Asoka, Rock and Pillar Edicts
156(4)
Sacred Law in Classical India
The Laws of Manu
160(4)
Gupta India as Viewed by a Chinese Monk
Faxian, Travels in India and Ceylon
164(4)
Long-Distance Travel and Exchange
168(9)
Faxian's Homeward Voyage
Faxian, Travels
169(3)
The Transit of Images along Trade Routes
Five Robed Statues
172(5)
Part Two Faith, Devotion, and Salvation: Great World Religions to 1500 C.E. 177(88)
New Developments in Three Ancient Religions
179(22)
Hinduism: The Way of Devotion
180(5)
Vishnu, Destroyer of Sin
The Vishnu Purana
181(1)
Shiva, Auspicious Destroyer
Shiva Nataraja
182(3)
Mahayana Buddhism: A Religion of Infinite Compassion
185(7)
Perceiver of the World's Sounds: A Universal Bodhisattva
The Lotus Sutra
186(3)
Images of Compassion
Three Bodhisattvas
189(3)
Rabbinical Judaism
192(9)
A Defense of the Law
Flavius Josephus, Against Apion
193(3)
Persecution and Messianic Hope
Maimonides, Letter to Yemen
196(5)
Christianity: Conquering the World for Christ
201(28)
The Foundations of Christianity
202(6)
Becoming Spiritually Perfect
The Gospel of Saint Matthew
203(2)
The Path to Righteousness: The Law or Faith?
Saint Paul, The Epistle to the Romans
205(3)
Christianity and the Roman World
208(14)
Persecution and Deliverance
Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History
209(5)
The Christian Empire
The Theodosian Code
214(3)
The Christian Emperor
The Barberini Ivory
217(2)
The Origins of Christian Monasticism
Saint Ephraem of Edessa, The Life of Saint Mary the Harlot
219(3)
Religious Exchange and Interchange
222(7)
Gnostic Christianity: The Secret Knowledge of Jesus
The Gospel of Thomas
222(3)
Manichaeism: Enlightening the World
The Parable about the World-Ocean
225(4)
Islam: Universal Submission to God
229(36)
The Foundations of Islamic Life
231(15)
The Word of God
The Qur'an
232(5)
The Tales of Tradition
Imam Nawawi, Gardens of the Righteous
237(4)
Muhammad's Night Journey and Ascent to Heaven
Muhammad ibn Ishaq, The Life of the Messenger of God
241(3)
Shari'a: God's Law
Ibn Abi Zayd al-Kayrawani, The Treatise on Law
244(2)
Variety and Unity in Islam
246(8)
God's Martyrs: The Party of Ali
Ibn Bahawayh al-Saduq, Creed Concerning the Imams
246(3)
Sufi Mysticism
Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazali, The Alchemy of Happiness
249(2)
An African Pilgrim to Mecca
Mahmud Kati, The Chronicle of the Seeker
251(3)
Islam and Unbelievers
254(11)
The Dhimma
Ibn Muslama's Pact with the Christians of Tiflis and The Pact of Umar
255(2)
The Jewish Community of Twelfth-Century Baghdad
Benjamin of Tudela, Book of Travels
257(3)
Fourteenth-Century Hindu Dhimmis
The Deeds of Sultan Firuz Shah
260(5)
Part Three Continuity, Change, and Interchange: 500--1500 265(146)
Asia: Change in the Context of Tradition
267(64)
Japan: Creating a Distinctive Civilization
268(13)
History in Service to State-Building
Yasumara, Preface to Records of Ancient Matters
269(3)
An Aristocratic Woman in Eleventh-Century Japan
Murasaki Shikibu, Diary
272(4)
The Ideal Samurai
Chronicle of the Grand Pacification
276(5)
China: The Ages of Tang and Song
281(15)
Open to the Word: Christianity in Tang China
The Christian Monument
283(4)
Bishop Adam
Troubles in Late Tang
Du Fu, Poems
287(2)
The Dao of Agriculture in Song China
The Craft of Farming
289(3)
Chen Pu
Thirteenth-Century Hangzhou
A Record of Musings on the Eastern Capital
292(4)
Buddhism in East Asia: Acceptance, Rejection, and Accommodation
296(11)
A Conflict of Values: Foreign Religions in Late Tang China
Memorial on Buddhism, and Emperor Tang Wuzong, Proclamation Ordering the Destruction of the Buddhist Monasteries
297(4)
Han Yu
The Neo-Confucian Response to Buddhism
Conversations of Master Zhu, Arranged Topically
301(4)
Zhu Xi
Zen Buddhism in Japan
On Life and Death
305(2)
Dogen
Southwest Asia: Crossroads of The Afro-Eurasian World
307(13)
The Arrival of the Turks
The Merits of the Turks and of the Imperial Army as a Whole
308(3)
Al-Jabiz
The Arrival of the Franks
The Book of Reflections
311(4)
Usamah ibn Munqidh
Sinbad's First Voyage
A Thousand and One Arabian Nights
315(5)
India: Continuity and Change
320(11)
Islam and Hindu Civilization: Cultures in Conflict
Description of India
321(4)
Abu'l Raihan al-Biruni
The Perfect Wife
Dandin, Tales of the Ten Princes
325(3)
A Sati's Sacrifice
Vikrama's Adventures
328(3)
Two Christian Civilizations: Byzantium and Western Europe
331(45)
Justinian the Great: The First Byzantine Emperor
333(11)
Two Imperial Portraits: Justinian and Theodora
The Mosaics of San Vitale
334(4)
Justinian: God's Deputy or a Devil?
Procopius, On the Buildings and The Secret History
338(6)
Charles the Great: Europe's First Emperor
344(7)
A Papal Portrait: Leo III and Charles the Great
Pope Leo III's Lateran Mosaic
344(2)
A Carolingian Vision of Reality
Charles the Great, A Letter to Pope Leo III and The Capitulary on the Missi
346(5)
Constantinople and Rome: Beacons of Christianity
351(7)
Bringing Christianity to the Rus'
The Russian Primary Chronicle
351(4)
Bringing Christianity to the Magyars
Letter to Saint Stephen of Hungary
355(3)
Pope Sylvester II
A Conflict of Authorities
358(7)
A Papal Rejoinder to the Byzantine Emperor
Pope Innocent III, Solitae
358(4)
A Middle Ground
John of Paris, A Treatise on Royal and Papal Power
362(3)
Byzantium and the West in the Age of the Crusades: The Dividing of Christendom
365(11)
The West and the First Crusade from a Byzantine Perspective
The Alexiad
366(3)
Anna Comnena
The Fourth Crusade from a Byzantine Perspective
Nicetas Choniates, Annals
369(3)
The Fourth Crusade from a Western Perspective
Gunther of Pairis, A Constantinopolitan History
372(4)
Africa and the Americas
376(35)
Africa
378(14)
The Land of Zanj: Tenth-Century East Africa
Meadows of Gold
379(3)
Abu'l-Hasan Ali al-Mas'udi
The Land of Ghana: Eleventh-Century Western Sudan
The Book of Routes and Realms
382(4)
Abu Ubaydallab al-Bakri
The Land of Seyon: Fourteenth-Century Ethiopia
The Glorious Victories of 'Amda Seyon
386(4)
A Yoruba Woman of Authority?
Seated Female Figure
390(2)
The Americas
392(19)
The God Who Descended from the Mountains
A Moche Ceramic
394(2)
Taino Culture
A Report Concerning the Antiquities of the Indians
396(6)
Ramon Pane
Quiche Mayan Gods and Monarchs
The Book of the Community
402(3)
Governing the Inca Empire
Pedro de Cieza de Leon, Chronicles
405(6)
Part Four Travel, Encounter, and Exchange: 1000--1700 411(84)
Adventurers, Merchants, Diplomats, Pilgrims, and Missionaries: A Half Millennium of Travel and Encounter: 1000--1500
413(44)
The World Perceived
415(11)
A Chinese View of the World
A Description of Foreign Peoples
416(3)
Zhau Rugua
A European View of the World
Travels
419(5)
John Mandeville
A Korean View of the World
The Kangnido
424(2)
Travel in the Age of the Pax Mongolica
426(19)
Traveling among the Mongols
William of Rubruck, Journey to the Land of the Tartars
426(5)
Traveling the Silk Road
Description of the World
431(4)
Marco Polo
A European Missionary Travels to China
John of Monte Corvino, Letter to the West
435(4)
A Chinese Traveler among the Khmer
Recollections of the Customs of Cambodia
439(3)
Zhou Daguan
Advice for Merchants Traveling to Cathay
The Practice of Commerce
442(3)
Francesco Pegolotti
Travel Beyond the Mongol Ecumene
445(12)
A Moroccan Visitor in Sub-Saharan Africa
A Donation to Those Interested in Curiosities
445(5)
Ibn Battuta
Zheng He's Western Voyages
The Overall Survey of the Ocean's Shores
450(4)
Ma Huan
The Origins of Portugal's Overseas Empire
Games Eannes de Azurara, The Chronicle of Guinea
454(3)
Transoceanic Encounters: 1500--1700
457(38)
Europeans in the Americas
458(12)
The Battle for Tenochtitlan: An Aztec Perspective
General History of the Things of New Spain
460(5)
Bernardino de Sahagun
The ``Mountain of Silver'' and the Mita System
Compendium and Description of the West Indies
465(5)
Antonio Vazquez de Espinosa
African Reactions to the European Presence
470(10)
An African Voice of Ambivalence?
Nazinga Mbemba (Afonso I), Letters to the King of Portugal
471(3)
Images of the Portugues in the Art of Benin
A Benin-Portuguese Saltcellar and A Benin Wall Plaque
474(4)
The Economics of the West African Slave Trade
A Voyage to New Calabar River in the Year 1699
478(2)
James Barbot
Chinese and Japanese Reactions to the West
480(7)
The Jesuits in China
Journals
481(4)
Matteo Ricci
The Seclusion of Japan
Closed Country Edict of 1635 and Exclusion of the Portuguese, 1639
485(2)
Tokugawa Iemitsu
The Great Mughals and the West
487(8)
Dealing with the Faringis
Akbarnama
488(3)
Abu'l Fazl
Seventeenth-Century Commerce in India
Travels in India
491(4)
Jean-Baptiste Tavernier
Sources 495


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