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Human Record Vol. II : Sources of Global History - Since 1500,9780618042470

Human Record Vol. II : Sources of Global History - Since 1500

by ;
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780618042470

ISBN10:
0618042474
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/26/2000
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $124.00

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Summary

Unlike some other world history texts that center on the West, The Human Record provides balanced coverage of the global past. The book features both written and artifactual sources that are placed in their full historical contexts through introductory essays, footnotes, and focus questions. The text sheds light on the experiences of women and non-elite groups while maintaining overall balance and a focus on the major patterns of global historical developments through the ages.

Table of Contents

Geographic Contents xv
Topical Contents xvii
Preface xxi
Prologue: Primary Sources and How We Read Them 1(1)
What Is History?
1(1)
Primary Sources: Their Value and Limitations
2(1)
Examining the Sources
3(2)
You and the Sources
5(9)
``With the Royal Standard Unfurled''
A Letter Concerning Recently Discovered Islands
7(7)
Christopher Columbus
Interpreting Columbus's Letter
14(4)
Unwritten Sources
18(2)
The Family Dinner
An Anonymous Woodcut of 1511
18(2)
Interpreting the Woodcut
20
Part One The World in the Era of European Expansion: 1500--1650 1(148)
Europe in an Age of Conflict and Expansion
3(41)
Protestant Revolt and Catholic Response
4(15)
Luther's Views of Christianity and Society
Table Talk
5(5)
Martin Luther
A Blueprint for Catholic Revival
Decrees of the Council of Trent
10(4)
Art as Protestant Propaganda
Lucas Cranach the Younger, Two Kinds of Preaching, and Mattias Gerung, The Chariot of the Pope and the Turk
14(5)
Spanish Perspectives on the New World
19(8)
The Uncivilized Have Been Justly Conquered
Democrates Secundus, or The Just Causes of War against the Indians
20(3)
Juan Gines de Sepulveda
``They Are Our Brothers''
In Defense of the Indians
23(4)
Bartolome de Las Casas
Women's Roles in Early Modern Europe
27(10)
A Woman of Virtue and Piety
``A Pattern for Women''
28(2)
John Mayer
Two Sixteenth-Century Images of Women
Allegory of a Wise Woman, and Erhard Schon, No more Precious Treasures Is on the Earth Than a Gentle Wife Who Longs for Honor
30(4)
Anton Woensam
Midwives and Their Duties
Nuremberg Ordinances Concerning Midwives, 1522, 1579
34(3)
An Expanding Intellectual Universe
37(7)
Who Is the True Barbarian?
``On Cannibals''
38(3)
Michel de Montaigne
Science and the Claims of Religion
Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina
41(3)
Galileo Galielei
Africa and the Americas
44(42)
The Diversity of African Societies
46(8)
Africa's Sudanic Kingdoms
History and Description of Africa
48(3)
Leo Africanus
Africa's Cosmopolitan East Coast
An Account of the Countries Bordering the Indian Ocean
51(3)
Duarte Barbosa
The Portuguese in Africa
54(11)
An African Voice of Protest
Letters to the King of Portugal
55(2)
Nzinga Mbemba
The Zimba and the Portuguese
Eastern Ethiopia
57(4)
Joao dos Santos
Images of Europeans in the Art of Benin
A Benin-Portuguese Saltcellar and A Benin Wall Plaque
61(4)
Encounters in the Americas
65(9)
The Battle for Tenochtitlan
Bernardino de Sahagun, General History of the Things of New Spain
65(6)
Amerindian Perspectives on French Civilization
A Mi'kmaq Elder's Speech to French Settlers
71(3)
Land and Labor in Spanish America
74(12)
Exploitation versus Amerindian Rights in the Encomienda System
Encomienda Regulations in Paraguay, 1556
75(4)
The ``Mountain of Silver'' and the Mita System
Compendium and Description of the West Indies
79(3)
Antonio Vazquez de Espinosa
The Evils of Cochineal
Deliberations of the Tlaxcalan Municipal Council, March 1553
82(4)
The Islamic Heartland and India
86(29)
Rulers and Their Challenges in the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires
88(15)
A European Diplomat's Impressions of Suleiman I
Turkish Letters
89(5)
Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq
A Carmelite Friar's View of Shah Abbas I
Report to Pope Paul V
94(5)
Father Paul Simon
A Self-Portrait of Jahangir
Jahangir, Memoirs
99(4)
Religion and Society in South And Southwest Asia
103(12)
Sunni versus Shi'ite in the Early Sixteenth Century
Letter to Shah Ismail of Persia
104(3)
Sultan Selim I
A Muslim's Description of Hindu Beliefs and Practices
Akbarnama
107(4)
Abu'l Fazl
Women in Ottoman Society
Turkish Letters
111(1)
Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq
The Beginnings of Sikhism in India
Sacred Hymns from the Adi-Granth
112(3)
Nanak
Continuity and Change in East and Southeast Asia
115(34)
Confucianism in China and Japan
117(17)
``Doing Good'' in Seventeenth-Century China
Meritorious Deeds at No Cost
118(5)
Teaching the Young in Tokugawa Japan
Common Sense Teachings for Japanese Children and Greater Learning for Women
123(4)
Kaibara Ekiken
Chinese Merchants in a Confucian World
The Biographies of Zhu Jiefu and Gentleman Wang
127(3)
Wang Daokun
Humanity and Nature in Chinese Painting
Landscape of Shixie Hill, and Sheng Maoye, Scholars Gazing at a Waterfall
130(4)
Zhang Hung
Political Decline and Recovery in China and Japan
134(7)
Symptoms of Ming Decline
Memorial to Emperor Ming Xizong Concerning Eunuch Wei Zhongxian
135(4)
Yang Lien
The Tokugawa Formula for Japan
Laws Governing the Military Households
139(2)
Tokugawa Hidetada
Europeans in East and Southeast Asia
141(8)
The Seclusion of Japan
Closed Country Edict of 1635
142(2)
Tokugawa Iemitsu
Siamese-Dutch Tensions in the Seventeenth Century
Letter to the Dutch East India Company Board of Directors
144(5)
Part Two A World of Transformation and Tradition, from the Mid Seventeenth to Early Nineteenth Century 149(116)
Europe and the Americas in an Age of Science, Economic Growth, and Revolution
151(52)
Science, Reason, and Progress
153(12)
The Promise of Science
New Organon
154(3)
Francis Bacon
Two Images of Seventeenth-Century Science
The Royal Academy and Its Protectors and A Dissection at the Jardin des Plantes
157(3)
Sebastien Le Clerc
An Affirmation of Human Progress
Sketch of the Progress of the Human Mind
160(5)
Marquis de Condorcet
From Mercantilism to Laissez Faire
165(9)
The Advantages of Mercantilism
``Memorandum on English Alliances'' and ``Memorandum to the King on Finances''
166(3)
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
Capitalism's Prophet
The Wealth of Nations
169(5)
Adam Smith
Russia and the West in the Eighteenth Century
174(8)
Peter the Great's Blueprint for Russia
Peter the Great, Edicts and Decrees
175(3)
A Russian Critic of Westernization
On the Corruption of Morals in Russia
178(4)
Mikhail Shcherbatov
Revolutions in England and France
182(11)
The Foundations of Parliamentary Supremacy in England
English Bill of Rights
183(3)
A Program for Revolutionary Change in France
Cahier of the Third Estate of the City of Paris
186(4)
Women's Issues on the Eve of the French Revolution
Petition of Parisian Women of the Third Estate to Louis XVI
190(3)
Anticolonialism and Revolution in The Americas
193(10)
``Simple Facts, Plain Arguments, and Common Sense''
Common Sense
194(5)
Thomas Paine
Bolivar's Dreams for Latin America
The Jamaica Letter
199(4)
Simon Bolivar
Africa, Southwest Asia, and India in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
203(34)
Africa's Curse: The Slave Trade
205(13)
The Path to Enslavement in America
The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano Written by Himself
206(4)
Olaudah Equiano
The Economics of the Slave Trade
A Voyage to the New Calabar River
210(4)
James Barbot
Rules for Slaves and Masters
The Black Code
214(4)
Political Change in the Islamic World
218(10)
Ottoman Decline: An Insider's View
The Book of Counsel for Viziers and Governors
219(5)
Mehmed Pasha
Fatal Flaws of the Mughal Empire
Letter to Jean-Baptiste Colbert on the Mughal Empire
224(4)
Francois Bernier
The Continuing Vitality of Islam
228(9)
A Call to Recapture Islam's Purity
The History and Doctrines of the Wahhabis
229(4)
Abdullah Wahhab
Jihad in the Western Sudan
Selections from His Writings
233(4)
Usman dan Fodio
Change and Continuity in East Asia and Oceania
237(28)
China's Revival Under the Qing
239(9)
Emperor Kangxi Views His World
Self-Portrait
240(5)
Kangxi
China Rejects Increased Western Trade
Emperor Qianlong, Letter to King George III
245(3)
Social and Economic Change in Tokugawa Japan
248(4)
A Japanese Merchant Views His World
Some Observations on Merchants
249(3)
Mitsui Takafusa
The Social Ills of Tokugawa Japan
A Secret Plan of Government
252(4)
Honda Toshiaki
The Opening of Oceania
256(9)
Early Reports from New Zealand
Committee of the Church of England Missionary Society, Memorandum to the Earl of Bathurst, Secretary of State of the Colonies
257(3)
The Plight of the Tasmanians
Report to the Lieutenant Governor-General of Tasmania
260(5)
George A. Robinson
Part Three The World in the Age of Western Dominance: 1800-1914 265(112)
The West in the Age of Industrialization and Imperialism
267(44)
Middle Class and Working Class in Early Industrial Europe
268(15)
English Workers in the Early Industrial Revolution
Testimony before Parliamentary Committees on Working Conditions in England
270(5)
Middle-Class Success and How to Achieve It
Self-Help and Thrift
275(3)
Samuel Smiles
The Marxist Critique of Industrial Capitalism
The Communist Manifesto
278(5)
Karl Marx
Friedrich Engels
Middle-Class Women in Emerging Industrial Society
283(7)
Women's ``Separate Sphere''
The Wives of England
284(4)
Sarah Stickney Ellis
American Women Demand Equality
Ohio Women's Convention of 1850, Resolutions
288(2)
Nationalism and Imperialism in the Late Nineteenth Century
290(12)
Racism, Militarism, and the New Nationalism
Extracts from History of Germany in the Nineteenth Century and Historical and Political Writings
292(3)
Heinrich von Treitschke
A Defense of French Imperialism
Speech before the French National Assembly
295(3)
Jules Ferry
Images of Imperialism in Great Britain
Advertisements and Illustrations from British Books and Periodicals
298(4)
Europeans on the Move: Nineteenth-Century Migrations
302(9)
The Lures and Pitfalls of Migration
The United States of North America, with Special Reference to German Emigration
303(4)
Gottfried Menzel
``The Gates Should No Longer Be Left Unguarded''
Speech to the United States Senate, March 16, 1896
307(4)
Henry Cabot Lodge
Western Pressures, Nationalism, and Reform in Africa, Southwest Asia, and India in the 1800s
311(33)
The European Assault on Africa
313(9)
``With the View of Bettering... Our Country''
Royal Niger Company, Standard Treaty
313(2)
The Fate of the Ndebele
His Story
315(3)
Ndansi Kumalo
Imperialist Economics and Rebellion in German East Africa
Records of the Maji-Maji Rebellion
318(4)
Southwest Asia under Seige
322(14)
Ottoman Reforms of the Tanzimat Era
Imperial Rescript
324(2)
Sultan Abdul Mejid
Persian Opposition to the Tobacco Concession
Letter to Hasan Shirazi
326(4)
Sayyid Jamal ad-Din
A Turkish Nationalist Statement
Proclamation of the Young Turks
330(2)
The Beginnings of Arab Nationalism
Announcement to the Arabs, Sons of Qathan
332(4)
India under British Domination
336(8)
A Plea for Western Schools
Letter to Lord Amherst
337(3)
Rammohun Roy
Indian Railroads and the People's Welfare
``The Economic Results of Free Trade and Railway Extension''
340(4)
G. V. Joshi
East Asia Confronts the West
344(33)
The Disintegration of Imperial China
345(11)
The Curse of Opium
Letter to Queen Victoria
346(3)
Lin Zexu
The Plight of the Emperor's Subjects
Memorandum to Emperor Xianfeng
349(3)
Zeng Guofan
A Revolutionary Formula for China's Revival
The Three People's Principles and The Future of the Chinese People
352(4)
Sun Yat-sen
The Emergence of Modern Japan
356(13)
Eastern Ethics and Western Science
Reflections on My Errors
357(4)
Sakuma Shozan
Patriotic Duty and Business Success
Letter to Mitsubishi Employees
361(2)
Iwasaki Yataro
Images of the West in Late Tokugawa and Meiji Japan
Prints and Drawings, 1853--1887
363(6)
Southeast Asia in the Era of Imperialism
369(8)
Reform from Above in Thailand
Edicts and Proclamations
370(4)
King Chulalongkorn
The Fall of Vietnam
Letter to Emperor Tu Duc and Last Message to His Administrators
374(3)
Phan Thanh Gian
Part Four Global Society and Its Challenges in the Twentieth Century 377(162)
The Industrialized World in Crisis
379(43)
The Trauma of World War I
380(9)
The Romance of War
Popular Art and Poster Art from Germany, England, Australia, and France
381(4)
The Reality of War in Verse
``Dulce et Decorum Est'' and ``Disabled''
385(2)
Wilfred Owen
The Reality of War in Art
The Harvest of Battle, and Otto Dix, Shock Troop Advancing under Gas Attack
387(2)
C. R. W. Nevinson
The Russian Revolution and the Foundation of the Soviet State
389(9)
The Basic Tenets of Leninism
``What Is to Be Done?''
390(4)
Lenin
The Soviet Model of Economic Planning
The Results of the First Five-Year Plan
394(4)
Joseph Stalin
Ultranationalism in Germany and Japan
398(10)
Hitler's Dreams
398(1)
Mein Kampf
399(5)
Adolf Hitler
The Destiny of Japan
``The Way of Subjects''
404(4)
The Legacy of World War II
408(14)
``Fuhrer, You Order. We Obey''
Memoirs
409(5)
Rudolf Hoss
Scientists' Warnings on Atomic Warfare
The Franck Report
414(3)
``The Face of War Is the Face of Death''
``The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb''
417(5)
Henry L. Stimson
Anticolonialism, Nationalism, and Revolution in Africa, Asia, and Latin America
422(50)
Political and Religious Currents in the Middle East
424(14)
Secularism and Nationalism in Republican Turkey
Speech to the Congress of the People's Republican Party
425(5)
Mustafa Kemal
The Meaning of Zionism
Speech at the Inauguration of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, January 4, 1925
430(4)
Hayyim Nahman Bialik
A Call for Islamic Social and Political Action
The Muslim Brotherhood, Toward the Light
434(4)
Anticolonialism in India and Southeast Asia
438(8)
Gandhi's Vision for India
``Indian Home Rule''
439(4)
Mohandas Gandhi
A Vietnamese Condemnation of French Rule
Letter to the French Chamber of Deputies
443(3)
Nguyen Thai Hoc
Colonialism and the Beginnings of African Nationalism
446(9)
Eagles into Chickens
Parable of the Eagle
447(2)
James Aggrey
The Value of African Tradition
``Education, Civilization, and `Foreignization' in Buganda''
449(3)
Kabaka Daudi Chwa
White Rule and African Families in South Africa
Social Conditions among Bantu Women and Girls
452(3)
Charlotte Maxeke
Latin America in an Era of Economic Challenge and Political Change
455(7)
Economic Nationalism in Mexico
Speech to the Nation
456(3)
Lazaro Cardenas
Brazilian Mass Politics and the Estado Novo
Excerpts from Speeches and Interviews, 1937-1940
459(3)
Getulio Vargas
China in an Era of Political Disintegration and Revolution
462(10)
Warlord Rule in China during the 1920s
The Corruption and Cruelty of Zhang Zongchang Who Destroyed the Country and Deceived the People
463(4)
The Maoist Version of Marxism
Report on an Investigation of the Peasant Movement in Hunan and Strategic Problems of China's Revolutionary War
467(5)
Mao Zedong
The Global Community since 1945
472(67)
The End of a European-Dominated World
473(14)
Cold War Origins: A U.S. Perspective
The Long Telegram
474(5)
George Kennan
Cold War Origins: A Soviet Perspective
Telegram, September 27, 1946
479(4)
Nikolai Novikov
Great Britain Lets Go of India
Debate in the House of Commons, March 1947
483(4)
New Nations and Their Challenges
487(15)
The Challenge of Ethnic Tensions
Speeches and Writings
489(4)
C. Odumegwu Ojukwu
The Challenge of Religious Conflict
Editorials
493(5)
Girilal Jain
The Challenge of Underdevelopment
World Bank, World Development Reports: 1978-2000
498(4)
Women in the Modern World
502(9)
Women and Islamic Fundamentalism
``The Revolution That Failed Women''
503(2)
Zand Dokht
An African Perspective on Female Circumcision
Association of African Women for Research and Development, A Statement on Genital Mutilation
505(3)
A Chinese Woman's Life Story
Recollections
508(3)
Ming
Struggles for Racial Equality
511(9)
Apartheid's Bitter Fruits
The Rivonia Trial Speech to the Court
512(4)
Nelson Mandela
A Cry for Justice in the United States
A Letter from a Birmingham Jail
516(4)
Martin Luther King, Jr
Another New Era: The Failure of Communism and the End of the Cold War
520(10)
China's New Course
Speeches and Writings
521(5)
Deng Xiaoping
A Plan to Save Communism in the Soviet Union
Perestroika
526(4)
Mikhail Gorbachev
The Earth's Future: Two Perspectives
530(9)
``There's Plenty of Good News''
Opening Statement from 1992 Debate at Columbia University
531(4)
Julian Simon
``Environmental Degradation Is Overtaking the Planet''
Opening Statement from 1992 Debate at Columbia University
535(4)
Norman Myers
Sources 539


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