9780710313546

Images of the Wildman in Southeast Asia: An Anthropological Perspective

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780710313546

  • ISBN10:

    0710313543

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-01-26
  • Publisher: Routledge
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Summary

The Indonesian Island of Flores was the site of the discovery of a new species of small hominid that may have survived into historic times. Was this the origin of the "Wildman," images of which are encountered throughout Indonesia, Southeast Asia, and other parts of the world? In this first comprehensive anthropological study of the Wildman, Forth asks: Do Wildmen exist anywhere and, if so, in what sense? Is the universal representation of the Wildman best explained as an archetype of human thought, as a reflection of empirically existing creatures, or by some combination of these? This book will appeal to general readers and crypto-zoologists as well as to human and social scientists.

Table of Contents

List of illustrationsp. viii
Prefacep. x
Acknowledgementsp. xiii
Introductionp. 2
Organization and sourcesp. 8
The story of ebu gogop. 12
What the ebu gogo looked likep. 14
How the ebu gogo behavedp. 16
Nage wildmen in space and timep. 19
Fantastic elementsp. 24
Knowledge and categorization: survival of the image or survival of ebu gogo?p. 27
Names, masks and bogeysp. 32
Classification: human, animal, spirit (or something else)?p. 36
Internal comparisons and summary considerationsp. 39
Other Florenese hominoidsp. 50
The 'ana ula' of Poma and Rawep. 50
'Toro gogo' in So'ap. 55
Ngadha variantsp. 57
Manggarai (western Flores): 'ine weu', 'poti wolo' and hairy ancestorsp. 60
The 'lae ho'a' of Liop. 65
A note on East Floresp. 75
Wildmen, bogeys and 'pontianak'p. 75
Other eastern islandsp. 91
Sumba and the 'mili mongga'p. 91
Stories from Sumbawap. 101
Timor and the Moluccas: a bogey from Burup. 104
Sulawesi: historical reports and local legendsp. 106
Tales of capture, some provisional conclusions and a Flores retrospectp. 110
The 'short man' (orang pendek) of Sumatrap. 117
Local and colonial representationsp. 118
European sightings in the nineteenth and twentieth centuriesp. 127
Orang pendek at the end of the millenniump. 134
More fantastic aspectsp. 139
Stories of capture, mating and abductionp. 142
Comparison and conclusionsp. 146
Wildmen of western Indonesia and Mainland Southeast Asiap. 159
Hominoids in northern Sumatrap. 159
Wildmen in Borneo?p. 164
Peninsular figures and the ape-men of Trolakp. 165
More reports from the Southeast Asian mainlandp. 168
Back to the islands: Java and Balip. 171
'Forest people' (orang utan) reconsideredp. 173
Other Asian hominoidsp. 182
The 'nittaewo' of Sri Lankap. 182
Varieties of 'yeti'p. 188
Wildmen of Chinap. 194
Central Asian exemplarsp. 198
An Asian summaryp. 201
Outside Asiap. 204
The wildman of Europep. 204
Apes in North Americap. 207
The Australian 'yahoo' or 'yowie'p. 215
East Africa and the 'little furry men'p. 217
Ape-men of Central Africap. 220
Southern and West African variantsp. 227
Madagascar: a bridge back to Southeast Asiap. 230
Pacific imagesp. 242
Melanesian figuresp. 242
Polynesia: wildmen, dwarfs and fairiesp. 248
Micronesian variantsp. 250
The extinct dwarfs of Taiwanp. 251
Views from the Philippinesp. 254
Local differences and Asian originsp. 255
Conclusion: What were the ebu gogo?p. 260
Wildmen and spiritsp. 263
The wildman as 'archetype'p. 265
Bases in experience: non-human animalsp. 273
Other humans, or human othersp. 275
Or something not quite human?p. 280
Notesp. 287
Referencesp. 315
Indexp. 338
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