9780821389782

Improving Criminal Justice Efforts to Combat Illegal Logging

by ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780821389782

  • ISBN10:

    0821389785

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-01-16
  • Publisher: World Bank

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Summary

Every two seconds, across the world, an area of forest the size of a football field is clear-cut by illegal loggers. In some countries, up to 90% of all the logging taking place is illegal. Estimates suggest that this criminal activity generates approximately US $10-15 bn annually worldwide-funds that are unregulated, untaxed, and often remain in the hands of organized criminal gangs. Thus far, domestic and international efforts to curb forest crimes have focused on preventative actions, but they have had little or no significant impact. While prevention is an essential part of enforcement efforts to tackle illegal logging, it has not halted the rapid disappearance of the world's old-growth trees. New ideas and strategies are needed to preserve what is left of forests.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. v
Acronyms and Abbreviationsp. vi
Executive Summaryp. vii
Introductionp. 1
Objectivesp. 3
Illegal Logging and the Criminal Justice System: An Overviewp. 5
The State of Playp. 5
Illegal Logging: A Basic Typologyp. 10
The Criminal Justice System: Relevant Actorsp. 11
Using the Law to Better Combat Forest Crimep. 15
Targeting the Full Range of Forest-Related Crimep. 15
Tackling the Financial Dimensionp. 20
Making Effective Use of Law Enforcement Proceduresp. 23
Strengthening Stakeholder Engagement in Forest Law Enforcementp. 26
Building Political Willp. 26
Improving Domestic Cooperationp. 30
Improving International Cooperationp. 34
Mobilizing the Private Sector, NGOs, and the Publicp. 36
Conclusionp. 39
Bibliographyp. 41
Boxes
Typical Failures of Criminal Justicep. 9
Illegal Logging in Indonesiap. 10
Classifying Criminal Conductp. 19
Benefits of Using Money Laundering and Confiscation Lawsp. 23
Funding Successp. 29
Failure to Coordinatep. 30
Prosecution of Illegal Logging in Virachey National Park, Cambodiap. 31
Use of Task Forcesp. 33
Partnering with NGOsp. 37
Maintain the Momentum to Combat Illegal Loggingp. 38
Figure
Flow of Illegally Harvested Logsp. 18
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