9780700714636

The Indo-Aryan Controversy: Evidence and Inference in Indian History

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780700714636

  • ISBN10:

    0700714634

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2005-09-22
  • Publisher: RoutledgeCurzon

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Summary

For the first time in a single volume, this book presents the various arguments in the Indo-Aryan controversy by some of the principal scholars in this field of study. Its essays provide a template for the basic issues involved in the debates by addressing four major areas. First, archaeologists consider some of the recent findings and interpretations of the archaeological record, focusing particularly on the issue of the relationship between the Indus Valley archaeological complex and the culture of the Indo-Aryans as expressed in the Vedic texts. These chapters consider whether there was more continuity between the two civilizations than has been assumed in earlier works, and evaluate whether there is enough evidence to establish a definitive scholarly consensus as to whether or not the Indus civilization was actually Indo-Aryan. Second, scholars take on some of the linguistic issues in the debate, particularly the relationship between Indo-Aryan and its parent language Indo-European, as well as the linguistic borrowings between languages and language families. The discussion here rests on whether the traditional rules of linguistic derivation for Indo-European languages allow for the possibility that the origins of the Indo-Aryan languages developed in India itself. Additionally, authors debate whether contact between Indo-Aryan and non-Indo-Aryan languages (such as Dravidian or Munda) is the result of Indo-Aryan as a language intruding into the subcontinent, or whether other types of mutual interactions between those languages can account for such contacts. Third, philological scholars sieve through the Vedic texts to find clues that might situate the Vedic Aryans in space and time by correlating them with the archaeological record. Different scholars examine references to items associated with the Indo-Aryans such as iron, the horse, and chariot, as well as astronomical data, to consider the implication such references have for the dating of the Veda, a crucial issue in this debate, and the geography of its horizons. Finally, historians contribute historiographical contexts for the debates, stressing the ways in which positions on this issue might be influenced by socio-political or ideological currents, both in the early debates in the nineteenth century as well as today. Book jacket.

Table of Contents

List of contributors vii
Acknowledgments xi
Introduction 1(18)
LAURIE L. PATTON
PART I Archaeology 19(86)
1 Culture change during the Late Harappan period at Harappa: new insights on Vedic Aryan issues
21(29)
JONATHAN MARK KENOYER
2 Aryan invasion of India: perpetuation of a myth
50(25)
B.B. LAL
3 South Asian archaeology and the myth of Indo-Aryan invasions
75(32)
JIM G. SHAFFER AND DIANE A. LICHTENSTEIN
PART II Archaeology and linguistics 105(74)
4 The cultural counterparts to Proto-Indo-European, Proto-Uralic and Proto-Aryan: matching the dispersal and contact patterns in the linguistic and archaeological record
107(35)
ASKO PARPOLA AND CHRISTIAN CARPELAN
5 Archaeology and language: the case of the Bronze Age Indo-Iranians
142(39)
CARL C. LAMBERG-KARLOVSKY
PART III Philology and linguistics 179(226)
6 The date of the Rigveda and the Aryan migration: fresh linguistic evidence
181(53)
SATYA SWARUP MISRA
7 Linguistic aspects of the Aryan non-invasion theory
234(48)
KOENRAAD ELST
8 Philology and the historical interpretation of the Vedic texts
282(27)
HANS HENRICH HOCK
9 Vedic astronomy and early Indian chronology
309(23)
SUBHASH KAK
10 The textual evidence: the Rigveda as a source of Indo-European history
332(9)
SHRIKANT G. TALAGERI
11 Indocentrism: autochthonous visions of ancient India
341(64)
MICHAEL WITZEL
PART IV Historiography 405(102)
12 Aryan origins: arguments from the nineteenth-century Maharashtra
407(27)
MADHAV M. DESHPANDE
13 Aryan past and post-colonial present: the polemics and politics of indigenous Aryanism
434(34)
LARS MARTIN FOSSE
14 Concluding remarks
468(39)
EDWIN F. BRYANT
Index 507

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