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The industrial revolution was the single most important development in human history over the past three centuries, and it continues to shape the contemporary world. With new methods and organizations for producing goods, industrialization altered where people live, how they play, and even how they define political issues. By exploring the ways the industrial revolution reshaped world history, this book offers a unique look into the international factors that started the industrial revolution and its global spread and impact. In the fourth edition, noted historian Peter N. Stearns continues his global analysis of the industrial revolution with new discussions of industrialization outside of the West, including the study of India, the Middle East, and China. In addition, an expanded conclusion contains an examination of the changing contexts of industrialization. The Industrial Revolution in World Historyis essential for students of world history and economics, as well as for those seeking to know more about the global implications of what is arguably the defining socioeconomic event of modern times.
Peter N. Stearns is provost and professor of history at George Mason University. He is the editor of the Journal of Social History and the author or editor of more than 115 books, including World Civilizations: The Global Experience and World History in Brief: Major Patterns of Change and Continuity.
Table of Contents
|List of Illustrations||p. ix|
|Introduction: Defining the Industrial Revolution||p. 1|
|Technology and Work Organization||p. 6|
|Issues in Interpretation||p. 8|
|The Range of the Industrial Revolution||p. 11|
|Chronology and Geography||p. 14|
|The First Phase, 1760-1880 Western Primacy, Global Contexts, and Global Results|
|Britain's Revolution: New Processes and Economic Transformation||p. 21|
|Britain Becomes the Workshop of the World||p. 26|
|Industrialization Exacts a Price||p. 32|
|Change Generates Change||p. 37|
|New Causes: Why Did the Industrial Revolution Happen, and Why Did It Happen in Eighteenth-Century Britain?||p. 41|
|Three Approaches: Minimal, Western, and Global||p. 45|
|Trigger: Why the Eighteenth Century?||p. 47|
|Britain as a Special Case||p. 48|
|The Industrial Revolution in Western Society||p. 53|
|France: An Eclectic Course||p. 57|
|Germany: Trend to Big Business||p. 60|
|The United States: Dynamism of a New Nation||p. 61|
|The Industrial West by the 1880s||p. 66|
|The Social Impact of the Industrial Revolution||p. 69|
|Life on the Job||p. 70|
|Forging the Industrial Family||p. 74|
|Social Divisions and Protest||p. 81|
|A New Political and Cultural Context||p. 87|
|The Industrial Revolution Outside the West||p. 89|
|Pilot Projects: Russia||p. 89|
|Pilot Projects: Asia, Latin America, and Africa||p. 93|
|India and the Middle East||p. 94|
|Latin America and Africa||p. 96|
|Restructuring the International Economy||p. 99|
|The Two Faces of International Impact||p. 105|
|The Second Phase, 1880-1950: The New International Cast|
|The Industrial Revolution Changes Stripes, 1880-1950||p. 109|
|Second-Phase Trends||p. 109|
|Why Japan and Russia?||p. 113|
|The Industrial Revolution in Russia||p. 121|
|Early Industrialization: Before the Revolution||p. 122|
|Social Impacts: Industrialization and Revolution||p. 129|
|The Industrial Revolution Under Communism||p. 133|
|The Industrial Revolution in Japan||p. 139|
|The Context for Industrialization||p. 142|
|The Early Stages||p. 144|
|Social Impacts||p. 150|
|The Industrial Economy Matures: 1920s-1950s||p. 154|
|New Developments in Western Societies: A Second Revolution?: Redefinitions of the Industrial Economy||p. 159|
|Machines and the Drive for Organizational Change||p. 160|
|The Service Sector||p. 166|
|Leisure and the Consumer Economy||p. 169|
|Class Warfare||p. 170|
|Redefining the Scope of Industrialization||p. 173|
|The West as New Model||p. 174|
|The Industrial Revolution in International Context||p. 177|
|The Expansion of Commercial Exploitation||p. 179|
|Environmental Change||p. 186|
|Factory Expansion||p. 186|
|Industrial Sectors: Change amid Tradition||p. 192|
|Economies of the British Dominions||p. 194|
|At the Brink of Global Change||p. 197|
|The Third Phase, 1950s-2000s: The Industrialization of the World|
|The Industrial Revolution in the Past Half Century||p. 201|
|New Members of the Industrial Club: The 1960s||p. 202|
|The New Wave: The 1980s and 1990s and Beyond||p. 204|
|The Postindustrial Concept||p. 205|
|Deepening Diversity||p. 208|
|New Industrial Revolutions||p. 211|
|Israel: Development in the Desert||p. 212|
|The Pacific Rim||p. 213|
|Industrial Growth in the Pacific Rim||p. 215|
|Expanding the Rim?||p. 217|
|Brazil, Mexico, and Turkey: The Next Wave||p. 218|
|China and India||p. 222|
|Waves of Change||p. 226|
|The Less Industrial World: Evolution and Exploitation||p. 229|
|The Long Reach of the Industrial Powers||p. 230|
|Resources Producers: Some New Bargaining Power||p. 232|
|Patterns of Dependency||p. 234|
|Variety and Inequality||p. 236|
|Postindustrial Societies and Global Balance||p. 239|
|Growth Rates||p. 239|
|Structural Changes: The Postindustrial Thesis||p. 245|
|The New Industrial Balance||p. 250|
|Global Industry and the Environment||p. 255|
|The Pace Quickens||p. 256|
|Attempts at Addressing a Large-Scale Problem||p. 260|
|Globalization and Global Industrial Societies 1880-1950||p. 265|
|The Multinationals||p. 267|
|Labor Migration||p. 270|
|Regionalism and International Forces||p. 274|
|An International Approach to Policy||p. 276|
|Global Societies||p. 276|
|Precedent as a Guide to Prediction||p. 281|
|History and Changing Contexts||p. 284|
|The Balance Sheet||p. 285|
|The Ongoing Experience||p. 288|
|Suggestions for Further Readings||p. 291|
|Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.|