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Information Technology for the Health Professions,9780131175921

Information Technology for the Health Professions

by ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780131175921

ISBN10:
0131175920
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $50.00
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Summary

For freshman/sophomore-level courses in Computers in Health Care. This comprehensive survey of the interconnections of IT and health care is the only up-to-date text that teaches computer literacy AND introduces students to the uses of information technology in health care delivery. It familiarizes students with the basic vocabulary and concepts necessary in computer literacy-including discussions of hardware and software, communications and networking, ethical issues, and privacy concerns. In addition, it discusses how IT is transforming every aspect of health care-from administrative applications (such as the electronic medical record), to clinical systems involved in direct patient care, to special-purpose applications (such as simulation software used in the education of health care professionals). Section I provides a general introduction to computer literacy and information technology-at a level appropriate for health care students. Section II examines the impa

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Reviewers xvii
Introduction to Information Technology---Hardware, Software, and Telecommunications
1(18)
Outline
1(1)
Learning Objectives
2(1)
Information Technology and Computer Literacy
2(1)
What Is a Computer?
2(1)
Hardware
3(3)
Digital and Analog Devices
3(1)
Input Devices
4(1)
Processing Hardware and Memory
5(1)
Open Architecture
6(1)
Output Devices
6(1)
Secondary Storage Devices
6(1)
Software
6(2)
System Software
7(1)
Application Software
7(1)
An Overview of Networking, Connectivity, and Telecommunications
8(1)
Protocols
9(1)
Communications Hardware
9(1)
Analog and Digital Signals: The Modem
9(1)
Uses of Telecommunications and Networking
9(1)
The Internet and the World Wide Web
9(2)
Intranets/Extranets
10(1)
Internet Services
10(1)
The World Wide Web
10(1)
Chapter Summary
11(1)
Key Terms
12(1)
Review Questions
13(3)
Multiple Choice
13(2)
True/False Questions
15(1)
Critical Thinking
15(1)
Sources
16(1)
Related Web Sites
17(2)
Security and Privacy in an Electronic Age
19(22)
Outline
19(1)
Learning Objectives
20(1)
Security and Privacy---An Overview
20(1)
Threats to Information Technology
21(4)
Computer Technology and Crime
21(1)
Security
22(3)
Privacy
25(1)
Databases
26(3)
Government Databases
27(1)
Private Databases
28(1)
Databases and the Internet
29(1)
Privacy, Security, and Health Care
29(5)
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996
30(1)
Privacy of Medical Records under HIPAA and the USA Patriot Act
31(1)
Telemedicine and Privacy
32(1)
E-mail and Privacy
32(1)
Privacy and Electronic Medical Records
32(2)
Chapter Summary
34(1)
Key Terms
34(1)
Review Questions
35(3)
Multiple Choice
35(2)
True/False Questions
37(1)
Critical Thinking
37(1)
Sources
38(2)
Related Web Site
40(1)
An Introduction to Medical Informatics and the Administrative Applications of Computers
41(18)
Outline
41(1)
Learning Objectives
41(1)
Medical Informatics
42(1)
Administrative Applications of Computer Technology in the Medical Office
43(1)
Medical Office Administrative Software---An Overview
44(2)
The Patient Information Form
45(1)
The Electronic Medical Record
45(1)
Coding and Grouping
46(1)
Accounting, Using MediSoft
46(1)
Insurance
47(4)
Claims
48(3)
Accounting Reports
51(1)
Other Systems
51(1)
Chapter Summary
52(1)
Key Terms
53(1)
Review Questions
53(3)
Definitions
53(1)
Multiple Choice
54(1)
True/False Questions
55(1)
Critical Thinking
56(1)
Sources
56(3)
Telemedicine
59(20)
Outline
59(1)
Learning Objectives
59(1)
Overview
60(1)
Store-and-Forward Technology and Interactive Videoconferencing
61(1)
Teleradiology
61(1)
Telepathology
62(1)
Teledermatology
62(1)
Telecardiology
63(1)
Telestroke
63(1)
Telepsychiatry
64(1)
Remote Monitoring Devices
65(1)
Telehome Care
65(1)
Telemedicine in Prison
66(1)
Other Uses of Telemedicine
67(1)
The Telenurse
68(1)
Issues in Telemedicine
68(2)
Selected Reading
70(1)
Chapter Summary
71(1)
Key Terms
71(1)
Review Questions
72(2)
Multiple Choice
72(2)
True/False Questions
74(1)
Critical Thinking
74(1)
Sources
74(4)
Related Web Sites
78(1)
Information Technology in Radiology
79(16)
Outline
79(1)
Learning Objectives
79(1)
Introduction
80(1)
X-rays
80(1)
Ultrasound
81(1)
Digital Imaging Techniques
82(4)
Computerized Tomography
82(1)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
83(1)
Positron Emission Tomography
84(2)
Bone Density Tests
86(1)
Bloodless Surgery
86(1)
Selected Reading
87(2)
Chapter Summary
89(1)
Key Terms
89(1)
Review Questions
89(2)
Multiple Choice
89(2)
True/False Questions
91(1)
Critical Thinking
91(1)
Sources
91(4)
Information Technology in Dentistry
95(20)
Outline
95(1)
Learning Objectives
96(1)
Overview
96(1)
Education
96(1)
Administrative Applications
97(3)
The Electronic Dental Chart
97(3)
Demographics and the Transformation of Dentistry
100(2)
Computerized Instruments in Dentistry
102(1)
Endodontics
102(1)
Periodontics
103(1)
Cosmetic Dentistry
103(1)
Diagnosis and Expert Systems
103(1)
Diagnostic Tools
104(2)
X-rays
104(1)
Digital Radiography
104(2)
Electrical Conductance
106(1)
Emerging Methods
106(1)
Light Illumination
106(1)
Lasers in Dentistry
106(2)
Minimally Invasive Dentistry
108(1)
Surgery
109(1)
The Growth of Specialization
109(1)
Teledentistry
109(1)
Selected Reading
109(1)
Chapter Summary
110(1)
Key Terms
111(1)
Review Questions
111(2)
Multiple Choice
111(1)
True/False Questions
112(1)
Critical Thinking
113(1)
Sources
113(2)
Information Technology in Surgery
115(18)
Outline
115(1)
Learning Objectives
115(1)
Overview
116(1)
Computer-Assisted Surgery
116(8)
Computer-Assisted Surgical Planning
116(1)
Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS)
117(1)
Computer-Assisted Surgery and Robotics
118(1)
ROBODOC, AESOP, ZEUS, da Vinci, MINERVA, and Other Robotic Devices
119(3)
Augmented Reality
122(1)
Telepresence Surgery
123(1)
Discussion and Future Directions
124(1)
Lasers in Surgery
124(1)
Conclusion
124(1)
Selected Reading
125(1)
Chapter Summary
126(1)
Key Terms
127(1)
Review Questions
127(2)
Multiple Choice
127(1)
True/False Questions
128(1)
Critical Thinking
129(1)
Sources
129(4)
Information Technology in Pharmacy
133(22)
Outline
133(1)
Learning Objectives
134(1)
Overview
134(1)
Biotechnology and the Human Genome Project
134(3)
Rational Drug Design
134(1)
Bioinformatics
135(1)
The Human Genome Project
135(1)
Developments in Biotechnology
136(1)
Computer-Assisted Drug Trials
137(1)
Computer-Assisted Drug Review
138(1)
The Computerized Pharmacy
138(5)
Computers and Drug Errors
138(2)
The Automated Community Pharmacy
140(2)
Automating the Hospital Pharmacy
142(1)
The Hospital Pharmacy Robot and Bar Codes
142(1)
Point-of-Use Drug Dispensing
142(1)
Telepharmacy
143(2)
Drug Delivery on a Chip
145(1)
The Impact of Information Technology on Pharmacy
145(1)
Selected Reading
146(2)
Chapter Summary
148(1)
Key Terms
148(1)
Review Questions
149(2)
Multiple Choice
149(1)
True/False Questions
150(1)
Critical Thinking
150(1)
Sources
151(4)
Computerized Medical Devices, Assistive Technology, and Prosthetic Devices
155(20)
Outline
155(1)
Learning Objectives
155(1)
Overview
156(1)
Computerized Medical Instruments
156(2)
Computerized Devices in Optometry/Opthalmology
157(1)
Assistive Devices
158(2)
Augmentative Communications Devices
160(2)
Environmental Control Systems
161(1)
Prosthetic Devices
162(3)
CFES Technology
165(1)
Risks Posed by Implants
166(1)
Conclusion
166(1)
Selected Readings
166(3)
Chapter Summary
169(1)
Key Terms
170(1)
Review Questions
170(2)
Multiple Choice
170(1)
True/False Questions
171(1)
Critical Thinking
172(1)
Sources
172(3)
Informational Resources: Computer-Assisted Instruction, Expert Systems, and Health Information Online
175(30)
Outline
175(1)
Learning Objectives
176(1)
Overview
176(1)
Education
176(9)
The Visible Human
176(1)
Computer-Assisted Instruction
177(1)
Simulation Software
178(1)
Virtual Reality Simulations
178(3)
Patient Simulators
181(1)
Distance Learning
181(4)
Decision Support: Expert Systems
185(1)
Health Information on the Internet
186(9)
Medical Literature Databases
187(2)
E-mail
189(3)
Self-help on the Web
192(1)
Support Groups on the Web
193(1)
Judging the Reliability of Health Information on the Internet
194(1)
Self-help Software
195(1)
Conclusion
195(1)
Selected Reading
196(1)
Chapter Summary
197(1)
Key Terms
198(1)
Review Questions
198(2)
Multiple Choice
198(1)
True/False Questions
199(1)
Critical Thinking
200(1)
Sources
200(3)
Related Web Sites
203(2)
Conclusion and Future Directions
205(10)
Outline
205(1)
Learning Objectives
205(1)
Overview
205(1)
Clinical and Special Purpose Applications: Future Trends
206(2)
Administrative Applications: The Integrated Electronic Medical Record
208(2)
Demographic Changes and Occupational Outlooks for Health Care Professionals
210(1)
Social Implications
211(1)
Chapter Summary
211(1)
Sources
212(3)
Glossary 215(14)
Index 229

Excerpts

Information technology continues to change many aspects of society, including health care and its delivery. InInformation Technology for the Health Professions,we take a practical approach to introducing health care professionals to the myriad uses of computer technology in health care fields. After a brief introduction to the essential concepts needed to understand computer hardware, software, telecommunications, and the privacy and security of information, we see how these technologies have affected various aspects of health care. The term information technology includes not only computers, but also communications networks and computer literacy, that is, knowledge of the uses of computer technology. Rapidly changing computer technology continues to exert a major influence on all aspects of society. The understanding of the interconnections of hardware, software, networks, and new medical techniques is essential. AN INTRODUCTION TO THE SECOND EDITION The second edition ofInformation Technology for the Health Professionshas been expanded and updated for the new millennium. It includes new sections on recent technological developments and their uses in health care and its delivery, on new laws affecting privacy and security of medical information, an expanded chapter on medical informatics and the administrative uses of computers, and a new chapter on computer technology in dentistry. Dated materials have been deleted. AlthoughInformation Technologyis geared to an audience interested in health care, it is written at a level appropriate for the layperson. Chapter 1: Introduction to Information Technology--Hardware, Software, and Telecommunications The first three chapters of the first edition on computer literacy, computer hardware and software, and networking and telecommunications have been condensed, keeping only information essential to students and others interested in computers and health care. These chapters have been combined into a new Chapter 1, which provides the student with information necessary to anyone living and working in a computerized society. Chapter 2: Security and Privacy in an Electronic Age Chapter 2 deals with the problems of security and privacy of information in electronic form and on networks. Both general issues of security and privacy in an electronic age and problems specific to health care are discussed. New issues of security and privacy are raised by new laws. The student is introduced to the Health Information Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) that provides the first national minimum standards for the privacy of medical information. The book also deals with the effects of the USA Patriot Act on medical privacy. Chapter 3: An Introduction to Medical Informatics and the Administrative Applications of Computers Chapter 3 is an expanded introduction to medical informatics--the use of technology to organize information in health care. The student is introduced to the traditional classifications of clinical uses of computers (used in direct patient care); administrative uses of computers used in office administration, financial planning, billing, and scheduling; and the special purpose uses of computers in education and pharmacy. The chapter has an expanded section on the administrative uses of computers discussing the computerization of tasks in the medical office, the electronic medical record, and bucket billing. It also introduces the student to grouping and coding systems, insurance, and the various accounting reports used in the health care environment. Chapter 4: Telemedicine Chapter 4 deals with telemedicine and its rapid expansion. Telecommunications and connectivity have made possible telemedicine, from the simple sharing of patient records or X-rays over networks, to distance exams, to remote operation of medical instruments, to teleconferencing. The earliest tele


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