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The Information-Literate Historian A Guide to Research for History Students,9780195176513

The Information-Literate Historian A Guide to Research for History Students

by
ISBN13:

9780195176513

ISBN10:
0195176510
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/31/2006
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press
List Price: $27.68

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Summary

In the past, historians could rely on their basic understanding of bibliographic tools to do effective research, as resources were primarily available in print, on microform, or at a library. Today, the information explosion resulting from access to the Internet has complicated traditionalresearch methods by heightening expectations and raising new questions about retrieving, using, and presenting information. The Information-Literate Historian is the only book specifically designed to teach today's history student how to most successfully select and use sources--primary, secondary, and electronic--to carry out and present their research. The book discusses: * questions to ask before, during, and after the research process, as well as questions to ask about sources and their authors * search strategies that can be used in both electronic and print indexes * the various types of sources that are appropriate for specific research questions * how to find and use books, journals, and primary sources quickly and efficiently, and how to select the best ones for a particular topic * the ways in which historians practice their craft and the nature of historical discourse and narrative * methods for finding, using, and evaluating such media as images, speeches, and maps * guidelines for presenting historical research in different formats, including papers, oral presentations, and websites Written by a college librarian, The Information-Literate Historian is an indispensable reference for historians, students, and other readers doing history research.

Author Biography

Jenny L. Presnell is Information Services Librarian and History, American Studies, Military Science, and Women's Studies Bibliographer at the Miami University of Ohio

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Introduction
What It Means to Be a Historian
1(2)
1 Historians and the Research Process: Getting Started
3(16)
How Scholarly Information Is Communicated
3(1)
What Historians Do and How They Do It
4(2)
Practicing History in the Electronic Age: Tips for the Information-Literate Historian
6(2)
Beginning Your Research
8(6)
Where Do Viable and Interesting Topics Come From?
8(1)
Developing a Question and Formulating an Argument
9(1)
Preliminary Organization: The Blueprint
10(1)
Taking Notes
11(3)
Format for Documenting Sources
14(1)
The Changing Nature of Historical Research and What Remains the Same
14(1)
For Further Reading
15(4)
2 Reference Resources
19(25)
What Are Reference Resources and When Are They Useful?
19(2)
How to Find Reference Resources
21(1)
Types of Reference Resources
21(19)
Encyclopedias
22(5)
Bibliographies
27(2)
Multivolume General Histories
29(1)
Biographical Resources
30(4)
Chronologies
34(1)
Dictionaries, Etymologies, and Word Origins
35(1)
Statistical Resources
36(2)
Book Reviews
38(1)
Directories
39(1)
Using the Internet as a Reference Resource
40(1)
Case Study: Using Reference Resources to Understand Herodotus
41(3)
3 Finding Monographs and Using Catalogs
44(17)
What Is a Book?: The Changing Nature of Monographs
44(1)
When Are Books the Right Choice for Information?
45(2)
How to Use a Book Artfully
47(1)
Finding Monographs and Using Catalogs
48(1)
Keyword vs. Subject Searching
49(3)
Keyword Searching
50(1)
Subject Searching
51(1)
How to Read an Online Catalog Record
52(2)
Finding Monographs and Using Catalogs Outside of Your School
54(4)
Sources for Catalogs
58(1)
Where Else Can I Find Monographs?
58(1)
Case Study: Finding and Using Monographs: The Spread of Islam in Western Africa
59(2)
4 Finding Journals, Magazines, and Newspapers: Using Indexes
61(25)
Using a Journal Article Artfully
61(1)
What Are Periodicals (or Journals or Magazines)?
62(1)
Journals vs. Magazines
63(4)
Commentary Periodicals
67(1)
The Role of Newspapers in Secondary Historical Research
68(1)
How to Find Articles: Designing a Search and Using an Index
68(3)
Using an Online Database: Historical Abstracts and America: History and Life
71(7)
Entering a Keyword Search in Historical Abstracts
73(1)
What You Will Get: Looking at Your Results
74(3)
Other Ways to Use an Online Index
77(1)
Selecting Other Indexes
77(1)
E-Journals and Electronic Collections of Journals
78(1)
Case Study: Searching for Periodical Articles: Canton Trade System
79(7)
Selected Historical Indexes
80(2)
Selected Periodical Indexes of Use to Historians
82(4)
5 Evaluating Your Sources
86(6)
Why Evaluate Your Sources?
86(1)
Basic Evaluation Criteria
87(1)
Perspective and Bias: Historians and Interpretation
88(1)
Scholarship or Propaganda?
89(1)
Case Study: Evaluating Sources: Holocaust Historians
90(2)
6 The Thrill of Discovery: Primary Sources
92(44)
Definitions
93(1)
Nature and Categories of Primary Sources
93(2)
Planning Your Project with Primary Sources
95(1)
Locating Primary Sources
96(3)
Published Sources for Mass Consumption
99(10)
Books as Primary Sources
100(3)
Magazines and Journals as Primary Sources
103(2)
Newspapers as Primary Sources
105(2)
How to Read a Bibliographic Entry in a Printed Newspaper Index
107(2)
Unpublished Sources and Manuscripts
109(3)
Catalogs, Bibliographies, Directories, and Indexes for Manuscripts
111(1)
Directories to Archive Repositories
112(2)
Documents from Governments and Other Official Bodies
114(2)
Indexes and Bibliographies of Government Documents
115(1)
Directories/Bibliographies for Governments/Guides to Government Publications
116(1)
Public Records and Genealogical Sources
116(3)
Guides to Public Records
117(1)
Business Records
118(1)
Directories
119(1)
Oral History
119(2)
Guides to Oral History Repositories
120(1)
Media and Audiovisual
121(1)
History before 1400: Ancient and Medieval Cultures and Those with Substantial Oral and Material Culture Traditions
122(6)
Ancient History
123(3)
Medieval European History
126(2)
Using Bibliographies to Locate Primary Sources
128(2)
Bibliographies Containing References to Primary Sources
129(1)
Evaluation
130(1)
Case Study: Finding Primary Sources: Tobacco through the Ages
131(1)
For Further Reading
132(1)
Bibliography of Advanced Indexes to Published Primary Sources
133(3)
7 History and the Internet
136(23)
The Internet and Research
136(1)
When Is the Internet Appropriate for Historical Research?
137(3)
Using the Internet: The Basics
140(9)
How Do I Access Websites on the Internet?
140(3)
Search Directories 141 Search Engines
143(4)
Meta-Search Engines
147(1)
What Am I Missing? The Deep Web or Invisible Web
147(2)
Special Search Techniques: Finding Primary Sources on the Internet
149(2)
Searching for Primary Sources
150(1)
Historians Communicating: Using H-Net for Information;
151(1)
Evaluation of Websites
152(3)
General Websites
152(2)
Evaluating Sites Concerned with Primary Sources
154(1)
Case Study: Using the Internet: Japanese Americans and Internment Camps
155(1)
For Further Reading
156(3)
8 Maps From Simple to Geographic Information Systems
159(18)
Maps as Representations of Our World
159(1)
A Short History of Maps and Cartography
160(1)
Maps for Navigation and Commercial Use
161(1)
Maps as Political Tools
161(1)
Maps as Propaganda
162(1)
Maps Marking Territory
162(1)
Maps in War
163(1)
Components of Modern Maps
163(2)
Finding Maps
165(4)
Map Resources
165(3)
Gazetteers
168(1)
How to Read a Map
169(1)
Questions to Ask When Reading a Map
169(1)
Planning Your Own Map: Simple to Complex
170(3)
For Further Reading
173(4)
9 Beyond the Written Word: Finding, Evaluating, and Using Images, Motion Pictures, and Audio
177(29)
The Role of Media in Historical Research: Media as Historical Evidence
177(6)
Images Throughout History
178(1)
Photography: Real Life Captured?
178(3)
Art as Visual Media: Painting and Drawing
181(2)
Motion Pictures and Television
183(1)
Searching for Visual Media
183(6)
Collections of Historic Images
186(3)
Search Engines and Meta-Search Engines for Images and Indexes to Image Collections
189(1)
Images on the Internet: Some Cautions
189(2)
Scanning and Downloading Still Images
191(3)
Common Image Files
191(1)
Downloading Images
192(1)
Scanning Images
192(1)
Image Types
193(1)
Organizing Still Images on Your Website
193(1)
Digital Video and Audio Files
194(7)
Digital Video: Using Moving Images
194(1)
Searching on the Web
194(1)
Audio, Music, and Speech Resources
195(1)
Questions to Ask About Speeches
196(2)
Searching for Audio Materials
198(3)
Copyright
201(1)
For Further Reading
201(5)
10 Presenting Your Research: Traditional Research Paper, PowerPoint, or Website? 206(33)
Creating a Research Paper
207(7)
Writing Style
207(7)
Oral Presentations and PowerPoint
214(2)
Websites for Historical Research
216(2)
Historical and Scholarly Websites: A Developing Frontier
216(2)
Website Design: How to Begin
218(15)
Preplanning: The Major Considerations
219(6)
Navigation
225(4)
What Every Good Website Must Have
229(2)
Writing Text for the Web
231(1)
Common Mistakes to Avoid on Websites
232(1)
Case Study: A Student-Constructed Website: Freedmen's Bureau
233(3)
For Further Reading
236(3)
Index 239


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