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The Informed Argument: A Multidisciplinary Reader and Guide,9780155038097

The Informed Argument: A Multidisciplinary Reader and Guide

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780155038097

ISBN10:
0155038095
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/30/1997
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $57.00
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Summary

The Informed Argument has been designed to ehlp you argue on the behalf of your beliefs so that other people will tale them seriously. Readers and writers learn from considering diverse points of view and deciding how they inform each other. Argument is not about "winning" or "losing;" it is a process devoted to finding solutions about problems. When this process is undertaken honestly, everyone stands to benefit. Thorughout The Informed Argument, specific strategies are given on how to present a well-organized point of view.

Table of Contents

Preface for Students v
Preface for Instructors vii
PART 1 AN INTRODUCTION TO ARGUMENT 1(62)
Choosing a Topic
2(2)
Defining Your Audience
4(8)
To Skip or Not to Skip: A Student Dilemma
7(2)
Karen Rivedal
Absent at What Price?
9(3)
Karen Rivedal
Defining Your Terms
12(4)
Homicide
13(3)
Geoff Rulland
Planning Your Argument
16(24)
Classical Arrangement
17(2)
Rogerian Argument
19(3)
Using Logic
22(1)
Reasoning Inductively
22(2)
In Defense of Hunting
24(7)
David Wagner
Reasoning Deductively
25(6)
Preparation for Real Life
31(6)
Kerstin LaPorte
Reasoning by Using the Toulmin Model
35(2)
History Is for People Who Think
37(3)
Ron Tackett
Avoiding Logical Fallacies
40(6)
Appealing to Pity
40(1)
Appealing to Prejudice
41(1)
Appealing to Tradition
41(1)
Arguing by Analogy
41(1)
Attacking the Character of Opponents
42(1)
Attributing False Causes
42(1)
Attributing Guilt by Association
43(1)
Begging the Question
43(1)
Equivocating
44(1)
Ignoring the Question
44(1)
Jumping to Conclusions
44(1)
Opposing a Straw Man
44(1)
Presenting a False Dilemma
45(1)
Reasoning That Does Not Follow
45(1)
Sliding Down a Slippery Slope
45(1)
Understanding Other Forms of Persuasion
46(17)
Analyzing Advertisements
47(5)
Recognizing Flaws in Persuasion
52(1)
Bogus Claims
52(1)
Loaded Terms
53(7)
Misrepresentation
60(3)
PART 2 WORKING WITH SOURCES 63(30)
Reading Critically
63(9)
Previewing
64(1)
How Long Is This Work?
64(1)
What Can I Learn from the Title?
64(1)
Do I Know Anything about the Author?
64(1)
What Do I Know about the Publisher?
65(1)
Is There Anything Else I Can Discover by Skimming through the Material?
65(1)
Annotating
66(2)
Summarizing
68(2)
Synthesizing
70(2)
Avoiding Plagiarism
72(2)
Documenting Your Sources
74(19)
Parenthetical Documentation: The MLA Author/Work Style
76(3)
Parenthetical Documentation: The APA Author/Year Style
79(1)
Organizing a Bibliography
80(1)
Works Cited in MLA Style
80(5)
References in APA Style
85(4)
Numbered Systems
89(2)
A Checklist for Documentation
91(2)
PART 3 A GUIDE TO RESEARCH 93(28)
Getting Started
94(1)
Avoiding Selective Research
95(1)
Searching For Magazine and Journal Articles
95(6)
Searching for Newspaper Articles
101(2)
Using Abstracting Services
103(1)
Using the Internet
104(4)
Looking for Books
108(4)
Using the Main Catalog
108(3)
Understanding Classification Systems
111(1)
Using Other Library Resources
112(1)
Conducting Interviews and Surveys
113(1)
Compiling a Preliminary Bibliography
114(2)
Taking Notes
116(1)
Organizing a Researched Paper
117(1)
Writing a Researched Paper
118(1)
Preparing Your Final Draft
119(2)
A Checklist for Manuscript Form
120(1)
PART 4 NEGOTIATING DIFFERENCES 121(52)
Responses to Public Education
123(4)
The Case for School Vouchers
123(2)
Jerome J. Hanus
There's No Escape Clause in the Social Contract
125(2)
Peter W. Cookson, Jr.
Suggestion for Writing
127(1)
Responses to Grading
127(5)
A for Effort
127(2)
John Leo
A Proposal to Abolish Grading
129(3)
Paul Goodman
Suggestion for Writing
131(1)
Responses to Cloning
132(4)
Study Cloning, Don't Ban It
132(2)
Daniel J. Kevles
Hello Dolly
134(2)
Ellen Goodman
Suggestion for Writing
136(1)
Responses to Physician-Assisted Suicide
136(8)
Make Mine Hemlock
136(5)
Ernest Van Den Haag
Rush to a Lethal Judgment
141(3)
Stephen L. Carter
Suggestion for Writing
144(1)
Responses to Affirmative Action
144(13)
Reclaiming the Vision
145(8)
Constance Horner
Reaffirming Our Actions
153(4)
Michael Tomasky
Suggestion for Writing
157(1)
Responses to Public Funding for the Arts
157(16)
Is the NEA for Everyone? Margaret Spillane
158(4)
The Velvet Prison and the Closed Academy
162(11)
Gene Edward Veith
Suggestion for Writing
171(2)
PART 5 SOURCES FOR ARGUMENT 173(408)
Gun Control: Triggering A National Controversy
173(39)
NRA Woman's Voice
173(3)
Elizabeth J. Swasey
Domestic Disarmament: A Women's Issue?
176(6)
Ruth Rosen
In the Heat of the Moment
182(3)
James D. Wright
The NRA Is Right
185(6)
Josh Sugarmann
Second Defense
191(4)
Roger Koopman
Second Reading
195(9)
Daniel D. Polsby
White Man's Law
204(6)
William R. Tonso
One Student's Assignment: A Summary of William Tonso's ``White Man's Law,''
210(2)
Sara Jenkins
Suggestions for Writing
211(1)
Collaborative Project
211(1)
Immigration: Who Gets to Become an American?
212(42)
The New Colossus
212(1)
Emma Lazarus
Gatecrashers
213(4)
Michael Kinsley
Illegal Immigration: How to Turn the Tide
217(2)
Gary S. Becker
A Nation of Immigrants
219(5)
Peter Brimelow
Making It Big in America
224(6)
Denise Topolnicki
The New Economics of Immigration
230(11)
George J. Borjas
The INS Mess
241(8)
Weston Kosova
One Student's Assignment: Another Look at the Economics of Immigration
249(5)
Janelle Anderson
Christopher J. Lovrien
Suggestions for Writing
252(1)
Collaborative Project
253(1)
Same-Gender Marriage: What Is A Family?
254(34)
Why Can't We Get Married?
254(3)
Lisa Bennett
Gay Marriage, an Oxymoron
257(2)
Lisa Schiffren
Simple Equality
259(2)
Andrew Sullivan
An Honorable Estate
261(3)
William J. Bennett
Wedded to an Illusion
264(10)
Fenton Johnson
Accepting Limits
274(4)
Jean Bethke Elshtain
A Case for Gay Marriage
278(6)
Brent Hartinger
One Student's Assignment: Speak Now or Forever Hold the Past
284(4)
Dana Simonson
Suggestions for Writing
286(1)
Collaborative Project
287(1)
Sexual Harassment: Defining the Boundaries
288(73)
Sexual Harassment: What to Do?
288(6)
Anne B. Fisher
Bared Buttocks and Federal Cases
294(7)
Ellen Frankel Paul
Marriage and Patronage in the Empowerment and Disempowerment of African American Women
301(17)
Anita Faye Hill
Man Handling
318(3)
Harsh Luthar
Anthony Townsend
Gender Dilemmas in Sexual Harassment Policies and Procedures
321(19)
Stephanie Riger
Title VII as Censorship: Hostile-Environment Harassment and the First Amendment
340(17)
Kingsley R. Browne
One Student's Assignment: What Managers Need to Know: A Synthesis of Arguments Concerning Sexual Harassment in the Workplace
357(4)
Jessica Cozzens
Suggestions for Writing
360(1)
Collaborative Project
360(1)
Surfing the Web: Who Controls Information?
361(89)
The Rights of Kids in the Digital Age
361(12)
Jon Katz
Free or Fettered?
373(12)
Paul F. Burton
Welcome to Cyberbia
385(9)
May Kadi
BigBrother@cyberspace
394(11)
Erik Ness
Pornography on the Internet
405(5)
Nancy Willard
The Effect of Applying Current Anti-Obscenity Laws to Online Communications
410(35)
Robert F. Goldman
One Student's Assgnment: Regulation of the Internet
445(5)
B. J. Nodzon
Suggestions for Writing
448(1)
Collaborative Project
449(1)
Culture and Curriculum: What Should Students be Taught?
450(58)
Multiculturalism: Myths and Realities
450(9)
Hugh B. Price
An Educated and Culturally Literate Person Must Study America's Multicultural Reality
459(4)
Ronald Takaki
What Is Multicultural Education?
463(7)
Christine E. Sleeter
The Visigoths in Tweed
470(10)
Dinesh D'Souza
Multicultural Education and Feminist Ethics
480(13)
Marilyn Friedman
The Value of the Canon
493(12)
Irving Howe
One Student's Assignment: The Great Conversation
505(3)
Alicia Fedorczak
Suggestions for Writing
507(1)
Collaborative Project
507(1)
National Parks: What Is Their Future?
508(73)
It's Time to Privatize
508(5)
Terry L. Anderson
They're Not for Sale
513(4)
Melanie Griffin
Promises, Promises
517(6)
William R. Lowry
Reinventing Nature
523(17)
Kenneth R. Olwig
The Trouble with Wilderness
540(22)
William Cronon
Missing Links
562(9)
Dave Foreman
A Report from the General Accounting Office
571(5)
James Duffus
One Student's Assignment: Preserving Our Parks
576(5)
Amy Karlen
Suggestions for Writing
579(1)
Collaborative Project
580(1)
PART 6 SOME CLASSIC ARGUMENTS 581(110)
The Allegory of the Cave
581(7)
Plato
Should Princes Tell the Truth?
588(3)
Niccolo Machiavelli
To His Coy Mistress
591(2)
Andrew Marvell
A Modest Proposal
593(8)
Jonathan Swift
The Declaration of Independence
601(5)
Thomas Jefferson
The Playthings of Tyrants
606(6)
Mary Wollstonecraft
The Communist Manifesto
612(11)
Karl Marx
Friedrich Engels
Concerning Children
623(4)
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
The Cause of War, Margaret Sanger
627(6)
The Purpose of Propaganda
633(8)
Adolf Hitler
Brahmacharya
641(6)
Mahatma Gandhi
Dealing with Breakdowns in Communication
647(6)
Carl Rogers
The Obligation to Endure
653(6)
Rachel Carson
Letter from Birmingham Jail
659(14)
Martin Luther King, Jr.
The Importance of Work
673(8)
Betty Friedan
Suggestions for Writing
677(1)
Collaborative Project
678(3)
Appendix: Student Research Paper
Crime, Crack, and Kids
681(10)
John T. Smith
Glossary of Useful Terms 691(4)
Copyrights and Acknowledgments 695(8)
Index 703


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