9780470854280

Infrared Spectroscopy : Fundamentals and Applications

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780470854280

  • ISBN10:

    0470854286

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2004-07-30
  • Publisher: WILEY
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Summary

Provides an introduction to those needing to use infrared spectroscopy for the first time, explaining the fundamental aspects of this technique, how to obtain a spectrum and how to analyse infrared data covering a wide range of applications. Includes instrumental and sampling techniques Covers biological and industrial applications Includes suitable questions and problems in each chapter to assist in the analysis and interpretation of representative infrared spectra Part of the ANTS (Analytical Techniques in the Sciences) Series.

Author Biography

<b>Barbara Stuart, B.Sc. (Sydney), M.Sc. (Sydney), Ph.D. (London), D.I.C., MRACI, MRSC, Cchem</b><br> After graduating with a B.Sc. degree from the University of Sydney in Australia, Barbara Stuart then worked as a tutor at this university. She also carried out research in the field of biophysical chemistry in the Department of Physical Chemistry and graduated with an M.Sc. in 1990. The author then moved to the UK to carry out doctoral studies in polymer engineering within the Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemical Technology at Imperial College (University of London). After obtaining her Ph.D. in 1993, she took up a position as a Lecturer in Physical Chemistry at the University of Greenwich in South East London. Barbara returned to Australia in 1995, joining the staff at the University of Technology, Sydney, where she is currently a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Chemistry, Materials and Forensic Science. She is presently conducting research in the fields of polymer spectroscopy, materials conservation and forensic science. Barbara is the author of three other books published by John Wiley and Sons, Ltd, namely <i>Modern Infrared Spectroscopy</i> and <i>Biological Applications of Infrared Spectroscopy</i>, both in the ACOL series of open learning texts, and <i>Polymer Analysis</i> in this current AnTS series of texts.

Table of Contents

Series Preface ix
Preface xi
Acronyms, Abbreviations and Symbols xiii
About the Author xvii
Introduction
1(14)
Electromagnetic Radiation
2(3)
Infrared Absorptions
5(1)
Normal Modes of Vibration
6(5)
Complicating Factors
11(4)
Overtone and Combination Bands
11(1)
Fermi Resonance
12(1)
Coupling
12(1)
Vibration--Rotation Bands
12(1)
References
13(2)
Experimental Methods
15(30)
Introduction
15(1)
Dispersive Infrared Spectrometers
16(2)
Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectrometers
18(7)
Michelson Interferometers
18(1)
Sources and Detectors
19(1)
Fourier-Transformation
20(1)
Moving Mirrors
21(1)
Signal-Averaging
22(1)
Advantages
23(1)
Computers
23(1)
Spectra
24(1)
Transmission Methods
25(8)
Liquids and Solutions
25(3)
Solids
28(3)
Gases
31(1)
Pathlength Calibration
32(1)
Reflectance Methods
33(5)
Attenuated Total Reflectance Spectroscopy
33(2)
Specular Reflectance Spectroscopy
35(1)
Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy
36(1)
Photoacoustic Spectroscopy
37(1)
Microsampling Methods
38(3)
Chromatography--Infrared Spectroscopy
41(1)
Thermal Analysis--Infrared Spectroscopy
42(1)
Other Techniques
43(2)
References
44(1)
Spectral Analysis
45(26)
Introduction
45(1)
Group Frequencies
46(2)
Mid-Infrared Region
46(1)
Near-Infrared Region
47(1)
Far-Infrared Region
48(1)
Identification
48(1)
Hydrogen Bonding
49(2)
Spectrum Manipulation
51(6)
Baseline Correction
51(1)
Smoothing
51(1)
Difference Spectra
52(1)
Derivatives
53(1)
Deconvolution
54(2)
Curve-Fitting
56(1)
Concentration
57(2)
Simple Quantitative Analysis
59(4)
Analysis of Liquid Samples
59(3)
Analysis of Solid Samples
62(1)
Multi-Component Analysis
63(4)
Calibration Methods
67(4)
References
70(1)
Organic Molecules
71(24)
Introduction
71(1)
Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
71(3)
Aromatic Compounds
74(2)
Oxygen-Containing Compounds
76(4)
Alcohols and Phenols
76(1)
Ethers
76(1)
Aldehydes and Ketones
76(2)
Esters
78(1)
Carboxylic Acids and Anhydrides
79(1)
Nitrogen-Containing Compounds
80(2)
Amines
80(1)
Amides
80(2)
Halogen-Containing Compounds
82(1)
Heterocyclic Compounds
83(1)
Boron Compounds
83(1)
Silicon Compounds
83(1)
Phosphorus Compounds
84(1)
Sulfur Compounds
85(1)
Near-Infrared Spectra
86(2)
Identification
88(7)
References
93(2)
Inorganic Molecules
95(18)
Introduction
95(1)
General Considerations
96(2)
Normal Modes of Vibration
98(4)
Coordination Compounds
102(2)
Isomerism
104(1)
Metal Carbonyls
105(2)
Organometallic Compounds
107(1)
Minerals
107(6)
References
110(3)
Polymers
113(24)
Introduction
113(1)
Identification
114(9)
Polymerization
123(1)
Structure
124(6)
Surfaces
130(2)
Degradation
132(5)
References
135(2)
Biological Applications
137(30)
Introduction
137(1)
Lipids
138(3)
Proteins and Peptides
141(10)
Nucleic Acids
151(1)
Disease Diagnosis
152(3)
Microbial Cells
155(3)
Plants
158(3)
Clinical Chemistry
161(6)
References
163(4)
Industrial and Environmental Applications
167(20)
Introduction
167(1)
Pharmaceutical Applications
168(6)
Food Science
174(4)
Agricultural Applications
178(1)
Pulp and Paper Industries
179(1)
Paint Industry
180(3)
Environmental Applications
183(4)
References
185(2)
Responses to Self-Assessment Questions 187(18)
Bibliography 205(6)
Glossary of Terms 211(4)
SI Units and Physical Constants 215(4)
Periodic Table 219(2)
Index 221

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