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Inorganic Chemistry,9780130354716
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Inorganic Chemistry

by ;
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780130354716

ISBN10:
0130354716
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2011
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

This highly readable book provides the essentials of Inorganic Chemistry with molecular symmetry as its foundation.Chapter topics include atomic structure, molecular orbitals, organometallic chemistry, simple bonding theory, symmetry and group theory, and more.For chemists and other professionals who want to update or improve their background in the field.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry
1(14)
What is Inorganic Chemistry?
1(1)
Contrasts with Organic Chemistry
1(4)
Genesis of the Elements (The Big Bang) and Formation of the Earth
5(3)
Nuclear Reactions and Radioactivity
8(1)
Distribution of Elements on Earth
9(2)
The History of Inorganic Chemistry
11(4)
Atomic Structure
15(36)
Historical Development of Atomic Theory
15(6)
The Periodic Table
16(1)
Discovery of Subatomic Particles and the Bohr Atom
17(4)
The Schrodinger Equation
21(22)
The Particle in a Box
23(2)
Quantum Numbers and Atomic Wave Functions
25(9)
The Aufbau Principle
34(4)
Shielding
38(5)
Periodic Properties of Atoms
43(8)
Ionization Energy
43(1)
Electron Affinity
44(1)
Covalent and Ionic Radii
44(7)
Simple Bonding Theory
51(25)
Lewis Electron-Dot Diagrams
51(6)
Resonance
52(1)
Expanded Shells
53(1)
Formal Charge
53(3)
Multiple Bonds in Be and B Compounds
56(1)
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory
57(10)
Lone Pair Repulsion
59(3)
Multiple Bonds
62(1)
Electronegativity and Atomic Size Effects
63(3)
Ligand Close-Packing
66(1)
Polar Molecules
67(2)
Hydrogen Bonding
69(7)
Symmetry and Group Theory
76(40)
Symmetry Elements and Operations
76(6)
Point Groups
82(10)
Groups of Low and High Symmetry
84(2)
Other Groups
86(6)
Properties and Representations of Groups
92(10)
Matrices
92(2)
Representations of Point Groups
94(3)
Character Tables
97(5)
Examples and Applications of Symmetry
102(14)
Chirality
102(1)
Molecular Vibrations
103(13)
Molecular Orbitals
116(49)
Formation of Molecular Orbitals from Atomic Orbitals
116(6)
Molecular Orbitals from s Orbitals
117(2)
Molecular Orbitals from p Orbitals
119(1)
Molecular Orbitals from d Orbitals
120(2)
Nonbonding Orbitals and Other Factors
122(1)
Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules
122(12)
Molecular Orbitals
122(2)
Orbital Mixing
124(1)
First and Second Row Molecules
125(5)
Photoelectron Spectroscopy
130(2)
Correlation Diagrams
132(2)
Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules
134(5)
Polar Bonds
134(4)
Ionic Compounds and Molecular Orbitals
138(1)
Molecular Orbitals for Larger Molecules
139(22)
FHF
140(3)
CO2
143(5)
H2O
148(3)
NH3
151(3)
BF3
154(3)
Molecular Shapes
157(1)
Hybrid Orbitals
157(4)
Expanded Shells and Molecular Orbitals
161(4)
Acid-Base and Donor-Acceptor Chemistry
165(42)
Acid-Base Concepts as Organizing Concepts
165(1)
History
165(1)
Major Acid-Base Concepts
166(13)
Arrhenius Concept
166(1)
Bronsted-Lowry Concept
167(1)
Solvent System Concept
168(2)
Lewis Concept
170(1)
Frontier Orbitals and Acid-Base Reactions
171(3)
Hydrogen Bonding
174(4)
Electronic Spectra (Including Charge Transfer)
178(1)
Hard and Soft Acids and Bases
179(13)
Theory of Hard and Soft Acids and Bases
183(4)
Quantitative Measures
187(5)
Acid and Base Strength
192(15)
Measurement of Acid-Base Interactions
192(1)
Thermodynamic Measurements
193(1)
Proton Affinity
194(1)
Acidity and Basicity of Binary Hydrogen Compounds
194(2)
Inductive Effects
196(1)
Strength of Oxyacids
196(1)
Acidity of Cations in Aqueous Solution
197(2)
Steric Effects
199(1)
Solvation and Acid-Base Strength
200(1)
Nonaqueous Solvents and Acid-Base Strength
201(2)
Superacids
203(4)
The Crystalline Solid State
207(33)
Formulas and Structures
207(13)
Simple Structures
207(7)
Structures of Binary Compounds
214(4)
More Complex Compounds
218(1)
Radius Ratio
218(2)
Thermodynamics of Ionic Crystal Formation
220(3)
Lattice Energy and Madelung Constant
220(2)
Solubility, Ion Size (Large-Large and Small-Small), and HSAB
222(1)
Molecular Orbitals and Band Structure
223(5)
Diodes, The Photovoltaic Effect, and Light-Emitting Diodes
226(2)
Superconductivity
228(3)
Low-Temperature Superconducting Alloys
228(1)
The Theory of Superconductivity (Cooper Pairs)
229(1)
High-Temperature Superconductors (YBa2Cu3O7 and Related Compounds)
230(1)
Bonding in Ionic Crystals
231(1)
Imperfections in Solids
231(1)
Silicates
232(8)
Chemistry of the Main Group Elements
240(59)
General Trends in Main Group Chemistry
241(6)
Physical Properties
241(2)
Electronegativity
243(1)
Ionization Energy
244(1)
Chemical Properties
244(3)
Hydrogen
247(2)
Chemical Properties
248(1)
Group 1 (IA): The Alkali Metals
249(4)
The Elements
249(1)
Chemical Properties
250(3)
Group 2 (IIA): The Alkaline Earths
253(3)
The Elements
253(1)
Chemical Properties
254(2)
Group 13 (IIIA)
256(5)
The Elements
256(4)
Other Chemistry of the Group 13 (IIIA) Elements
260(1)
Group 14 (IVA)
261(11)
The Elements
261(6)
Compounds
267(5)
Group 15 (VA)
272(7)
The Elements
272(2)
Compounds
274(5)
Group 16 (VIA)
279(6)
The Elements
279(6)
Group 17 (VIIA): The Halogens
285(6)
The Elements
285(6)
Group 18 (VIIIA): The Noble Gases
291(8)
The Elements
291(1)
Chemistry
292(7)
Coordination Chemistry I: Structures and Isomers
299(38)
History
299(5)
Nomenclature
304(5)
Isomerism
309(14)
Stereoisomers
310(1)
Four-Coordinate Complexes
310(1)
Chirality
311(1)
Six-Coordinate Complexes
311(4)
Combinations of Chelate Rings
315(3)
Ligand Ring Conformation
318(1)
Constitutional Isomers
319(3)
Experimental Separation and Identification of Isomers
322(1)
Coordination Numbers and Structures
323(14)
Low Coordination Numbers (CN = 1, 2, and 3)
325(2)
Coordination Number 4
327(1)
Coordination Number 5
328(1)
Coordination Number 6
329(2)
Coordination Number 7
331(1)
Coordination Number 8
332(1)
Larger Coordination Numbers
333(4)
Coordination Chemistry II: Bonding
337(42)
Experimental Evidence for Electronic Structures
337(5)
Thermodynamic Data
337(2)
Magnetic Susceptibility
339(3)
Electronic Spectra
342(1)
Coordination Numbers and Molecular Shapes
342(1)
Theories of Electronic Structure
342(3)
Terminology
342(1)
Historical Background
343(2)
Ligand Field Theory
345(17)
Molecular Orbitals for Octahedral Complexes
345(1)
Orbital Splitting and Electron Spin
346(4)
Ligand Field Stabilization Energy
350(2)
Pi Bonding
352(4)
Square-Planar Complexes
356(4)
Tetrahedral Complexes
360(2)
Angular Overlap
362(8)
Sigma-Donor Interactions
362(2)
Pi-Acceptor Interactions
364(2)
Pi-Donor Interactions
366(1)
Types of Ligands and the Spectrochemical Series
367(1)
Magnitudes of eσ, eπ, and Δ
368(2)
The Jahn-Teller Effect
370(3)
Four- and Six- Coordinate Preferences
373(2)
Other Shapes
375(4)
Coordination Chemistry III: Electronic Spectra
379(33)
Absorption of Light
380(2)
Beer-Lambert Absorption Law
380(2)
Quantum Numbers of Multielectron Atoms
382(6)
Spin-Orbit Coupling
387(1)
Electronic Spectra of Coordination Compounds
388(24)
Selection Rules
390(1)
Correlation Diagrams
391(2)
Tanabe-Sugano Diagrams
393(5)
Jahn-Teller Distortions and Spectra
398(3)
Examples of Applications of Tanabe-Sugano Diagrams: Determining Δ0 from Spectra
401(5)
Tetrahedral Complexes
406(1)
Charge-Transfer Spectra
407(5)
Coordination Chemistry IV: Reactions and Mechanisms
412(42)
History and Principles
412(2)
Substitution Reactions
414(3)
Inert and Labile Compounds
414(1)
Mechanisms of Substitution
415(2)
Kinetic Consequences of Reaction Pathways
417(3)
Dissociation (D)
417(1)
Interchange (I)
418(1)
Association (A)
419(1)
Experimental Evidence in Octahedral Substitution
420(9)
Dissociation
420(3)
Linear Free Energy Relationships
423(2)
Associative Mechanisms
425(1)
The Conjugate Base Mechanism
426(2)
The Kinetic Chelate Effect
428(1)
Stereochemistry of Reactions
429(5)
Substitution in trans Complexes
430(2)
Substitution in cis Complexes
432(1)
Isomerization of Chelate Rings
433(1)
Substitution Reactions of Square-Planar Complexes
434(3)
Kinetics and Stereochemistry of Square-Planar Substitutions
434(1)
Evidence for Associative Reactions
435(2)
The trans Effect
437(3)
Explanations of the trans Effect
439(1)
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
440(6)
Inner-and Outer-Sphere Reactions
441(4)
Conditions for High and Low Oxidation Numbers
445(1)
Reactions of Coordinated Ligands
446(8)
Hydrolysis of Esters, Amides, and Peptides
446(2)
Template Reactions
448(1)
Electrophilic Substitution
449(5)
Organometallic Chemistry
454(66)
Historical Background
457(1)
Organic Ligands and Nomenclature
458(2)
The 18-Electron Rule
460(7)
Counting Electrons
460(3)
Why 18 Electrons?
463(2)
Square-Planar Complexes
465(2)
Ligands in Organometallic Chemistry
467(15)
Carbonyl (CO) Complexes
467(8)
Ligands Similar to CO
475(2)
Hydride and Dihydrogen Complexes
477(2)
Ligands Having Extended π Systems
479(3)
Bonding Between Metal Atoms and Organic Π Systems
482(14)
Linear π Systems
482(3)
Cyclic π Systems
485(7)
Fullerene Complexes
492(4)
Complexes Containing M---C, M = C, and M ≡ C Bonds
496(7)
Alkyl and Related Complexes
496(2)
Carbene Complexes
498(3)
Carbyne (Alkylidyne) Complexes
501(2)
Spectral Analysis and Characterization of Organometallic Complexes
503(17)
Infrared Spectra
503(4)
NMR Spectra
507(2)
Examples of Characterization
509(11)
Organometallic Reactions and Catalysis
520(36)
Reactions Involving Gain or Loss of Ligands
520(8)
Ligand Dissociation and Substitution
521(3)
Oxidative Addition
524(1)
Reductive Elimination
525(1)
Nucleophilic Displacement
526(2)
Reactions Involving Modification of Ligands
528(6)
Insertion
528(1)
Carbonyl Insertion (Alkyl Migration)
528(5)
1,2 Insertions
533(1)
Hydride Elimination
533(1)
Abstraction
534(1)
Organometallic Catalysts
534(14)
Example of Catalysis: Catalytic Deuteration
535(1)
Hydroformylation
535(3)
Monsanto Acetic Acid Process
538(3)
Wacker (Smidt) Process
541(1)
Hydrogenation by Wilkinson's Catalyst
542(2)
Olefin Metathesis
544(4)
Heterogeneous Catalysts
548(8)
Ziegler-Natta Polymerizations
548(1)
Water Gas Reaction
549(7)
Parallels Between Main Group and Organometallic Chemistry
556(38)
Main Group Parallels with Binary Carbonyl Complexes
556(2)
The Isolobal Analogy
558(8)
Extensions of the Analogy
561(4)
Examples of Applications of the Analogy
565(1)
Metal-Metal Bonds
566(6)
Multiple Metal-Metal Bonds
568(4)
Cluster Compounds
572(22)
Boranes
572(5)
Heteroboranes
577(2)
Metallaboranes and Metallacarboranes
579(3)
Carbonyl Clusters
582(5)
Carbide Clusters
587(1)
Additional Comments on Clusters
588(6)
Bioinorganic and Environmental Chemistry
594(43)
Porphyrins and Related Complexes
596(8)
Iron Porphyrins
597(3)
Similar Ring Compounds
600(4)
Other Iron Compounds
604(2)
Zinc and Copper Enzymes
606(5)
Nitrogen Fixation
611(5)
Nitric Oxide
616(2)
Inorganic Medicinal Compounds
618(4)
Cisplatin and Related Complexes
618(4)
Auranofin and Arthritis Treatment
622(1)
Vanadium Complexes in Medicine
622(1)
Study of DNA Using Inorganic Agents
622(2)
Environmental Chemistry
624(13)
Metals
624(5)
Nonmetals
629(8)
Appendix A Answers to Exercises 637(31)
Appendix B-1 Ionic Radii 668(3)
Appendix B-2 Ionization Energy 671(1)
Appendix B-3 Electron Affinity 672(1)
Appendix B-4 Electronegativity 673(1)
Appendix B-5 Absolute Hardness Parameters 674(1)
Appendix B-6 CA, EA, CB, and EB Values 675(1)
Appendix B-7 Latimer Diagrams for Selected Elements 676(5)
Appendix C Character Tables 681(10)
Appendix D Electron-Dot Diagrams and Formal Charge 691(6)
Index 697


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