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Interior Design and Decoration

by ;
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780130307484

ISBN10:
0130307483
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

For undergraduate courses in Interior Design. Addressing interior design and decoration from the ancients to the moderns, this text describes the dominant influences of fashion design and focuses on the close relationship between interior design and the architecture of our times.

Table of Contents

Preface xxv
PART 1 THE ANCIENT WORLD
Design Before History (before 3400 B.C.)
1(10)
The Arts of Prehistory
2(2)
Vocabulary Describing Dates
3(1)
The Stone Ages
4(5)
The Old Stone Age and Its Art
4(2)
The New Stone Age, Its Art, and Its Architectural Forms
6(1)
The Beginnings of the City
6(1)
Timeline The Prehistoric Era
7(2)
Summary: Prehistoric Design
9(2)
Looking for Character
9(1)
Looking for Quality
10(1)
Making Comparisons
10(1)
From Prehistory to History
10(1)
Egypt (4500 B.C.-A.D. 30)
11(23)
The Nature of Egypt and Its Influence on the Art of Egypt
12(1)
The History of Egypt
13(7)
Vocabulary Egyptian Names
13(1)
Discovering Egyptian History
14(1)
Measuring Egyptian History: Kingdoms, Dynasties, and Pharaohs
14(1)
Beliefs Expressed in Stone: Egyptian Monumental Architecture
14(1)
Timeline Egypt
15(3)
Vocabulary ``Stylar'' Terms
18(1)
Beliefs Expressed in Symbols: Egyptian Ornament
19(1)
The Egyptian House
20(1)
Egyptian Furniture
21(6)
The Furniture of Queen Hetepheres
21(1)
The Furniture of King Tutankhamun
22(2)
Other Furniture
24(3)
Egyptian Decorative Arts
27(5)
Painting
27(1)
Sculpture
28(1)
Pottery
28(1)
Woodworking
29(1)
Weaving
30(1)
Glass and Egyptian Faience
31(1)
Vocabulary Egyptian Faience
31(1)
Summary: The Design of Ancient Egypt
32(2)
The Ancient Near East (2800-331 B.C.)
34(12)
Determinants of the Near Eastern Culture and Its Art
36(1)
Geography
36(1)
Religion
36(1)
Natural Assets
37(1)
Four Players on the Near Eastern Stage
37(3)
The Sumerians (c. 2800-c. 2003 B.C.)
37(1)
Vocabulary Terms for the Ancient Near East
38(1)
The Babylonians (c. 2003-c. 1171 B.C.)
38(1)
The Assyrians (884-612 B.C.)
39(1)
Timeline The Ancient Near East
39(1)
The Persians (538-331 B.C.)
39(1)
The Architecture of the Ancient Near East
40(2)
The Royal Citadel at Persepolis (518-460 B.C.)
40(2)
Furniture of the Ancient Near East
42(1)
The Decorative Arts of the Ancient Near East
43(2)
Wall Treatments
44(1)
Rugs and Other Floor Treatments
44(1)
Summary: Design Qualities of the Ancient Near East
45(1)
PART 2 THE CLASSICAL WORLD
Greece (2800-146 B.C.)
46(46)
The Determinants of Greek Art
47(6)
Geography and Climate
47(1)
Foreign Influeces, Heritage, and Identity
48(1)
Crete
48(2)
Mycenae
50(1)
Other Peoples
51(1)
Religion
52(1)
Political and Military Factors
52(1)
The Chronology of Greek Art
53(5)
Timeline Greece
53(1)
Three Formative Periods
53(1)
Vocabulary Different Calendars
54(2)
Three Mature Periods
56(2)
Greek Architecture
58(13)
The Temples of the Gods
58(1)
The Acropolis and the Parthenon
59(3)
The Greek Orders
62(1)
Vocabulary Terms for the Greeks
63(5)
The Greek House
68(1)
Other Greek Building Types
69(2)
Greek Sculpture
71(4)
Archaic Sculpture
72(1)
Hellenic Sculpture
72(2)
Discovering the Past Roman Copies
74(1)
Hellenistic Sculpture
74(1)
Greek Furniture
75(5)
Bedding and Seating
75(4)
Tables
79(1)
Furniture for Storage
80(1)
Greek Decorative Arts
80(8)
Greek Wall Decoration
80(1)
Greek Ornament: Moldings
80(1)
Greek Ornament: Patterns
81(3)
The Greek Vase
84(1)
Vocabulary Names for Greek Ornament
85(3)
Summary: The Design of Ancient Greece
88(2)
Looking for Character
88(1)
Looking for Quality
89(1)
Making Comparisons: Greece and Egypt
90(1)
Making Comparisons: The Parthenon and Persepolis
90(1)
Greece Succeeded by Rome
90(2)
Rome (753 B.C.-A.D. 550)
92(40)
Determinants of Roman Art
93(2)
The Greek Heritage
94(1)
The Etruscan Heritage
94(1)
Vocabulary Greek and Roman Gods and Goddesses
94(1)
The Chronology of Roman Art
95(2)
Early Rome
96(1)
Republican Rome
96(1)
The Early Empire
96(1)
Discovering the Past Secondary Evidence
96(1)
The High Empire
97(1)
The Decline of the Roman Empire
97(1)
Timeline Rome
97(1)
Roman Architecture
97(16)
Vocabulary Terms Related to Concrete
98(1)
Roman Construction: The Development of Concrete
98(1)
Roman Construction: The Arch, the Vault, and the Dome
99(1)
Roman Variations on the Greek Orders
100(3)
Roman Temples
103(1)
Roman Public Buildings
104(2)
Roman Houses
106(7)
Roman Interiors
113(4)
Roman Rooms
113(1)
The Legacy of Pompeii and Herculaneum
113(1)
Roman Wall Treatments
114(3)
Roman Furniture
117(6)
Beds and Seats
117(3)
Tables
120(1)
Storage Furniture
121(1)
Lighting
122(1)
Soft Furnishings
122(1)
Roman Decorative Arts and Ornament
123(4)
Roman Sculpture
123(1)
Variations on Greek Ornament
123(2)
Roman Pottery
125(1)
The Roman Development of Grass
125(2)
Roman Mosaics
127(2)
Summary: The Design of Ancient Rome
129(3)
Looking for Character
129(1)
Looking for Quality
130(1)
Making Comparisons
130(2)
PART 3 THE MIDDLE AGES
Early Christian and Byzantine Design (A.D. 330-800 and 330-1453)
132(22)
The Early Christian Era (A.D. 330-800)
133(5)
Old St. Peter's, Rome
135(1)
Timeline Early Christian and Byzantine Design
135(1)
Vocabulary The Definition of a Basilica
136(1)
Other Early Basilicas
136(1)
Vocabulary Names of Churches
137(1)
Buildings with Centralized Plans
138(2)
Other Early Christian Churches
139(1)
Coptic Design
139(1)
Celtic Design
139(1)
The Move from Rome and the End of the Early Christian Era
139(1)
The Byzantine Period (A.D. 330-1453)
140(12)
Vocabulary Other Names for Hagia Sophia
142(1)
Hagia Sophia
142(1)
The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna (420)
143(1)
Baptistry of the Orthodox, Ravenna (449-452)
144(1)
S. Vitale, Ravenna (526-547)
145(1)
St. Mark's, Venice (1042-85)
146(1)
Vocabulary Terms for Crosses
147(2)
Secular Architecture
149(1)
The End of the Byzantine Empire
149(1)
A Postscript to the Byzantine Era: St. Basil's, Moscow (Sixteenth Century)
149(1)
Byzantine Decorative Arts
149(1)
Byzantine Ivories
150(1)
Byzantine Mosaics
151(1)
Summary: Early Christian and Byzantine Styles
152(2)
Looking for Character
153(1)
Looking for Quality
153(1)
Making Comparisons
153(1)
Romanesque and Norman Design (c. 800-c. 1200)
154(15)
Vocabulary Terms for Arches
156(1)
Romanesque Architecture
157(4)
Timeline Romanesque Design
157(1)
Abbey Chruch of Ste.-Madeleine, Vezelay, France (1089-1146)
158(1)
Durham Cathedral, Durham, England (1093-1175)
159(1)
The Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Sicily (1132-43)
159(1)
The Cathedral, Baptistry, and Leaning Tower, Pisa, Italy (1172)
160(1)
Romanesque Ornament: Instruction and Terror
161(1)
Romanesque Furniture
162(2)
Seating
162(1)
Tables
163(1)
Casegoods
163(1)
Beds
163(1)
Romanesque Decorative Arts
164(2)
Textiles
164(1)
Metalwork
165(1)
Work of the Cosmati
165(1)
Other Aspects of the Romanesque Experience
166(1)
The Millennium Arrives
166(1)
The End of the Romanesque
167(1)
Summary: Romanesque Design
167(2)
Looking for Character
167(1)
Looking for Quality
167(1)
Making Comparisons
167(2)
The Gothic (1132-c. 1500)
169(25)
Gothic Domestic Architecture and Interiors
170(3)
The Great Hall
171(1)
Timeline Gothic Culture
171(1)
The Fireplace
172(1)
Wall Paneling
172(1)
The Gothic Cathedral
173(10)
Vocabulary The Cathedral
173(1)
Timeline Gothic Cathedrals
173(2)
The Pointed Arch
175(1)
The Flying Buttress
176(1)
The Ribbed Vault
176(2)
The Race for Height
178(1)
Timeline The Race for Height in French Gothic Cathedrals
179(1)
Vocabulary Divisions of the Gothic Style
180(1)
The Spread of Gothic through Europe
180(3)
Gothic Ornament and Decorative Arts
183(8)
The Proportions of Gothic Ornament
183(1)
The Subject Matter of Gothic Ornament
184(1)
The Madonna and Her Influence in Art
185(1)
Stained Glass: Colored Sunlight
185(3)
Tapestries: Woven Stories
188(2)
Gothic Furniture
190(1)
The End of the Gothic
191(1)
Summary: The Gothic Style
191(3)
Looking for Character
192(1)
Looking for Quality
192(1)
Making Comparisons
193(1)
Islamic Design (A.D. 622 to the Present)
194(32)
Vocabulary Muslim Dates
196(1)
Islam as a Determinant of Form
196(3)
Vocabulary Islamic Terms
196(1)
Vocabulary Arabic Spellings
197(1)
Timeline Islamic Design
197(2)
Islam as a Determinant of Ornament
199(1)
Varieties of Islamic Architecture
200(5)
The Influence of Hagia Sophia
201(1)
The Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem (692)
201(1)
The Great Mosque, Kairouan, Tunisia (836 and Later)
202(1)
Suleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul (1550-57)
203(1)
Profile Sinan
203(1)
Topkapi Palace, Istanbul (begun 1459)
204(1)
Islamic Furnishings and Decorative Arts
205(18)
Muqarnas
206(1)
Woodwork
206(1)
Stucco
206(1)
Painting and Lacquer
207(1)
Mosaics
208(1)
Tile
208(1)
Furniture
208(2)
Ceramics
210(2)
Metalwork
212(1)
Glass and Rock Crystal
213(1)
Calligraphy
214(2)
Carpets
216(1)
Vocabulary Carpets and Rugs
216(7)
Other Textiles
223(1)
Summary: Islamic Design
223(3)
Looking for Character
223(1)
Looking for Quality
224(1)
Making Comparisons
225(1)
PART 4 THE EAST
India (2500 B.C. to the Present)
226(13)
India's Architecture and Its Interiors
226(5)
The Palace and the House
228(1)
The Temple and the Mosque
229(1)
The Taj Mahal
229(2)
India's Decorative Arts and Crafts
231(6)
Timeline India
231(1)
India's Furniture
232(1)
India's Textiles
233(2)
Vocabulary Textile Terms from India
235(2)
Summary: The Design of India
237(2)
China (4000 B.C.-A.D. 1912)
239(28)
Chinese Architecture
239(7)
Vocabulary English Versions of Chinese
241(1)
The Chinese Temple, a Succession of Bays
241(1)
The Forbidden City
242(1)
Timeline China
243(1)
Chinese Houses
244(2)
``Friends of the House,'' Chinese Furniture
246(5)
The K'ang
246(1)
The K'ang Becomes a Table
247(1)
Seating
248(2)
Storage Furniture
250(1)
Furniture Woods and Joinery
251(1)
Furniture Placement
251(1)
The ``Casual'' Art of Ch'an (Zen) Buddhism
251(1)
The Arts of Carving and Molding
252(1)
Jade, the Virtuous Stone
252(1)
Lacquer, the Layered Art
252(1)
Imitation Lacquerwork
253(1)
The Fiery Arts
253(5)
Bronzes
254(1)
Terra-cottas
254(1)
Enamels and Cloisonne
255(1)
Foreign Variations on Chinese Enamel
256(1)
Ceramics
257(1)
The Secret Arts
258(7)
Porcelain, the Most Precious Ceramic
258(5)
Silk, the Most Precious Fabric
263(2)
Summary: The Design of China
265(2)
Looking for Character
265(1)
Looking for Quality
266(1)
Making Comparisons
266(1)
Japan (A.D. 593-1867)
267(15)
Determinants of Japanese Design
268(1)
Geography
268(1)
Religion
269(1)
Japanese Architecture and Its Interiors
269(5)
Timeline Japan
269(2)
A Buddhist Temple Precinct: Horyu-ji
271(1)
A Pavilion for Family Worship: The Hoo-do
271(1)
A Country Villa: Katsura
271(2)
A Teahouse: Shokin-tei
273(1)
Japanese Furniture
274(4)
Beds and Seating
275(1)
Tables
276(1)
Storage Furniture: The Tansu
276(1)
Vocabulary Tansu
277(1)
The Folding Screen
277(1)
Accessories
278(1)
Japanese Arts, Crafts, and Rituals
278(3)
The Tokonoma and the Flower Arrangement
278(1)
The Tea Ceremony
279(1)
Japanese Painting
279(1)
The Wood-Block Print
280(1)
Japanese Lacquer
280(1)
Summary: The Design of Japan
281(1)
Looking for Character
281(1)
Looking for Quality
281(1)
Making Comparisons
281(1)
PART 5 THE RENAISSANCE
The Italian Renaissance and Later Developments (Fourteenth to Eighteenth Centuries)
282(30)
Italian Renaissance Buildings and Their Interiors
284(9)
Timeline The Italian Renaissance
285(1)
The Church
286(3)
The Palazzo
289(2)
The Villa
291(2)
Interior Components of the Italian Renaissance
293(4)
Type of Rooms and Their Distribution
293(1)
Walls and Wall Treatments
294(1)
Ceilings
294(1)
Floors
295(1)
Doors
295(1)
Windows
296(1)
Fireplaces and Mantels
296(1)
Niches and Plaques
297(1)
Color Schemes
297(1)
Italian Renaissance Furniture and Furnishings
297(4)
Seating
298(1)
Beds and Cradles
299(1)
Tables
299(1)
Storage Furniture
299(1)
Lighting
300(1)
Fabric Hangings
301(1)
Italian Renaissance Decorative Arts
301(10)
Ceramics
302(1)
Majolica
302(1)
The Work of the della Robbias
303(1)
Italian Porcelain
304(1)
Metalwork
305(1)
Glass and Mirrors
306(1)
Intarsia
307(1)
Mosaics, Pietra Dura and Scagliola
308(1)
Frescoes
309(1)
Textiles
309(1)
Tapestry
309(1)
Silks
310(1)
Summary: The Design of the Italian Renaissance
311(1)
Looking for Character
311(1)
Looking for Quality
311(1)
Making Comparisons
311(1)
Spain (The Eighth to the Nineteenth Century)
312(39)
Determinants of Spanish Design
312(2)
The History of Spain
314(1)
Spanish Architecture and Interiors
314(25)
Hispano-Moorish Design (after 711)
314(1)
Vocabulary Terms for Moorish Design
315(2)
Timeline Spain
317(3)
The Gothic Style in Spain (Eight to Fifteenth Centuries)
320(4)
New Riches and New Ornament: the Plateresco (First Half of the Sixteenth Century)
324(1)
New Rulers and a New Austerity: The Desornamentado (Late Sixteenth and Early Seventeenth Centuries)
324(4)
The Return of Ornament: The Churrigueresco (c. 1650-1750)
328(1)
Italian, French, and English Influences (Eighteenth Century)
329(4)
Spanish Furniture
333(2)
Seating and Beds
335(2)
Tables
337(1)
Case Furniture
337(1)
Vocabulary Terms for Spanish Furniture
338(1)
Portuguese Variations
339(1)
Spanish Decorative Arts and Crafts
339(9)
Tile and Other Ceramic Wares
339(3)
Metalwork
342(1)
Leather
343(1)
Vocabulary Types of Iron
344(1)
Cork
345(1)
Textiles
346(2)
Summary: Spanish Design
348(3)
Looking for Character
348(1)
Looking for Quality
349(1)
Making Comparisons
350(1)
The French Renaissance and Later Developments (Fifteenth to Eighteenth Centuries)
351(45)
Achievement, Decline, and Revolution
351(13)
Vocabulary Terms for the French Styles
353(1)
The Early Renaissance (1484-1547)
353(1)
The Middle Renaissance (1547-1589)
353(1)
The Late Renaissance (1589-1643)
353(1)
The Baroque Style (1643-c. 1700)
354(3)
The Regence Style (c. 1700-1730)
357(1)
The Rococo Style (1730-60)
358(1)
Timeline The French Renaissance and Later Developments
359(1)
Rococo in the Country: French Provincial
360(1)
Rococo beyond France: South German Churches
361(1)
The Neoclassical Style (1760-89)
362(1)
The French Revolution (1789) and the Directoire Style (1795-99)
363(1)
French Architecture and Interiors
364(10)
Chambord (begun in 1519)
364(2)
Versailles (after 1660)
366(4)
The Hotel Particulier (Sixteenth to Eighteenth Centuries)
370(4)
French Furniture
374(7)
The Furniture Types
374(7)
The Division of Occupations
381(4)
The Maitres or Masters
381(2)
The Decorators
383(2)
Materials and Techniques
385(1)
French Decorative Arts
385(10)
Marquetry
385(1)
Lacquerwork
386(1)
Gilt Bronze or Ormolu
386(1)
Porcelain
387(1)
Pottery
388(1)
Glass
389(1)
Wallpaper
389(2)
Tapestry
391(1)
Carpets
392(1)
Other Textiles
393(2)
Summary: The French Renaissance
395(1)
Looking for Character
395(1)
Looking for Quality
395(1)
Making Comparisons
395(1)
The English Renaissance and Later Developments (Sixteenth to Eighteenth Centuries)
396(50)
English Architecture and Its Interiors
397(1)
Buildings of the Early English Renaissance (1500-1620)
397(16)
Timeline The English Renaissance
399(2)
The Introduction of Palladian Influence (after 1619): Inigo Jones
401(3)
The Restoration, William and Mary, Queen Anne, and Early Georgian Periods (1660-1762)
404(4)
The Later Georgian Period (1762 to the End of the Century)
408(5)
English Furniture Design
413(20)
The Influence of French Furniture
413(1)
Furniture Designers and Their Style Books
413(9)
Furniture Woods, Techniques, and Finishes
422(1)
The Development of English Furniture Types
423(10)
English Decorative Arts
433(11)
Ceramics
433(2)
Profile Josiah Wedgwood
435(2)
Wood Carving
437(1)
Metalwork
438(1)
Textiles
439(1)
Vocabulary English Terms for Carpets
440(1)
Wallpaper
441(2)
Discovering the Past Old Wallpaper
443(1)
Summary: English Renaissance Design
444(2)
Looking for Character
445(1)
Looking for Quality
445(1)
Making Comparisons
445(1)
PART 6 THE NEW WORLD
Pre-Columbian America (Before the Sixteenth Century)
446(16)
Central and South American Civilizations
448(9)
The Olmecs
448(1)
Teotihuacan
449(1)
Timeline Pre-Columbian America
449(1)
Discovering the Past Exploring the Americas
450(1)
Vocabulary Terms for Pre-Columbian American Design
451(1)
The Zapotecs and Mixtecs
451(1)
The Mayas
452(3)
The Incas
455(2)
The Native North Americans
457(4)
Native American Architecture and Its Interiors
457(1)
Native American Crafts and Decorative Arts
458(2)
Native American Art Today
460(1)
Summary: Design in America before the Europeans
461(1)
Looking for Quality
461(1)
Making Comparisons
461(1)
The Europeans in North America (Sixteenth to Eighteenth Centuries)
462(39)
Periods of Early American Design
463(5)
Early Colonial (before c. 1720)
463(1)
Late Colonial or Georgian (c. 1720-87)
464(1)
Timeline The Europeans in North America
465(2)
Federal (after 1787)
467(1)
Architecture and Interior Design
468(7)
Discovering the Past Period Rooms
468(4)
Westover, Charles City County, Virginia (c. 1730-34)
472(1)
Monticello, Albemarle County, Virginia (1769-82 and 1796-1809)
473(1)
The White House, Washington, D.C. (1792-1801)
474(1)
Furniture
475(12)
William Savery (c. 1721-87)
477(1)
The Townsends and the Goddards
477(1)
Samuel McIntire (1757-1811)
477(1)
Duncan Phyfe (1768-1854)
478(1)
Seating
479(4)
Beds
483(1)
Tables
483(2)
Casegoods
485(2)
Accessories and Decorative Arts
487(10)
Clocks
488(3)
Metalwork
491(1)
Textiles
492(1)
Profile Paul Revere
492(2)
Ceramics
494(1)
Glass and Mirrors
495(2)
Stenciling, Wall Painting, and Wallpaper
497(1)
Summary: Design in Colonized North America
497(4)
Looking for Character
497(2)
Looking for Quality
499(1)
Making Comparisons
499(2)
PART 7 THE MODERN WORLD
The Nineteenth Century
501(55)
The Determinants of Nineteenth-Century Design
502(5)
Technology as Catalyst
502(3)
Publications as Stimulant
505(1)
Vocabulary Color Terms
506(1)
The Styles of the Nineteenth Century
507(34)
The Classicist Styles
507(11)
The Romance of the Long Ago
518(4)
The Romance of the Far Away
522(4)
The Arts and Crafts Movement
526(3)
The Aesthetic Movement
529(1)
Art Nouveau
530(11)
Nineteenth-Century Furniture and Decorative Arts
541(14)
New Furniture Types
542(2)
New Furniture Techniques
544(1)
New Synthetic Materials
545(2)
Ceramics and Glass
547(1)
Enamels and Lacquer
547(1)
Metalwork
548(1)
Textiles
549(4)
Wallpaper
553(2)
Summary: Nineteenth-Century Design
555(1)
The Twentieth Century
556(73)
The Determinants of Twentieth-Century Design
557(1)
Technology
557(1)
Publications and Publicity
557(1)
Twentieth-Century Styles
557(30)
The Continuation of the Arts and Crafts Movement
557(4)
The Continuation of Art Nouveau
561(1)
The Continuation of Revivalism
562(2)
The Roots of Modernism
564(7)
Art Deco
571(1)
The Growth of Modernism and Other Postwar Developments
572(5)
Scandinavian Modern
577(3)
Italian Modern
580(1)
Japanese Modern
581(2)
Reactions against Modernism
583(1)
The New Eclecticism
584(1)
The Persistence of Modernism
585(2)
The Specialization of Functional Types
587(16)
Kitchen and Bathroom Design
588(2)
Hospitality Design
590(4)
Retail Design
594(1)
Health Care Design
595(1)
Resources Health Care Organizations
596(1)
Office Design
596(4)
Resources Noish and Osha
600(1)
Transportation Design
600(2)
Institutional Design
602(1)
Universal Design
603(1)
Interior Services
603(10)
Lighting
604(1)
Vocabulary Terms for Lighting Equipment
604(6)
Vocabulary Terms for Light Measurement
610(1)
Mechanical Systems
610(1)
Acoustics
611(1)
Resources Acoustical Societies
612(1)
Vocabulary Acoustical Terms
613(1)
Interior Materials
613(13)
Steel and Glass
613(1)
Plastics
614(1)
Carpets
615(2)
Other Textiles
617(2)
Upholstery and Bedding
619(1)
Vocabulary Terms for Mattress Sizes
619(1)
Vocabulary Terms for Leather
620(1)
Leather
620(1)
Wood, Wood Composites, and Wood Substitutes
621(2)
A Plaster Substitute: Drywall
623(1)
Asbestos and Asbestos Removal
624(1)
New Metals: Aluminum and Stainless Steel
624(1)
Paint
625(1)
Vocabulary Terms for Paint
625(1)
Resources Chief Professional Organizations
626(1)
Professional Issues
626(2)
Education
627(1)
Professional Organizations
627(1)
Designer Certification
628(1)
Summary: Twentieth-Century Interior Design
628(1)
Glossary 629(48)
Bibliography 677(32)
Index 709

Excerpts

Sherrill Whiton and his Book It has been said that the modern profession of interior design was established by Edith Wharton and Elsie de Wolfe. It might also be said that the modern discipline of interior design was established by Frank Alvah Parsons, for whom the Parsons School of Design was named, and Sherrill Whiton. (In both cases, admittedly, the claims oversimplify a complex history.) Augustus Sherrill Whiton, the author of the original text on which the present book is based, was the founder and first president of the New York School of Interior Design. One might imagine that his text had been developed for the school, but the genesis of the text actually preceded the school (and, by three years, Parsons's own textbook, now long out of print). Whiton was born in New York in 1887, the son of Louis Claude Whiton, a lawyer, and the former Harriet Bell. He earned a degree in architecture at Columbia University, then went to Paris for the study at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts that was every architecture students goal at the time. While in Paris, he married Claire Henriette Bouche. Her family was French, but had moved to New York in the 1870s, and Claire's father, Henri Bouche, was a designer employed by Tiffany & Co. Back in New York and finding the field of architecture in a slow period, Whiton conceived and wrote a series of Home Study Catalogues in the Decorative Arts. The first catalogue was published in 1916 and was followed by several others. During the next years, Whiton s home study readers frequently stopped at his office on East 40th Street, many of them hoping to find classes being taught there. Finally, in 1924, Whiton opened what was at first called the New York School of Interior Decoration. Its first home was in a building on the southwest corner of Madison Avenue and 57th Street, where the IBM headquarters now stands. The home study manuals were assembled in book form and published by Lippincott in 1937 asElements of Interior Decoration.The book was reissued in 1944. New editions in 1951, 1957, and 1963 were retitledElements of interior Design and Decoration,the last of these being published after Whiton's death in 1961. Whiton was succeeded as both the director of the school and the reviser of the textbook by his son, Sherrill ("Pete") Whiton, Jr. After the latter's early and sudden death in 1972, his revision, titled simplyInterior Design and Decoration,was also published posthumously. In the late 1980s, Arthur Satz, then president of the New York School of Interior Design, and design writer Nick Polites began a thorough revision, which was to be based on new chapters contributed by a variety of scholarly experts, but that work was never completed. Preparing the present revision has brought heightened respect for Sherrill Whiton's pioneering accomplishment, and it is presented with admiration and gratitude for his work. I also thank the late architect and author Paul Heyer, who, while president of the New York School of Interior Design, first suggested that I undertake the book's revision, and Inge Heckel, Paul's successor, who has been an enthusiastic advocate for the project. Among the many scholars whose ideas I have depended upon are Professor Jody Brotherston of Louisiana Tech University, who helped substantially with the chapter on Spanish design, and Dr. David G. De Long of the University of Pennsylvania, who suggested corrections and clarifications for the first five chapters. Later chapters were reviewed by Mary Ann Beecher, Iowa State University; Denise Bertoncino, University of Arkansas; Theodore Drab, University of Oklahoma; Victoria Brinn Feinberg, CSU at Northridge; Abe Kadushin, Eastern Michigan University; Nancy Kwallek, University of Texas, Austin; James Landis, International Academy of Merchandising Design; Maureen Mitton, University of Wisconsin at Stout; Christine Myers, University of Arkansas; Luann Nissen. Unive


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