9781566702706

International Environmental Standards Handbook

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781566702706

  • ISBN10:

    1566702704

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1999-06-23
  • Publisher: CRC Press

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Summary

The International Environmental Standards Handbook provides the necessary historical background to understand the current status of international environmental standards. The practicality of the book is evident in the inclusion of material: copies of available treaties, laws and standards, as well as recommendations for businesses.This book is an important tool for companies that are increasingly impacted by the global market. Today's companies need to know what environmental controls are in effect in various countries and how they impact the ability to compete. Lack of knowledge about - and noncompliance with - international standards results in reduced sales and partnership opportunities as well as liability and possible legal action against the company.This valuable comprehensive desk reference, suitable for the novice and the professional, provides a background in the origin of international environmental concerns and controls; the way in which these concerns manifested themselves in treaties, laws, and standards; how countries differ in current expectation; and, most importantly, the evolving consensus of using a universal quality assurance standard for environmental management.International Environmental Standards Handbook gives a structured method to improve environmental performance. It contains many of the environmental tools and methodologies that environmental managers can use for short-term and long-term business decision making in a global environment.

Table of Contents

Part I Introduction to International Environmental Standards
Introduction
1(4)
Part II-International Conventions, treaties, and Agreements
An Introduction to International Environmental Controls
5(12)
An Overview of International Conventions and agreements
6(3)
The Relationship Between International Trade and Environmental Controls
9(1)
NEPA Influence on International Environmental Controls
10(4)
New Tools for Providing Proactive Environmental Control
14(1)
Conclusion
15(1)
References
16(1)
The Influence of Command and Control Regulations
17(4)
Introduction
17(2)
References
19(2)
Key International Agreement
21(24)
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
21(3)
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
Objectives of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
24(1)
Summary of the Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (As Agreed Upon by the Three Parties)
25(3)
Treaty of Rome, 1952, Single European Act, 1987, and the Maastricht Treaty, 1992
28(2)
Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (1972)
30(5)
Text if the Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (1972)
30(5)
The Rio Declaration On Environment and Development (1992)
35(4)
Text of the Rio Declaration
35(4)
World Charter for Nature (1982)
39(4)
Text of the World Charter for Nature
39(4)
References
43(2)
Media-Specific Conventions, Agreements and Standards
45(90)
Introduction
45(1)
Media-Specific Regulations for selected Countries
46(5)
Australia
46(1)
Austria
46(1)
Belarus
47(1)
Bermuda
47(1)
Canada (Federal)
47(1)
China
47(1)
Czech Republic
48(1)
France
48(1)
Germany
48(1)
India
48(1)
Italy
48(1)
Jamaica
49(1)
Japan
49(1)
Mexico
49(1)
The Netherlands
50(1)
Poland
50(1)
Russian Federation
50(1)
Singapore
50(1)
South Korea
50(1)
Ukraine
51(1)
United Kingdom
51(1)
Air Pollution
51(3)
U.S.-Canada Bilateral Air Quality Agreement, 1991
52(1)
Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air pollution, 1979
52(1)
Other Agreement (action by the UNEP and EU)
52(1)
British Standards Institute (BSI)
53(1)
Amercian Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
54(1)
Water Resource
54(8)
Protection of Fresh Water Resources
55(2)
Protection of the Oceans and the Marine Environment
57(1)
The European Union
58(2)
European Union Directives
60(1)
American society of Testing and Materials (ASTM)
60(1)
Specific ASTM Water Standards (partial list)
61(1)
Waste
62(3)
The Basel Convention (UNEP) on the Control of Transboundary, 1989
62(1)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
63(1)
U.S. Bilateral Agreements
63(1)
EU Directives
63(1)
ASTM Standards
64(1)
Additional Standards
64(1)
International Treaties Relating to the Environment
65(70)
Air Pollution and the Ozone Layer
65(39)
Oceans and the Marine Environment
104(13)
Listing of International Treaties Relating to the Environment
117(9)
International Treaties Relating to the Environment (alphabetical)
126(5)
International Treaties Relating to the Environment (North America)
131(4)
part III-Environmental Standards
An Introduction to International Standards Organizations and the Development Process
135(12)
Standards Organizations in the United States
136(2)
International Standardization Activities of ASTM
138(1)
International Standardization Activities of ISO
139(1)
Responsibilities for the Technical Work of ISO
140(2)
Current International Standardization Activities of ANSI
142(1)
Development of International Environmental Laws
142(1)
Development of European Union Directives
143(1)
Development of National law
144(3)
Guiding Principles and Practices for Business
147(14)
Introduction
147(1)
Bellagio Principles
148(2)
CERES Principle
150(2)
Protection of the Biosphere
151(1)
Sustainable Use of Natural Resources
151(1)
Reduction and Disposal of Wastes
151(1)
Energy Conversation
151(1)
Risk Reduction
151(1)
Safe Products and Services
152(1)
Environmental Restoration
152(1)
Informing the Public
152(1)
Management Commitment
152(1)
Audits and Reports
152(1)
Responsible Care
152(1)
International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), World Business Organization
153(1)
The Business Charter for Sustainable Development
153(1)
The PERI Guidelines
154(5)
Professional Codes
158(1)
World Federation of Engineering Organizations, code of Ethics
159(1)
References
159(2)
Programs of the United Nations
161(8)
Introduction
161(1)
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)
161(2)
Introduction
161(1)
UNCED collection
162(1)
Agenda 21
162(1)
United Nations Environment Program
163(2)
Programs of the United Nations
165(1)
UNEP Environmental Guidelines
165(1)
The World Health Organization (WHO)
165(1)
Regional and Other Offices
165(1)
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
165(1)
Conventions for which UNEP Provides Secretariat
166(1)
Source of Additional Information
166(1)
References
166(3)
Environmental Management Systems
169(36)
Introduction to Environmental Management Systems (EMS)
169(2)
ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems
171(7)
Technical Committee 207 (TC 207) Environmental Management
171(1)
Introduction to ISO 14001
172(1)
ISO 14001: A Recommended Approach
173(4)
Other ISO Standards
177(1)
Eco-Management and Audit Scheme, EU Directive
178(1)
British National Standard, BS 7750, British Standards Institution (BSI)
179(2)
Environmental Auditing
181(1)
U.S.Regulatory Policy Toward EMSs and ISO 14001
182(3)
U.S. Regulatory Setting, Background and History
182(1)
The Impact of USEPA's Regulatory Reinvention Efforts
182(1)
The USPEA/NEIC Compliance Focused EMS
183(2)
Major Federal Agency EMS/ISO Initiatives
185(2)
The Department of Energy (DOE)
185(1)
Department of Defense (DOD)
185(1)
Industry Response to ISO 14000 in the United States
186(1)
Emerging Trends in Strategic Environmental Management
186(1)
EPA Position Statement on Environmental Management Systems and ISO14001 and a Request for Comments on the Nature of the Data to be Collected from Environmental Management System ISO14001 Pilots
187(5)
Environmental Protection Agency
188(4)
Important Organization and Terms for Environmental Management Systems (terms from ISO 14001)
192(3)
Agencies and Organizations Conducting EMS Activities
195(5)
Enviromental Management Secretariat for Latin America and the Caribbean
195(1)
Federal Agencies of the United States, Initiatives for Environmental Management
196(2)
U.S. States (Includes Pollution Prevention Programs)
198(2)
Sources of Additional Information
200(2)
Documents and Publications
200(1)
Internet Sites for European Union Institutions
201(1)
References
202(3)
The European Union
205(24)
EU Directives and Environmental Programs
206(2)
Examples of EU Directives
207(1)
EU Environmental Programs
207(1)
Europe and Sustainable Development
207(1)
European Consultive Forum on the Environment and Sustainable Development
208(1)
IMPEL Network of Authorities in the Member States
208(1)
Environmental Policy Review Group
208(1)
EU Standards for the Safety of Machinery
208(5)
European Community Legislation on Machinery
209(3)
Summary of the Essential Health and Safety Requirement Relating to the Design and Constructive of Machinery
212(1)
Directory of Community Legislation in Force Relating to the Environment
213(14)
References
227(2)
Part IV-Environmental Protection in the United States
U.S. Laws and Regulations
229(40)
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969
229(2)
Historic, Scientific, and Cultural Resources
231(1)
Historic Sites Act (1935), 16 USC
231(1)
National Historic Preservation act (1996), 16 USC
231(1)
Preservation of Historical and Archeological Data (1960), 16 USC
231(1)
Protection and Enhancement of the Cultural Environment (1971)
231(1)
Advisory Council on Historic Preservation
232(1)
Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA)
232(5)
Basic Goals of TSCA
232(1)
How EPA can Regulate Chemical Substances Under TSCA
232(1)
Items Not Covered By TSCA
232(1)
Basic Requirements
232(2)
Polychlorinated Biphenyls
234(3)
Clean Air Act
237(7)
History
237(1)
Provisions of the Law
238(1)
Hazardous Air Pollutants
238(1)
New Source Performance Standards (NSPS)
238(1)
Other Provisions
238(1)
Summary of the 1990 CAA Amendments
238(1)
Example of State Air Regulation : Colorado, U.S.
239(1)
Air Quality Control Commission (AQCC)
239(1)
Air Pollution Control Division (APCD)
239(1)
State Implementation Plan
239(1)
Local Planning Commission (LPC)
239(1)
Colorado Programs
240(1)
Clean Air Act of 1990
241(1)
Reporting HAPs on Air Pollution Emission Notices in the State of Colorado
242(1)
State Implementation Plans
243(1)
Permits (Title V)
243(1)
Acid Deposition Control (Title IV)
244(1)
Stratospheric Ozone Protection
244(1)
Water Resources
244(6)
Federal Water Pollution Control Act (Clean Water Act)
244(2)
Wetlands
246(3)
Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), Public Law 93-523
249(1)
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
250(11)
Goals of RCRA
250(1)
Four Main Programs Under RCRA
251(1)
Definition of Solid and Hazardous Wastes (40 CFR 261)
251(2)
Regulations Applicable to Generators of Hazardous Waste
253(2)
Transportation Emergencies Involving Hazardous Waste
255(1)
Land Disposal Restrictions
255(2)
Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities (Subtitle C Parts 264 and 265)
257(1)
Underground Storage Tanks (USTs)
258(3)
Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) and Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act TITLE III
261(4)
General Provisions
262(1)
Emergency Planning
262(1)
Emergency Release Notification (Section 304, 40 CFR Part 355)
263(1)
Community Right-to-know Reporting Requirements (Section 311, 312, 40 CFR Part 370)
263(1)
Toxic Chemical Release Reporting (Section 313, 40 CFR Part 372)
263(1)
Making Sense of SARA Title III Regulatory Citations
264(1)
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)
265(2)
Summary of the Regulation
265(1)
Additional Information
266(1)
References
267(2)
Part V-Sources of Additional Information
Directory of Organizations and Agencies
269(72)
Environmental Agencies of the World
269(33)
Albania
269(1)
Angola
269(1)
Antigua and Barbuda
269(1)
Argentina
269(1)
Armenia
270(1)
Australia
270(1)
Austria
270(1)
Azerbaijan
270(1)
Bahamas
270(1)
Bangladesh
270(1)
Barbados
271(1)
Belarus
271(1)
Belgium
271(1)
Belize
271(1)
Benin
271(1)
Bhutan
272(1)
Bolivia
272(1)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
272(1)
Botswana
272(1)
Brazil
272(1)
Bulgaria
273(1)
Burkina Faso
273(1)
Burundi
273(1)
Cambodia
273(1)
Cameroon
273(1)
Canada
273(1)
Cape Verde
274(1)
Caribbean Centre for Development Administration (CARICAD)
274(1)
Central African Republic
274(1)
Chad
274(1)
Chile
275(1)
China
275(1)
Colombia
275(1)
Comoros
275(1)
Congo
275(1)
Costa Rica
275(1)
Cote D'Ivoire
275(1)
Croatia
276(1)
Cuba
276(1)
Cyprus
276(1)
Czech Republic
276(1)
Democratic Republic of the Congo
276(1)
Denmark
276(1)
Djibouti
277(1)
Dominica
277(1)
Dominican Republic
277(1)
Ecuador
277(1)
El Salvador
277(1)
Equatorial Guinea
277(1)
Eritrea
277(1)
Estonia
278(1)
Ethiopia
278(1)
European Commission, Directorate General XI: Environment, Nuclear Safety and Civil Protection
278(1)
European Environment Agency
278(1)
Fiji
278(1)
Finland
278(1)
France
279(1)
French Guyana
279(1)
Gabon
279(1)
Gambia
280(1)
Georgia
280(1)
Germany
280(1)
Ghana
280(1)
Greece
280(1)
Grenada
280(1)
Guatemala
281(1)
Guinea
281(1)
Guinea Bissau
281(1)
Guyana
281(1)
Haiti
281(1)
Honduras
281(1)
Hong Kong
281(1)
Hungary
282(1)
Iceland
282(1)
India
282(1)
Indonesia
282(1)
Ireland
282(1)
Italy
283(1)
Jamaica
283(1)
Japan
283(1)
Kazakstan
284(1)
Kenya
284(1)
Kiribati
284(1)
Kyrgyzstan
284(1)
Laos
284(1)
Latvia
285(1)
Lesotho
285(1)
Liberia
285(1)
Liechtenstein
285(1)
Lithuania
285(1)
Luxembourg
285(1)
Macedonia
285(1)
Madagascar
286(1)
Malawi
286(1)
Malaysia
286(1)
Maldives
286(1)
Mali
286(1)
Malta
286(1)
Marshall Islands
287(1)
Mauritania
287(1)
Mauritius
287(1)
Mexico
287(1)
Micronesia
288(1)
Moldovia
288(1)
Mongolia
288(1)
Mozambique
288(1)
Mynamar (Burma)
288(1)
Namibia
288(1)
Nepal
288(1)
The Netherlands
289(1)
New Zealand
289(1)
Nicaragua
289(1)
Niger
289(1)
Nigeria
289(1)
North Korea
289(1)
Norway
289(1)
Pakistan
290(1)
Panama
290(1)
Papua New Guinea
290(1)
Paraguay
290(1)
Peru
290(1)
Philippines
291(1)
Poland
291(1)
Portugal
291(1)
Romania
291(1)
Russian Federation
291(1)
Rwanda
292(1)
Samoa
292(1)
Sao Tome and Principe
292(1)
Senegal
292(1)
Seychelles
292(1)
Singapore
292(1)
Slovak Republic
293(1)
Slovenia
293(1)
Solomon Islands
293(1)
South Africa
293(1)
South Korea
293(1)
Spain
294(1)
Sri Lanka
294(1)
St. Kitts and Nevis
294(1)
St. Lucia
294(1)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
294(1)
Sudan
294(1)
Suriname
294(1)
Swaziland
295(1)
Sweden
295(1)
Switzerland
295(1)
Taiwan
295(1)
Tajikistan
295(1)
Tanzania
295(1)
Thailand
296(1)
Togo
296(1)
Tonga
296(1)
Trinidad and Tobago
296(1)
Turkey
297(1)
Turkmenistan
297(1)
Uganda
297(1)
Ukraine
297(1)
United Kingdom
297(1)
United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA)
298(3)
Uruguay
301(1)
Uzbekistan
301(1)
Vanuatu
302(1)
Venezuela
302(1)
Vietnam
302(1)
Zambia
302(1)
Zimbabwe
302(1)
Institutions of the EU
302(1)
U.S. State Environmental Agencies
303(31)
Alabama
303(1)
Alaska
304(1)
Arizona
305(1)
Arkansas
305(1)
California
306(1)
Colorado
306(1)
Connecticut
307(1)
Delaware
308(1)
District of Columbia
308(1)
Florida
308(1)
Georgia
309(1)
Hawaii
309(1)
Idaho
310(1)
Illinois
311(1)
Indiana
311(1)
Iowa
312(1)
Kansas
313(1)
Kentucky
313(1)
Louisiana
313(1)
Maine
314(1)
Maryland
315(1)
Massachusetts
315(1)
Michigan
316(1)
Minnesota
317(1)
Mississippi
318(1)
Missouri
318(1)
Montana
319(1)
Nebraska
319(1)
Nevada
320(1)
New Hampshire
320(1)
New Jersey
321(1)
New Mexico
321(1)
New York
322(1)
North Carolina
323(1)
North Dakota
324(1)
Ohio
325(1)
Oklahoma
326(1)
Oregon
326(1)
Pennsylvania
327(1)
Puerto Rico
328(1)
Rhode Island
328(1)
South Carolina
329(1)
South Dakota
330(1)
Tennessee
330(1)
Texas
330(1)
Utah
331(1)
Vermont
331(1)
Virginia
332(1)
Washington
332(1)
West Virginia
332(1)
Wisconsin
333(1)
Wyoming
334(1)
Environmental Standards and Management Organizations
334(3)
Austria, EU Environmental Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS)
335(1)
Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC)
335(1)
Environmental Management Secretariat for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)
336(1)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
336(1)
Quality Management Systems/Environmental Management Systems (QMS/EMS)
336(1)
Sustainable Development Networking Programme (SDNP)
337(1)
World Bank
337(1)
U.S. EPA Voluntary Standards Network Coordination of ISO 14001 Activities
337(4)
USEPA
337(4)
List of Relevant Documents and Publications
341(26)
Publications for U.S. Environmental Regulations
341(7)
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
341(1)
Underground Storage Tanks
342(1)
Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA)
343(1)
Wetlands
344(1)
Environmental Auditing
344(1)
Free Publications Available from the EU
345(1)
Selected Titles in International Environmental Law and Management
345(2)
Other Titles
347(1)
Suppliers of Environmental, Health, and Safety Resource Materials (books, manuals, standards, periodicals, training meterials, software, videos)
348(19)
Environment, General
348(1)
Environmental, International
348(2)
Environmental Law/Compliance
350(1)
Environmental Management
351(1)
Environmental Science/Engineering/Conservation
352(2)
Hazardous Materials
354(1)
International (Environmental Standards and Technical Publications)
354(7)
Safety
361(1)
Standards
361(1)
Water and Wastewater (Treatment and Resources)
362(1)
Periodicals
363(2)
Videos
365(2)
Information Available on the Internet
367(12)
Organizations and Associations
367(1)
Government Agencies
367(5)
Australia
367(1)
Canada
368(1)
Denmark
369(1)
Europe
369(1)
France
369(1)
Georgia
370(1)
Germany
370(1)
Hong Kong
370(1)
Hungary
370(1)
Indonesia
370(1)
Israel
370(1)
Japan
370(1)
Luxembourg
370(1)
New Zealand
371(1)
Norway
371(1)
Republic of Mauritius
371(1)
South Africa
371(1)
Sweden
371(1)
Switzerland
371(1)
Taiwan
371(1)
Thailand
371(1)
United Kingdom
372(1)
United States
372(1)
Environmental Organizations
372(3)
Universities and Student Organizations
375(1)
Other Sites
376(3)
Index 379

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