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International Relations

by ;
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780321354747

ISBN10:
0321354745
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Longman
List Price: $98.00
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Summary

Top-selling text in its field, "International "Relations, provides unparalleled coverage of international political economy, traditional and alternative theoretical perspectives, technology, and contemporary global events. Completely updated. Expanded and updated coverage of the ongoing war in Iraq, nuclear proliferation in North Korea and Iran; the new Palestinian leadership; Islamic radicalism; global anti-Americanism; the expanded EU and NATO; and world trade talks. Expanded discussion of constructivism. New "Policy Perspectives" is a one-page feature puts students in the shoes of top policy makers -- for example, Russian President Putin -- making foreign-policy choices in response to a problem or challenge. The box includes an inset photo of the policy maker. The feature engages students to apply IR concepts in real-world situations, and underscores the role of individuals in the foreign-policy process. NEW! TECHNOLOGY ADVANTAGE- MyPoliSciLab for International Relations.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
To the Student xvii
A Note on Nomenclature xvii
www.internationalrelations.net xviii
A Key to Icon Usage xviii
Maps
xix
Understanding International Relations
3(52)
The Study of IR
3(7)
IR and Daily Life
3(1)
IR as a Field of Study
4(2)
Theories and Methods
6(4)
Actors and Influences
10(14)
State Actors
10(3)
Nonstate Actors
13(2)
Levels of Analysis
15(2)
Geography
17(7)
History
24(31)
World Civilizations to 2000
25(2)
The Great-Power System, 1500--2000
27(4)
Imperialism, 1500--2000
31(1)
Nationalism, 1500-2000
32(3)
The World Economy, 1750-2000
35(1)
The Two World Wars, 1900-1950
36(3)
The Cold War, 1945-1990
39(4)
The Early Post-Cold War Era, 1990-2005
43
Thinking Theoretically What Use Are Theories?
9
Policy Perspectives Overview
7(45)
Let's Debate the Issue Globalization: Vanishing State Sovereignty?
52(3)
PART 1 International Security
Power Politics
55(44)
Realism
55(2)
Power
57(5)
Defining Power
57(2)
Estimating Power
59(1)
Elements of Power
59(3)
Bargaining
62(11)
Bargaining and Leverage
62(2)
Strategies
64(2)
Reciprocity, Deterrence, and Arms Races
66(2)
Rationality
68(2)
Game Theory
70(3)
The International System
73(11)
Anarchy and Sovereignty
73(3)
Balance of Power
76(1)
Great Powers and Middle Powers
77(3)
Power Distribution
80(2)
Hegemony
82(2)
Alliances
84(15)
Purposes of Alliances
84(3)
NATO and the U.S.-Japanese Security Treaty
87(3)
The Former Soviet Republics
90(2)
Regional Alignments
92
Thinking Theoretically Costs and Benefits of Combating Terrorism
69(22)
Policy Perspectives President of Russia, Vladimir Putin
91(5)
Let's Debate the Issue The Bush Doctrine: Will It Eliminate or Increase Terrorism?
96(3)
Alternatives to Power Politics
99(40)
Liberalism
99(9)
Traditional Liberal Critiques
99(1)
What Is Rationality?
100(1)
Neoliberalism
101(2)
Collective Goods
103(1)
International Regimes
104(1)
Hegemonic Stability
105(1)
Collective Security
106(2)
Feminism
108(11)
Why Gender Matters
108(2)
The Masculinity of Realism
110(2)
Gender in War and Peace
112(2)
Women in IR
114(4)
Balancing the Feminist Arguments
118(1)
Constructivism
119(2)
Postmodernism
121(4)
Deconstructing Realism
122(1)
Postmodern Feminism
123(2)
Peace Studies
125(14)
Conflict Resolution
125(2)
War and Militarism
127(3)
Positive Peace
130(1)
Peace Movements
131(1)
Nonviolence
132
Thinking Theoretically Manhood and the Decision for War
112(17)
Policy Perspectives President of the United States, George Bush
129(7)
Let's Debate the Issue The Arab-Israeli Conflict: What Are the New Obstacles to Peace?
136(3)
Foreign Policy
139(30)
Making Foreign Policy
139(1)
Decision Making
140(10)
Models of Decision Making
141(1)
Individual Decision Makers
142(5)
Group Dynamics
147(2)
Crisis Management
149(1)
Substate Actors
150(10)
Bureaucracies
150(2)
Interest Groups
152(2)
The Military-Industrial Complex
154(2)
Public Opinion
156(3)
Legislatures
159(1)
Democracy and Foreign Policy
160(9)
Thinking Theoretically Policy Continuity in the Balkans
143(14)
Policy Perspectives President of the Philippines, Gloria Arroyo
157(9)
Let's Debate the Issue The War on Terrorism: Should Public Opinion Influence Foreign Policy in Democracies?
166(3)
International Conflict
169(44)
The Causes of War
169(4)
Theories about War
170(3)
Conflicts of Interest
173(12)
Territorial Disputes
174(6)
Control of Governments
180(1)
Economic Conflict
181(4)
Conflicts of Ideas
185(13)
Ethnic Conflict
185(7)
Religious Conflict
192(4)
Ideological Conflict
196(2)
Means of Leverage
198(15)
Types of War
198(4)
Terrorism
202
Thinking Theoretically Explaining Genocide
191
Policy Perspectives President of Sri Lanka, Chandrika Kumaratunga
189(19)
Let's Debate the Issue The West versus Islamism: The New Cold War?
208(5)
Military Force
213(38)
The Use of Force
213(1)
Configuring Forces
214(6)
Military Economics
214(2)
The Choice of Capabilities
216(4)
Control of Military Forces
220(4)
Command
220(2)
States and Militaries
222(2)
Conventional Forces
224(7)
Types of Forces
224(5)
Evolving Technologies
229(2)
Weapons of Mass Destruction
231(20)
Nuclear Weapons
231(2)
Ballistic Missiles and Other Delivery Systems
233(3)
Chemical and Biological Weapons
236(2)
Proliferation
238(4)
Nuclear Strategy
242(2)
Nuclear Arsenals and Arms Control
244
Thinking Theoretically The Superpower Arms Race
217(24)
Policy Perspectives Prime Minister of Israel, Ariel Sharon
241(7)
Let's Debate the Issue North Korea's Weapons of Mass Destruction: A Threat to World Order?
248(3)
International Organization and Law
251(46)
World Order
251(5)
The Evolution of World Order
251(1)
International Norms and Morality
252(2)
Roles of International Organizations
254(2)
The United Nations
256(17)
The UN System
256(6)
The Security Council
262(3)
Peacekeeping Forces
265(4)
The Secretariat
269(1)
The General Assembly
270(1)
UN Programs
271(2)
Autonomous Agencies
273(1)
International Law
273(8)
Sources of International Law
274(1)
Enforcement of International Law
275(1)
The World Court
276(2)
International Cases in National Courts
278(3)
Law and Sovereignty
281(16)
Laws of Diplomacy
281(2)
War Crimes
283(3)
Just War Doctrine
286(1)
Human Rights
287
Thinking Theoretically Paying for a UN War Crimes Tribunal
284
Policy Perspectives President of Senegal, Abdoulaye Wade
279(14)
Let's Debate the Issue The United Nations--United States Relationship: A Marriage of Convenience?
293(4)
PART 2 International Political Economy
Trade
297(42)
From Security to Political Economy
297(5)
Liberalism and Mercantilism
298(2)
Globalization
300(2)
Markets
302(11)
Global Patterns of Trade
303(1)
Comparative Advantage
303(3)
Prices and Markets
306(1)
Centrally Planned Economies
306(2)
Politics of Markets
308(2)
Balance of Trade
310(1)
Interdependence
311(2)
Trade Strategies
313(9)
Autarky
313(1)
Protectionism
314(2)
Industries and Interest Groups
316(4)
Cooperation in Trade
320(2)
Trade Regimes
322(17)
The World Trade Organization
322(3)
Resistance to Trade
325(2)
Bilateral and Regional Agreements
327(3)
Cartels
330
Thinking Theoretically Trade Negotiations as ``Chicken''
304(25)
Policy Perspectives President of Brazil, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
329(6)
Let's Debate the Issue America's Commitment to Free Trade: A Hollow Promise?
335(4)
Money and Business
339(38)
About Money
339(1)
The Currency System
340(12)
International Currency Exchange
340(6)
Why Currencies Rise or Fall
346(2)
Central Banks
348(1)
The World Bank and the IMF
349(3)
State Financial Positions
352(10)
National Accounts
352(1)
International Debt
353(1)
The Position of the United States
354(2)
The Position of Russia and Eastern Europe
356(3)
The Position of Asia
359(3)
Multinational Business
362(15)
Multinational Corporations
362(2)
Foreign Direct Investment
364(1)
Host and Home Government Relations
365(3)
Business Environments
368
Thinking Theoretically Stability of Exchange Rates
350
Policy Perspectives President of China, Hu Jintao
345(29)
Let's Debate the Issue Multinational Corporations: Engines of Modernization or Agents of Imperialism?
374(3)
Integration
377(36)
Supranationalism
377(1)
Integration Theory
377(3)
The European Union
380(14)
The Vision of a United Europe
380(1)
The Treaty of Rome
381(2)
Structure of the European Union
383(2)
The Single European Act
385(1)
The Maastricht Treaty
385(2)
Monetary Union
387(2)
Expanding the European Union
389(5)
The Power of Information
394(6)
Wiring the World
394(2)
Information as a Tool of Governments
396(2)
Information as a Tool Against Governments
398(2)
International Culture
400(13)
Telecommunications and Global Culture
400(2)
Transnational Communities
402
Thinking Theoretically More Members in the EU Club
390(1)
Policy Perspectives President of France, Jacques Chirac
391(19)
Let's Debate the Issue European Union--United States Relations: Will Divergent Interests Replace Old Ties?
410(3)
Environment and Population
413(42)
Interdependence and the Environment
413(5)
Sustainable Economic Development
415(2)
Rethinking Interdependence
417(1)
Managing the Environment
418(13)
The Atmosphere
418(4)
Biodiversity
422(2)
Forests and Oceans
424(5)
Pollution
429(2)
Natural Resources
431(7)
World Energy
432(3)
Minerals, Land, Water
435(2)
International Security and the Environment
437(1)
Population
438(17)
World Population Trends
439(1)
The Demographic Transition
440(2)
Population Policies
442(1)
Morality and AIDS
443(5)
Population and International Conflict
448
Thinking Theoretically Fighting over Fish
428
Policy Perspectives President of Ireland, Mary McAleese
425(27)
Let's Debate the Issue Overpopulation in the South: The Underestimated Priority?
452(3)
The North-South Gap
455(42)
Poverty
455(2)
Theories of Accumulation
457(6)
Economic Accumulation
457(2)
Capitalism
459(1)
Socialism
460(1)
Economic Classes
461(2)
Imperialism
463(11)
The Globalization of Class
463(1)
The World-System
464(2)
European Colonialism
466(3)
Anti-Imperialism
469(1)
Postcolonial Dependency
470(4)
The State of the South
474(11)
Basic Human Needs
474(3)
World Hunger
477(2)
Rural and Urban Populations
479(1)
Women in Development
480(1)
Migration and Refugees
481(4)
Revolution
485(12)
Revolutionary Movements
485(1)
Islamic Revolutions
486(2)
Postrevolutionary Governments
488
Thinking Theoretically Lingering Effects of Imperialism
473(10)
Policy Perspectives President of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki
483(11)
Let's Debate the Issue Poverty and Inequality in the South: Should the Developed North Increase Aid to the Developing South?
494(3)
International Development
497(44)
What Is Development?
497(2)
Experiences
499(9)
The Newly Industrializing Countries
499(3)
The Chinese Experience
502(3)
Other Experiments
505(3)
Lessons
508(6)
Import Substitution and Export-Led Growth
508(1)
Concentrating Capital for Manufacturing
509(2)
Authoritarianism and Democracy
511(2)
Corruption
513(1)
North-South Business
514(10)
Foreign Investment
514(2)
Technology Transfer
516(2)
North-South Debt
518(2)
IMF Conditionality
520(3)
The South in International Economic Regimes
523(1)
Foreign Assistance
524(17)
Patterns of Foreign Assistance
525(3)
The Disaster Relief Model
528(2)
The Missionary Model
530(2)
The Oxfam Model
532
Thinking Theoretically Why Is China So Successful?
505(16)
Policy Perspectives President of Egypt, Hosni Mubarak
521(17)
Let's Debate the Issue Capitalism and Democracy in the Developing World: Do They Facilitate or Undermine Development?
538(3)
Postscript
541(4)
Glossary 545(16)
Credits 561(2)
Author Index 563(8)
Subject Index 571


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