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Internship, Practicum, and Field Placement Handbook: A Guide for the Helping Professions,9780131181168
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Internship, Practicum, and Field Placement Handbook: A Guide for the Helping Professions

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780131181168

ISBN10:
0131181165
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2008
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $96.20
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Summary

A core text/reference for Internships, Practicums, and Field Placements in Psychology, Social Work, Counseling, and related helping disciplines. Acknowledging, anticipating, and addressing the everyday questions, anxieties, fears, and concerns of interns, this practical handbook bridges the gap between academic coursework and the knowledge, skills, and emotional challenges that are found in the real world of the helping professions.

Table of Contents

Preface viii
Foreword x
Bruce E. Bennett
Preparation
1(17)
Theory into Practice
1(1)
Terminology
1(1)
Meeting with Your Instructor
2(1)
Finding and Selecting a Placement
3(1)
Peers and Campus Resources for Locating Internships
3(1)
Community Resources
4(1)
Choosing a Placement
4(4)
Portfolios, Interviews, and Letters
8(1)
The Rights of Applicants
9(1)
Internship Agreements
9(2)
Evaluation
11(1)
Making the Most of Your Internship
11(2)
Using This Book
13(1)
Introduction to Journal Work
14(2)
References
16(2)
Getting Started
18(11)
First Impressions
18(1)
Enthusiasm Meets Experience
19(1)
The Role of the Intern
20(1)
The Role of the Professional
20(1)
Meeting Clients
21(1)
Age and Experience Issues with Clients and Supervisors
21(1)
Time Limits
22(1)
Fees for Service
23(1)
Is Treatment Effective?
23(1)
Altruism versus Money
24(1)
Clinical and Ethical Issues Pertaining to Fees
25(1)
Inoculation: What Not to Learn
26(1)
References
27(2)
Ethical and Legal Issues
29(29)
Ethical Guidelines of the Helping Professions
29(1)
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
30(2)
Competence
32(1)
Informed Consent
33(2)
Confidentiality
35(3)
Exceptions to Confidentiality
38(4)
Insurance Company Inquiries, Managed Care, and Ethical Practice
42(2)
Confidentiality with Minors
44(1)
Dual Relationships
44(6)
Liability and Insurance
50(2)
Technology and Ethics
52(1)
Research Ethics
52(1)
Summary
53(1)
References
53(5)
Internship Classes and Peer Groups
58(8)
Forming Internship Peer Groups
58(1)
Models of Peer Group Learning
58(1)
Elements of Successful Classes and Groups
59(2)
Video or Audio Recordings of Sessions
61(1)
Role Plays
62(1)
Ethics in Classes and Groups
63(2)
References
65(1)
Supervision
66(21)
What is Supervision?
66(1)
Hopes and Fears
66(2)
Clarifying Expectations
68(1)
Frequency and Timing of Supervision
68(1)
Content of Supervision
69(1)
Didactic Supervision
70(1)
Case Notes and Discussions
70(2)
Tapes and Role Plays
72(1)
Live Supervision
72(1)
Observing the Supervisor in Therapy
73(1)
Remote Supervision---Internet, Telephone, and Other Technologies
73(1)
Theoretical Orientation
74(1)
Supervision and Therapy---Differences and Similarities
75(4)
Transference and Countertransference
79(1)
Suggested Guidelines for Therapy and Supervision
79(1)
Conflict in Supervision
80(2)
Evaluation
82(2)
Planning for Future Supervision
84(1)
References
84(3)
Working with Diversity
87(14)
Reasons for and Resistance to Diversity Training
87(2)
Steps toward Working with Differences
89(1)
Knowing the Diversity within Us
90(1)
Confronting Our Biases and Acknowledging Our Ignorance
91(1)
The Historical Context Must Be Acknowledged
92(1)
The Current Context Must Be Acknowledged
93(1)
Strengths Must Be Recognized along with Problems
93(1)
Ethnic Identity Development
94(1)
One's Own Prejudices and Biases Must Be Acknowledged
94(1)
A Model of ``White'' Identity Development
95(1)
Assumptions, Models, and Techniques of Treatment
96(1)
The Culturally Sensitive Counselor
97(1)
Culturally Sensitive Intervention Approaches
98(1)
Additional Resources
98(1)
Summary
99(1)
References
99(2)
Clinical Writing, Treatment Records, and Case Notes
101(20)
Writing Skills
101(1)
Writing Can Be Learned
101(1)
Focusing Reading to Learn Writing
102(1)
Practice and Feedback
102(1)
Rewriting
103(1)
Common Writing Problems
104(1)
Keys to Good Writing
104(4)
The Function and Maintenance of Records
108(1)
What Goes into Records
109(2)
What Stays Out of Records
111(1)
Progress Notes and Psychotherapy Notes
112(2)
Structured Notes Formats
114(2)
SOAP Notes
116(1)
Psychotherapy Notes
116(1)
Process or Progress Notes
117(1)
Signing Notes
117(1)
Dictation
117(1)
Progress Notes and Supervision
118(1)
Using Your Notes
118(1)
Other Guidelines
119(1)
References
119(2)
Stress and Self-Care
121(25)
Client after Client, Day after Day
122(1)
How Common Is Stress among Helping Professionals?
122(1)
Sources of Stress
123(1)
The Effects of Stress
124(3)
Secondary Trauma
127(1)
Burnout
128(4)
Self-Care
132(1)
Time Management
132(2)
Closing Sessions
134(1)
Cognitive Self-Care
134(3)
Physical Self-Care
137(2)
Emotional Self-Care
139(1)
Organizational Measures and Peer Support
140(1)
Multimodal Self-Care
141(1)
Personal Therapy
141(1)
Positive Effects on Therapists
142(1)
Financial Self-Care
143(1)
References
143(3)
Assault and Other Risks
146(11)
The Risks of Assault
147(1)
Coping with Aggression
147(1)
Strange Behavior and Strange People Are Not Necessarily Dangerous
148(1)
Understand Developmental Differences
148(1)
Understand and Recognize Motivational Factors
148(1)
Situational Factors and Violence
149(2)
Recognize Potentially Dangerous Individuals
151(1)
Early Prevention of Violence
152(1)
Institutional Responses to Threats of Violence
153(1)
Prevention of Imminent Violence with Clients
153(1)
Responding to Assault
154(1)
Assault Response Training
155(1)
Aftereffects
155(1)
References
156(1)
Closing Cases
157(9)
Ethical Considerations and Termination
157(1)
Understanding Client Reactions to Early Termination
157(2)
Common Problems in Termination
159(1)
Toward Successful Termination or Transfer
159(2)
Issues to Address in Termination
161(1)
Techniques for Termination
162(1)
Transferring Clients to Other Therapists
163(1)
References
164(2)
Finishing the Internship
166(7)
Concluding the Supervisory Relationship
166(2)
Letters of Recommendation
168(1)
Procedures for Those Seeking Letters of Recommendation
169(1)
Concluding Relationships with Staff
169(1)
Letters of Thanks
170(1)
Looking Ahead
170(1)
Professional, Community, and Political Involvement
171(1)
References
171(2)
Frustrations, Lessons, Discoveries, and Joy
173(4)
Learning from Whatever Happens
173(1)
Lessons We Wish Were Not True
173(2)
Lessons about the Lessons
175(1)
Discoveries and Joy
175(1)
Closing Comments
176(1)
Appendix A: Internship Selection Checklist 177(4)
Appendix B: Placement Information Form 181(2)
Appendix C: Internship Learning Agreement Record Form 183(2)
Appendix D: Intern Evaluation: Supervisor Form 185(5)
Appendix E: Intern Evaluation: Intern Form 190(5)
Appendix F: Emergency Contact and Procedures Information 195(2)
Appendix G: Ethical Guidelines 197(2)
Appendix H: Treatment Agreement and Informed Consent 199(3)
Appendix I: Supervisor Evaluation Form 202(4)
Appendix J: Clinical Activities Record Sheet 206(2)
Indexes 208(1)
Author Index 208(4)
Subject Index 212

Excerpts

Professionals and students in the helping professions consider internships, practicums, and field placements among the most influential experiences of their careers. At the same time, however, students also report that their normal coursework typically provides only indirect, and in many cases insufficient, preparation for their first "real world" exposure. This book is designed to bridge the gap between academic coursework and the knowledge, skills, and emotional challenges that are found beyond the classroom. In writing this book, I sought to draw upon the best information available from psychology, social work, counseling, psychiatry, and other helping professions. Toward that end, I conducted extensive literature reviews of the leading journals and texts in each field. I also consulted with numerous faculty and supervisors in each discipline and in various types of academic institutions and internship settings. Drawing upon personal experience in the role of intern, and having supervised hundreds of students and trainees in beginning and advanced placements, I have tried to write a book that will be valuable at many levels. Whether you are an undergraduate student working for the first time in a field placement or a graduate student completing your final internship, I hope this book will help your work and learning be more effective and more rewarding. OVERVIEW OF THE CONTENTS A glance at the table of contents reveals that the book is organized along both chronological and thematic lines. The chapters have been organized sequentially to anticipate the stages interns pass through and the understandings or skills that will be required in those stages. Initial chapters deal with such things as selecting placements and supervisors, meeting staff and clients, and key ethical and legal issues. Middle chapters deal with supervision, working with individuals of diverse cultural and ethnic backgrounds, clinical writing, and self-care. Discussions of termination, finishing the internship, and lessons learned conclude the book. Finally, appendixes provide examples of forms useful for establishing learning plans, supervision agreements, ethical guidelines, evaluations, and other procedures. Because internship training and clinical work involve a constant process of self-exploration and change, the textual material of each chapter is accompanied by self-exploration and experiential learning exercises. I encourage you to use these exercises and be open to the experiences. The more one works in this field the more acutely one realizes the importance of self-examination and understanding. Since the initial publication of this book, the response from students, instructors, and supervisors has been tremendously gratifying. Students are finding many of their questions answered here, and the practical suggestions help them deal more effectively with both the challenges and the opportunities of internships. Instructors have found that students who have read the chapters are better informed and have a greater awareness of issues and information they need to know. Supervisors have reported to me that the interns who are using this book are much better prepared and more knowledgeable than others. Indeed, a number of on-site supervisors have told me they will not supervise any interns unless the intern has read this book. This fourth edition builds on the base established already and incorporates the most recent research and clinical literature in the field. Of particular importance in this new edition is extensive discussion of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) as it relates to ethical and legal issues. In addition, the role of technology in clinical work continues to grow, and I have expanded the discussion of relevant ethical and clinical issues pertaining to computerized record keeping, electronic communications, and even remote supervision and delivery of clinical s


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