9781904842774

Interpreting Chest X-rays

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781904842774

  • ISBN10:

    1904842771

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-05-01
  • Publisher: Scion Pub Ltd

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

Radiological imaging is now accessible to a wide range of healthcare workers, many of whom are increasingly taking on extended roles. This book will equip all healthcare professionals, including medical students, chest physicians, radiographers and radiologists, with the techniques and knowledge required to interpret plain chest radiographs. It is not an exhaustive text, but concentrates on interpretive skills and pattern recognition - these help the reader to understand the pitfalls and spot the clues that will allow them to correctly interpret the chest X-rays they will encounter in their daily practice. The book features over 300 high quality images, along with a range of case story images designed to enable readers to test and develop their interpretation skills. Interpreting Chest X-Raysis a handy ready reference that will help you to avoid making errors interpreting chest X-rays and decide, for example: * if a temporary pacing wire has been inserted correctly * whether the shadows you can see are real abnormalities * if all chest tubes and lines are located appropriately in an ITU patient * what further imaging may assist interpretation of an apparent abnormality * whether a post-surgical chest is significantly abnormal * what organism might be causing an infection * why a patient is short of breath * whether patient positioning accounts for an abnormal appearance on a chest X-ray * what impact radiographic technique has had on the appearance of pathology

Table of Contents

Prefacep. vii
Abbreviationsp. ix
Techniquep. 1
Techniques availablep. 1
Anatomyp. 7
Frontal CXRp. 7
Lateral CXRp. 8
Normal variantsp. 9
In-built errors of interpretationp. 15
The eye-brain apparatusp. 15
The snapshotp. 16
Image misinterpretationp. 17
Satisfaction of searchp. 18
Ignoring the ribsp. 20
The fundamentals of CXR interpretationp. 21
The silhouette signp. 21
Suggested scheme for CXR viewingp. 24
Review areasp. 29
Pitfallsp. 51
Pattern recognitionp. 66
Collapsesp. 66
Ground glass opacityp. 79
Consolidationp. 79
Massesp. 84
Nodulesp. 87
Linesp. 92
Cavitiesp. 95
Abnormalities of the thoracic cage and chest wallp. 97
Pectus excavatump. 97
Scoliosisp. 97
Kyphosisp. 99
Bone lesionsp. 101
Chest wall / thoracic inletp. 105
Thoracoplastyp. 108
Lung tumoursp. 110
CXR features of malignant tumoursp. 110
CXR features of benign tumoursp. 115
Metastasesp. 118
Bronchial carcinomap. 119
The solitary pulmonary nodulep. 122
Pneumoniasp. 124
Pulmonary tuberculosisp. 124
Pneumococcal pneumoniap. 131
Staphylococcal pneumoniap. 132
Klebsiella pneumoniap. 134
Eosinophilic pneumoniap. 134
Opportunistic infectionsp. 135
Chronic airways diseasep. 137
Asthmap. 137
Chronic bronchitisp. 138
Emphysemap. 139
Bronchiectasisp. 141
Diffuse lung diseasep. 145
Interstitial disease - the reticular patternp. 145
LAMp. 147
Langerhans cell histiocytosisp. 148
Pulmonary sarcoidp. 149
Hypersensitivity pneumonitisp. 152
Pleural diseasep. 155
Effusionp. 155
Pneumothoraxp. 168
Pleural thickeningp. 178
Pleural malignancyp. 181
Benign pleural tumoursp. 184
Left heart failurep. 185
The heart and great vesselsp. 190
Valve replacementsp. 191
Cardiac enlargementp. 192
Ventricular aneurysmp. 193
Pericardial diseasep. 195
Coarctation of the aortap. 197
Aortic aneurysmp. 199
Atrial septal defectp. 203
Pacemakersp. 205
Pulmonary embolic diseasep. 209
The mediastinump. 212
The'hidden'areas of the mediastinump. 213
The hilap. 219
Stentsp. 221
The ITU chest X-rayp. 224
Adult respiratory distress syndromep. 229
The CXR following thoracic surgeryp. 229
The story filmsp. 233
Further readingp. 239
Appendixp. 240
Indexp. 241
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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