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Intervening for Literacy : The Joy of Reading to Young Children,9780205402779

Intervening for Literacy : The Joy of Reading to Young Children

by ; ; ; ; ;
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780205402779

ISBN10:
0205402771
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon
List Price: $36.99
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Summary

Unprecedented in the field, this book is addressed to those invaluable volunteers and first-time educational professionals in emergent literacy. Accessible and engaging, this book has been written out of concern that although our average achievements remain high, far too many children in the United States are not learning language and literacy to an adequate degree. Nearly 40% of our elementary school children lack basic reading skills and the language to support it. Differences between those who will make it and those who may not are already showing up in preschools and the gaps in teaching are increasingly being filled by volunteer tutors. The National Reading Panel report and the No Child Left Behind legislation have put children's success in reading on everyone's agenda. This timely book tells these tutors what they need to know about early intervention for literacy development, and what they need to do. The book has a further aim of giving volunteers and future teachers a realistic view of what teaching is like, especially in urban environments. The book also assists readers looking toward careers as teachers and as child-support workers.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Why Do We Need to Intervene?p. 1
What Is the Problem?p. 2
Risk Factors: Children Who Are Poorp. 3
Risk Factors: Children from Minority Cultural Groupsp. 4
Risk Factors: Children in Racially Segregated Schoolsp. 4
Risk Factors: Children Who Speak Languages Other Than Englishp. 9
Risk Factors: Children with Language Limitations and Reading Difficultiesp. 11
Risk Factors: Children from Under-Supportive Home Literacy Environmentsp. 14
Risk Factors: Children Whose Parents Are Less Involved in Their Educationp. 18
Why Are We Concentrating Our Attention on Young Children?p. 20
What Difference Does Literacy Make?p. 21
And Now for Some Good Newsp. 23
What Are Some Ways Children Develop?p. 25
Piaget, Vygotsky, and Constructivismp. 29
How Do Children Learn To Talk?p. 31
"Motherese": How Adults Support Children's Language Learningp. 32
Aspects of Languagep. 34
Phonology: Making Sense with Soundp. 34
Phonemesp. 34
Prosodyp. 35
Syntax: Helping Words Make Sensep. 37
Semantics: Words and Their Meaningsp. 38
Wordsp. 39
Words and Thingsp. 39
How Do Children Learn Vocabulary?p. 40
Functions of Languagep. 41
Milestones in Language Developmentp. 42
Conclusionp. 44
How Does Literacy Emerge?p. 45
A Language for Literacyp. 46
Language Awarenessp. 48
The Concept of Wordp. 49
Phonological Awarenessp. 50
Syllablesp. 50
Onsets and Rimesp. 50
Phonemesp. 50
Learning about Printp. 51
Concepts about Printp. 51
Graphic Principlesp. 54
The Recurring Principlep. 55
The Generative Principlep. 56
The Flexibility Principlep. 56
Directional Principlesp. 57
Alphabet Knowledgep. 58
Invented Spellingp. 59
Prephonemic Stage of Spellingp. 59
Spelling at the Early Phonemic Stagep. 60
Spelling at the Letter-Name Stagep. 60
Language and Print Together: The Development of Storybook Readingp. 62
Picture Namingp. 62
Verbal Storytelling, with Conversationp. 63
Verbal Storytelling, without Conversationp. 63
Talking Like a Bookp. 63
Refusal to Readp. 63
Reading a Word or Twop. 63
Benchmarks in Emergent Literacyp. 64
Conclusionp. 70
How Do We Help Language and Literacy Emerge?p. 71
Talking for Vocabulary Developmentp. 72
"Follow in Order to Lead"p. 72
Use Science Talk/Object Talkp. 74
Use a Flannel Boardp. 75
Stimulate Story Talkp. 75
Retell a Favorite Story Bookp. 75
Use Wordless Picture Booksp. 76
Use Flannel Board Propsp. 76
Use Costumesp. 76
Stimulate Imaginative Playp. 77
Making Facesp. 77
Hats!p. 77
Restaurantp. 78
Scripted Fantasy Playp. 79
Finger Playsp. 79
"John Brown's Ford"p. 79
Tastep. 80
Making Children Aware of Words and Soundsp. 80
Word Awarenessp. 80
Magic Wordsp. 81
Clap Out Wordsp. 81
Listening to Rhymesp. 82
Songs, Chants, and Poemsp. 82
Nursery and Jump Rope Rhymesp. 84
Rhyme Cubep. 84
Other Sources of Rhymesp. 84
Rhyming Gamesp. 84
Alliterationsp. 85
Exposing Children to Written Languagep. 86
Reading Aloud to Childrenp. 86
Preparing the Book for Readingp. 87
Preparing the Childrenp. 87
Beginning to Readp. 88
While Readingp. 88
After the First Readingp. 88
Rereadingp. 88
After Readingp. 88
Responding to Booksp. 89
Use Chantsp. 89
Use Dramap. 89
Use Artp. 90
Dialogic Readingp. 91
Arranging Classrooms for Literacy Learningp. 92
Namesp. 92
Labeled Objectsp. 92
Literacy Playp. 93
Classroom Post Officep. 93
Classroom Libraryp. 94
Charts and Postersp. 94
Writing Centerp. 94
The Language-Experience Approachp. 94
Other Sources of Dictationsp. 96
Morning Message and Planning the Daily Routinep. 97
Morning Messagep. 97
Daily Routinep. 97
Teaching the Alphabetp. 97
Inviting Early Writingp. 98
Captioning Drawingsp. 99
Link Writings with Soundsp. 99
Incorporating Writing into Children's Playp. 99
Involving Families in Emergent Literacyp. 99
Building a Relationship with Familiesp. 100
Reaching Out to Parents at Homep. 101
Home Booksp. 101
Book Baggiesp. 102
Journalsp. 102
Involving Parents at Schoolp. 102
More Help in Family Literacyp. 103
Putting It All Together: Emergent Literacy in the Preschoolp. 104
Transitionsp. 105
Other Time Arrangementsp. 106
What Now?p. 107
Suppose You Want to Tutor?p. 107
School-based Tutoring Projectsp. 108
College- and University-based Tutoring Programsp. 108
Jumpstartp. 108
From Tutoring to "A Life"p. 109
Suppose You Decide You Want to Teach?p. 111
Early Childhood Educationp. 111
Pearson Teacher Fellowshipsp. 111
Suppose You Decide to Teach in the Public Schools?p. 112
Alternative Routes to Teachingp. 114
Teaching in Citiesp. 116
Getting a Master's Degreep. 117
Teach for Americap. 118
Referencesp. 119
Indexp. 123
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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