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Intimate Relationships: Issues, Theories, and Research,9780205187065
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Intimate Relationships: Issues, Theories, and Research

by ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780205187065

ISBN10:
0205187064
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2011
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon
List Price: $81.00
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  • Intimate Relationships : Issues, Theories, and Research
    Intimate Relationships : Issues, Theories, and Research




Summary

Presented at a level equally suited for beginning and advanced students of the field, Intimate Relationships covers material both classic and current.Chapters range from attraction to love, from attachment to jealousy, from conflict to relationship dissolution - all written in a warm, personal, and engaging voice. Each chapter is organized around the major issues and relevant theories, in addition to a critical evaluation about the research. When appropriate, the authors discuss and evaluate popular ideas about relationship processes in the context of the scientific research. This includes critical evaluations of evolutionary approaches to attraction, victim-based counts of abuse, and the separate-cultures view of the sexes.For anyone interested in relationship theory.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
Strangers, Friends, and Lovers: Why Is Life So Complicated?
1(14)
The Need for Affiliation
3(2)
The Need for Intimacy
5(1)
The Need to Belong
6(1)
The Inevitability of Social Relationships
7(2)
Intimate Relationships Yesterday and Today
9(4)
The Way We Were
9(1)
The Way We Are Now
10(3)
Summary
13(2)
Methods to Study Relationships
15(18)
The Science of Intimate Relationships: Controversies and Issues
16(2)
Methodology: Data Collection
18(11)
Archival Research
18(1)
Systematic Observation
19(2)
Interviews and Surveys
21(2)
Experimentation
23(3)
New Directions in Data Collection
26(3)
Analysis: Before and After Data Collection
29(3)
Correlations
29(1)
New Directions in Data Analysis: The Social Relations Model
30(2)
Summary
32(1)
Physical Attraction
33(20)
Physical Attractiveness and Dating Choices
35(2)
Standards of Attractiveness
37(4)
Context Influences
39(1)
Dispositional Influences
40(1)
Evolutionary Perspectives
41(3)
Social Psychological Perspectives
44(4)
The ``What Is Beautiful Is Good'' Stereotype
44(3)
Cute Boys and Girls Are Better People, Too
47(1)
Origins of the Attractiveness Stereotype
48(3)
People Get What They Deserve
48(1)
Attractive People Are Better People, Period
49(1)
``Don't Hate Me Because I'm Beautiful'': Some Ugly Truths about Attractiveness
50(1)
Is the Attractiveness Stereotype Culturally Universal?
51(1)
Summary
51(2)
Psychological Attraction
53(22)
Theory-Driven Approaches
54(15)
The Classical and Operant Conditioning of Liking
54(3)
Attraction as Misattribution of Arousal
57(3)
Characteristics of Others (Part I): The Gleam of Praise
60(1)
Characteristics of Others (Part II): Agreement Is Everything
61(2)
Similarity: Do Birds of a Feather Flock Together?
63(3)
Complementarity: Do Opposites Attract?
66(3)
Phenomenon-Driven Approaches
69(4)
Proximity: Marrying the Boy or Girl Next Door
69(1)
Playing ``Hard-to-Get'': Do We Love Those We Cannot Have?
70(1)
The Allure of Secret Relationships
71(1)
What Is So Lethal about Fatal Attractions?
72(1)
Summary
73(2)
Self-Presentation and Self-Disclosure
75(17)
Flirtation
76(2)
Self-Presentation
78(4)
Self-Presentation Norms
80(1)
Self-Presentation in the Heat of Interaction
81(1)
Detecting Deceit in Self-Presentation
82(1)
Models of Self-Disclosure
82(6)
Self-Disclosure as Social Penetration
83(1)
Self-Disclosure Reciprocity
84(1)
Individual Differences in Self-Disclosure
85(3)
Context Influences on Self-Disclosure
88(2)
Self-Disclosure in Mature Relationships
89(1)
Summary
90(2)
Fairness and Equity
92(17)
The Nature of Resources Exchanged
94(2)
Rewards and Costs
94(1)
Variety of Resources Exchanged
95(1)
Determining What Is Fair: Equity Theory
96(4)
Establishing Whether There Is Equity
97(1)
Do People Really Seek Equity?
97(1)
Reactions to Inequity
98(2)
Evaluating Relationship Outcomes: Comparison Levels
100(3)
The Thibaut and Kelley Model
100(2)
The Investment Model
102(1)
Close Relationships as Communal Relationships
103(5)
Giving and Receiving Benefits
104(2)
Controversies Surrounding the Communal-Exchange Distinction
106(2)
Summary
108(1)
Love and Emotion
109(19)
Liking and Loving: A Conceptual Distinction
111(1)
The Prototype of Love
112(2)
Causal Theories of Love
114(2)
Love as Misattribution of Arousal
114(1)
Love as Preoccupation with the Other
114(2)
Type Theories of Love
116(7)
The Colors of Love
116(2)
Research on Love Styles
118(1)
A Triangular Theory of Love
119(2)
Passionate Love and Companionate Love
121(2)
Individual Differences in Love
123(2)
Gender
123(1)
Differences Due to Age and Relationship Duration
124(1)
Love over Time: Does It Get Better or Worse?
125(1)
Beyond Love: A Quick Look at Guilt
125(1)
Summary
126(2)
Attachment
128(14)
Patterns of Attachment in Infancy
130(1)
Causes of Different Attachment Patterns
131(1)
Adult Attachment
131(9)
From Infant Attachment to Adult Attachment: Models of Transition
133(2)
Consequences of Adult Attachment Styles
135(5)
Summary
140(2)
Sexuality
142(19)
Attitudes about Sex: A Brief History
143(1)
A Brief History of Research on Sex
144(5)
Alfred Kinsey: What We Do When the Lights Are Out
144(1)
Masters and Johnson: The Physiology of Sex
145(2)
Sex in the United States Today
147(2)
Sexual Interactions
149(5)
Sexual Communication
149(1)
Sex and the Dating Couple: Sexual Pathways
150(2)
Sex and the Married Couple: How Often Is Enough?
152(1)
Extradyadic Sex
153(1)
Sexual Orientation
154(4)
The Social Construction of Sexual Orientation
154(1)
Biological Essentialism
155(1)
The Exotic Becomes Erotic: The EBE Theory of Sexual Orientation
156(2)
Homophobia
158(1)
Summary
159(2)
Communication and Relationship Management
161(19)
Sex Differences in Communication
163(7)
Interruptions: Let Me Finish, Please!
165(2)
Language Use and Conversation Management
167(2)
Emotionality and Support
169(1)
Men and Women: Different Cultures, Different Planets?
170(3)
Different Cultures or Different Skills?
172(1)
Managing Relationships
173(5)
Transactive Memory in Close Relationships
173(2)
Long-Distance Relationships
175(1)
Creating and Maintaining Satisfying Relationships
175(3)
Summary
178(2)
Fidelity and Jealousy
180(27)
Fidelity and Jealousy across Time and Cultures
181(3)
Fidelity
181(1)
A Brief History of Jealousy
182(2)
Jealousy and Fidelity across Cultures
184(1)
Defining Jealousy
184(5)
What Is It and Who Has It?
184(3)
Jealousy and Envy: I Want What I Cannot Have
187(2)
Sources of Jealosy: Theories, Models, and Variables
189(7)
The Jealous Person
189(2)
Transactional Theory: Considering Person, Relationship, and Situation
191(2)
Cognitive Motivational Approaches to Jealousy
193(1)
The ``Other'' Lover: Rival Characteristics and Jealousy
194(2)
Gender Differences in Jealousy
196(6)
Gender and Reactions to Infidelity
197(3)
Gender and Perceptions of Threat
200(1)
Gender and Reactions to Jealousy
200(2)
Coping with the Green-Eyed Monster
202(1)
An Attachment Approach to Jealousy
203(2)
Summary
205(2)
Relationship Violence and Abuse
207(21)
Relationship Violence: Its Definition and Measurement
209(3)
Consequences of Relationship Violence
212(1)
Causes of Relationship Violence
212(9)
Common Beliefs and Realities
213(2)
Alcohol and Relationship Violence
215(1)
The Macrocontext of Relationship Violence
216(2)
The Microcontext of Relationship Violence: Individual Dispositions
218(3)
Sexual Violence
221(5)
Sexual Harassment
222(3)
Coercive Sex
225(1)
Summary
226(2)
Conflict
228(22)
Conflict between Lovers versus Strangers
229(1)
The Nature of Conflict in Intimate Relationships: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly
230(3)
Defining Conflict
232(1)
From Order to Disorder: Self-Interest, Disorder, Ambiguity, and Confusion
232(1)
Sources of Conflict: ``I Said ..., You Said ...''
233(5)
Gender and Conflict: ``He Said...., She Said...''
234(1)
Age and Confict
235(1)
Attribution and Conflict
236(2)
Reactions to Conflict
238(8)
Peterson's Stage Model
238(3)
Expression versus Avoidance
241(2)
Affect Reciprocity and Attributions as Predictors of Dissolution
243(1)
The Social Skill of Conflict Resolution
244(2)
Outcomes of Conflict
246(1)
Toward a Balanced Theory of Marriage and Conflict
247(1)
Summary
248(2)
Dissolution and Its Aftermath
250(25)
Dissolution of Intimate Relationships: The End of Romance
251(7)
Causes of Dissolution
251(6)
Gender Differences in Dissolution
257(1)
The Aftermath of Relationship Dissolution
258(7)
Emotional Distress
258(1)
Loneliness
259(4)
Unrequited Love
263(2)
In the Wake of Divorce
265(5)
Divorce and Health
266(1)
Structural and Sociological Factors Related to Divorce
267(1)
Children of Divorce
268(2)
Widowhood: The Loss of a Committed Partner
270(2)
Summary
272(3)
References 275(36)
Author Index 311(10)
Subject Index 321


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