9780415772129

Introducing Christianity

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780415772129

  • ISBN10:

    0415772125

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2008-01-31
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Summary

What is Christianity? How did it begin? What do Christians believe? What are their customs and history? How has Christianity developed though the centuries, and how diverse is Christianity today? Introducing Christianity is an essential introduction to one of the worlda??s great religious traditions. James Adair narrates the history of Christianity: the intellectual and historical context of its origins, its triumph under the Romans, the upheavals of the Crusades, the Protestant and Catholic Reformations and the challenges of the Enlightenment and of the modern age. He explores the intriguing new forms Christianity took in the nineteen century, the evolution of sects such as Mormonism and Jehovaha??s witnesses, and its mission to Africa. Adair also interrogates Christianitya??s role in the modern world, as he surveys liturgical, geographical and denominational perspectives of contemporary Christianity. He concludes by investigating how Christiansinteract with modern culture, particularly science, the arts, ethics, political and other religions. Written in a vivid and lively style, by an experienced teacher, Introducing Christianity is the ideal resource for students beginning their studies of Christianity. Richly illustrated, it also includes quotations from original sources, learning goals, summary boxes, questions for discussion, and suggestions for further reading, and a comprehensive glossary, to aid study and revision.

Table of Contents

List of illustrationsp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
List of abbreviations of books of the Biblep. xiii
Introduction to Christianityp. 1
Basic questionsp. 3
What is religion?p. 4
What is myth?p. 7
What is sin?p. 8
What is salvation?p. 10
What is faith?p. 12
What is the Bible?p. 13
How is Christianity related to other religions?p. 18
Christianity and the divinep. 24
Sacred and profanep. 24
Sacred timep. 25
Sacred spacep. 27
Sacred symbols and artefactsp. 30
Sacred interactionsp. 33
Sacred personagesp. 34
Sacred metatimep. 38
Historical overview of Christinanityp. 43
The historical and intellectual context of Christianityp. 45
Judaismp. 46
The Greco-Roman worldp. 55
The founder and the foundational documentsp. 64
Jesus Christp. 65
The historical Jesus and the Christ of faithp. 77
The Christian scripturesp. 83
Defining Christianityp. 92
The first centuryp. 94
Developments within Christianityp. 102
A Jewish or Greco-Roman religion?p. 104
Conflict and persecutionp. 116
Internal strugglesp. 117
External strugglesp. 132
The triumph of Christianityp. 142
Three early emperorsp. 143
The Councils of Nicaea and Constantinoplep. 147
Theological reflection, East and Westp. 152
The monastic reactionp. 160
The Councils of Ephesus and Chalcedonp. 162
Power shiftp. 168
The fall of the Western Roman Empirep. 169
The rise of the Eastern Roman Empirep. 171
The emergence of Islamp. 174
Christianity reascendantp. 175
Christendom at its heightp. 179
The Byzantine Empirep. 179
The Holy Roman Empire and Christian Europep. 183
The rise of the papacyp. 189
Holy warp. 195
Winds of changep. 203
Theological developmentsp. 203
The Renaissance and Christian humanismp. 208
Efforts to reform the Churchp. 210
Christianity beyond the Mediterranean worldp. 216
Upheaval in the Churchp. 222
The end of the Middle Agesp. 223
The Protestant Reformationp. 223
The Catholic Reformationp. 235
Protestantism settles inp. 237
Orthodoxyp. 245
Different types of orthodoxyp. 246
Reactions to orthodoxyp. 252
Old world and new worldp. 264
The Church in the United Statesp. 265
The Church in Europep. 274
The Church in Latin America and the Caribbeanp. 278
Diversification and expansionp. 282
Developing theologyp. 283
Global missionsp. 291
The Church and the modern worldp. 297
Globalization: war, economy, technology, Christianityp. 298
Eastern Christianityp. 304
Roman Catholicismp. 306
Neo-orthodoxy, Christian realism, and Christian existentialismp. 312
The rise of Protestant fundamentalismp. 314
World War II and its aftermathp. 315
The ecumenical movementp. 318
Varieties of Christianityp. 323
A denominational/traditional perspectivep. 325
Varieties of church polityp. 327
Catholic Churchesp. 329
Eastern and Oriental Orthodox Churchesp. 332
Anglican and Episcopal Churchesp. 335
Churches of the Magisterial Reformp. 336
Free Churchesp. 337
Pentecostal and Neocharismatic Churchesp. 342
Another way to look at denominationsp. 344
A geographical perspectivep. 350
The Church in Europep. 351
The Church in Asiap. 352
The Church in North Americap. 353
The Church in Latin America and the Caribbeanp. 353
The Church in Africap. 354
The Church in Australia and Oceaniap. 357
A doctrinal perspectivep. 360
The Trinityp. 361
The Holy Spiritp. 362
Justification by faithp. 364
Church and statep. 365
Eschatologyp. 367
Traditional and progressive churchesp. 370
A liturgical perspectivep. 375
Early Christian worshipp. 377
Liturgical (high-church) worshipp. 379
Traditional (low-church) worshipp. 383
Contemplative worshipp. 386
Christianity's interaction with the worldp. 391
Christianity and sciencep. 393
Cosmology I: the heliocentric universep. 394
Geologyp. 396
Cosmology II: the Big Bangp. 397
Biologyp. 398
Christianity and the artsp. 405
Visual artsp. 405
Architecturep. 409
Musicp. 412
Dramap. 414
Literaturep. 415
Christian ethics and politicsp. 420
Christ and culturep. 421
Sexual moresp. 423
Life and deathp. 425
Wealth and povertyp. 428
Christianity and politicsp. 429
Christianity and other religionsp. 434
Christianity and spiritualityp. 434
Christian approaches to other religionsp. 437
Christianity and Judaismp. 438
Christianity and Islamp. 442
Christianity and the religions of South and East Asiap. 443
Christianity and secularismp. 445
Conclusionp. 449
Timeline of Christian historyp. 453
Glossaryp. 460
Bibliographyp. 481
Indexp. 489
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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