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Introduction to Electronics



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Cengage Learning
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Obtain the fundamental background in electronics needed to succeed in today's increasingly digital world! The fifth edition continues to expose readers to the broad field of electronics at a level that can be easily understood, with all-new information on circuit board fabrication, assembly, and repair as well as practical applications and troubleshooting. Color has been added to all drawings and photos that supplement the descriptions of important concepts and techniques, making it even easier to master basic theory. Coverage is divided into six sections - DC Circuits, AC Circuits, Semiconductor Devices, Linear Circuits, Digital Circuits, and now, Practical Applications - a new section providing hands-on opportunities to apply DC/AC principles.

Author Biography

Earl D. Gates is an associate professor Emeritus at the State University of New York at Oswego, where he teaches Electronics Technology

Table of Contents

Prefacep. vii
Careers in Electronicsp. xii
Using a Calculatorp. xvi
Safety Precautionsp. xix
Dc Circuitsp. 1
Fundamentals of Electricityp. 3
Matter, Elements, and Compoundsp. 4
A Closer Look at Atomsp. 5
Currentp. 7
Voltagep. 7
Resistancep. 8
Currentp. 10
Electrical Chargep. 10
Current Flowp. 11
Scientific Notationp. 13
Voltagep. 17
Voltage Sourcesp. 17
Cells and Batteriesp. 21
Connecting Cells and Batteriesp. 24
Voltage Rises and Voltage Dropsp. 27
Ground as a Voltage Reference Levelp. 28
Resistancep. 31
Resistancep. 31
Conductancep. 32
Resistorsp. 32
Resistor Identificationp. 37
Connecting Resistorsp. 40
Connecting Resistors in Seriesp. 40
Connecting Resistors in Parallelp. 41
Connecting Resistors in Series and Parallelp. 43
Ohm's Lawp. 49
Electric Circuitsp. 49
Ohm's Lawp. 51
Application of Ohm's Lawp. 53
Kirchhoff's Current Lawp. 57
Kirchhoff's Voltage Lawp. 58
Electrical Measurements-Metersp. 61
Introduction to Metersp. 62
Types of Metersp. 63
Multimetersp. 64
Measuring Currentp. 65
Measuring Voltagep. 67
Measuring Resistancep. 68
Reading Meter Scalesp. 70
Powerp. 75
Powerp. 75
Power Application (Circuit Analysis)p. 76
DC Circuitsp. 80
Series Circuitsp. 80
Parallel Circuitsp. 82
Series-Parallel Circuitsp. 84
Voltage Dividersp. 88
Wheatstone Bridgep. 93
Magnetismp. 96
Magnetic Fieldsp. 97
Electricity and Magnetismp. 99
Magnetic Inductionp. 101
Magnetic and Electromagnetic Applicationsp. 104
Inductancep. 110
Inductancep. 110
Inductorsp. 111
L/R Time Constantsp. 113
Capacitancep. 116
Capacitancep. 116
Capacitorsp. 117
RC Time Constantsp. 120
AC Circuitsp. 123
Alternating Currentp. 125
Generating Alternating Currentp. 126
AC Valuesp. 128
Nonsinusoidal Waveformsp. 130
AC Measurementsp. 133
AC Metersp. 133
Oscilloscopesp. 136
Frequency Countersp. 139
Bode Plottersp. 140
Resistive AC Circuitsp. 142
Basic AC Resistive Circuitsp. 142
Series AC Circuitsp. 143
Parallel AC Circuitsp. 145
Power in AC Circuitsp. 146
Capacitive AC Circuitsp. 148
Capacitors in AC Circuitsp. 148
Applications of Capacitive Circuitsp. 151
Inductive AC Circuitsp. 155
Inductance in AC Circuitsp. 155
Applications of Inductive Circuitsp. 158
Resonance Circuitsp. 161
Reactance in Series Circuitsp. 161
Reactance in Parallel Circuitsp. 165
Powerp. 167
Introduction to Resonancep. 168
Transformersp. 171
Electromagnetic Inductionp. 171
Mutual Inductancep. 172
Turns Ratiop. 173
Applicationsp. 175
Semiconductor Devicesp. 181
Semiconductor Fundamentalsp. 183
Semiconduction in Germanium and Siliconp. 184
Conduction in Pure Germanium and Siliconp. 186
Conduction in Doped Germanium and Siliconp. 187
PN Junction Diodesp. 191
PN Junctionsp. 191
Diode Biasingp. 193
Diode Characteristicsp. 194
Diode Construction Techniquesp. 195
Testing PN Junction Diodesp. 197
Zener Diodesp. 199
Zener Diode Characteristicsp. 199
Zener Diode Ratingsp. 200
Voltage Regulation with Zener Diodesp. 201
Testing Zener Diodesp. 202
Bipolar Transistorsp. 204
Transistor Constructionp. 204
Transistor Types and Packagingp. 206
Basic Transistor Operationp. 206
Transistor Testingp. 208
Transistor Substitutionp. 209
Field Effect Transistors (FETs)p. 213
Junction FETsp. 213
Depletion Insulated Gate FETs (MOSFETs)p. 216
Enhancement Insulated Gate FETs (MOSFETs)p. 218
MOSFET Safety Precautionsp. 220
Testing FETsp. 220
Thyristorsp. 223
Silicon-Controlled Rectifiersp. 223
TRIACsp. 226
Bidirectional Trigger Diodesp. 228
Testing Thyristorsp. 229
Integrated Circuitsp. 232
Introduction to Integrated Circuitsp. 233
Integrated Circuit Construction Techniquesp. 234
Integrated Circuit Packagingp. 236
Optoelectric Devicesp. 239
Basic Principles of Lightp. 240
Light-Sensitive Devicesp. 240
Light-Emitting Devicesp. 244
Linear Electronic Circuitsp. 247
Power Suppliesp. 249
Transformersp. 250
Rectifier Circuitsp. 250
Filter Circuitsp. 253
Voltage Regulatorsp. 256
Voltage Multipliersp. 261
Circuit-Protection Devicesp. 263
Amplifier Basicsp. 267
Amplifier Configurationsp. 267
Amplifier Biasingp. 269
Amplifier Couplingp. 273
Amplifier Applicationsp. 277
Direct-Coupled Amplifiersp. 277
Audio Amplifiersp. 280
Video Amplifiersp. 282
RF and IF Amplifiersp. 285
Operational Amplifiersp. 287
Oscillatorsp. 293
Fundamentals of Oscillatorsp. 293
Sinusoidal Oscillatorsp. 294
Nonsinusoidal Oscillatorsp. 298
Waveshaping Circuitsp. 302
Nonsinusoidal Waveformsp. 302
Waveshaping Circuitsp. 305
Special-Purpose Circuitsp. 309
Digital Electronic Circuitsp. 313
Binary Number Systemp. 315
Binary Numbersp. 315
Binary and Decimal Conversionp. 317
BCD Codep. 319
Basic Logic Gatesp. 321
AND Gatep. 321
OR Gatep. 322
NOT Gatep. 323
NAND Gatep. 323
NOR Gatep. 324
Exclusive OR and NOR Gatesp. 325
Bufferp. 327
Simplifying Logic Circuitsp. 330
Veitch Diagramsp. 330
Karnaugh Mapsp. 333
Sequential Logic Circuitsp. 338
Flip-Flopsp. 339
Countersp. 342
Shift Registersp. 345
Memoryp. 351
Combinational Logic Circuitsp. 356
Encodersp. 356
Decodersp. 358
Multiplexersp. 360
Arithmetic Circuitsp. 363
Programmable Logic Devices (PLDs)p. 368
Microcomputer Basicsp. 371
Computer Basicsp. 372
Microprocessor Architecturep. 375
Microcontrollersp. 378
Practical Applicationsp. 383
Printed Circuit Board Fabricationp. 385
Fundamentalsp. 385
Schematic Diagramp. 389
Breadboardingp. 395
Laying Out Printed Circuit Boardsp. 396
Transferring Designsp. 402
Etching Printed Circuit Boardsp. 403
Preparing the Etched Printed Circuit Boardp. 405
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)p. 406
Printed Circuit Board Assembly and Repairp. 415
Electronics Technician Toolboxp. 416
Electronic Test Equipmentp. 421
Solder and Soldering Ironsp. 424
Soldering a Printed Circuit Boardp. 427
Analyzing Soldered Connectionsp. 433
Protective Coatingsp. 434
Safety Precautionsp. 435
Electrostatic Dischargep. 438
Basic Troubleshootingp. 444
Tools for Troubleshootingp. 444
Isolation Techniques for Effective Troubleshootingp. 448
Common Types of Defectsp. 449
Troubleshooting Tipsp. 452
Documentationp. 452
Glossaryp. 455
Self-Test Answersp. 467
Appendicesp. 503
Electronics Abbreviationsp. 503
Periodic Table of Elementsp. 504
The Greek Alphabetp. 505
Metric Prefixes Used in Electronicsp. 506
Resistor Color Codesp. 507
Capacitor Color Codep. 508
Electronics Symbolsp. 511
Semiconductor Schematic Symbolsp. 512
Digital Logic Symbolsp. 513
DC and AC Circuit Formulasp. 514
Indexp. 515
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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