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Introduction to Environmental Engineering,9780534378127
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Introduction to Environmental Engineering

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780534378127

ISBN10:
0534378129
Media:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
4/23/2003
Publisher(s):
CL Engineering
List Price: $285.33

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Summary

This text has two unifying themes: materials balances and environmental ethics. First, the book demonstrates that environmental problems need to be solved using a holistic approach instead of a fragmented, single-pollution or single-medium approach. By using the concepts of materials balances, reactions, and reactors, the authors integrate and unify the presentation of water supply, waste-water treatment, air pollution control, and solid and hazardous waste management. Second, since ethics plays an increasingly important part in the professional lives of engineers, the authors incorporate ethical decision making into the discussions and problems. In many of the problems, students are required not only to solve the technical part, but also to consider the ethical ramifications of solving the technical problems.

Table of Contents

PART ONE ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
1(20)
Identifying and Solving Environmental Problems
3(18)
The Holy Cross College Hepatitis Outbreak
3(2)
The Disposal of Wastewater Sludge
5(3)
The Donora Episode
8(4)
Jersey City Chromium
12(2)
The Discovery of Biological Wastewater Treatment
14(3)
The Garbage Barge
17(4)
End Notes
19(2)
PART TWO FUNDAMENTALS
21(140)
Engineering Calculations
23(22)
Engineering Dimensions and Units
23(5)
Density
23(1)
Concentration
24(2)
Flow Rate
26(2)
Residence Time
28(1)
Approximations in Engineering Calculations
28(4)
Procedures for Calculations with Approximations
29(1)
Use of Significant Figures
30(2)
Information Analysis
32(13)
Symbols
40(1)
Problems
41(3)
End Notes
44(1)
Material Balances and Separations
45(39)
Material Balances with a Single Material
45(11)
Splitting Single-Material Flow Streams
46(1)
Combining Single-Material Flow Streams
47(1)
Complex Processes with a Single Material
48(8)
Material Balances with Multiple Materials
56(16)
Mixing Multiple-Material Flow Streams
56(5)
Separating Multiple-Material Flow Streams
61(6)
Complex Processes with Multiple Materials
67(5)
Material Balances with Reactors
72(12)
Symbols
75(1)
Problems
76(7)
End Notes
83(1)
Reactions
84(11)
Zero-Order Reactions
85(2)
First-Order Reactions
87(4)
Second-Order and Noninteger-Order Reactions
91(1)
Half-Life and Doubling Time
92(1)
Consecutive Reactions
92(3)
Symbols
93(1)
Problems
93(1)
End Notes
94(1)
Reactors
95(22)
Mixing Model
95(11)
Mixed-Batch Reactors
96(1)
Plug-Flow Reactors
96(2)
Completely Mixed-Flow Reactors
98(2)
Completely Mixed-Flow Reactors in Series
100(5)
Mixing Models with Continuous Signals
105(1)
Arbitrary-Flow Reactors
105(1)
Reactor Models
106(11)
Mixed-Batch Reactors
106(2)
Plug-Flow Reactors
108(2)
Completely Mixed-Flow Reactors
110(2)
Completely Mixed-Flow Reactors in Series
112(1)
Comparison of Reactor Performance
113(1)
Symbols
114(1)
Problems
114(3)
Energy Flows and Balances
117(17)
Units of Measure
117(1)
Energy Balances and Conversion
118(4)
Energy Sources and Availability
122(12)
Energy Equivalence
123(2)
Electric Power Production
125(4)
Symbols
129(1)
Problems
130(4)
Ecosystems
134(27)
Energy and Material Flows in Ecosystems
134(7)
Human Influence on Ecosystems
141(20)
Effect of Pesticides on an Ecosystem
142(1)
Effect of Nutrients on a Lake Ecosystem
143(2)
Effect of Organic Wastes on a Stream Ecosystem
145(9)
Effect of Design on an Ecosystem
154(1)
Symbols
154(1)
Problems
155(3)
End Notes
158(3)
PART THREE APPLICATIONS
161(314)
Water Quality
163(33)
Measures of Water Quality
163(23)
Dissolved Oxygen
164(1)
Biochemical Oxygen Demand
165(11)
Solids
176(2)
Nitrogen
178(2)
Bacteriological Measurements
180(6)
Assessing Water Quality
186(2)
Water Quality Standards
188(8)
Drinking Water Standards
188(1)
Effluent Standards
189(1)
Surface Water Quality Standards
189(2)
Symbols
191(1)
Problems
192(3)
End Notes
195(1)
Water Supply and Treatment
196(45)
The Hydrologic Cycle and Water Availability
196(11)
Groundwater Supplies
197(6)
Surface Water Supplies
203(4)
Water Treatment
207(28)
Softening
207(14)
Coagulation and Flocculation
221(3)
Settling
224(6)
Filtration
230(2)
Disinfection
232(2)
Other Treatment Processes
234(1)
Distribution of Water
235(6)
Symbols
236(1)
Problems
237(3)
End Notes
240(1)
Wastewater Treatment
241(60)
Wastewater Transport
241(4)
Preliminary and Primary Treatment
245(5)
Preliminary Treatment
245(1)
Primary Treatment
246(4)
Secondary Treatment
250(25)
Fixed Film Reactors
251(1)
Suspended Growth Reactors
252(2)
Design of Activated Sludge Systems Using Biological Process Dynamics
254(10)
Gas Transfer
264(7)
Solids Separation
271(2)
Effluent
273(2)
Tertiary Treatment
275(4)
Nutrient Removal
275(1)
Further Solids and Organic Removal
276(2)
Wetlands
278(1)
Sludge Treatment and Disposal
279(14)
Sludge Stabilization
282(2)
Sludge Dewatering
284(7)
Ultimate Disposal
291(2)
Selection of Treatment Strategies
293(8)
Symbols
294(1)
Problems
295(5)
End Notes
300(1)
Air Quality
301(38)
Meteorology and Air Movement
302(4)
Major Air Pollutants
306(7)
Particulates
306(1)
Measurement of Particulates
307(2)
Gaseous Pollutants
309(1)
Measurement of Gases
309(3)
measurement of Smoke
312(1)
Visibility
312(1)
Sources and Effects of Air Pollution
313(19)
Sulfur and Nitrogen Oxides and Acid Rain
318(1)
Photochemical Smog
319(1)
Ozone Depletion
320(3)
Global Warming
323(5)
Other Sources of Air Pollutants
328(1)
Indoor Air
328(4)
Air Quality Standards
332(7)
Air Quality Legislation in the United States
332(1)
Emission and Ambient Air Quality Standards
333(2)
Symbols
335(1)
Problems
335(3)
End Notes
338(1)
Air Quality Control
339(23)
Treatment of Emissions
339(9)
Control of Particulates
341(3)
Control of Gaseous Pollutants
344(1)
Control of Sulfur Oxides
345(3)
Dispersion of Air Pollutants
348(5)
Control of Moving Sources
353(9)
Symbols
357(1)
Problems
358(3)
End Notes
361(1)
Solid Waste
362(28)
Collection of Refuse
362(4)
Generation of Refuse
366(2)
Reuse and Recycling of Materials from Refuse
368(5)
Processing of Refuse
369(2)
Markets for Processed Refuse
371(2)
Combustion of Refuse
373(3)
Ultimate Disposal of Refuse: Sanitary Landfills
376(4)
Reducing the Generation of Refuse: Source Reduction
380(3)
Why?
381(1)
Life Cycle Analysis
381(2)
Integrated Solid Waste Management
383(7)
Symbols
384(1)
Problems
384(5)
End Notes
389(1)
Hazardous Waste
390(26)
Defining Hazardous Waste
390(5)
Hazardous Waste Management
395(5)
Clean-up of Old Sites
395(3)
Treatment of Hazardous Waste
398(2)
Disposal of Hazardous Waste
400(1)
Radioactive Waste Management
400(6)
Ionizing Radiation
401(2)
Risks Associated with Ionizing Radiation
403(2)
Treatment and Disposal of Radioactive Waste
405(1)
Pollution Prevention
406(4)
Hazardous Waste Management and Future Generations
410(6)
Symbols
412(1)
Problems
412(3)
End Notes
415(1)
Noise Pollution
416(17)
Sound
416(6)
Measurement of Sound
422(2)
Effect of Noise on Human Health
424(1)
Noise Abatement
425(2)
Noise Control
427(6)
Protect the Recipient
427(1)
Reduce Source Noise
427(1)
Control Path of Noise
427(3)
Symbols
430(1)
Problems
430(2)
End Notes
432(1)
Engineering Decisions
433(42)
Decisions Based on Technical Analyses
433(2)
Decisions Based on Cost-Effectiveness Analyses
435(4)
Decisions Based on Benefit/Cost Analyses
439(3)
Decisions Based on Risk Analyses
442(8)
Environmental Risk Analysis Procedure
446(3)
Environmental Risk Management
449(1)
Decisions Based on Environmental Impact Analyses
450(7)
Inventory
451(1)
Assessment
451(6)
Evaluation
457(1)
Decisions Based on Ethical Analyses
457(10)
Utilitarianism and Deontological Theories
458(2)
Environmental Ethics and Instrumental Value
460(1)
Environmental Ethics and Intrinsic Value
461(5)
Environmental Ethics and Spirituality
466(1)
Concluding Remarks
466(1)
Continuity in Engineering Decisions
467(8)
Problems
467(6)
End Notes
473(2)
Index 475


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