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An Introduction To Family Social Work,9780495092247
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An Introduction To Family Social Work

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780495092247

ISBN10:
049509224X
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/6/2006
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $107.66
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Summary

SECTION I. 1. Field of Family Social Work. 2. The Family as a Social System. 3. Family Work Skills. SECTION II. ASSESSMENT. 4. Genograms & Developmental Perspective. 5. Understanding Diversity in the Assessment Process. 6. Risk and Strengths Assessment. 7. Measurement Instrument. SECTION III. INTERVENTION PHASE. 8. Problem Definition, Goal Setting and Contracting. 9. Intervention at the Meso and Macro Levels. 10. Intervention at the Family and Parental Level. 11. Focusing on Children. SECTION IV. EVALUATING YOUR WORK. 12. Evaluating Family Work. SECTION V. TERMINATION. 13. Termination.

Table of Contents

PREFACE xviii
CHAPTER ONE The Field of Family Social Work 1(40)
What Is Family Social Work?
2(4)
Field of Family Social Work
4(2)
Family Social Work and Family Therapy
6(1)
Realities of Family Social Work Practice
7(2)
The Family as a Special Group Form
8(1)
What Is a Family?
9(2)
Purposes of Families
11(3)
Diversity and Families
14(3)
Family Diversity Now and Beyond
17(2)
Family of Orientation/Family of Origin
18(1)
Family of Procreation
18(1)
Extended Family
18(1)
Blended Family
19(1)
Adoptive Family
19(1)
Foster Family
19(1)
Single-Parent Family
19(1)
Diverse Family Structures
19(1)
A Definition of Family
20(2)
Myths About the Family
22(1)
Beliefs About Families
22(4)
Belief I: Families Want to Be Healthy
23(1)
Belief II: Families Want to Stay Together and Overcome Their Differences
23(1)
Belief III: Parents Need Understanding and Support for the Challenges Involved in Keeping Relationships Satisfying and for Raising Children
24(1)
Belief IV: Parents Can Learn Positive, Effective Ways of Responding to Their Children if They Have Opportunities for Support, Knowledge, and Skills
24(1)
Belief V Parents' Basic Needs Must Be Met Before They Can Respond Effectively and Positively to the Needs of Their Children
24(1)
Belief VI: Every Family Member Needs Nurturing
24(1)
Belief VII: Family Members, Regardless of Gender or Age, Deserve Respect from Each Other
25(1)
Belief VIII: A Child's Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties Should Be Viewed Within the Context of the Family and the Larger Social Environment
25(1)
Belief IX: All People Need a Family
25(1)
Belief X: Most Family Difficulties Do Not Appear Overnight But Have Developed Gradually Over the Years
25(1)
Belief XI: A Difference Exists Between Thoughts and Actions in Parenting
25(1)
Belief XII: A Difference Exists Between Being a "Perfect" Parent and a "Good Enough" Parent
26(1)
Belief XIII: Families Require Fair and Equal Treatment from Environmental Systems
26(1)
Principles That Guide Family Social Work
26(2)
Principle I: The Best Place to Help Families Is in Their Home
26(1)
Principle II: Family Social Work Empowers Families to Solve Their Own Problems
26(1)
Principle III: Intervention Should Be Individualized and Based Upon an Assessment of the Social, Psychological, Cultural, Educational, Economic, and Physical Characteristics of the Particular Family
27(1)
Principle IV Family Social Workers Must Respond First to the Immediate Needs of Families and Then to Their Long-Term Goals
27(1)
Assumptions of Family Social Work
28(7)
Home-Based Support for Families
28(2)
Family-Centered Philosophy
30(1)
Crisis Intervention
30(1)
"Teachability" of Families
31(1)
Ecological Approach
32(3)
Chapter Summary
35(1)
Exercises
36(5)
CHAPTER TWO Family Systems 41(32)
What Is a Family System?
42(2)
Key Assumptions About Family Systems
44(18)
The Family As a Whole Is More than the Sum of Its Parts
45(1)
Families Try to Balance Change and Stability
46(4)
A Change in One Family Member Affects All of the Family Members
50(1)
Family Members' Behaviors Are Best Explained by Circular Causality
51(4)
A Family Belongs to a Larger Social System and Encompasses Many Subsystems
55(4)
A Family Operates According to Established Rules
59(3)
Family Subsystems 6i
Spousal and Parental Subsystems
62(1)
Triangulation
62(3)
The Sibling Subsystem: Fellow Travelers
65(1)
Family System Disruptions
66(2)
Multigenerational Transmission of Patterns
68(1)
Chapter Summary
69(1)
Exercises
69(4)
CHAPTER THREE Practical Aspects of Family Social Work 73(20)
Referral Process
74(1)
Scheduling Family Meetings
74(3)
Setting Up the First Appointment
75(1)
Allowing for Travel Time
75(1)
Accommodating Family Preferences
76(1)
Preparation and Care of Materials
77(1)
What to Wear
78(1)
Including Children in Meetings
78(2)
Handling Disruptions and Maintaining Contact
80(1)
Telephone Follow-Up
80(1)
Safety Considerations
81(3)
The Aggressive Parent
83(1)
The First Meeting: Assessing Clients' Needs
84(2)
Building a Relationship with Clients
86(2)
Orienting Clients to Family Social Work
88(1)
Case 3.1: Confidentiality
89(1)
Protecting Clients' Confidentiality
89(2)
Guidelines for Protecting Clients' Confidentiality
89(2)
Case 3.2: Preparing for the Beginning Visit
91(1)
Chapter Summary
91(1)
Exercises
92(1)
CHAPTER FOUR The Beginning Phase 93(26)
Tasks for the Beginning Phase: Engagement and Assessment
94(6)
Make Contact with Every Family Member
96(1)
Define the Problem to Include Perceptions of All Members of the Family
96(2)
Establish Goals and Clarify an Intervention Process
98(1)
Case 4.1: Family Social Work Goals
99(1)
Contract with the Family
99(1)
Common Pitfalls of New FSWs
99(1)
Basic Interviewing Skills Needed by Family Social Workers
100(1)
Guidelines for Effective Interviews
101(2)
Principles of Effective Communication
103(7)
The Communication Process
105(1)
Influence of Cultural Background
106(1)
Methods of Providing Information
107(1)
Attending Behaviors
108(1)
Self-Awareness
109(1)
Core Qualities Needed by Family Social Workers
110(6)
Empathy
110(4)
Nonpossessive Warmth
114(1)
Genuineness
115(1)
Dysfunctional Behaviors to Avoid in Family Social Work
116(1)
Chapter Summary
117(1)
Exercises
117(2)
CHAPTER FIVE Qualitative Family Assessment 119(37)
Introduction to Qualitative Assessment
120(1)
Case 5.1: Family Assessment
121(1)
The Context of Family Assessment
121(2)
Purpose of Family Assessment
123(1)
Ecological Assessment
123(4)
Qualitative Techniques
127(3)
Family History
128(2)
Visual Techniques
130(10)
Genogram
131(6)
Ecomap
137(2)
Other Visual Techniques
139(1)
Criteria for Assessing Family Functioning
140(1)
Family Assessment Measure
141(4)
Problem Solving
141(1)
Affective Responsiveness
142(1)
Affective Involvement
142(1)
Communication
142(2)
Role Behavior
144(1)
Autonomy
144(1)
Modes of Behavioral Control
145(1)
Assessing Parenting Skills
145(2)
Assessment of Child Development
146(1)
Assessment of Parent–Child Relationship
147(1)
Considerations for Assessing Minority Families
147(6)
Assessment Issues for African American Families
148(1)
Assessment Issues for Hispanic American Families
148(1)
Assessment Issues for Asian American Families
148(1)
Assessment Issues for Native American Families
148(1)
Psychosocial Adjustment
149(1)
Relationships with Family Members
149(1)
School Adjustment and Achievement
150(1)
Case 5.2: Ethnic Minorities
151(1)
Peer Relationships
151(1)
Adaptation to the Community
151(1)
Case 5.3: Genogram
152(1)
Chapter Summary
153(1)
Exercises
153(3)
CHAPTER SIX Quantitative Assessment 156(22)
Purposes of Quantitative Measurement
157(1)
Selecting a Measurement Instrument
157(9)
Reliability
158(4)
Validity
162(4)
Frameworks for Incorporating Quantitative Measurement
166(3)
Single Subject Design
166(3)
Goal Attainment Scaling
169(1)
Measurement Instruments
169(4)
Self-anchored and Self-Monitoring Instruments
169(2)
Direct Behavioral Observation
171(2)
Standardized Measures
173(1)
Other Quantified Measures
173(1)
Using Measurement to Link Assessment and Intervention
173(1)
Client Readiness for Treatment
174(1)
Treatment Planning
174(1)
Case 6.1: Quantitative Assessment
175(1)
Chapter Summary
175(1)
Exercises
176(2)
CHAPTER SEVEN Family Development and the Life Cycle 178(42)
Understanding a Developmental Perspective
178(1)
Factors Affecting Family Diversity over the Life Cycle
179(5)
Culture
179(1)
Social Class
180(1)
Gender
181(1)
Immigration
181(1)
Sexual Orientation
182(2)
Developmental Stages
184(20)
Marriage/Partnering/Pair Bonding/Affiliative Orientation
188(1)
Case 7.1: Transition
189(2)
Birth of the First Child and So On
191(3)
Families with Preschool Children
194(1)
Families with School-Aged Children
195(3)
Families with Teenagers
198(2)
Families with Young People Leaving Home: Launching
200(2)
Boomerang Phase
202(1)
Issues for Older Parents
203(1)
Variations Affecting the Family Life Cycle
204(10)
Separation and Divorce
204(5)
Single Parenting
209(2)
Remarriage, Step parenting, and Blended Families: How Many Times Do You Hear About Ugly Step fathers?
211(2)
Death of a Parent
213(1)
Parenting by Grandparents
213(1)
Case 7.2: Working with Diverse Family Structures
214(1)
Chapter Summary
214(1)
Exercises
215(5)
CHAPTER EIGHT Family Strengths and Resilience 220(30)
Ecological Risk and Opportunities
221(6)
Microsystem
221(3)
Mesosystem
224(2)
Exosystem
226(1)
Macrosystem
226(1)
Risk
227(3)
Culture
230(9)
Family Resilience
239(3)
Strengths: Creating an Ecological Niche
242(3)
Key Strategies
245(3)
Case 8.1: Looking for Strengths
247(1)
Chapter Summary
248(1)
Exercises
248(2)
CHAPTER NINE Assessment with the Entire Family 250(22)
Effective Assessment and Intervention
251(5)
Culturally Sensitive Practice
251(1)
Focus on the Family's Needs
252(1)
Respect Clients' Autonomy
253(1)
Avoid Fostering Dependency
253(1)
Reassess Clients' Resistance
254(1)
Maintain Professional Distance
254(1)
Set Reasonable Expectations
255(1)
A Micro and Macro Focus: An Ecological Intervention
255(1)
Defining Problems
256(3)
Circular Patterns
259(3)
Stimulating Interaction
260(1)
Lineal Circular, Strategic, and Reflexive Questions
261(1)
Intervention in Circular Maladaptive Patterns
262(1)
Detriangulation
263(1)
Working with Involuntary Clients
264(3)
Goal Setting
267(1)
Contracting
268(1)
Case 9.7: Working with Other Helpers
269(1)
Chapter Summary
269(1)
Exercises
270(2)
CHAPTER TEN The Intervention Phase 272(29)
Intervention Phases
272(2)
Roles and Objectives of the Family Social Worker
274(2)
Intervention Techniques
276(8)
Observation
276(3)
Focusing
279(1)
Use of Examples
279(1)
Confrontation
279(3)
Re framing
282(1)
Enactment
282(1)
Externalizing the Problem
282(1)
Use of Metaphor
283(1)
Contracting
283(1)
Ecologocial Intervention
284(1)
Crisis Intervention
284(1)
How to Teach Problem-Solving Skills
285(2)
Developing Problem-Solving Skills
286(1)
Solution-Focused Problem-Solving Questions
287(1)
How to Teach Communication Skills
287(2)
Listening and Empathizing
288(1)
Use of "I" Statements
288(1)
Working with Enmeshed or Disengaged Families
289(2)
Establishing Boundaries
289(1)
Dealing with Dysfunctional Family Alliances
290(1)
Working with Family Rules
290(1)
Guidelines for Intervention with Minority Families
291(7)
Intervention with African American Families
292(1)
Intervention with Hispanic American Families
293(1)
Intervention with Asian American Families
294(1)
Intervention with Native American Families
294(1)
Different Cultures Working Together
295(3)
Case 10.1: Multigenerational Patterns
298(1)
Chapter Summary
298(1)
Exercises
299(2)
CHAPTER ELEVEN Interventions at the Child and Parental Levels 301(28)
A Behavioral Family Approach
301(14)
Assumptions
302(1)
Principles and Procedures
303(2)
Techniques
305(9)
Evidence Base of Behavioral Family Interventions
314(1)
Parenting Skills Training
315(7)
Assumptions
315(1)
Principles and Procedures
316(4)
Techniques
320(1)
Case 11.1: Parent Training
321(1)
Behavior Problems and Parent–Child Conflict
322(1)
Assisting Parents in Setting Rules
323(1)
Avoiding Pitfalls in Behavioral Interventions
323(1)
Family Psychoeducational Interventions
324(3)
Assumptions
324(1)
Principles and Procedures
325(1)
Techniques
325(1)
Evidence Base for Family Psychoeducation
325(1)
Case 11.2: Psychoeducation
326(1)
Case 11.3: Focusing on Children
326(1)
Case 11.4: Incorporating Everyone's Perspective
327(1)
Chapter Summary
327(1)
Exercises
327(2)
CHAPTER TWELVE Interventions with Couples and Gender Sensitive Intervention 329(21)
Couple Work
330(1)
Gender Sensitive Perspective
331(1)
Gender Sensitive Intervention
332(2)
Problem Solving Within a Gender Sensitive Intervention Perspective
334(1)
Historical Context
334(1)
A Feminist Critique of Family Systems Theory
335(2)
Power Imbalances in Family Relationships
337(2)
The Ecological Orientation of Gender Sensitive Practice
339(1)
Family Values and Family Violence: A Critique
339(3)
Family Privacy
340(1)
Family Stability
340(1)
Conjugal and Parental Rights
341(1)
Socialization and Gender Roles
342(1)
Division of Labor in Families
343(1)
Recommendations for Gender Sensitive Family Social Work
344(4)
Intervention Steps
346(1)
Case 12.1: Evaluating Marital Work
347(1)
Chapter Summary 347 Exercises
348(2)
CHAPTER THIRTEEN The Termination Phase 350(18)
Planning for Termination
352(1)
Possible Reactions to Termination
352(2)
Premature Termination and Dropouts
354(1)
Practical Termination Steps
355(4)
Steps for Termination
359(4)
Case 13.1: Termination
363(1)
Timing of Termination
363(1)
How and When to Refer Clients to Other Professionals
364(1)
Evaluating Results of Family Social Work
365(2)
Case 13.2: Termination
366(1)
Chapter Summary
367(1)
Exercises
367(1)
REFERENCES 368(17)
NAME INDEX 385(3)
SUBJECT INDEX 388


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