9781111308391

Introduction to Forestry Science

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781111308391

  • ISBN10:

    111130839X

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-01-01
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning

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Summary

Practical, easy to understand, and up-to-date, INTRODUCTION TO FORESTRY SCIENCE, Third Edition provides readers with a comprehensive overview of the principles and practices of forest management that are commonly practiced in the United States. Appropriate for anyone interested in forestry or natural resources, this book is filled with visual aids and tools as well as career profiles which give readers an overview of what it might be like to work in the forest industry and demonstrate how concepts are applied in the real world. In addition to covering the basics of the biological processes necessary for the creation of forests, topics such as the economic impact of forests on the U.S. economy, government historical events and policies, regional differences in forests and forest management, and laws and regulations that govern the use of forests are presented.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
About the Authorp. xv
Introduction to Forestry Science
Introduction to Forestryp. 2
Importance of Forestsp. 3
History of the Forest Industryp. 18
Looking Backp. 20
North American Forest Regionsp. 25
Northern Coniferous Forestp. 30
Northern Hardwoods Forestp. 32
Central Broadleaved Forestp. 35
Southern Forestp. 36
Bottomland Hardwoods Forestp. 38
Tropical Forestp. 40
Rocky Mountain Forestp. 40
Pacific Coast Forestp. 42
Looking Backp. 46
Forest Safety
Safety in the Forestp. 50
Clothing and Protective Gearp. 51
High-Quality Equipmentp. 53
Training for Safetyp. 54
Safe Work Habitsp. 55
Safe Operation of Equipment and Machineryp. 57
Looking Backp. 65
Forest Management
Silviculturep. 70
Forest Reproduction and Regenerationp. 72
Site Preparationp. 75
Direct Seedingp. 76
Production of Seedlingsp. 78
Planting Seedlingsp. 80
Developing New Standsp. 82
Intermediate Treatmentsp. 86
Managing for Growth and Qualityp. 89
Harvest Cuttingp. 90
Looking Backp. 94
Measurement of Forest Resouresp. 97
Land Surveysp. 98
Land Areap. 100
Tree Diameter and Heightp. 104
Measurement of Agep. 106
Measuring Timber Standsp. 107
Determining Forest Growthp. 110
Measuring Forest Productsp. 111
Estimating Biomassp. 113
Looking Backp. 116
Harvest and Reforestation Practicesp. 120
Planning the Harvestp. 121
Environmental Impact Statementsp. 128
Harvesting Practicesp. 128
Road Constructionp. 131
Salvage Loggingp. 133
Minimizing Litigationp. 135
Looking Backp. 136
Fire and the Forestp. 141
Fire Typesp. 143
Causes of Firesp. 147
Effects of Wildfiresp. 149
Forest Fire Managementp. 152
Forest Fire Suppressionp. 154
Fire Preventionp. 160
Fire as a Management Toolp. 162
Looking Backp. 164
Wildlife and the Forestp. 167
Forest Environmentsp. 168
Basic Needs of Living Organismsp. 174
Forest Relationships with Wild Animalsp. 176
Symbiosisp. 177
Preserving and Restoring Wildlife Populations and Forest Habitatp. 179
Looking Backp. 183
Water Quality and Watershed Managementp. 186
The Watershed: Nature's Storage Systemp. 187
The Water Cyclep. 189
Water Pollutionp. 191
Erosion Controlp. 192
Effects of Acid Precipitationp. 194
Defining and Measuring Water Qualityp. 195
Reclaiming Damaged and Polluted Water Resourcesp. 198
Looking Backp. 201
The Role of Government in Forestryp. 205
Planningp. 206
Administration and Managementp. 210
Forest Laws and Policiesp. 212
Multiple-Use Managementp. 219
Looking Backp. 222
Forest Products
Wood Construction Materialsp. 226
Identification of Woodsp. 227
Properties of Woodp. 229
Lumber Manufacturingp. 231
Timbers and Structural Productsp. 235
Hardwoodsp. 236
Laminated and Reconstituted Productsp. 236
Marketing of Logs and Wood Productsp. 241
Looking Backp. 242
Specialty Forest Productsp. 246
Fiber and Paper Industriesp. 247
Chemical Productsp. 252
Biomass (Energy)p. 255
Looking Backp. 257
Plantation Products and Practicesp. 261
Seedlingsp. 263
Cuttingsp. 264
Nursery Stockp. 265
Christmas Treesp. 267
Biomassp. 268
Cultural Practicesp. 269
Looking Backp. 274
New Directions and Technologies in Forestry
Urban Forestryp. 278
Landscape and Shade Treesp. 279
Tree Selectionp. 282
Planting Sitesp. 288
Cultural Practicesp. 290
Integrated Pest Managementp. 296
Looking Backp. 300
Space-Age Forest Technologiesp. 303
Computer Applicationsp. 304
Machinery Operationp. 305
Machinery Managementp. 306
Record Managementp. 307
Financial Managementp. 307
Forest Inventoryp. 308
Forest Resource Managementp. 310
Aerial Photographyp. 310
Remote Sensingp. 311
Laser and LIDAR Technologyp. 313
Geographic Information Systemp. 313
Global Positioning Systemp. 314
Looking Backp. 316
Dendrology: The Scientific Study of Trees
Physiology of Treesp. 320
Plant Cell Biologyp. 321
Life Functions of Plantsp. 322
Looking Backp. 334
Forest Ecologyp. 338
Principles of Ecologyp. 339
Forest Soilsp. 346
Water and Watershedsp. 351
Air and Climate Effectsp. 355
Interactions with Insectsp. 356
Wildlife Relationshipsp. 357
Human Relationshipsp. 360
Looking Backp. 361
Diseases and Pests of Treesp. 365
Diseasesp. 366
Insectsp. 376
Control of Insectsp. 389
Pestsp. 392
Looking Backp. 395
Anatomy and Classification of Treesp. 399
Plant Structuresp. 400
Leaf Characteristicsp. 412
Tree Classificationp. 413
Looking Backp. 424
Trees of the Forest
Tree Identificationp. 428
Suggestions in the Identification of Treesp. 428
Softwood Tree Speciesp. 460
Hardwood Tree Speciesp. 430
North American Trees and Bushesp. 491
Insects of Forests and Ornamental Treesp. 511
College/University Forestry & Natural Resource Programsp. 519
Timber-land Ownership by Statep. 523
United States Land Areasp. 527
The Tree Farm Communityp. 531
Volume Estimates of Harvested Wood Products by Region, State, and Product Typep. 533
Glossaryp. 537
Indexp. 555
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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