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Introduction to Geotechnical Engineering,9780134843940
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Introduction to Geotechnical Engineering

by ;
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780134843940

ISBN10:
0134843940
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/1981
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $130.00
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Summary

A descriptive, elementary introduction to geotechnical engineering with applications to civil engineering practice.

Table of Contents

PREFACE xi
1 INTRODUCTION TO GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING
1(9)
1.1 Geotechnical Engineering
1(2)
1.2 The Unique Nature of Soil and Rock Materials
3(1)
1.3 Suggested Approach to the Study of Geotechnical Engineering
4(1)
1.4 Scope of this Book
5(1)
1.5 Soil Formation and the Nature of Soil Constituents
6(1)
1.6 Historical Development of Geotechnical Engineering
7(2)
1.7 Notes on Symbols and Units
9(1)
2 INDEX AND CLASSIFICATION PROPERTIES OF SOILS
10(37)
2.1 Introduction
10(1)
2.2 Basic Definitions and Phase Relations
11(5)
2.3 Solution of Phase Problems
16(9)
2.4 Soil Texture
25(1)
2.5 Grain Size and Grain Size Distribution
26(6)
2.6 Particle Shape
32(2)
2.7 Atterberg Limits and Consistency Indices
34(7)
2.8 Activity
41(1)
Problems
41(6)
3 SOIL CLASSIFICATION
47(30)
3.1 Introduction
47(2)
3.2 The Unified Soil Classification System (USCS)
49(15)
3.3 The AASHTO Soil Classification System
64(8)
3.4 Comparison of the USCS and AASHTO Classification Systems
72(1)
Problems
72(5)
4 CLAY MINERALS AND SOIL STRUCTURE
77(32)
4.1 Introduction
77(1)
4.2 Clay Minerals
78(10)
4.3 Identification of Clay Minerals
88(1)
4.4 Specific Surface
89(1)
4.5 Interaction Between Water and Clay Minerals
90(5)
4.6 Interaction of Clay Particles
95(1)
4.7 Soil Structure and Fabric
96(1)
4.8 Cohesive Soil Fabrics
96(6)
4.9 Cohesionless Soil Fabrics
102(5)
Problems
107(2)
5 COMPACTION
109(57)
5.1 Introduction
109(1)
5.2 Compaction
110(1)
5.3 Theory of Compaction
111(6)
5.4 Properties and Structure of Compacted Cohesive Soils
117(7)
5.5 Field Compaction Equipment and Procedures
124(17)
5.6 Field Compaction Control and Specifications
141(12)
5.7 Estimating Performance of Compacted Soils
153(8)
Problems
161(5)
6 WATER IN SOILS, I: CAPILLARITY, SHRINKAGE, SWELLING, FROST ACTION
166(33)
6.1 Introduction
166(1)
6.2 Capillarity
167(11)
6.3 Shrinkage Phenomena in Soils
178(8)
6.4 Engineering Significance of Shrinkage and Swelling
186(4)
6.5 Frost Action
190(5)
Problems
195(4)
7 WATER IN SOILS, II: PERMEABILITY, SEEPAGE, EFFECTIVE STRESS
199(84)
7.1 Introduction
199(1)
7.2 Dynamics of Fluid Flow
200(3)
7.3 Darcy's Law for Flow Through Porous Media
203(3)
7.4 Measurement of Permeability
206(7)
7.5 Intergranular or Effective Stress
213(12)
7.6 Relationship between Horizontal and Vertical Stresses
225(2)
7.7 Heads and One-Dimensional Flow
227(5)
7.8 Seepage Forces, Quicksand, and Liquefaction
232(14)
7.9 Seepage and Flow Nets: Two-Dimensional Flow
246(12)
7.10 The Method of Fragments
258(12)
7.11 Control of Seepage and Filters
270(3)
Problems
273(10)
8 CONSOLIDATION AND CONSOLIDATION SETTLEMENTS
283(93)
8.1 Introduction
283(1)
8.2 Components of Settlement
284(1)
8.3 Compressibility of Soils
285(4)
8.4 The Oedometer and Consolidation Testing
289(5)
8.5 Preconsolidation Pressure; Normal, Overconsolidation, Underconsolidation
294(5)
8.6 Consolidation Behavior of Natural Soils
299(10)
8.7 Settlement Calculations
309(17)
8.8 Factors Affecting the Determination of Sigma (p)
326(2)
8.9 Prediction of Field Consolidation Curves
328(7)
8.10 Soil Profiles
335(6)
8.11 Approximate Methods and Typical Values of Compression Indices
341(1)
8.12 Stress Distribution
342(25)
Problems
367(9)
9 TIME RATE OF CONSOLIDATION
376(55)
9.1 Introduction
376(1)
9.2 The Consolidation Process
377(3)
9.3 Terzaghi's One-Dimensional Consolidation Theory
380(15)
9.4 Determination of the Coefficient of Consolidation c(v)
395(7)
9.5 Determination of the Coefficient of Permeability
402(3)
9.6 Typical Values of c(v)
405(1)
9.7 Evaluation of Secondary Settlement
405(9)
9.8 Comprehensive Example of a Time Rate of Settlement Problem
414(9)
Problems
423(8)
10 THE MOHR CIRCLE, FAILURE THEORIES, AND STRESS PATHS
431(59)
10.1 Introduction
431(1)
10.2 Stress at a Point
432(14)
10.3 Stress-Strain Relationships and Failure Criteria
446(3)
10.4 The Mohr-Coulomb Failure Criterion
449(9)
10.5 Tests for the Shear Strength of Soils
458(15)
10.6 Stress Paths
473(12)
Problems
485(5)
11 SHEAR STRENGTH OF SANDS AND CLAYS
490(175)
11.1 Introduction
490(2)
11.2 Angle of Repose of Sands
492(1)
11.3 Behavior of Saturated Sands During Drained Shear
493(3)
11.4 Effect of Void Ratio and Confining Pressure on Volume Change
496(8)
11.5 Behavior of Saturated Sand During Undrained Shear
504(10)
11.6 Factors that Affect the Shear Strength of Sands
514(5)
11.7 The Coefficient of Earth Pressure at Rest for Sands
519(2)
11.8 Liquefaction and Cyclic Mobility Behavior of Saturated Sands
521(15)
11.9 Stress-Deformation and Strength Characteristics of Saturated Cohesive Soils
536(63)
11.9.1 Consolidated-Drained (CD) Test Behavior
538(5)
11.9.2 Typical Values of Drained Strength Parameters
543(2)
11.9.3 Use of CD Strength in Engineering Practice
545(1)
11.9.4 Consolidated-Undrained (CU) Test Behavior
545(8)
11.9.5 Typical Values of the Undrained Strength Parameters
553(3)
11.9.6 Use of CU Strength in Engineering Practice
556(3)
11.9.7 Unconsolidated-Undrained (UU) Test Behavior
559(7)
11.9.8 Typical Values of UU Strengths
566(1)
11.9.9 Unconfined Compression Test
566(4)
11.9.10 Other Ways to Determine the Undrained Shear Strength
570(15)
11.9.11 Sensitivity
585(1)
11.9.12 Use of Undrained (UU) Shear Strength in Engineering Practice
586(9)
11.9.13 Special Problems of the Shear Strength of Cohesive Soils
595(4)
11.10 Pore Pressure Parameters
599(6)
11.11 The Coefficient of Earth Pressure at Rest for Clays
605(5)
11.12 Stress Paths During Undrained Loading--Normally Consolidated Clays
610(20)
11.13 Stress Paths During Undrained Loading--Overconsolidated Clays
630(4)
11.14 Applications of Stress Paths to Engineering Practice
634(6)
Problems
640(25)
APPENDIX A APPLICATION OF THE "SI" SYSTEM OF UNITS TO GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING
665(16)
A.1 Introduction
665(1)
A.2 The SI Metric System
666(1)
A.3 Basic and Derived SI Metric Units
667(2)
A.4 SI Units of Interest to Geotechnical Engineers and Their Conversion Factors
669(12)
APPENDIX B-1 DERIVATION OF LAPLACE'S EQUATION
681(2)
APPENDIX B-2 DERIVATION AND SOLUTION OF TERZAGHI'S ONE-DIMENSIONAL CONSOLIDATION THEORY
683(8)
B-2.1 Assumptions
683(1)
B-2.2 Derivation
683(3)
B-2.3 Mathematical Solution
686(5)
APPENDIX B-3 PORE PRESSURE PARAMETERS
691(10)
B-3.1 Derivation of Skempton's Pore Pressure Equation
691(2)
B-3.2 Definition of Delta Sigma(1) and Delta Sigma(3) for Rotation of Principal Stresses
693(1)
B-3.3 Formulas for Pore Pressure Parameters for Different Stress Path Tests
694(2)
B-3.4 Proof that A(ac) = A(le) and A(ae) = A(lc)
696(1)
B-3.5 Derivation of the Henkel Pore Pressure Equation and Coefficients
696(5)
REFERENCES 701(18)
INDEX 719


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