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Introduction to Global Politics,Second Edition, brings together an expert team of international scholars to provide students with a current, engaging, and non-U.S. perspective on global politics. It shows students how to analyze global political events using theoretical approaches--both mainstream and alternative--and emphasizes non-state actors more than other textbooks. NEW TO THIS EDITION: * "Thinking about Global Politics" boxes at the end of each chapter give students the opportunity to develop their critical-thinking skills and apply their knowledge to activities dealing with real-world issues * "Engaging with the World" boxes suggest ways that students can get involved with activist organizations * Additional non-Western examples and a more even integration of critical approaches throughout provide more balanced coverage * A new chapter (7) on Nongovernmental Actors includes expanded coverage of NGOs, transnational social movements, corporations, celebrity diplomacy, and networks * Updates throughout examine recent events and trends including the Arab Spring, the rise of China, and the continuing effects of the global economic crisis * New case studies offer in-depth looks at sexual violence, cyber-terrorism, and more PEDAGOGICAL FEATURES: * "Global Perspective" essays: Included in every chapter, these essays open windows onto other parts of the world, showing how other countries and world organizations perceive and manage global politics * "Theory in Practice" essays: Demonstrating the explanatory power of theories in global politics, these essays examine real-world scenarios using a variety of theoretical lenses * "Case Study" essays: These boxed essays delve into timely and teachable moments from world events, providing students with more in-depth analyses of specific topics * "What's Your Worldview?" critical-thinking questions: Short, critical-thinking questions in every chapter challenge students to develop their own, more well-informed ideas about global actors and issues SUPPORT PACKAGE: AnInstructor's Resource Manual with Test-Item File--available on CD or online--offers chapter objectives, detailed chapter outlines, lecture suggestions and activities, discussion questions, video and web resources, and more than 1,400 test items, including multiple-choice, short-answer, and essay questions. AComputerized Test Bankprovides multiple-choice, short-answer, and essay questions. ACompanion Website at www.oup.com/us/lamycontains all of the instructor resources (available for download) and numerous tools for students, including learning objectives, key-concept summaries, quizzes, essay questions, web activities, and web links. AnInstructor's Resource CDincludes the Instructor's Resource Manual with Test-Item File, a Computerized Test Bank, PowerPoint-based lecture slides, and graphics from the text. Now Playing,a print resource and Netflix subscription, features relevant videos and DVDs. Learning Management System Cartridgesare also available. This text is also available as aCourseSmart Ebook(978-0-19-9993408-9). Please contact your Oxford University Press sales representative for details.
Steven L. Lamy is Professor of International Relations and Vice Dean for Academic Programs in the Dana and David Dornsife College of Letters, Arts, and Sciences at the University of Southern California.
John Baylis is Emeritus Professor at Swansea University. Until his retirement in 2008, he was Professor of Politics and International Relations and Pro-Vice-Chancellor at the university.
Sir Steve Smith is Vice Chancellor at Professor of International Relations at the the University of Exeter.
Patricia Owens is Reader in the Department of International Relations at the University of Sussex.
Table of Contents
About the Authors
Maps of the World
PART I. FOUNDATIONS
Chapter 1. Introduction to Global Politics
International Relations and Global Politics
Theories of Global Politics
What Are Theories?
The Rise of Realism
Research Approaches and Levels of Analysis
The Historical Approach
The Social Scientific Approach: Levels of Analysis
The Constructivist Approach
Dimensions of Globalization
Case Study: Global Production and the iPod
Case Study: Cell Phones, Poverty, Civil War, Okapi, and Prostitution
Thinking about Global Politics: Why Should I Care?
Chapter 2. The Evolution of Global Politics
The Significance of the Peace of Westphalia
World Wars: Modern and Total
Legacies and Consequences of European Colonialism
Onset of the Cold War
Conflict, Confrontation, and Compromise
The Rise and Fall of Détente
From Détente to A Second Cold War
From the End of the Cold War to the War on Terrorism
Globalization: Challenging the International Order?
From Superpower to Hyperpower--US Primacy
Europe in the New World System
Russia: From Yeltsin to Putin
East Asia: Primed for Rivalry?
Latin America: Becoming Global Players
The War on Terrorism: From 9/11 to Iraq and Afghanistan
Global Perspective: Perception, Continuity, and Change after January 20, 2009
Case Study: The Iraq War and Its Origins
Thinking about Global Politics: Understanding and Resolving National Conflicts
PART II. THEORIES OF WORLD POLITICS
Chapter 3. Realism and Liberalism
What Is Realism?
The Essential Realism
One Realism, or Many?
What Is Liberalism?
The Essential Liberalism
Liberalism in Practice: Globalization
Global Perspective: Russia and Realism
Case Study: The Melian Dialogue--Realism and the Preparation for War
Theory in Practice: The Prisoner's Dilemma
Case Study: The Power of Ideas: Politics and Neoliberalism
Thinking about Global Politics: A Summit on Global Problems
Chapter 4. Critical Approaches
The Essential Marxism
The Origins of World-System Theory
The Key Features of Wallerstein's World-System Theory
Global Perspective: What Makes a Theory "Critical?"
Case Study: Sexual Violence
Theory in Practice: Gendered Perspective on Human Rights: the Worst Places in the World to be Born a Woman
Theory in Practice: Jane Addams and the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
Thinking about Global Politics: Meeting of the Minds
PART III. GLOBAL ACTORS
Chapter 5. Making Foreign Policy
What Is Foreign Policy?
States, Nationalism, and National Interests
Foreign Policy from Different Perspectives
Who Makes Foreign Policy?
What Do We Expect from Foreign Policy?
Levels of Analysis in Foreign Policy
Individual, or the Human Dimension
Domestic Sources, or National Attributes
The Foreign Policy Process
Phase One: Initiation or Articulation Phase
Phase Two: The Formulation of Foreign Policy
Phase Three: Foreign Policy Implementation
Phase Four: Foreign Policy Evaluation
Foreign Policy Strategies and Tools
Sticks: Military and Economic Tools
Carrots: Foreign Assistance
Sermons: Diplomatic Messaging and the Use of the Media
Soft and Hard Power in Foreign Policy
Foreign Policy Styles and Traditions
Great Powers, Middle Powers, and Small States
Great-Power Foreign Policy
Middle-Power Foreign Policy
Small-State Foreign Policy
Case Study: Refugees
Global Perspective: Central America: A Perpetual Pursuit of Union?
Theory in Practice: The Impact of Globalization on Different Kinds of States
Thinking about Global Politics: Designing a New World Order
Chapter 6. Global and Regional Governance
International Order and Institutions
Criticisms of International Law
From International to Supranational Law?
The United Nations
A Brief History of the United Nations and Its Principal Organs
The Security Council
The General Assembly
The Economic and Social Council
The Trusteeship Council
The International Court of Justice
Maintenance of International Peace and Security
Increased Attention to Conditions within States
Intervention within States
Economic and Social Questions
The Reform Process of the United Nations
The EU and Other Regional Organizations
The Process of European Integration
Other Regional Actors: The African Union and the Organization of American States
Theory in Practice: Why Some Realists Have Concerns About the UN
Case Study: The 2003 Intervention in Iraq
Global Perspective: The UN and Environmental Protection
Thinking about Global Politics: Who Could Help Tomorrow? Twenty Global Problems and Global Issues Networks
Chapter 7. Global Civil Society Actors
Problems with the State-centric Approach
NGOs as Political Actors
Types of NGOs
Types of Interests NGOs
Business International NGOs (BINGOs)
Religious International NGOs (RINGOs)
Other Nonstate Global Actors
Transnational Social Movements
Multinational Corporations/Transnational Banks
Think Tanks and Research Centers
International Organizations as Structures of Global Politics
Case Study: The Baby Milk Advocacy Network
Global Perspective: NGOs and Protecting the Rights of Children
Thinking about Global Politics: Who Could Help Tomorrow? Twenty Global Problems and Global Issues Networks
PART IV. GLOBAL ISSUES
Chapter 8: International Security and Military Power
What Is "Security"?
The Mainstream Approaches to National Security
Realist Views on Security
Key Structural-Realist Assumptions
Liberal Institutionalists on Global Security
Alternative Views on Global Security
Constructivist Theory and War
Critical Security Studies: Feminism
Marxist and Radical Liberal, or Utopian, Views on Security
The Changing Character of War
The Nature of War
The Revolution in Military Affairs
Globalization and New Wars
New Roles for NATO?
Nuclear Proliferation and Nonproliferation
The Zero Movement
Proliferation Optimism and Pessimism
Nature of Nuclear Weapons
Nuclear Weapons Effects
Theorizing Nuclear Proliferation
Nuclear Capabilities and Intentions
Post-Cold War Antiproliferation Efforts
Global Perspective: The Democratic Republic of the Congo
Theory in Practice: Re-imaging War
Case Study: Asymmetric Conflict: The US and Iraq, 2003-2011
Thinking about Global Politics: Perspectives on the Arms Race
Chapter 9. Terrorism and Globalization
Terrorism: From Domestic to Global Phenomena (1968-2001)
The Impact of Globalization on Terrorism
Religion and "New" Terrorism
Globalization, Technology, and Terrorism
The Death of Bin Laden and the End of the War on Terrorism?
Global Perspective: The Shanghai Cooperation Organization: Fighting Terrorism in the Former Communist Bloc
Theory in Practice: The Realist-Theory Perspective and the War on Terror
Case Study: Cyberterrorism
Thinking about Global Politics: [TBD]
Chapter 10: Human Rights and Human Security
What Are Human Rights?
Human Rights and State Sovereignty
What Is Human Security?
History of Humanitarian Challenges
1948 and the Modern Agenda
The 1990s: A Golden Era of Humanitarian Activism?
Political and Economic Rights
Conflict, Human Rights, and Human Security
Resources and Intervention
Women, Conflict, and Human Security
The Role of the International Community
Case Study: Human Insecurity in Southeast Asia
Global Perspective: Asian Values
Theory in Practice: Gendered Perspective on Human Rights
Thinking about Global Politics: What Should be Done? National Interests versus Human Interests
Chapter 11. International Political Economy in an Age of Globalization
The Postwar World Economy
Traditional Approaches to IPE: Liberal, Mercantilist, and Marxist
The Liberal Tradition
The Mercantilist Tradition
The Marxist Tradition
New Approaches to IPE
Political Economy: The Application of Rational Choice to Groups Within the State
Institutionalism: The Application of Rational Choice to States
The Globalization Debate in IPE
Is Globalization Diminishing the Role of the State in the World Economy?
The Global Skeptics
New Constraints on States
International Institutions in the Globalizing World-Economy
Global Perspective: The Bretton Woods Institutions and the Global South
Case Study: Microcredit: Empowering Women Through Investment
Theory in Practice: [TBD]
Thinking about Global Politics: [TBD]
Chapter 12. Global Trade and Finance
Global Trade and Finance Actors
A Globalizing Economy
Continuity and Change in Economic Globalization
The Persistence of Territory
The Survival of the State
The Continuance of Nationalism and Cultural Diversity
Global Perspective: NAFTA and Mexico
Case Study: Southern Debt in Global Finance
Theory in Practice: What Course to Follow Out of the 2008 Global Recession?
Thinking about Global Politics: The Possibilities of Cooperation: The Global Commons Challenge
Chapter 13. Poverty, Development, and Hunger
Post-1945 International Economic Liberalism and the Orthodox Development Model
The Post-1945 International Economic Order: Results
Economic Development: Orthodox and Alternative Evaluations
The Orthodox, Nature-Focused Explanation of Hunger
The Entitlement, Society-Focused Explanation of Hunger
Globalization and Hunger
Theory in Practice: The Terms of Development
Case Study 1: Ideas and Development in the Contemporary Coffee-Producing Sector
Global Perspective: Life in Zimbabwe: Poverty, Hunger, Development, and Politics
Case Study 2: Haiti: Poverty and Hunger
Thinking about Global Politics: Development Assistance as Foreign Policy Statecraft
Chapter 14. Environmental Issues
Environmental Issues on the International Agenda: A Brief History
The Environment and International Relations Theory
The Functions of International Environmental Cooperation
Transboundary Trade and Pollution Control
Governing the Commons
Global Perspective: "The Doomsday" Seed Vault
Theory in Practice: Regime Theory and the Montreal Protocol
Case Study: Common But Differentiated Responsibilities?
Thinking about Global Politics: The Environment: Images and Options