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Introduction to Global Politics,Second Edition, brings together an expert team of international scholars to provide students with a current, engaging, and non-U.S. perspective on global politics. It shows students how to analyze global political events using theoretical approaches--both mainstream and alternative--and emphasizes non-state actors more than other textbooks. NEW TO THIS EDITION: * "Thinking about Global Politics" boxes at the end of each chapter give students the opportunity to develop their critical-thinking skills and apply their knowledge to activities dealing with real-world issues * "Engaging with the World" boxes suggest ways that students can get involved with activist organizations * Additional non-Western examples and a more even integration of critical approaches throughout provide more balanced coverage * A new chapter (7) on Nongovernmental Actors includes expanded coverage of NGOs, transnational social movements, corporations, celebrity diplomacy, and networks * Updates throughout examine recent events and trends including the Arab Spring, the rise of China, and the continuing effects of the global economic crisis * New case studies offer in-depth looks at sexual violence, cyber-terrorism, and more PEDAGOGICAL FEATURES: * "Global Perspective" essays: Included in every chapter, these essays open windows onto other parts of the world, showing how other countries and world organizations perceive and manage global politics * "Theory in Practice" essays: Demonstrating the explanatory power of theories in global politics, these essays examine real-world scenarios using a variety of theoretical lenses * "Case Study" essays: These boxed essays delve into timely and teachable moments from world events, providing students with more in-depth analyses of specific topics * "What's Your Worldview?" critical-thinking questions: Short, critical-thinking questions in every chapter challenge students to develop their own, more well-informed ideas about global actors and issues SUPPORT PACKAGE: AnInstructor's Resource Manual with Test-Item File--available on CD or online--offers chapter objectives, detailed chapter outlines, lecture suggestions and activities, discussion questions, video and web resources, and more than 1,400 test items, including multiple-choice, short-answer, and essay questions. AComputerized Test Bankprovides multiple-choice, short-answer, and essay questions. ACompanion Website at www.oup.com/us/lamycontains all of the instructor resources (available for download) and numerous tools for students, including learning objectives, key-concept summaries, quizzes, essay questions, web activities, and web links. AnInstructor's Resource CDincludes the Instructor's Resource Manual with Test-Item File, a Computerized Test Bank, PowerPoint-based lecture slides, and graphics from the text. Now Playing,a print resource and Netflix subscription, features relevant videos and DVDs. Learning Management System Cartridgesare also available. This text is also available as aCourseSmart Ebook(978-0-19-9993408-9). Please contact your Oxford University Press sales representative for details.
Steven L. Lamy is Professor of International Relations and Vice Dean for Academic Programs in the Dana and David Dornsife College of Letters, Arts, and Sciences at the University of Southern California.
John Baylis is Emeritus Professor at Swansea University. Until his retirement in 2008, he was Professor of Politics and International Relations and Pro-Vice-Chancellor at the university.
Sir Steve Smith is Vice Chancellor at Professor of International Relations at the the University of Exeter.
Patricia Owens is Reader in the Department of International Relations at the University of Sussex.
Table of Contents
Preface About the Authors Maps of the World PART I. FOUNDATIONS Chapter 1. Introduction to Global Politics International Relations and Global Politics Global Actors Global Issues Theories of Global Politics What Are Theories? The Rise of Realism Rival Theories Research Approaches and Levels of Analysis The Historical Approach The Social Scientific Approach: Levels of Analysis The Constructivist Approach Dimensions of Globalization Features: Case Study: Global Production and the iPod Case Study: Cell Phones, Poverty, Civil War, Okapi, and Prostitution Thinking about Global Politics: Why Should I Care? Chapter 2. The Evolution of Global Politics The Significance of the Peace of Westphalia Revolutionary Wars World Wars: Modern and Total Legacies and Consequences of European Colonialism Cold War Onset of the Cold War Conflict, Confrontation, and Compromise The Rise and Fall of Détente From Détente to A Second Cold War From the End of the Cold War to the War on Terrorism Globalization: Challenging the International Order? From Superpower to Hyperpower--US Primacy Europe in the New World System Russia: From Yeltsin to Putin East Asia: Primed for Rivalry? Latin America: Becoming Global Players The War on Terrorism: From 9/11 to Iraq and Afghanistan Features: Global Perspective: Perception, Continuity, and Change after January 20, 2009 Case Study: The Iraq War and Its Origins Thinking about Global Politics: Understanding and Resolving National Conflicts PART II. THEORIES OF WORLD POLITICS Chapter 3. Realism and Liberalism What Is Realism? The Essential Realism One Realism, or Many? What Is Liberalism? Defining Liberaliscm The Essential Liberalism Neoliberalism Liberalism in Practice: Globalization Features: Global Perspective: Russia and Realism Case Study: The Melian Dialogue--Realism and the Preparation for War Theory in Practice: The Prisoner's Dilemma Case Study: The Power of Ideas: Politics and Neoliberalism Thinking about Global Politics: A Summit on Global Problems Chapter 4. Critical Approaches The Essential Marxism The Origins of World-System Theory The Key Features of Wallerstein's World-System Theory Third-World Socialists Feminist Theory Constructivism Features: Global Perspective: What Makes a Theory "Critical?" Case Study: Sexual Violence Theory in Practice: Gendered Perspective on Human Rights: the Worst Places in the World to be Born a Woman Theory in Practice: Jane Addams and the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom Thinking about Global Politics: Meeting of the Minds PART III. GLOBAL ACTORS Chapter 5. Making Foreign Policy What Is Foreign Policy? States, Nationalism, and National Interests Foreign Policy from Different Perspectives Who Makes Foreign Policy? What Do We Expect from Foreign Policy? Levels of Analysis in Foreign Policy Individual, or the Human Dimension Domestic Sources, or National Attributes Systemic Factors Global Factors The Foreign Policy Process Phase One: Initiation or Articulation Phase Phase Two: The Formulation of Foreign Policy Phase Three: Foreign Policy Implementation Phase Four: Foreign Policy Evaluation Foreign Policy Strategies and Tools Sticks: Military and Economic Tools Carrots: Foreign Assistance Sermons: Diplomatic Messaging and the Use of the Media Soft and Hard Power in Foreign Policy Foreign Policy Styles and Traditions Great Powers, Middle Powers, and Small States Great-Power Foreign Policy Middle-Power Foreign Policy Small-State Foreign Policy Features: Case Study: Refugees Global Perspective: Central America: A Perpetual Pursuit of Union? Theory in Practice: The Impact of Globalization on Different Kinds of States Thinking about Global Politics: Designing a New World Order Chapter 6. Global and Regional Governance International Law International Order and Institutions Criticisms of International Law From International to Supranational Law? The United Nations A Brief History of the United Nations and Its Principal Organs The Security Council The General Assembly The Secretariat The Economic and Social Council The Trusteeship Council The International Court of Justice Maintenance of International Peace and Security Increased Attention to Conditions within States Intervention within States Economic and Social Questions The Reform Process of the United Nations Country Level Headquarters Level The EU and Other Regional Organizations The Process of European Integration Other Regional Actors: The African Union and the Organization of American States Features: Theory in Practice: Why Some Realists Have Concerns About the UN Case Study: The 2003 Intervention in Iraq Global Perspective: The UN and Environmental Protection Thinking about Global Politics: Who Could Help Tomorrow? Twenty Global Problems and Global Issues Networks Chapter 7. Global Civil Society Actors Problems with the State-centric Approach NGOs as Political Actors Types of NGOs Types of Interests NGOs Business International NGOs (BINGOs) Religious International NGOs (RINGOs) Other Nonstate Global Actors Transnational Social Movements Terrorist Organizations/Networks Multinational Corporations/Transnational Banks Think Tanks and Research Centers Foundations Critical Individuals International Organizations as Structures of Global Politics Features: Case Study: The Baby Milk Advocacy Network Global Perspective: NGOs and Protecting the Rights of Children Thinking about Global Politics: Who Could Help Tomorrow? Twenty Global Problems and Global Issues Networks PART IV. GLOBAL ISSUES Chapter 8: International Security and Military Power What Is "Security"? The Mainstream Approaches to National Security Realist Views on Security Key Structural-Realist Assumptions Liberal Institutionalists on Global Security Alternative Views on Global Security Constructivist Theory and War Critical Security Studies: Feminism Marxist and Radical Liberal, or Utopian, Views on Security The Changing Character of War The Nature of War The Revolution in Military Affairs Postmodern War Globalization and New Wars New Roles for NATO? Nuclear Proliferation and Nonproliferation The Zero Movement Proliferation Optimism and Pessimism Nature of Nuclear Weapons Nuclear Weapons Effects Nuclear Defense Theorizing Nuclear Proliferation Nuclear Motivations Nuclear Capabilities and Intentions Post-Cold War Antiproliferation Efforts Features: Global Perspective: The Democratic Republic of the Congo Theory in Practice: Re-imaging War Case Study: Asymmetric Conflict: The US and Iraq, 2003-2011 Thinking about Global Politics: Perspectives on the Arms Race Chapter 9. Terrorism and Globalization Defining Terrorism Terrorism: From Domestic to Global Phenomena (1968-2001) The Impact of Globalization on Terrorism Cultural Explanations Economic Explanations Religion and "New" Terrorism Globalization, Technology, and Terrorism Proselytizing Coordination Security Mobility Lethality Combating Terrorism The Death of Bin Laden and the End of the War on Terrorism? Features: Global Perspective: The Shanghai Cooperation Organization: Fighting Terrorism in the Former Communist Bloc Theory in Practice: The Realist-Theory Perspective and the War on Terror Case Study: Cyberterrorism Thinking about Global Politics: [TBD] Chapter 10: Human Rights and Human Security What Are Human Rights? Human Rights and State Sovereignty What Is Human Security? History of Humanitarian Challenges 1948 and the Modern Agenda The 1990s: A Golden Era of Humanitarian Activism? Universalism Challenged Humanitarian Dimensions Political and Economic Rights Conflict, Human Rights, and Human Security Resources and Intervention Women, Conflict, and Human Security The Role of the International Community Features: Case Study: Human Insecurity in Southeast Asia Global Perspective: Asian Values Theory in Practice: Gendered Perspective on Human Rights Thinking about Global Politics: What Should be Done? National Interests versus Human Interests Chapter 11. International Political Economy in an Age of Globalization The Postwar World Economy Traditional Approaches to IPE: Liberal, Mercantilist, and Marxist The Liberal Tradition The Mercantilist Tradition The Marxist Tradition New Approaches to IPE Political Economy: The Application of Rational Choice to Groups Within the State Institutionalism: The Application of Rational Choice to States Constructivism The Globalization Debate in IPE Is Globalization Diminishing the Role of the State in the World Economy? The Global Skeptics New Constraints on States International Institutions in the Globalizing World-Economy Features: Global Perspective: The Bretton Woods Institutions and the Global South Case Study: Microcredit: Empowering Women Through Investment Theory in Practice: [TBD] Thinking about Global Politics: [TBD] Chapter 12. Global Trade and Finance Global Trade and Finance Actors A Globalizing Economy Cross-Border Transactions Open-Border Transactions Transborder Transactions Global Trade Transborder Production Transborder Products Global Finance Transplanetary Money Transplanetary Banking Transplanetary Securities Transplanetary Derivatives Continuity and Change in Economic Globalization Irregular Incidence The Persistence of Territory The Survival of the State The Continuance of Nationalism and Cultural Diversity Features: Global Perspective: NAFTA and Mexico Case Study: Southern Debt in Global Finance Theory in Practice: What Course to Follow Out of the 2008 Global Recession? Thinking about Global Politics: The Possibilities of Cooperation: The Global Commons Challenge Chapter 13. Poverty, Development, and Hunger Poverty Development Post-1945 International Economic Liberalism and the Orthodox Development Model The Post-1945 International Economic Order: Results Economic Development: Orthodox and Alternative Evaluations Hunger The Orthodox, Nature-Focused Explanation of Hunger The Entitlement, Society-Focused Explanation of Hunger Globalization and Hunger Features: Theory in Practice: The Terms of Development Case Study 1: Ideas and Development in the Contemporary Coffee-Producing Sector Global Perspective: Life in Zimbabwe: Poverty, Hunger, Development, and Politics Case Study 2: Haiti: Poverty and Hunger Thinking about Global Politics: Development Assistance as Foreign Policy Statecraft Chapter 14. Environmental Issues Environmental Issues on the International Agenda: A Brief History The Environment and International Relations Theory The Functions of International Environmental Cooperation Transboundary Trade and Pollution Control Norm Creation Capacity Building Scientific Understanding Governing the Commons Environmental Regimes Climate Change Features: Global Perspective: "The Doomsday" Seed Vault Theory in Practice: Regime Theory and the Montreal Protocol Case Study: Common But Differentiated Responsibilities? Thinking about Global Politics: The Environment: Images and Options Thematic Maps Glossary References Credits Index