Introduction to Global Politics

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 7/15/2014
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Introduction to Global Politics, Third Edition, brings together an expert team of international scholars to provide students with a current, engaging, and non-U.S. perspective on global politics. It shows students how to analyze global political events using theoretical approaches--both mainstream and alternative--and emphasizes non-state actors more than other textbooks.


* "Thinking about Global Politics" boxes at the end of each chapter give students the opportunity to develop their critical-thinking skills and apply their knowledge to in-depth activities dealing with real-world issues

* "Theory in Practice" essays with discussion questions examine real-world scenarios using a variety of theoretical lenses

* "Engaging with the World" boxes suggest ways that students can get involved with activist organizations

* "Case Study" essays with discussion questions delve into timely moments from world events, providing students with more in-depth analyses of specific topics

* "What's Your Worldview?" critical-thinking questions challenge students to develop their own, more well-informed ideas about global actors and issues

* Additional study aids--including a running glossary, a comprehensive glossary, review questions at the end of each chapter, and margin charts--help students better comprehend the material and prepare for tests

Author Biography

Steven L. Lamy is Professor of International Relations and Vice Dean for Academic Programs for Letters, Arts, and Sciences at the University of Southern California.

John Baylis is Emeritus Professor of Politics and International Relations at Swansea University.

Sir Steve Smith is Vice Chancellor and Professor of International Relations at the University of Exeter.

Patricia Owens is Reader in the Department of International Relations at the University of Sussex.

Table of Contents

About the Authors
Maps of the World
Chapter 1. Introduction to Global Politics
International Relations and Global Politics
Global Actors
Global Issues
Theories of Global Politics
What Are Theories?
The Rise of Realism
Rival Theories
Research Approaches and Levels of Analysis
The Historical Approach
The Social Scientific Approach: Levels of Analysis
The Constructivist Approach
Dimensions of Globalization
Case Study 1.1: Global Production and the iPod
Case Study 1.2: Cell Phones, Poverty, Civil War, Okapi, and Prostitution
Thinking about Global Politics: Why Should I Care?
Chapter 2. The Evolution of Global Politics
The Significance of the Peace of Westphalia
Revolutionary Wars
World Wars: Modern and Total
Legacies and Consequences of European Colonialism
Cold War
Onset of the Cold War
Conflict, Confrontation, and Compromise
The Rise and Fall of Détente
From Détente to a Second Cold War
From the End of the Cold War to the War on Terrorism
Globalization: Challenging the International Order?
From Superpower to Hyperpower: US Primacy
Europe in the New World System
Russia: From Yeltsin to Putin
East Asia: Primed for Rivalry?
Latin America: Becoming Global Players
The War on Terrorism: From 9/11 to Iraq and Afghanistan
Global Perspective: Perception, Continuity, and Change after January 20, 2009
Case Study: The Iraq War and Its Origins
Thinking about Global Politics: Understanding and Resolving National Conflicts
Chapter 3. Realism and Liberalism
What Is Realism?
The Essential Realism
One Realism, or Many?
What Is Liberalism?
Defining Liberaliscm
The Essential Liberalism
Liberalism in Practice: Globalization
Global Perspective: Russia and Realism
Case Study 3.1: The Melian Dialogue: Realism and the Preparation for War
Theory in Practice: The Prisoner's Dilemma
Case Study 3.2: The Power of Ideas: Politics and Neoliberalism
Thinking about Global Politics: A Summit on Global Problems
Chapter 4. Critical Approaches
The Essential Marxism
The Origins of World-System Theory
The Key Features of Wallerstein's World-System Theory
Third-World Socialists
Feminist Theory
Global Perspective: What Makes a Theory "Alternative" or "Critical?"
Case Study: Sexual Violence
Theory in Practice 4.1: Gendered Perspective on Human Rights
Theory in Practice 4.2: Jane Addams and the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
Thinking about Global Politics: Meeting of the Minds
Chapter 5. Making Foreign Policy
What Is Foreign Policy?
States, Nationalism, and National Interests
Foreign Policy from Different Perspectives
Who Makes Foreign Policy?
What Do We Expect from Foreign Policy?
Levels of Analysis in Foreign Policy
Individual, or the Human Dimension
National Attributes, or the Domestic Factors
Systemic Conditions, or the Nature of the International System
Global Factors
The Foreign Policy Process
Four Phases of Foreign Policy Making
Foreign Policy Strategies and Tools
Sticks: Military and Economic Tools
Carrots: Foreign Assistance
Sermons: Diplomatic Messaging and the Use of the Media
Soft and Hard Power in Foreign Policy
Foreign Policy Styles and Traditions
Great Powers, Middle Powers, and Small States
Great-Power Foreign Policy
Middle-Power Foreign Policy
Small-State Foreign Policy
Case Study: Refugees
Global Perspective: Central America: A Perpetual Pursuit of Union?
Theory in Practice: The Impact of Globalization on Different Kinds of States
Thinking about Global Politics: Designing a New World Order
Chapter 6. Global and Regional Governance
International Law
International Order and Institutions
Criticisms of International Law
From International to Supranational Law?
The United Nations
A Brief History of the United Nations and Its Principal Organs
Maintenance of International Peace and Security
Increased Attention to Conditions within States
Intervention Within States
Economic and Social Questions
The Reform Process of the United Nations
Country Level
Headquarters Level
The EU and Other Regional Organizations
The Process of European Integration
Other Regional Actors: The African Union and the Organization of American States
Theory in Practice: Neoconservatives and the United Nations
Case Study: The 2003 Intervention in Iraq
Global Perspective: The United Nations and Environmental Protection
Thinking about Global Politics: Theory Pursuit: A Structured Review of Realism, Liberalism, and Critical Approaches
Chapter 7. Nongovernmental Actors
The Growth of Global Civil Society
Multinational Corporations
INGOs as Political Actors
Sources of INGO Power
Forms of INGO Power
Celebrity Diplomacy
Global Foundations and Think Tanks
Criminal and Terrorist Networks as Global Actors
Terrorists, Guerrillas, and National Liberation
The Significance of Criminals, Terrorists, and Guerrillas
Case Study: The Baby Milk Advocacy Network
Theory in Practice: A Transnational Challenge: The War on Drugs
Global Perspective: Nongovernmental Organizations and Protecting the Rights of Children
Thinking about Global Politics: Who Could Help Tomorrow? Twenty Global Problems and Global Issues Networks
Chapter 8: Security and Military Power
What Is "Security"?
Mainstream Approaches to Security
Realist Views on Security
Key Structural-Realist Assumptions
Liberal Institutionalists on Global Security
Critical Approaches to Security
The Constructivist Approach and War
Critical Security Studies: Feminism
Marxist and Radical Liberal or Utopian Views on Security
The Changing Character of War
The Nature of War
The Revolution in Military Affairs
Postmodern War
Globalization and New Wars
New Roles for NATO?
Nuclear Proliferation and Nonproliferation
The Global Zero Movement
Proliferation Optimism and Pessimism
Nuclear Weapons Effects
Nuclear Defense
Theorizing Nuclear Proliferation
Nuclear Motivations
Nuclear Capabilities and Intentions
Post-Cold War Antiproliferation Efforts
Global Perspective: The Democratic Republic of the Congo
Theory in Practice: Reimaging War
Case Study: Asymmetric Conflict: The United States and Iraq, 2003-2011
Thinking about Global Politics: Perspectives on the Arms Race
Chapter 9. Terrorism
Defining Terrorism
Terrorism: From Domestic to Global Phenomena
The Impact of Globalization on Terrorism
Cultural Explanations
Economic Explanations
Religion and New Terrorism
The Intersection of Globalization, Technology, and Terrorism
Combating Terrorism
The Death of Bin Laden and the End of the War on Terrorism?
Global Perspective: The Shanghai Cooperation Organization: Fighting Terrorism in the Former Communist Bloc
Theory in Practice: The Realist-Theory Perspective and the War on Terror
Case Study: Cyberterrorism
Thinking about Global Politics: Why Terrorism? Developing Testable Hypotheses
Chapter 10: Human Rights and Human Security
What Are Human Rights?
The Liberal Account of Rights
Human Rights and State Sovereignty
International Human Rights Legislation
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Subsequent UN Legislation
Enforcement of UN Legislation
What Is Human Security?
Origin of the Concept
Human Security and Development
Common Security
History of Humanitarian Activism and Intervention
Intervention and Nonintervention in the 1990s
Universalism Challenged
Humanitarian Dimensions
Political and Economic Rights and Security
Human Rights and Human Security During Conflict
Access to Resources
Women, Conflict, and Human Security
The Role of the International Community
Case Study: Human Insecurity in Southeast Asia
Global Perspective: Asian Values
Theory in Practice: Gendered Perspective on Human Rights
Thinking about Global Politics: What Should be Done? National Interests Versus Human Interests
Chapter 11. International Political Economy
The Postwar World Economy
Traditional Approaches to IPE: Liberal, Mercantilist, and Marxist
The Liberal Tradition
The Mercantilist Tradition
The Marxist Tradition
New Approaches to IPE
Political Economy: The Application of Rational Choice to Groups Within the State
Institutionalism: The Application of Rational Choice to States
The Globalization Debate in IPE
Is Globalization Diminishing the Role of the State in the World Economy?
The Global Skeptics
New Constraints on States
International Institutions in the Globalizing World Economy
Case Study 11.1: Microcredit: Empowering Women Through Investment
Global Perspective: The Bretton Woods Institutions and the Global South
Theory in Practice: Contending Views of Capitalism
Case Study 11.2: The European Economic Crisis and Its Global Consequences
Thinking about Global Politics: Globalization: Productive, Predatory, or Inconsequential?
Chapter 12. Global Trade and Finance
Global Trade and Finance Actors
A Globalizing Economy
Cross-Border Transactions
Open-Border Transactions
Transborder Transactions
Global Trade
Transborder Production
Transborder Products
Global Finance
Global Money
Global Banking
Global Securities
Global Derivatives
Continuity and Change in Economic Globalization
Irregular Incidence
The Persistence of Territory
The Survival of the State
The Continuance of Nationalism and Cultural Diversity
Global Perspective: NAFTA and Mexico
Case Study: Southern Debt in Global Finance
Theory in Practice: What Course to Follow Out of the 2008 Global Recession?
Thinking about Global Politics: The Possibilities of Cooperation: The Global Commons Challenge
Chapter 13. Poverty, Development, and Hunger
Post-1945 International Economic Liberalism and the Orthodox Development Model
The Post-1945 International Economic Order: Results
Economic Development: Orthodox and Alternative Evaluations
The Orthodox, Nature-Focused Explanation of Hunger
The Entitlement, Society-Focused Explanation of Hunger
Globalization and Hunger
Case Study 13.1: Ideas and Development in the Contemporary Coffee-Producing Sector
Theory in Practice: The Terms of Development
Case Study 13.2: Haiti: Poverty and Hunger
Global Perspective: Life in Zimbabwe: Poverty, Hunger, Development, and Politics
Thinking about Global Politics: Development Assistance as Foreign Policy Statecraft
Chapter 14. Environmental Issues
Environmental Issues on the International Agenda: A Brief History
The Environment and International Relations Theory
The Functions of International Environmental Cooperation
Transboundary Trade and Pollution Control
Environmental Regimes
Climate Change
lobal Perspective: "The Doomsday" Seed Vault
Theory in Practice: Regime Theory and the Montreal Protocol
Case Study: Common But Differentiated Responsibilities?
Thinking about Global Politics:The Environment: Images and Options
Thematic Maps

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