Introduction to Global Politics

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 7/20/2016
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Introduction to Global Politics, Fourth Edition, provides students with a current, engaging, and non-U.S. perspective on global politics. It shows students how to analyze global political events using theoretical approaches-both mainstream and alternative-and emphasizes non-state actors more than any other global politics text.

Chapter-by-Chapter Revisions

Chapter 1: Introduction to Global Politics
-Expanded theoretical coverage introduces students to the three theoretical traditions in international relations theory: Machiavellian, Grotian, and Kantian
-New Case Study: "Global Production and the iPhone"

Chapter 2: The Evolution of Global Politics
-Revised chapter-opening vignette addresses the goals of nation-states for survival and influence in the global system and how critical trends, such as the diffusion of power and increasing demands for vital resources, influence such goals
-Expanded coverage of US-Cuba relations addresses the restoration of diplomatic ties
-Further examination of the war on terrorism, including the completion of NATO's International Security Assistance Force mission in Afghanistan and its subsequent transition to the ongoing Resolute Support Mission
-Updated Global Perspective "Perception, Continuity, and Change After January 20, 2009" addresses the continuing course of the Arab Spring
-Updated statistics and graphics include "Estimated Global Nuclear Warheads, as of 2015," and "Number of Wars in Progress Since 1950"

Chapter 3: Realism, Liberalism, and Critical Theories
-Elimination of overlapping content between Chapter 3 and the first two introductory chapters, effectively streamlining the chapter and bringing its objectives of defining and describing the origins of IR theories, as well as explaining the relation among the levels of analysis and the different variations of the five schools of thought, into clearer focus
-The latest on the most pertinent international relations matters including how world leaders should deal with extremist networks like the Islamic State

Chapter 4: Making Foreign Policy
-Further coverage and analysis of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, including the goals of the 2015 Paris Climate Change Conference
-Expanded discussion of fragile states, including updates to the Fragile State Index
-Discussion of foreign policy evaluation has been expanded to include criticism of the CIA's detention and treatment of prisoners taken in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan
-Additional examples of NGO influence on human rights (i.e. Human Rights Watch pressuring the Chinese government to abolish its re-education through labor detention system)
-Updated statistics and graphics include "Top Ten Foreign Aid Donors" and the addition of a new figure "Share of World Military Expenditures of the 15 States with the Highest Expenditure"

Chapter 5: Global and Regional Governance
-Revised chapter-opening vignette addresses the impact of the Tunisian National Dialogue as a civil society organization and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize
-Updated examples of venture philanthropy include Facebook co-founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg's pledge to donate 99 percent of his wealth
-Updated Case Study "A Global Campaign: The Baby Milk Advocacy Network" includes recent statistics from the World Health Organization.
-Updated statistics and graphics include "INGO Growth Continues" and "Distribution of Think Tanks in the World"

Chapter 6: Global Security, Military Power, and Terrorism
-Updated information on conflicts including the Syrian civil war, the rise of the Islamic State and their goal to establish an Islamic Caliphate, and the UN peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic to prevent civil wars and sectarian conflicts
-Condensed coverage of mainstream and critical approaches to security in order to eliminate overlapping content found in Chapter 3: Realism, Liberalism, and Critical Theories
-Added examples of the importance of collective action and reliance on international/regional organization (i.e. in the case of the 2015 Iran nuclear deal)
-Expanded discussion of the effects of nuclear weapons and the idea that the international community is experiencing a new nuclear age in which weapons of mass destruction are used to secure strategic advantage
-Updated Case Study "US Drone Warfare: A Robotic Revolution in Modern Combat" includes recent statistics on drone strikes
-Updated information on the spread of jihadists, Al Qaeda, and ISIS and the geographical extent to which the Obama Administration (and future administrations) will have to go to find them
-Updated statistics and graphics include "Arms Deliveries Worldwide," "Arms Transfer Agreements Worldwide"; the addition of two new figures: "Top Locations of Islamic State Twitter Users" and "Thirteen Years of Terror in Western Europe;" the addition of a new map: "Where ISIS Has Directed and Inspired Attacks;" and the addition of a table detailing the inter-actor relationship of those involved in the Syrian civil war

Chapter 7: Human Rights and Human Security
-Added information on the latest human rights crises (i.e. the refugee crisis, the Syrian civil war, and South Sudan)
-New Case Study "A Failed Intervention" on the genocide occurring in Darfur
-Updated statistics on current UN peacekeeping operations

Chapter 8: Global Trade and Finance
-Updated analysis on the current status of global economic interconnection (i.e. the role that governmental intervention has on the economy of their nation-states--including free markets, the impact of the slowdown of China's economy, and the effects of increasing global foreign direct investment)
-New discussion of the Trans-Pacific Partnership and its subsequent implications as the largest regional trade agreement in history
-Updated Theory in Practice "Contending Views of Capitalism" reflects recent changes in the Chinese economy and cyberwarfare tactics it uses against the US
-Updated statistics and graphics include "Main Trading Nations," "Real GDP Growth," and the addition of a new graph "Holdings of US Treasury Securities"

Chapter 9: Poverty, Development, and Hunger
-Added discussion on the results of the Millennium Development Goals process (including an updated Progress Chart for UN Millennium Development Goals) and the UN's subsequent adoption of the new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (illustrated by Sustainable Development Goals).
-Updated discussions of world population statistics and estimated population growth projections, including new graphics "Projected World Population" and "Fastest Growing Populations"

Chapter 10: Environmental Issues
-Discussion of the latest environmental issues including the rising number of carbon emissions emitted on the planet, the effect climate change and environmental degradation are having as causes of major violence in regards to specific ethnic communities that compete for scarce resources, and how 2015 was the hottest year in recorded history
-Added discussion of how climate change is the greatest challenge to economic and political stability across the world
-Revised discussion of the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report addresses the rise of global surface temperatures, the continued shrinking of sea ice, and how human influence correlates to climate change and increasing levels of greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere
-Added information and analysis of the 2015 Paris Climate Change Conference, its outcomes, and the importance of adhering to pledges to curb emissions and keeping global temperature rises under 2 degrees Celsius; new concluding thoughts and analysis added

Table of Contents

About the Authors
Maps of the World
Chapter 1. Introduction to Global Politics, John Baylis, Anthony McGrew, Steve Smith, Steven L. Lamy, and John Masker
International Relations and Global Politics
Global Actors
Global Issues
Theories of Global Politics
What Are Theories?
Theoretical Traditions in International Relations
The Rise of Realism
Rival Theories
Research Approaches and Levels of Analysis
The Historical Approach
The Social Scientific Approach: Levels of Analysis
The Constructivist Approach
Dimensions of Globalization
Case Study: Global Production and the iPhone
Thinking About Global Politics: Why Should I Care?
Chapter 2. The Evolution of Global Politics, David Armstrong, Michael Cox, Len Scott, Steven L. Lamy, and John Masker
The Significance of the Peace of Westphalia
Revolutionary Wars
World Wars: Modern and Total
Legacies and Consequences of European Colonialism
Cold War
Onset of the Cold War
Conflict, Confrontation, and Compromise
The Rise and Fall of Détente
From Détente to a Second Cold War
From the End of the Cold War to the War on Terrorism
Globalization: Challenging the International Order?
From Superpower to Hyperpower: U.S. Primacy
Europe in the New World System
Russia: From Yeltsin to Putin
East Asia: Primed for Rivalry?
Latin America: Becoming Global Players
The War on Terrorism: From 9/11 to Iraq, Afghanistan, and Syria
Global Perspective: Perception, Continuity, and Change After January 20, 2009
Case Study: The Iraq War and Its Origins
Thinking About Global Politics: Understanding and Resolving International Conflicts
Chapter 3. Realism, Liberalism, and Critical Theories, Tim Dunne, Brian C. Schmidt, Stephen Hobden, Richard Wyn Jones, Steve Smith, Steven L. Lamy, and John Masker
What Is Realism?
The Essential Realism
One Realism or Many?
--Classical Realism
--Structural Realism, or Neorealism
--Contemporary Realist Challenges to Structural Realism
What Is Liberalism?
Defining Liberaliscm
The Essential Liberalism
Liberalism in Practice
Critical Theories
The Essential Marxism
Third World Socialists
Feminist Theory
Case Study: The Power of Ideas: Politics and Neoliberalism
Global Perspective: What Makes a Theory "Alternative" or Critical?
Theory in Practice: Jane Addams and the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
Thinking About Global Politics: The Melian Dialogue: Realism and the Preparation for War
Chapter 4. Making Foreign Policy, Steven L. Lamy and John Masker
What Is Foreign Policy?
States, Nationalism, and National Interests
Foreign Policy from Different Perspectives
Who Makes Foreign Policy?
What Do We Expect from Foreign Policy?
Levels of Analysis in Foreign Policy
Individual Factors, or the Human Dimension
National Factors, or Domestic Attributes
Systemic Factors, or the Nature of the International System
Global Factors
The Foreign Policy Process
Four Phases of Foreign Policy Making
--Phase One: Initiation or Articulation
--Phase Two: The Formulation of Foreign Policy
--Phase Three: Foreign Policy Implementation
--Phase Four: Foreign Policy Evaluation
Foreign Policy Strategies and Tools
Sticks: Military and Economic Tools
Carrots: Foreign Assistance
Sermons: Diplomatic Messaging and the Use of the Media
Soft and Hard Power in Foreign Policy
Foreign Policy Styles and Traditions
Great Powers, Middle Powers, and Small States
--Great-Power Foreign Policy
--Middle-Power Foreign Policy
--Small-State Foreign Policy
Case Study: Refugees
Global Perspective: Central America: A Perpetual Pursuit of Union?
Theory in Practice: The Impact of Globalization on Different Kinds of States
Thinking About Global Politics: Designing a New World Order
Chapter 5. Global and Regional Governance, Devon Curtis, Christian Reus-Smit, Paul Taylor, Steven L. Lamy, and John Masker
International Law
International Order and Institutions
Criticisms of International Law
From International to Supranational Law?
The United Nations
A Brief History of the United Nations and Its Principal Organs
--The Security Council
--The General Assembly
--The Secretariat
--The Economic and Social Council
--The Trusteeship Council
--The International Court of Justice
Maintenance of International Peace and Security
Increased Attention to Conditions Within States
Intervention Within States
Economic and Social Questions
The Reform Process of the United Nations
Country Level
Headquarters Level
The European Union and Other Regional Organizations
The Process of European Integration
Other Regional Actors: The African Union and the Organization of American States
The Growth of Global Civil Society
Multinational Corporations
INGOs as Global Political Actors
Sources of INGO Power
Forms of INGO Power
--Information Politics
--Symbolic Politics
--Leverage Politics
--Accountability Politics
--Global Campaign Politics
Celebrity Diplomacy
Foundations and Think Tanks
Criminal and Terrorist Networks as Global Actors
Theory in Practice: Neoconservatives and the United Nations
Case Study: A Global Campaign: The Baby Milk Advocacy Network
Global Perspective: Nongovernmental Organizations and Protecting the Rights of Children
Thinking About Global Politics: Who Could Help Tomorrow? Twenty Global Problems and Global Issues Networks
Chapter 6. Global Security, Military Power, and Terrorism, John Baylis, Darryl Howlett, James D. Kiras, Steven L. Lamy, and John Masker
What Is "Security"?
Mainstream and Critical Approaches to Security
Realist and Neorealist Views on Global Security
Liberal Institutionalist Views on Global Security
The Constructivist Approach to Global Security
The Feminist Approach to Global Security
Marxist and Radical Liberal or Utopian Approaches to Security
The Changing Character of War
The Nature of War
The Revolution in Military Affairs
Postmodern War
Globalization and New Wars
New Roles for NATO?
Nuclear Proliferation and Nonproliferation
Proliferation Optimism and Pessimism
Nuclear Weapons Effects
The Current Nuclear Age
Nuclear Motivations
Nuclear Capabilities and Intentions
Terrorism and Extremism
Terrorism: From Domestic to Global Phenomena
The Impact of Globalization on Terrorism
Cultural Explanations
Economic Explanations
Religion and "New" Terrorism
The Current Challenge: The Islamic State
Globalization, Technology, and Terrorism
Security of Terrorist Organizations
Combating Terrorism
Counterterrorism Activities
Case Study: U. S. Drone Warfare: A Robotic Revolution in Modern Combat
Theory in Practice: The Realist-Theory Perspective and the War on Terrorism
Global Perspective: The Shanghai Cooperation Organization: Fighting Terrorism in the Former Communist Bloc
Thinking About Global Politics: Perspectives on the Arms Race
Chapter 7. Human Rights and Human Security, Amitav Acharya, Alex J. Bellamy, Chris Brown, Nicholas J. Wheeler, Steven L. Lamy, and John Masker
What Are Human Rights?
The Liberal Account of Rights
Human Rights and State Sovereignty
International Human Rights Legislation
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Subsequent UN Legislation
Enforcement of Human Rights Legislation
What Is Human Security?
Origin of the Concept
Human Security and Development
Human Security and Refugees
Common Security
History of Humanitarian Activism and Intervention
Intervention and Nonintervention in the 1990s
Universalism Challenged
Humanitarian Dimensions
Political and Economic Rights and Security
Human Rights and Human Security During Conflict
Women, Conflict, and Human Security
The Role of the International Community
Case Study: A Failed Intervention
Global Perspective: Asian Values
Theory in Practice: Gendered Perspective on Human Rights
Thinking About Global Politics: What Should be Done? National Interests Versus Human Interests
Chapter 8. Global Trade and Finance, Steven L. Lamy and John Masker
The Emergence of a Global Trade and Monetary System
Global Trade and Finance Actors in a Globalizing Economy
Cross-Border Transactions
Open-Border Transactions
Transborder Transactions
Global Trade
Transborder Production
Transborder Products
Global Finance
Global Money
Global Banking
Global Securities
Global Derivatives
Continuity and Change in Economic Globalization
Irregular Incidence
The Persistence of Territory
The Survival of the State
The Continuance of Nationalism and Cultural Diversity
Theory in Practice: Contending Views of Capitalism
Global Perspective: The Trans-Pacific Partnership
Case Study: Southern Debt in Global Finance
Thinking About Global Politics: Globalization: Productive, Predatory, or Inconsequential?
Chapter 9. Poverty, Development, and Hunger, Caroline Thomas, Steven L. Lamy, and John Masker
Post-1945 International Economic Liberalism and the Orthodox Development Model
The Post-1945 International Economic Order: Results
Economic Development: Orthodox and Alternative Evaluations
A Critical Alternative View of Development
Democracy, Empowerment, and Development
The Orthodoxy Incorporates Criticisms
An Appraisal of the Responses of the Orthodox Approach to Its Critics
The Orthodox, Nature-Focused Explanation of Hunger
The Entitlement, Society-Focused Explanation of Hunger
Globalization and Hunger
Case Study: Ideas and Development in the Contemporary Coffee-Producing Sector
Theory in Practice: The Terms of Development
Global Perspective: Life in Zimbabwe: Poverty, Hunger, Development, and Politics
Thinking About Global Politics: Development Assistance as Foreign Policy Statecraft
Chapter 10. Environmental Issues, John Vogler, Steven L. Lamy, and John Masker
Environmental Issues on the International Agenda: A Brief History
The Paris Climate Summit 2015
The Environment and International Relations Theory
The Functions of International Environmental Cooperation
Transboundary Trade and Pollution Control
Norm Creation
Aid and Capacity Building
Scientific Understanding
Governing the Commons
Environmental Regimes
Climate Change
Global Perspective: "The Doomsday" Seed Vault
Theory in Practice: Regime Theory and the Montreal Protocol
Case Study: Common but Differentiated Responsibilities?
Thinking About Global Politics:The Environment: Images and Options

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