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Introduction to Global Politics, Fourth Edition, provides students with a current, engaging, and non-U.S. perspective on global politics. It shows students how to analyze global political events using theoretical approaches-both mainstream and alternative-and emphasizes non-state actors more than any other global politics text.
Chapter 1: Introduction to Global Politics -Expanded theoretical coverage introduces students to the three theoretical traditions in international relations theory: Machiavellian, Grotian, and Kantian -New Case Study: "Global Production and the iPhone"
Chapter 2: The Evolution of Global Politics -Revised chapter-opening vignette addresses the goals of nation-states for survival and influence in the global system and how critical trends, such as the diffusion of power and increasing demands for vital resources, influence such goals -Expanded coverage of US-Cuba relations addresses the restoration of diplomatic ties -Further examination of the war on terrorism, including the completion of NATO's International Security Assistance Force mission in Afghanistan and its subsequent transition to the ongoing Resolute Support Mission -Updated Global Perspective "Perception, Continuity, and Change After January 20, 2009" addresses the continuing course of the Arab Spring -Updated statistics and graphics include "Estimated Global Nuclear Warheads, as of 2015," and "Number of Wars in Progress Since 1950"
Chapter 3: Realism, Liberalism, and Critical Theories -Elimination of overlapping content between Chapter 3 and the first two introductory chapters, effectively streamlining the chapter and bringing its objectives of defining and describing the origins of IR theories, as well as explaining the relation among the levels of analysis and the different variations of the five schools of thought, into clearer focus -The latest on the most pertinent international relations matters including how world leaders should deal with extremist networks like the Islamic State
Chapter 4: Making Foreign Policy -Further coverage and analysis of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, including the goals of the 2015 Paris Climate Change Conference -Expanded discussion of fragile states, including updates to the Fragile State Index -Discussion of foreign policy evaluation has been expanded to include criticism of the CIA's detention and treatment of prisoners taken in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan -Additional examples of NGO influence on human rights (i.e. Human Rights Watch pressuring the Chinese government to abolish its re-education through labor detention system) -Updated statistics and graphics include "Top Ten Foreign Aid Donors" and the addition of a new figure "Share of World Military Expenditures of the 15 States with the Highest Expenditure"
Chapter 5: Global and Regional Governance -Revised chapter-opening vignette addresses the impact of the Tunisian National Dialogue as a civil society organization and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize -Updated examples of venture philanthropy include Facebook co-founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg's pledge to donate 99 percent of his wealth -Updated Case Study "A Global Campaign: The Baby Milk Advocacy Network" includes recent statistics from the World Health Organization. -Updated statistics and graphics include "INGO Growth Continues" and "Distribution of Think Tanks in the World"
Chapter 6: Global Security, Military Power, and Terrorism -Updated information on conflicts including the Syrian civil war, the rise of the Islamic State and their goal to establish an Islamic Caliphate, and the UN peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic to prevent civil wars and sectarian conflicts -Condensed coverage of mainstream and critical approaches to security in order to eliminate overlapping content found in Chapter 3: Realism, Liberalism, and Critical Theories -Added examples of the importance of collective action and reliance on international/regional organization (i.e. in the case of the 2015 Iran nuclear deal) -Expanded discussion of the effects of nuclear weapons and the idea that the international community is experiencing a new nuclear age in which weapons of mass destruction are used to secure strategic advantage -Updated Case Study "US Drone Warfare: A Robotic Revolution in Modern Combat" includes recent statistics on drone strikes -Updated information on the spread of jihadists, Al Qaeda, and ISIS and the geographical extent to which the Obama Administration (and future administrations) will have to go to find them -Updated statistics and graphics include "Arms Deliveries Worldwide," "Arms Transfer Agreements Worldwide"; the addition of two new figures: "Top Locations of Islamic State Twitter Users" and "Thirteen Years of Terror in Western Europe;" the addition of a new map: "Where ISIS Has Directed and Inspired Attacks;" and the addition of a table detailing the inter-actor relationship of those involved in the Syrian civil war
Chapter 7: Human Rights and Human Security -Added information on the latest human rights crises (i.e. the refugee crisis, the Syrian civil war, and South Sudan) -New Case Study "A Failed Intervention" on the genocide occurring in Darfur -Updated statistics on current UN peacekeeping operations
Chapter 8: Global Trade and Finance -Updated analysis on the current status of global economic interconnection (i.e. the role that governmental intervention has on the economy of their nation-states--including free markets, the impact of the slowdown of China's economy, and the effects of increasing global foreign direct investment) -New discussion of the Trans-Pacific Partnership and its subsequent implications as the largest regional trade agreement in history -Updated Theory in Practice "Contending Views of Capitalism" reflects recent changes in the Chinese economy and cyberwarfare tactics it uses against the US -Updated statistics and graphics include "Main Trading Nations," "Real GDP Growth," and the addition of a new graph "Holdings of US Treasury Securities"
Chapter 9: Poverty, Development, and Hunger -Added discussion on the results of the Millennium Development Goals process (including an updated Progress Chart for UN Millennium Development Goals) and the UN's subsequent adoption of the new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (illustrated by Sustainable Development Goals). -Updated discussions of world population statistics and estimated population growth projections, including new graphics "Projected World Population" and "Fastest Growing Populations"
Chapter 10: Environmental Issues -Discussion of the latest environmental issues including the rising number of carbon emissions emitted on the planet, the effect climate change and environmental degradation are having as causes of major violence in regards to specific ethnic communities that compete for scarce resources, and how 2015 was the hottest year in recorded history -Added discussion of how climate change is the greatest challenge to economic and political stability across the world -Revised discussion of the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report addresses the rise of global surface temperatures, the continued shrinking of sea ice, and how human influence correlates to climate change and increasing levels of greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere -Added information and analysis of the 2015 Paris Climate Change Conference, its outcomes, and the importance of adhering to pledges to curb emissions and keeping global temperature rises under 2 degrees Celsius; new concluding thoughts and analysis added
Table of Contents
Preface About the Authors Maps of the World PART I. FOUNDATIONS OF GLOBAL POLITICS Chapter 1. Introduction to Global Politics, John Baylis, Anthony McGrew, Steve Smith, Steven L. Lamy, and John Masker International Relations and Global Politics Global Actors Global Issues Theories of Global Politics What Are Theories? Theoretical Traditions in International Relations The Rise of Realism Rival Theories Research Approaches and Levels of Analysis The Historical Approach The Social Scientific Approach: Levels of Analysis The Constructivist Approach Dimensions of Globalization FEATURES Case Study: Global Production and the iPhone Thinking About Global Politics: Why Should I Care? Chapter 2. The Evolution of Global Politics, David Armstrong, Michael Cox, Len Scott, Steven L. Lamy, and John Masker The Significance of the Peace of Westphalia Revolutionary Wars World Wars: Modern and Total Legacies and Consequences of European Colonialism Cold War Onset of the Cold War Conflict, Confrontation, and Compromise The Rise and Fall of Détente From Détente to a Second Cold War From the End of the Cold War to the War on Terrorism Globalization: Challenging the International Order? From Superpower to Hyperpower: U.S. Primacy Europe in the New World System Russia: From Yeltsin to Putin East Asia: Primed for Rivalry? Latin America: Becoming Global Players The War on Terrorism: From 9/11 to Iraq, Afghanistan, and Syria FEATURES Global Perspective: Perception, Continuity, and Change After January 20, 2009 Case Study: The Iraq War and Its Origins Thinking About Global Politics: Understanding and Resolving International Conflicts Chapter 3. Realism, Liberalism, and Critical Theories, Tim Dunne, Brian C. Schmidt, Stephen Hobden, Richard Wyn Jones, Steve Smith, Steven L. Lamy, and John Masker What Is Realism? The Essential Realism --Statism --Survival --Self-Help One Realism or Many? --Classical Realism --Structural Realism, or Neorealism --Contemporary Realist Challenges to Structural Realism What Is Liberalism? Defining Liberaliscm The Essential Liberalism Neoliberalism Liberalism in Practice Critical Theories The Essential Marxism Third World Socialists Feminist Theory Constructivism FEATURES Case Study: The Power of Ideas: Politics and Neoliberalism Global Perspective: What Makes a Theory "Alternative" or Critical? Theory in Practice: Jane Addams and the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom Thinking About Global Politics: The Melian Dialogue: Realism and the Preparation for War PART II. GLOBAL ACTORS Chapter 4. Making Foreign Policy, Steven L. Lamy and John Masker What Is Foreign Policy? States, Nationalism, and National Interests Foreign Policy from Different Perspectives Who Makes Foreign Policy? What Do We Expect from Foreign Policy? Levels of Analysis in Foreign Policy Individual Factors, or the Human Dimension National Factors, or Domestic Attributes Systemic Factors, or the Nature of the International System Global Factors The Foreign Policy Process Four Phases of Foreign Policy Making --Phase One: Initiation or Articulation --Phase Two: The Formulation of Foreign Policy --Phase Three: Foreign Policy Implementation --Phase Four: Foreign Policy Evaluation Foreign Policy Strategies and Tools Sticks: Military and Economic Tools Carrots: Foreign Assistance Sermons: Diplomatic Messaging and the Use of the Media Soft and Hard Power in Foreign Policy Foreign Policy Styles and Traditions Great Powers, Middle Powers, and Small States --Great-Power Foreign Policy --Middle-Power Foreign Policy --Small-State Foreign Policy FEATURES Case Study: Refugees Global Perspective: Central America: A Perpetual Pursuit of Union? Theory in Practice: The Impact of Globalization on Different Kinds of States Thinking About Global Politics: Designing a New World Order Chapter 5. Global and Regional Governance, Devon Curtis, Christian Reus-Smit, Paul Taylor, Steven L. Lamy, and John Masker International Law International Order and Institutions Criticisms of International Law From International to Supranational Law? The United Nations A Brief History of the United Nations and Its Principal Organs --The Security Council --The General Assembly --The Secretariat --The Economic and Social Council --The Trusteeship Council --The International Court of Justice Maintenance of International Peace and Security Increased Attention to Conditions Within States Intervention Within States Economic and Social Questions The Reform Process of the United Nations Country Level Headquarters Level The European Union and Other Regional Organizations The Process of European Integration Other Regional Actors: The African Union and the Organization of American States The Growth of Global Civil Society Multinational Corporations INGOs as Global Political Actors Sources of INGO Power Forms of INGO Power --Information Politics --Symbolic Politics --Leverage Politics --Accountability Politics --Global Campaign Politics Celebrity Diplomacy Foundations and Think Tanks Criminal and Terrorist Networks as Global Actors FEATURES Theory in Practice: Neoconservatives and the United Nations Case Study: A Global Campaign: The Baby Milk Advocacy Network Global Perspective: Nongovernmental Organizations and Protecting the Rights of Children Thinking About Global Politics: Who Could Help Tomorrow? Twenty Global Problems and Global Issues Networks PART III. GLOBAL ISSUES Chapter 6. Global Security, Military Power, and Terrorism, John Baylis, Darryl Howlett, James D. Kiras, Steven L. Lamy, and John Masker What Is "Security"? Mainstream and Critical Approaches to Security Realist and Neorealist Views on Global Security Liberal Institutionalist Views on Global Security The Constructivist Approach to Global Security The Feminist Approach to Global Security Marxist and Radical Liberal or Utopian Approaches to Security The Changing Character of War The Nature of War The Revolution in Military Affairs Postmodern War Globalization and New Wars New Roles for NATO? Nuclear Proliferation and Nonproliferation Proliferation Optimism and Pessimism Nuclear Weapons Effects The Current Nuclear Age Nuclear Motivations Nuclear Capabilities and Intentions Terrorism and Extremism Terrorism: From Domestic to Global Phenomena The Impact of Globalization on Terrorism Cultural Explanations Economic Explanations Religion and "New" Terrorism The Current Challenge: The Islamic State Globalization, Technology, and Terrorism Proselytizing Security of Terrorist Organizations Mobility Combating Terrorism Counterterrorism Activities FEATURES Case Study: U. S. Drone Warfare: A Robotic Revolution in Modern Combat Theory in Practice: The Realist-Theory Perspective and the War on Terrorism Global Perspective: The Shanghai Cooperation Organization: Fighting Terrorism in the Former Communist Bloc Thinking About Global Politics: Perspectives on the Arms Race Chapter 7. Human Rights and Human Security, Amitav Acharya, Alex J. Bellamy, Chris Brown, Nicholas J. Wheeler, Steven L. Lamy, and John Masker What Are Human Rights? The Liberal Account of Rights Human Rights and State Sovereignty International Human Rights Legislation The Universal Declaration of Human Rights Subsequent UN Legislation Enforcement of Human Rights Legislation What Is Human Security? Origin of the Concept Human Security and Development Human Security and Refugees Common Security History of Humanitarian Activism and Intervention Intervention and Nonintervention in the 1990s Universalism Challenged Humanitarian Dimensions Political and Economic Rights and Security Human Rights and Human Security During Conflict Women, Conflict, and Human Security The Role of the International Community FEATURES Case Study: A Failed Intervention Global Perspective: Asian Values Theory in Practice: Gendered Perspective on Human Rights Thinking About Global Politics: What Should be Done? National Interests Versus Human Interests Chapter 8. Global Trade and Finance, Steven L. Lamy and John Masker The Emergence of a Global Trade and Monetary System Global Trade and Finance Actors in a Globalizing Economy Cross-Border Transactions Open-Border Transactions Transborder Transactions Global Trade Transborder Production Transborder Products Global Finance Global Money Global Banking Global Securities Global Derivatives Continuity and Change in Economic Globalization Irregular Incidence The Persistence of Territory The Survival of the State The Continuance of Nationalism and Cultural Diversity FEATURES Theory in Practice: Contending Views of Capitalism Global Perspective: The Trans-Pacific Partnership Case Study: Southern Debt in Global Finance Thinking About Global Politics: Globalization: Productive, Predatory, or Inconsequential? Chapter 9. Poverty, Development, and Hunger, Caroline Thomas, Steven L. Lamy, and John Masker Poverty Development Post-1945 International Economic Liberalism and the Orthodox Development Model The Post-1945 International Economic Order: Results Economic Development: Orthodox and Alternative Evaluations A Critical Alternative View of Development Democracy, Empowerment, and Development The Orthodoxy Incorporates Criticisms An Appraisal of the Responses of the Orthodox Approach to Its Critics Hunger The Orthodox, Nature-Focused Explanation of Hunger The Entitlement, Society-Focused Explanation of Hunger Globalization and Hunger FEATURES Case Study: Ideas and Development in the Contemporary Coffee-Producing Sector Theory in Practice: The Terms of Development Global Perspective: Life in Zimbabwe: Poverty, Hunger, Development, and Politics Thinking About Global Politics: Development Assistance as Foreign Policy Statecraft Chapter 10. Environmental Issues, John Vogler, Steven L. Lamy, and John Masker Environmental Issues on the International Agenda: A Brief History The Paris Climate Summit 2015 The Environment and International Relations Theory The Functions of International Environmental Cooperation Transboundary Trade and Pollution Control Norm Creation Aid and Capacity Building Scientific Understanding Governing the Commons Environmental Regimes Climate Change FEATURES Global Perspective: "The Doomsday" Seed Vault Theory in Practice: Regime Theory and the Montreal Protocol Case Study: Common but Differentiated Responsibilities? Thinking About Global Politics:The Environment: Images and Options Glossary References Credits Index