9781596930162

Introduction to GPS : The Global Positioning System

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781596930162

  • ISBN10:

    1596930160

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 9/1/2006
  • Publisher: Artech House
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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

This thoroughly revised edition of the Artech House bestseller, Introduction to GPS: the Global Position System offers professionals and students an up-to-date, easy-to-understand treatment of this tremendously important technology. the second edition includes a wealth of brand new material, including a chapter on GPS satellite orbit and new coverage of today's hottest issues, such as precise point positioning and location based services. Without bogging readers down with advanced mathematics, the book addresses all aspects of the GPS, emphasizes GPS applications, examines the GPS signal structure, and covers the key types of measurement being utilized in the field today.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Acknowledgments xiv
1 Introduction to GPS
1(12)
1.1 Overview of GPS
2(1)
1.2 GPS Segments
3(1)
1.3 GPS Satellite Generations
4(2)
1.4 Current GPS Satellite Constellation
6(1)
1.5 Control Sites
7(1)
1.6 GPS: The Basic Idea
8(2)
1.7 GPS Levels of Service
10(1)
1.8 Why Use GPS?
11(1)
References
11(2)
2 GPS Details
13(16)
2.1 GPS Signal Structure
13(3)
2.2 GPS Modernization
16(2)
2.3 GPS Receiver Types
18(2)
2.4 Time Systems
20(1)
2.5 Pseudorange Measurements
21(1)
2.6 Carrier Phase Measurements
22(2)
2.7 Doppler Measurements
24(1)
2.8 Cycle Slips
25(1)
2.9 Linear Combinations of GPS Observables
26(1)
References
27(2)
3 GPS Satellite Orbit
29(14)
3.1 Motion of Space Objects
29(3)
3.2 Types of Orbits
32(1)
3.3 Ideal (Keplerian) Satellite Orbit
33(2)
3.4 Perturbed Satellite Orbit
35(1)
3.5 GPS Broadcast Orbit
36(3)
3.6 GPS Almanac
39(1)
3.7 Satellite Visibility
40(2)
References
42(1)
4 GPS Errors and Biases
43(22)
4.1 GPS Ephemeris Errors
44(1)
4.2 Selective Availability
45(2)
4.3 Satellite and Receiver Clock Errors
47(1)
4.4 Multipath Error
48(1)
4.5 Antenna Phase Center Variation
49(1)
4.6 Receiver Measurement Noise
50(1)
4.7 Ionospheric Delay
51(4)
4.8 Tropospheric Delay
55(1)
4.9 Other Errors and Biases
56(1)
4.10 Satellite Geometry Measures
57(3)
4.11 User Equivalent Range Error
60(1)
References
61(4)
5 GPS Positioning Modes
65(18)
5.1 GPS Point Positioning: The Classical Approach
66(2)
5.2 GPS PPP
68(2)
5.3 GPS Relative Positioning
70(1)
5.4 Static GPS Surveying
71(2)
5.5 Fast (Rapid) Static
73(1)
5.6 Stop-and-Go GPS Surveying
74(2)
5.7 RTK GPS
76(1)
5.8 Real-Time Differential GPS
77(2)
5.9 Real Time Versus Postprocessing
79(1)
5.10 Communication (Radio) Link
80(2)
References
82(1)
6 Ambiguity Resolution Techniques
83(6)
6.1 Antenna Swap Method
85(1)
6.2 OTF Ambiguity Resolution
86(2)
References
88(1)
7 GPS Data, Products, and Correction Services
89(14)
7.1 GPS Data and Product Services
91(2)
7.2 Maritime DGPS Service
93(2)
7.3 WADGPS Systems
95(3)
7.4 Multisite RTK System
98(1)
References
99(4)
8 GPS Standard Formats
103(20)
8.1 RINEX Format
104(5)
8.2 SP3 Format
109(3)
8.3 RTCM SC-104 Standards for DGPS Services
112(6)
8.4 NMEA 0183 Format
118(3)
References
121(2)
9 GPS Integration
123(16)
9.1 GPS/Loran-C Integration
123(4)
9.2 GPS/LRF Integration
127(1)
9.3 GPS/Dead Reckoning Integration
128(2)
9.4 GPS/INS Integration
130(2)
9.5 GPS/Pseudolite Integration
132(2)
9.6 GPS/Cellular Integration
134(2)
References
136(3)
10 GPS Applications 139(24)
10.1 GPS for the Utility Industry
139(2)
10.2 GPS for Forestry and Natural Resource
141(1)
10.3 GPS for Precision Farming
142(2)
10.4 GPS for Civil Engineering Applications
144(1)
10.5 GPS for Monitoring Structural Deformations
145(1)
10.6 GPS for Open-Pit Mining
146(2)
10.7 GPS for Land Seismic Surveying
148(1)
10.8 GPS for Marine Seismic Surveying
149(2)
10.9 GPS for Airborne Mapping
151(1)
10.10 GPS for Seafloor Mapping
152(2)
10.11 GPS for Vehicle Navigation
154(2)
10.12 GPS for Transit Systems
156(1)
10.13 GPS for the Retail Industry
157(2)
10.14 GPS for Cadastral Surveying
159(1)
10.15 Waypoint Navigation (GPS Stakeout)
160(1)
References
161(2)
11 Other Satellite Navigation Systems 163(12)
11.1 The GLONASS System
163(4)
11.2 Galileo—The European Global Satellite Navigation System
167(3)
11.3 Chinese Regional Satellite Navigation System (Beidou System)
170(2)
11.4 The Japanese QZSS Satellite Navigation System
172(1)
References
173(2)
Appendix A: Geodetic Principles—Datums, Coordinate Systems, and Map Projections 175(20)
A.1 What Is a Datum?
175(2)
A.2 Geodetic Coordinate System
177(4)
A.2.1 Conventional Terrestrial Reference System
179(1)
A.2.2 The WGS 84 and NAD 83 Systems
180(1)
A.3 What Coordinates Are Obtained with GPS?
181(1)
A.4 Datum Transformations
182(1)
A.5 Map Projections
183(7)
A.5.1 Transverse Mercator Projection
184(1)
A.5.2 Universal Transverse Mercator
185(2)
A.5.3 Modified Transverse Mercator
187(1)
A.5.4 Lambert Conical Projection
188(1)
A.5.5 Stereographic Double Projection
189(1)
A.6 Local Arbitrary Mapping Systems
190(1)
A.7 Height Systems
191(2)
References
193(2)
Appendix B: GPS Accuracy and Precision Measures 195(2)
Reference
196(1)
Appendix C: Useful Web Sites 197(4)
C.1 GPS/Glonass/Galileo Information and Data
197(2)
C.2 Some GPS Manufacturers
199(2)
About the Author 201(2)
Index 203

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